A red star, five-pointed and filled, is an important symbol associated with communist ideology in combination with the hammer and sickle. It has been used in flags, state emblems, monuments and logos. Red Star is Alexander Bogdanov's 1908 science fiction novel about a communist society on Mars; the five-pointed red star has served as a symbol of communism. One interpretation sees the five points as representing the five fingers of the worker's hand, as well as the five continents. A lesser-known suggestion is that the five points on the star were intended to represent the five social groups that would lead Russia to communism: the youth, the military, the industrial labourers, the agricultural workers or peasantry and the intelligentsia. A red star became one of the emblems and signals representing the Soviet Union, alongside the hammer and sickle. In Soviet heraldry, the red star symbolized the Red Army and military service, as opposed to the hammer and sickle, which symbolized peaceful labour.
Different countries across Europe treat the symbol differently: some have passed laws banning it by claiming that it represents "a totalitarian ideology", but other countries hold a positive view of it as a symbol of antifascism and resistance against Nazi occupation. The star's origins as a symbol of communist mass movements dates from the time of the Bolshevik Revolution and the Russian Civil War, but the precise first use remains unknown. On the other hand one account of the symbol's origin traces its roots to the Moscow troop garrison toward the end of World War I. At this time, many troops were fleeing from the Austrian and German fronts, joining the local Moscow garrison upon their arrival in the city. To distinguish the Moscow troops from the influx of retreating front-liners, officers gave out tin stars to the Moscow garrison soldiers to wear on their hats; when those troops joined the Red Army and the Bolsheviks they painted their tin stars red, the color of socialism, thus creating the original red star.
Another claimed origin for the red star relates to an alleged encounter between Leon Trotsky and Nikolai Krylenko. Krylenko, an Esperantist, wore a green-star lapel badge. On hearing that, Trotsky specified that soldiers of the Red Army should wear a similar, star. However, the most logical and plausible possibility is that the symbol is originates from the novel Red Star. Red Star is Alexander Bogdanov's 1908 science fiction novel about a communist society on Mars; the first edition publication appeared in St. Petersburg in 1908, before being republished in Moscow and Petrograd in 1918, again in Moscow in 1922. Set in early Russia during the Revolution of 1905 and additionally on a fictional socialist society based on Mars, the novel tells the story of Leonid, a Russian scientist-revolutionary who travels to Mars to learn and experience their socialist system and to teach them of his own world. In the process, he becomes enamoured by the people and technological efficiency that he encounters in this new world.
Regardless of the star's exact origin, it was incorporated into the Red Army's uniforms and heraldry as early as 1918. Shortly before the founding of the Soviet Union, in mid-March 1916 the U. S. Army Signal Corps' aviation section used the red star for the national insignia for U. S. aircraft on the aircraft of the Signal Corps' 1st Aero Squadron during the Pancho Villa Expedition to apprehend the Mexican revolutionary. Joseph Stalin was known for wearing a pendant resembling the red star, as he did at the Tehran Conference in 1943; the symbol became one of the most prominent of the Soviet Union, adorning nearly all official buildings and insignia. Sometimes the hammer and sickle appeared below the star. In 1930 the Soviet Union established the Order of the Red Star and awarded its insignia to Red Army and Soviet Navy personnel for "exceptional service in the cause of the defense of the Soviet Union in both war and peace"; the Soviet and Russian Federation military newspaper bears the name Red Star.
During the 1930s, Soviet publications encouraged the practice of decorating a New Year's tree, known as a yolka. These trees were decorated with a red star, a practice that has continued in Russia since the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union. Following its adoption as an emblem of the Soviet Union, the red star became a symbol for communism around the world. Several Communist states subsequently adopted the red star symbol placing it on their respective flags and coats of arms - for example on the flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Separatist and socialist movements sometimes adopted the red star, as on the Estelada flag in the Catalan countries; the red star was a common element of the flags and heraldry of socialist states in the Eastern Bloc, appearing on heraldry for all of the countries, on the flags of Bulgaria, Hungary and Albania. In former Yugoslavia the red star was not only a communist symbol, but as a more generic symbol of resistance against Fascism and Nazi occupation of Yugoslavia, as well as its associated ethnic policies.
Tito's partisans wore the red star as an identification symbol. As communist movements spread across Asia, while some states kept the star as it was, others used a yellow star on a red field, with the same symbolism; the Far Eastern Republic of 1920 to 1922 used a yellow star on its military uniforms, the flag of the People's Republic of China has five yellow stars on a red field. The flag of Vietnam has a yellow star on a red field. North Korea's Red Star oper
Medal "For Impeccable Service"
The Medal "For Impeccable Service" was a Soviet military award for long service awarded to deserving members of the military personnel of the armed forces of the USSR, of the Interior Ministry of the USSR and of the Ministry for the Protection of Public Order of the USSR, to recognise ten and twenty years of faithful and impeccable service to the state. Prior to the establishment of the Medal "For Impeccable Service", existing state Orders meant for feats of valour or for extraordinary services to the state were conferred to military personnel for long service. An Order of Lenin for twenty-five years of service, the Order of the Red Banner for twenty, the Order of the Red Star for fifteen, hundreds of thousands of such awards devaluated the awards of the same Orders earned for their original criteria; the intent to encourage the establishment of a ministerial/departmental level medal "For Impeccable Service" was stated in decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of September 14, 1957 emphasising the devaluation of certain Soviet high military Orders used as long service awards instead of their intended criteria.
This led to the joint January 25, 1958 decree of the Ministers of Defence, of Internal Affairs and of the Chairman of the Committee on State Security of the USSR establishing the Medal "For Impeccable Service". The Medal "For Impeccable Service" was established in three classes; the first class was awarded for twenty years of excellent service, the second class for fifteen and the third class for ten. They were awarded sequentially from the third class to the first class to members of the military personnel of the Ministry of Defence of the USSR, of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR and to members of the Ministry for the Protection of Public Order; the Medal "For Impeccable Service" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located after them in sequential order from the first to the third class. If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence; the Medal "For Impeccable Service" was a 32-millimetre-diameter circular medal with a raised rim on both the obverse and reverse.
On the obverse at center, the relief outline of a large five-pointed star with the hammer and sickle at its center, between the arms, rays radiating at an obtuse angle forming a point. Along the circumference of the medal, passing between the raised rim and the points of the star, a laurel wreath; this design was common to all three services bestowing it, Defence and the KGB, the only exception being the second variant of the medal bestowed by the KGB, which bore the Roman numerals "XX", "XV" or "X" in the lower part of the obverse, between the lower rays of the star. On the reverse of the Defence Ministry medal, the circular relief inscription along the upper medal circumference, "ARMED FORCES", at the bottom, the inscription "USSR". In the center, the relief inscription on four lines "FOR YEARS OF IMPECCABLE SERVICE" over a small five pointed star. On the reverse of the Interior Ministry medal, at the top, a small relief five-pointed star, at the bottom, the inscription "MVD USSR". In the center, the relief inscription on three lines "FOR YEARS OF IMPECCABLE SERVICE".
On the reverse of the Ministry for the Protection of Public Order medal, at the top, a small relief five-pointed star, at the bottom, the inscription "MOOP". In the center, the relief inscription on three lines "FOR YEARS OF IMPECCABLE SERVICE"; the first-class medal was struck from silver. The central star on its obverse was enamelled in red; the second-class medal from its inception was constructed from silver-plated brass, with the exception of the central star on its obverse. The third-class medal was always struck from solid brass. There are other lower reverse inscriptions from multiple variants of various Soviet republics, these are a sample of the many, MVD of the Belarus SSR, MVD of the Ukrainian SSR, MVD of Kazakhstan, Ministry for the Protection of Public Order of the Russian SFSR, Ministry for the Protection of Public Order of the Belarus SSR, Ministry for the Protection of Public Order of the Georgian SSR; the Medal "For Impeccable Service" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24-millimetre-wide red silk moiré ribbon with 2-millimetre-wide green edge stripes.
The ribbon for the medal 1st class had a single 2-millimetre-wide central yellow stripe. The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For Impeccable Service". Colonel Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin Major Pavel Ivanovich Belyayev Major General Vladimir Sergeyevich Ilyushin Lieutenant General Ruslan Sultanovich Aushev Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergey Fyodorovich Akhromeyev MVD Army General Rashid Gumarovich Nurgaliyev Admiral Vladimir Grigor'evich Yegorov Colonel General Gennady Nikolayevich Troshev Lieutenant General Vladimir Anatolyevich Shamanov Army General Viktor Germanovich Kazantsev Marshal of the Soviet Union Nikolai Vasilyevich Ogarkov Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergei Leon
Merited Test Navigator of the USSR
The Honorary Title "Merited Test Navigator of the USSR" was a military and civilian state award of the Soviet Union established on August 14, 1958 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 2523-X to recognise courage and outstanding service in experimental aviation. Its statute was confirmed on August 22, 1988 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 9441-XI; the title ceased to be awarded following the December 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union. The honorary title "Merited Test Navigator of the USSR" was awarded to military and civilian test-navigators 1st class of the civilian aircraft industry and of the Ministry of Defence of the USSR, for multiple years of creative work in the field of testing and research of new aviation technologies; the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was the main conferring authority of the award based on recommendations from the Ministry of Defence of the USSR or from the Ministry of Aviation Industry of the USSR. The "Merited Military Test Navigator of the USSR" chest badge was worn on the right side of the chest and in the presence of other orders, placed above them.
If worn with honorary titles of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. The chest badge "Merited Test Navigator of the USSR" was a 27mm wide by 23mm high silver and nickel polygon with raised edges. At the top of the obverse, the relief inscription in three lines covered to the left "MERITED TEST NAVIGATOR", in the center, the gilt tombac image of a jet plane climbing diagonally towards the right its nose and tail protruding over the edges, at the bottom, the relief inscription "USSR" superimposed over a laurel branch; the badge was secured to a standard Soviet square mount by a silver-plated ring through the suspension loop. The mount was covered by a silk moiré blue ribbon. Nicholaï Stepanovich Zatsepa Fedor Makarovich Poptsov Seraphim Mitrofanovich Uvarkin Nikolaï Alekseevich Alferov Colonel Konstantin Ivanovich Malkhasyan Colonel Alexei Parfenovitch Bulanov Sergei Georgievich Dzuba Colonel Sergeï Petrovich Aleynikov Orders and medals of the Soviet Union Badges and Decorations of the Soviet Union Soviet Air Force Legal Library of the USSR The Commission on State Awards to the President of the Russian Federation The Russian Gazette
Merited Pilot of the USSR
The Honorary Title "Merited Pilot of the USSR" was a state civilian award of the Soviet Union established on September 30, 1965 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 3993-VI to recognise excellence in civilian aviation. It was abolished on August 22, 1988 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet № 9441-XI; the honorary title "Merited Pilot of the USSR" was awarded to qualified civilian pilots 1st class for special merit in the development of modern aircraft, in the use of the most advanced piloting techniques, for the highest standards in education and training of flight personnel, for long-term trouble-free flying and for outstanding achievements in the use of aviation in the national economy. The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was the main conferring authority of the award based on recommendations of the Ministry for Civil Aviation of the USSR; the chest badge "Merited Pilot of the USSR" was worn on the right side of the chest and in the presence of other orders, placed over them.
If worn with honorary titles of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. The "Merited Pilot of the USSR" chest badge was a 27mm wide by 23mm high silver and nickel polygon with raised edges. At the top of the obverse, the relief inscription in two lines covered to the left "MERITED PILOT", in the center, the gilt tombac image of a jet transport aircraft climbing diagonally towards the right, at the bottom, the relief inscription "USSR" superimposed over a laurel branch; the badge was secured to a standard Soviet square mount by a silver-plated ring through the suspension loop. The mount was covered by a silk moiré blue ribbon, it was secured with a threaded screw and nut. Abdraimov I. Aliev, N. M. Anopov B. A. Antokhin F. V. Bannyi M. A. Barilov, D. I. Blokhin, I. P. Borisov, N. V. Briouzguine V. V. Zholudev L. V. Kaloshin A. S. Kartamyshev P. V. Kovtiukh N. G. Kornev, M. M. Kokhanovski, S. N. Kupalo V. M. LeÏbenko A. M. Mikhaïlov, P. M. Michenko, I. I. Moskalenko, P. P. Osipov B. S. Paramonov, G. M. Porfirov, N. G. Semenkov A.
I. Tarasov, I. M. Frolov, I. I. Tskhovrebov H. N. Shiryaev, L. A. Aeroflot Transport in the Soviet Union Orders and medals of the Soviet Union Badges and Decorations of the Soviet Union Legal Library of the USSR
The Soviet Union the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were centralized; the country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Minsk, Alma-Ata, Novosibirsk, it spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, steppes and mountains; the Soviet Union had its roots in the 1917 October Revolution, when the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Russian Provisional Government which had replaced Tsar Nicholas II during World War I. In 1922, the Soviet Union was formed by a treaty which legalized the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian and Byelorussian republics that had occurred from 1918. Following Lenin's death in 1924 and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mid-1920s.
Stalin committed the state's ideology to Marxism–Leninism and constructed a command economy which led to a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization. During his rule, political paranoia fermented and the Great Purge removed Stalin's opponents within and outside of the party via arbitrary arrests and persecutions of many people, resulting in at least 600,000 deaths. In 1933, a major famine struck the country. Before the start of World War II in 1939, the Soviets signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, agreeing to non-aggression with Nazi Germany, after which the USSR invaded Poland on 17 September 1939. In June 1941, Germany broke the pact and invaded the Soviet Union, opening the largest and bloodiest theatre of war in history. Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the effort of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at intense battles such as Stalingrad and Kursk; the territories overtaken by the Red Army became satellite states of the Soviet Union.
The post-war division of Europe into capitalist and communist halves would lead to increased tensions with the United States-led Western Bloc, known as the Cold War. Stalin died in 1953 and was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev, who in 1956 denounced Stalin and began the de-Stalinization; the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred during Khrushchev's rule, among the many factors that led to his downfall in 1964. In the early 1970s, there was a brief détente of relations with the United States, but tensions resumed with the Soviet–Afghan War in 1979. In 1985, the last Soviet premier, Mikhail Gorbachev, sought to reform and liberalize the economy through his policies of glasnost and perestroika, which caused political instability. In 1989, Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe overthrew their respective communist governments; as part of an attempt to prevent the country's dissolution due to rising nationalist and separatist movements, a referendum was held in March 1991, boycotted by some republics, that resulted in a majority of participating citizens voting in favor of preserving the union as a renewed federation.
Gorbachev's power was diminished after Russian President Boris Yeltsin's high-profile role in facing down a coup d'état attempted by Communist Party hardliners. In late 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union met and formally dissolved the Soviet Union; the remaining 12 constituent republics emerged as independent post-Soviet states, with the Russian Federation—formerly the Russian SFSR—assuming the Soviet Union's rights and obligations and being recognized as the successor state. The Soviet Union was a powerhouse of many significant technological achievements and innovations of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite, the first humans in space and the first probe to land on another planet, Venus; the country had the largest standing military in the world. The Soviet Union was recognized as one of the five nuclear weapons states and possessed the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction, it was a founding permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as well as a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the World Federation of Trade Unions and the leading member of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and the Warsaw Pact.
The word "Soviet" is derived from a Russian word сове́т meaning council, advice, harmony and all deriving from the proto-Slavic verbal stem of vět-iti, related to Slavic věst, English "wise", the root in "ad-vis-or", or the Dutch weten. The word sovietnik means "councillor". A number of organizations in Russian history were called "council". For example, in the Russian Empire the State Council, which functioned from 1810 to 1917, was referred to as a Council of Ministers after the revolt of 1905. During the Georgian Affair, Vladimir Lenin envisioned an expression of Great Russian ethnic chauvinism by Joseph Stalin and his supporters, calling for these nation-states to join Russia as semi-independent parts of a greater union, which he named as the Union of Soviet Republics of Europe and Asia. Stalin resisted the proposal, but accepted it, although with Lenin's agreement changed the name of the newly proposed sta
Medal of Ushakov
The Medal of Ushakov is a state decoration of the Russian Federation, retained from the awards system of the USSR post 1991. The Medal of Ushakov was a Soviet military award created on March 3, 1944 by decision of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, it was named in honour of Russian admiral Fyodor Ushakov who never lost a battle and was proclaimed patron saint of the Russian Navy. The Medal of Ushakov was awarded to sailors and soldiers, petty officers and sergeants and warrant officers of the Soviet Navy, Naval Infantry and naval units of KGB Border Troops for courage and bravery displayed both in wartime and in peacetime during the defence of the Soviet Union in naval theatres, while protecting the maritime borders of the USSR, during military duties with a risk to life. Note: the "peacetime" awards were a 1980 modification to the statute of the medal, prior to that, the medal could only be awarded for wartime acts; the sole exception was the October 1961 award of the Medal of Ushakov to Captain Second Rank Nikolai Shumkov for commanding the submarine B-130 that test launched the first Soviet nuclear torpedo.
An estimated 14,000 to 16,000 medals of Ushakov were awarded from its creation in 1944 to the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union. By Presidential Decree № 442 of March 2, 1994, the Soviet Medal of Ushakov was retained in the same basic design by the Russian Federation after the dissolution of the USSR, its statute was amended by Presidential Decrees, №19 of January 6, 1999 and №1099 of September 7, 2010. The Medal of Ushakov is awarded to soldiers and sailors of the Navy and of the Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation for bravery and courage displayed while defending the Motherland and the public interests of the Russian Federation in naval theatres of military operations, while protecting the state borders of the Russian Federation, in carrying out naval combat missions with vessels of the Navy and/or Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, during exercises and manoeuvres in the performance of military duties under conditions involving a risk to life, as well as for excellent performance in naval combat training.
The Russian Federation Order of Precedence dictates the Medal of Ushakov is to be worn on the left breast with other medals after the Medal of Suvorov. The Medal of Ushakov is a 36mm diameter circular silver medal with a raised rim; the obverse has at its center the relief bust of admiral Ushakov facing forward, surrounded by a raised band bearing the inscription, which two Russian words being separated at the top by a star: АДМИРАЛ ✯ УШАКОВ, i.e. by ISO 9: ADMIRAL ✯ UŠAKOV and at the bottom by two laurel branches. The circular medal covers a naval anchor with the stock and flukes protruding at the bottom and the arms and shackle protruding at the top; the entire anchor is visible on the otherwise plain reverse where a relief "N" is to the left of the anchor, the award serial number goes next to it. Below the area reserved for the award serial number is the maker's mark; the Medal of Ushakov is suspended from a standard Russian pentagonal mount by a small silver metallic chain hanging from both upper corners of the mount going through the anchor shackle and bottom of the pentagonal mount.
The mount is covered by an overlapping 24mm wide silk moiré blue ribbon with 2mm blue and white edge stripes. The following individuals were awarded the Soviet Medal of Ushakov: Petty Officer Eugene Kutyshev; the following individuals were awarded the Soviet Medal of Ushakov: James Joseph Jones Royal Marine For his service on 10 Russian convoys 1943–45 Radio Operator 2nd Class, James Brown, Merchant Navy,for his service aboard SS Empire Galliard in 1942 as part of Operation FB, Arctic Convoys. Radioman 2nd Class Harold Bogigian Signalman 3rd Class Delbert Dauenbaugh. Frederick Henley was set to be presented the medal by the Russian government however the British government denied Henley the medal because the honour went against rules governing medals given by other countries. Kenneth Vessey Petty Officer stoker, served on HMS Zambesi and was awarded the Medal of Ushakov for his service in the Artic convoys. In 2013 the awarding of the Medal of Ushakov was made an exception to these rules by the British government.
Frank Stafford served aboard HMS Sheffield 1942 – 1944, one of the Royal Navy pursuit ships that tracked down the German battleship Bismarck. He now resides in Canada. John Bennett Petty Officer Dennis Charles Seignot. Chief Petty Officer DM Christison, who lives in Stourbridge, West Midlands Chief Petty Officer John Ian Roberts Donald Edmund McAdam Edward Houghton who served aboard HMS Tracker 1942–1945. Now lives in Lancashire. Stanley Robinson Cyril James Price Lt Cdr Roy Francis, survivor of HMS Edinburgh Lt Cdr Yves Marie Dias who served in HMS Meteor in 1942. LTO Eric Lyon HMS Zest. William Pickering received the Medal of Ushakov for service in the Arctic convoy missions transporting crucial supplies to the Soviet Union between 1941 and 1945, it was presented to him on 8 April 2015 by the Consul General of Russia in Edinburgh Andrey Pritsepov. Peter Harry Stainwright, who served in HMS Arbiter in 1944. Royal Marine David S. Miller who served in HMS Sheffield in 1943, one of the Royal Navy
Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order"
The Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order" is a state decoration of the Russian Federation retained from the awards system of the Soviet Union established to recognise outstanding service by members of law enforcement bodies or to civilians for courage in assisting law enforcement personnel in their duties. The Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order" was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of November 1, 1950; the medal's statute was amended on July 18, 1980 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR № 2523-X. It was retained in the Russian awards system following the dissolution of the USSR by decree of the President of the Russian Federation № 442 of March 2, 1994 and confirmed by presidential decree № 19 of January 6, 1999. Presidential decree № 1099 of September 7, 2010 amended the entire Russian awards system, this included changes to the medal's statute; the Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order" was awarded to soldiers and officers of law enforcement bodies and to soldiers of Internal Troops for exploits and achievements displayed in the protection of public order and the fight against crime.
The medal was awarded on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and of other Soviet republics. The Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order" was awarded for: bravery and dedication displayed during the dismantling of criminal groups and the detention of criminals; the Soviet medal was worn on the left side of the chest and was located after the Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR". It could be awarded posthumously to the surviving family of a member deceased in the line of duty; the Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order" is awarded to employees of the Interior Ministry of the Russian Federation, to soldiers of Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, to other troops for courage and bravery displayed while maintaining public order and combating crime, for high performance in service, as well as to other citizens for their assistance to the Interior Ministry of the Russian Federation in their efforts to protect public order.
The Russian Federation Order of Precedence dictates the Medal "For Distinction in Protection of Public Order" is to be worn on the left side of the chest with other medals after the Medal "Defender of a Free Russia". The Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order" is a 32mm in diameter circular silver medal with raised rims. On its obverse, the inscription on five lines "FOR DISTINCTION IN THE PROTECTION OF PUBLIC ORDER", the inscription is surrounded by a wreath of oak and laurel branches following the medal's circumference laced together with a ribbon, at the bottom over the ribbon, a shield; the reverse is plain except for the relief "№" with a horizontal line for the award serial number. The Soviet design differed from the current variant by the omission of the laurel and oak wreath from the obverse and the addition of a small five pointed star near the top above the inscription, its reverse bore the relief image of the State Emblem of the Soviet Union over the relief inscription "USSR".
The medal is suspended to a standard Russian pentagonal mount by a ring through the medal's suspension loop. The mount is covered by an overlapping 24mm wide blue silk moiré ribbon with 5mm red edge stripes and two 1mm red central stripes; the individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For Distinction in the Protection of Public Order". MVD Army General and former Interior Minister of Russia Anatoly Sergeevich Kulikov 3rd President of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov 2nd President of the Chechen Republic Alu Dadashevich Alkhanov Orders and medals of the Russian Federation Awards and decorations of the Soviet Union Official site of the Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on State Awards In Russian The Russian Gazette In Russian