National Order of Merit (France)
The National Order of Merit is a French order of merit with membership awarded by the President of the French Republic, founded on 3 December 1963 by President Charles de Gaulle. It comprises about 187,000 members worldwide, the President of the French Republic is the Grand Master of the order and appoints all its members by convention on the advice of the Government of France. The order has a common Chancellor and Chancery with the Legion of Honour, every Prime Minister of France is made a Grand cross of the order after 24 months of service. The medal of the order is a six-armed Maltese asterisk in gilt enamelled blue, the obverse central disc features the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République française. The reverse central disc has a set of crossed tricolores, surrounded by the name of the order, the badge is suspended by a laurel wreath. The star is worn by Grand-Croix and Grand Officier respectively, it is a twelve-armed sunburst, the central disc features the head of Marianne, surrounded by the legend République française and the name of the Order, and in turn surrounded by a wreath of laurel.
The ribbon for the medal is a blue field. For the grade of Officier and above, a rosette is centered in the field, for the grades of Commandeur, Grand Officier, and Grand-Croix, the rosette is centered bar of silver and gold, and a solid gold respectively
The Combatants Cross is a French decoration that recognizes, as its name implies, those who fought in combat for France. The Poilus of World War I worked toward recognition by the government, the law of 19 December 1926 created la carte du combatant, or combatants card, for veterans of 1914-1918, as well as for the veterans of 1870-1871 and colonial wars before the First World War. The decoration was created three years by the law of 28 June 1930. The law of 18 July 1952 extended the benefit of the award of the Croix du combattant for Indochina, the law of December 9,1974 extended the award of the Combatants Cross to operations in North Africa between 1 January 1952 and July 2,1962. There is a set of requirements for each conflict or military operation in regards to the granting of the combatant card. On the obverse at center, the effigy of the Republic wearing an Adrians helmet crowned with laurel leaves surrounded by the relief inscription REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE. On the reverse the relief inscription CROIX DU COMBATTANT along the lower circumference framing a vertical sword pointing down, rays protruding horizomtally and up from the hilt in a 180° arc
Order of Agricultural Merit
The Order of Agricultural Merit is an order bestowed by the French Republic for outstanding contribution to agriculture. It was second in only to the Legion of honour within the French order of precedence when it was created. The original 1883 decree created a single order, only knights were thus decorated. The decree of 18 June 1887 added the grade of Officer and a third grade, the present form and statute of the Order of Agricultural Merit were outlined in decree 59-729 of 15 June 1959. The Order of Agricultural Merit rewards people who rendered services to agriculture whether in public duties or in the very practice of agriculture. It rewards people who distinguished themselves in research or in related publications. There are two annual ceremonies, the first on 1 January and the second on the 14th of July. The annual contingent has been limited to 60 commanders,800 officers and 3,200 knights, a 5% contingency is allowed for people gaining direct entry into the order as officers or commanders for exceptional reasons.
Foreigners receiving the order are not subject to the seniority clause, members of the Order of the Legion of Honour may be admitted to the Order of Agricultural Merit at the same rank they hold in the first. An award certificate always accompanies the order, on the reverse, the gilt medallion bears the relief inscription on three lines MÉRITE AGRICOLE1883, it is surrounded by a plain blue enamelled band. The officers and commanders badges bear a gilt wreath, half vine and half olive branch, the members insignia is made of silver, the officers is made of silver-gilt, the commanders is made of silver-gilt or gold. The order hangs from a 37mm wide silk moiré green ribbon with 5mm amaranth vertical stripes located 1mm from the edges, the commanders insignia is worn on a cravat around the neck. Museum of the Legion of Honour
The Resistance medal was a decoration bestowed by the French Committee of National Liberation, based in the United Kingdom, during World War II. The Resistance medal was awarded to approximately 38,288 living persons and 24,463 posthumously and these awards were both for membership in the Free French forces and for participation in the metropolitan clandestine Resistance during the German occupation of France in World War II. Higher deeds were rewarded with the Ordre de la Libération, proposals for the medal ceased to be accepted on 31 March 1947. For acts that occurred in Indochina, that date was moved back to 31 December 1947, the Resistance medal may be revoked by decree following any act contrary to honour or integrity, whether committed prior to or after bestowal of the medal. The Resistance medal is a 37mm in diameter circular medal struck from bronze, the reverse bears the relief image of an unfurling ribbon bearing the relief inscription in Latin PATRIA NON IMMEMOR translating into THE NATION DOES NOT FORGET.
The suspension is cast as an part of the medal. A 28mm in diameter rosette is on the ribbon of the Officer of the Resistance medal
The Escapees Medal was established by a 1926 law, intended to honour combatants not only of the First World War, but of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. Its statute was amended to include combatants of the Second World War. To civilians interned in Germany, or living in occupied by the enemy. The award criteria for the Second World War were long in coming, a decree of 7 February 1959 allowed for award of the medal, followed by an Order on 20 May 1959 and detailed instructions on 10 July 1959. The medal can be awarded to both French citizens and foreign nationals serving in the ranks of the French armed forces and members of the military killed, or who have died as a result of wounds received during an escape attempt, are automatically awarded the medal. A decree of 28 December 1981 states that any person eligible for the Escapees Medal is asked to put forward a request. Some members of the regiment went into the resistance, and others joined the Free French in Africa, a survivor of the Vel dHiv Roundup, Joseph Weismann, was awarded the Escapees Medal in 2014 even though he did not meet the criteria set out in the 1959 decree.
At the age of 11, Weismann had escaped from Beaune-la-Rolande transit camp, Weismann had been applying for the Escapees Medal over a period of about 15 years before the French government finally awarded it to him. The Escapees Medal is a 30 mm in diameter circular medal struck from bronze and its design is from the French engraver A. Dubois. Its obverse bears the left profile bust of Marianne crowned with branches of oak, along the outer circumference. On its reverse, at center, the inscription on three rows surrounded by a wreath of oak branches
Cross for Military Valour
The Cross for Military Valour is a military decoration of France. The Cross for Military Valour is usually awarded for security or peacekeeping operations and it was established in 1956 to reward soldiers and airmen serving in Algeria who had committed acts of valour or gallantry in combat. Algeria was a department of France at the time, so it was not considered a declared war, the War Cross for foreign operational theatres, which had been awarded for valiant service in Indochina, was not considered appropriate. Médaille de la Valeur Militaire was created on 11 April 1956 with a system of distinctions. To put it on the level as the Croix de guerre. Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Tchad, cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Congo | Zaïre | Democratic Republic of the Congo Haiti Irag and Syria Ivory Coast Lebanon Liberia Libya. Sénégal, Burkina Faso, Mauritanie and Niger, tunisia The grades of the Cross are insignia of a mention in dispatches, which can be of one of five levels matching the valour displayed by the recipient while in presence of an enemy.
They are named after historical formation of the French military, the 1956 Cross was meant principally for soldiers, but a provision was made for civilians participating in a peacekeeping operation. On 2 December 2005 this provision was amended in order to reward only civllian employees of the Ministry of Defence on official missions overseas, the cross was not awarded to members of foreign militaries or governments. This restriction was lifted on 9 November 2011 for acts of valour or performed valiant service while on joint operations with French forces, collective awards can be made to military units, both French and foreign, since 2011. When a unit has decorated twice with the Cross at its highest level, the four first grades of the Cross can be awarded by Chef détat-major des Armées, but the Cross with Palm decoration is only awarded by the Minister of Defence. Medal, suspended from a ribbon is a 36 mm bronze cross, with an effigy of the Republic crowned with a wreath, with the edge embossed, on the reverse is the inscription, Croix de la Valeur militaire.
Ribbon, a red bar with three white bands, a centered 7 mm band, with a smaller 2 mm band on each end. La marque du courage, croix de guerre, valeur militaire, site traitant des décorations militaires et civiles françaises Les décorations françaises