The Order of the Red Banner was the first Soviet military decoration. The Order was established on 16 September 1918, during the Russian Civil War by decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, it was the highest award of Soviet Russia, subsequently the Soviet Union, until the Order of Lenin was established in 1930. Recipients were recognised for extraordinary heroism and courage demonstrated on the battlefield; the Order was awarded to individuals as well as to military units, ships and social organizations, state enterprises. In years, it was awarded on the twentieth and again on the thirtieth anniversary of military, police, or state security service without requiring participation in combat; the Russian Order of the Red Banner was established during the Russian Civil War by decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of September 16, 1918. The first recipient was Vasily Blyukher on September 28, 1918; the second recipient was Iona Yakir. During the Civil War, there existed named orders and decorations established by the Soviet communist governments of several other constituent and nonconstituent republics.
The August 1, 1924, decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee established the all-Soviet Order of the Red Banner for deserving personnel of the Red Army. Other nonmilitary awards used the phrase "Order of the Red Banner" in their title. From 1918 till the late 1930s there was a Soviet collective variant – the Revolutionary Red Banner of Honor; this was in the form of a special military color awarded to distinguished Red Army, Soviet Air Force, Soviet Navy units. It was older than the Order of the Red Banner, having been established on August 3, 1918, a month and several weeks before; as a military decoration, the Order of the Red Banner recognised heroism in combat or otherwise extraordinary accomplishments of military valour during combat operations. Before the establishment of the Order of Lenin on April 5, 1930, the Order of the Red Banner functioned as the highest military order of the USSR. During World War II, under various titles, it was presented to both individuals and military units for acts of extreme military heroism.
In some ways, the Order of the Red Banner was more prestigious, as it could only be awarded for bravery during combat operations whereas the Order of Lenin was sometimes awarded to non-military personnel and political leaders. Nearly all well-known Soviet commanders became recipients of the Order of the Red Banner; when the Order was awarded to whole formations, the prefix "Red Banner" was added to their official designations. Naval vessels flew a special ensign; the Order of the Red Banner was used as a "long service award" between 1944 and 1958 to mark twenty and thirty years of service in the military, state security, or police. Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of September 14, 1957, emphasised the devaluation of certain Soviet high military Orders used as long service awards instead of their intended criteria; this led to the joint January 25, 1958, decree of the Ministers of Defence, of Internal Affairs, of the Chairman of the Committee on State Security of the USSR establishing the Medal "For Impeccable Service," putting an end to the practice of awarding long service variants of the Order of the Red Banner.
The Order consisted of a white-enamelled badge, which had a golden Hammer and Sickle badge surrounded by two golden panicles of wheat on a Red Star, backed by crossed hammer, torch, a red flag bearing the motto Proletarians of the World, Unite!. The whole was surrounded by two golden panicles of wheat. Additional awards of the Order bore a white enamelled shield with a silver sequence number at the bottom of the obverse. A recipient of multiple Orders of the Red Banner would wear a basic badge of the Order with a numeral corresponding to the sequence of the award on a cartouche over the wheat at the bottom of the badge; the early variants of the Order were screw back badges to allow wear on clothing. Variants hung from a standard Soviet pentagonal mount with a ring through the suspension loop; the mount was covered with an overlapping 24mm wide red silk moiré ribbon with 1.5mm wide white edge stripes and a 7mm wide white central stripe. The Order of the Red Banner was worn on the left side of the chest and when in the presence of other Orders and medals of the USSR, was placed after the Order of the October Revolution.
If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. Baltic Fleet Soviet Northern Fleet Pacific Ocean Fleet Far Eastern Military District First Army First Guards Tank Army Second Guards Tank Army 1st Rifle Division 6th Rifle Division 24th Rifle Division 45th Rifle Division 27th Guards Rifle Division 39th Guards Rifle Division 19th Motor Rifle Division 76th Guards Airborne Division 85th Rifle Division 100th Guards Rifle Division 106th Guards Tula Airborne Division 17th Rifle Regiment, 32nd Rifle Division 72nd Mechanized Brigade Groupe de Chasse 3 Normandie "Niémen" Feats of valour worthy of the award of the Order of the Red Banner were as much against internal as against external enemies of the USSR, as detailed below: Stalin's Chief Executioner (and NKVD Major Gener
Roark Capital Group is an American private equity firm with over US$13.0 billion in equity capital raised since inception, focused on leveraged buyout investments in middle-market companies in the franchise/multi-unit and food, retail healthcare and business services sectors. The firm is named for the protagonist in Ayn Rand's novel, The Fountainhead; the firm claims that its name is not meant to connote any particular political philosophy but instead signify the firm's admiration for the iconoclastic qualities of independence and self-assurance embodied by the central figure in The Fountainhead. The firm, based in Atlanta, was founded in 2001 by the current Managing Partner, Neal K. Aronson. Senior team members include President Paul D. Ginsberg, Senior Managing Director and Co-Chief Investment Officer Ezra S. Field, Senior Managing Director and Co-Chief Investment Officer Erik O. Morris, Managing Directors Timothy Armstrong, Stephen D. Aronson, Geoff Hill, Kevin Hofmann, Gregory Smith, Michael Thompson, Steven Romaniello, David Wierman.
Prior to founding Roark Capital Group in 2001, Aronson was a co-founder of U. S. Franchise Systems in 1995. Roark is investing out of its fifth institutional private equity fund. Roark's current and former portfolio companies include: Atkins Nutritionals Batteries Plus Bulbs Cyber Core Technologies Fastsigns GFL Environmental Money Mailer Movie Gallery Peachtree Business Products PSC Info Group Qualawash United States Arbitrage Finance II USFS Waste Pro Wingstop Official website
Canterbury Comes to London: Live from Astoria is a live album by the progressive rock band Caravan from 17 September 1997 at The Astoria, being released 20 April 1999. "Memory Lain" – 5:04 "Headloss" – 4:53 "Nine Feet Underground" – 17:33 "The Dog, the Dog, He's at It Again" – 6:28 "Cold as Ice" – 5:47 "Somewhere in Your Heart" – 5:39 "I Know Why You're Laughing" – 5:47 "Liar" – 6:42 "For Richard" – 11:04 "Golf Girl" – 7:08 CaravanPye Hastings – vocals, guitar Doug Boyle – guitar Geoffrey Richardson – flute, viola, spoons Dave Sinclair – keyboards Jim Leverton – bass, vocals Richard Coughlan – drums Simon Bentall – percussion Caravan - Canterbury Comes to London: Live from Astoria album review by Lindsay Planer, credits & releases at AllMusic.com Caravan - Canterbury Comes to London: Live from Astoria album releases & credits at Discogs.com Caravan - Canterbury Comes to London: Live from Astoria album credits & user reviews at ProgArchives.com Caravan - Canterbury Comes to London: Live from Astoria album to be listened as stream at Play.
Rajeev Sivashankar is an Indian novelist and short story writer in Malayalam language. He is from Pathanamtitta district of the south Indian state of Kerala. At age 12 he won the Mathrubhoomi story writing competition, his story was published in Mathrubhoomi weekly. He works in Malayala Manorama as Assistant Editor. At age 45 he resumed producing five novels and a short story collection, his novels are Thamovedam, Kalpramanam, Puthrasooktha are his novels. Daivamarathile Ila is his story collection, his notable stories are "Samadhanathinte Vazhikal,kailasanadhan", "Reality Show' and "Daivavicharam, Vivahavarhikam". Thamoveadam, published in April 2013 by D. C. Books, is Rajeev's first novel; the novel is based on the growing anarchist cult in the state of Kerala. Set in an imaginary village called Kavathy, the novel discusses the issue through the eccentric main character Viswanathan, he took charge of satanic worship. The first part of the book deals with Viswanathan's childhood and early youth and is set in the fictitious village of Kavathy in Central Travancore.
It forms the core of the novel. In the second part, the arena shifts to the world of Black Mass and its followers. Pranasancharam –Rajeev's second novel, was published in October 2013 by DC books, it travels through a fantasy-like world. Kalpramanam–Rajeev's third novel, published in November 2014 by NBS, it discusses environmental issues in Kerala. Putrasooktham–Rajeev's fourth novel, published in November 2015 by Green Books. Karal Marx's Kailasam veedu–Satirical account of village life. Published in August 2016 by Poorna Publication. Maraporul–fiction based on the life of Sri Sankaracharya. Kalipakam–fiction based on Kali's story in the Mahabharatha. Pennarasu–Celebration of womanhood, statement against the patriarchy Divyam–magical realism fantasy happening in Kerala-Tamil Nadu border. Published in February 2019 by Saikatham Books. Kunjalithira– Kunjalithira portrays the life of Kunjali maraykkar who made fear in the heart of Portuguese, it depicts the history of a centuries old battle and atrociousness.
Daivamarathile Ila–story collection published in 2015 by DC Books. Includes "Daivavicharam", "Samadhanthinte vazhikal" and "Kailasanadhan" Goodam–Eleven story collection published in October 2017, he received the Thoppil Ravi Memorial award for best novel in 2013. Manoraj Award for best Shortstories collection in 2016 K. Pradeep. "FAITH at the crossroads". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 May 2014. "Thamovedam new novel by Rajeev Sivashankar". Dcbooks.com. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014. "Thamovedam | By Rajeev Sivasankar | DC Books". Onlinestore.dcbooks.com. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014. "FAITH at the crossroads - Press Club of India". Web.archive.org. 2 December 2013. "ഭൂമാഫിയകൾക്കും രാഷ്ട്രീയ പൊള്ളത്തരത്തിനുമെതിരെ കൽപ്രമാണം വരുന്നു. "Technology For All". Origin.mangalam.com. "ആത്മാവിന്റെ അധോലോകങ്ങൾ". Www.marunadanmalayali.com
Robert de Faryngton, or de Farrington was an English-born cleric and statesman who became Lord High Treasurer of Ireland. As a cleric he was notorious for pluralism, but he enjoyed the trust of three successive English monarchs. Nothing is known of his early life. Of his family, we know that he had at least one brother Nicholas, on whose behalf he petitioned the King in 1398, a cousin, Hugh de Faryngton, who accompanied him to Ireland in 1395 and became a judge there, it is unclear whether they had any connection to the prominent de Faryngton family of Evesham, Worcestershire. Robert is first heard of in 1370 as a clerk in the Court of Chancery, he was in holy orders. In an age when such behaviour was commonplace, he was a notorious pluralist who acquired a remarkable number of benefices and prebends, which included Blackawton, Bishopstrow, Morthen, St. Clether and St. Dunstan-in-the East. In 1375 he was awarded the prebendary of Aust vacated by the philosopher John Wycliffe. On this occasion however he clashed with the King's third son John of Gaunt, Wycliffe's most powerful protector and the dominant figure in the English government, who persuaded King Edward III that Wycliffe was still entitled to the prebendary.
The grant to de Faryngton was cancelled: he was compensated with another prebendary in Lincoln, with which, it has been said, he was content, "at least in the short term". Despite his reputation for acquisitiveness, he was highly regarded as an administrator. In 1395 he was sent to Ireland as Master of the Rolls in Ireland, his tenure as a judge was brief, but it allowed him to gain the customary right of the Master of the Rolls to be appointed. A prebend of St. Patrick's Cathedral, he was given another prebendary at Lusk. In 1398 King Richard II appointed de Faryngton Lord High Treasurer of Ireland. In the same year Robert petitioned the King that his brother Nicholas de Faryngton should not be forced to take up any public office against his will, the King granted the petition in person an indication of the high regard in which Robert was held by the Crown. Further evidence of his good standing at Court is his second successful petition dating from 1398, to be granted a tun or two pipes of Gascony wine every Christmas for the rest of his life.
Richard II was deposed in the following year, but the new King Henry IV, who knew de Faryngton re-appointed him as Lord Treasurer of Ireland. It was Faryngton himself who evidently asked to be relieved of his duties: he stepped down as Treasurer in May 1400 and returned to England, he resumed his old position in the Chancery and was promoted there to the rank of "clerk of the first degree". He died in 1405, his cousin Hugh de Faryngton treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral, accompanied him to Ireland and became a Baron of the Court of Exchequer in 1399
Ida Geer Weller was an American concert singer and clubwoman. Ida Geer was from Pennsylvania. Ida Geer Weller was a mezzo-contralto, her voice was described as being "of great range and flexibility, large in natural volume, but leading itself to lighter work." She started performing in Pittsburgh as a concert singer, as president of the South Hills Choral Club. During World War I she substituted for a Pittsburgh church soloist, called into military service. In New York, Weller performed concerts for radio. "I believe radio will have a marked effect on the people of tomorrow," she explained in a 1922 interview, "the children of today." She wrote about music in essays such as "Music Aids His Return to Health" and "Songs Reflect Colors", in which she describes how a recital program is best assembled. Weller was interested in psychology, she gave an address on "The Psychology of Americanization" to the Psychology Club in Nashville, while she was in that city to perform. She appeared as "guest of honor" of the Rotary Club in Nashville during her visit.
In 1928 she was a leader of the New York chapters of Women of Mooseheart Legion, a women's auxiliary of the Loyal Order of Moose. She moved back to her hometown in Pennsylvania in 1934. In the late 1930s, she chaired an annual juried art exhibit in Beaver, raised money for arts education. In 1938 she was director of the Art Center of Beaver County, she died in her early sixties. Ida Geer Weller's gravesite in Beaver County, Pennsylvania, on Find a Grave