Oregon State University is a public flagship research university in Corvallis, Oregon. The university offers more than 200 undergraduate degree programs along with a variety of graduate and doctoral degrees. With a student enrollment approaching 32,000, it is Oregon's largest university. More than 230,000 students have graduated from OSU since its founding; the Carnegie Foundation designates Oregon State University as a "Community Engagement" university and classifies it as a doctoral university with a status of "Highest research activity". OSU is one of 73 land-grant universities in the United States; the school is a sea-grant, space-grant, sun-grant institution, making it one of only four U. S. institutions to obtain all four designations. OSU received $441 million in research funding for the 2017 fiscal year; the university's roots date back to 1856, when it was established as the area's first community school for primary and preparatory education. Throughout the university's history, the name changed eleven times.
Like other early established land-grant colleges and universities, the majority of name changes occurred through the 1920s. Name changes were made to better align a school with the largest available federal grants in agriculture research. Corvallis area Freemasons played a leading role in developing the early school. Several of the university's largest buildings are named after these early founders; the school offered its first college-level curriculum in 1865, under the administration of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. On August 22, 1868, official articles of incorporation were filed for Corvallis College. October 27, 1868, is known as OSU Charter Day; the Oregon Legislative Assembly designated Corvallis College as the "agricultural college of the state of Oregon" and the recipient of the Land Grant. Acceptance of this grant required the college to comply with the requirements set forth in the First Morrill Act and the name of the school was changed to Corvallis State Agricultural College.
The school was authorized to grant the Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts degrees. The first graduating class was in 1870; the school's name changed several times in the early years as its mission broadened. The Oregon Unification Bill was passed in 1929 by the Legislative Assembly, which placed the school under the oversight of the newly formed Oregon State Board of Higher Education. A doctoral in education was first offered in the early 1930s, with the conferral of four Doctor of Philosophy degrees in 1935; this year saw the creation of the first summer session. The growing diversity in degree programs led to another name change in 1937, when the college became Oregon State College; the university's current title, Oregon State University, was adopted on March 6, 1961, by a legislative act signed into law by Governor Mark Hatfield. In 1993, OSU reported it has having difficulties the retention and hiring of minority faculty members. In 2007, Scott Reed was named the Vice Provost for Outreach and Engagement as OSU Extension Service and OSU Ecampus were aligned under this new division.
Ecampus at a distance to students worldwide. The 420-acre main campus is located in the Willamette Valley. In 1994, OSU was rated the safest campus in the Pac-10 in a study of universities. In September 2008, much of the Oregon State University campus in Corvallis was designated the Oregon State University Historic District by the National Register of Historic Places, it is the only university campus in Oregon to have a historic district designation. The effort to have the John Charles Olmsted-designed campus listed on the National Register took two years. OSU completed the construction of a branch campus located in Bend; this new branch campus is called OSU-Cascades and offers students living in the more central region of the state an opportunity to attend select classes at a campus location closer to their homes. Oregon State offers more than 40 degree and certificate programs made up from a selection of over 900 online courses in 90 subject areas. OSU's online bachelor's degree programs were ranked 5th in the United States by US News & World Report in 2015.
These programs and courses are developed by OSU faculty and delivered online by Oregon State University Ecampus. Students who pursue an education online with OSU earn the same diploma and transcript as the university's on-campus students; the academic programs are divided among twelve colleges plus the graduate school, each with a dean responsible for all faculty, staff and academic programs. Colleges are divided either into departments administered by a department head/chair or schools administered by a director who oversees program coordinators; each school or department is responsible for academic programs leading to degrees, options or minors. OSU Extension Service program is a section for non-students and adult education established on July 24, 1911 under the leadership of Vice-Provost Scott Reed OSU Extensions, Combined Experiment & Extension Centers, Branch Experiment Stations, Open Campus are located in several counties. Programs include 4-H Youth Development and Natural Resources and Community Health/SNAP-Ed, Forestry and Natural Resources.
Together with university leaders, the OSU Foundation publicly launched Oregon State's first comprehensive fundraising campaign, The Campaign for OSU
Blaise Kouassi is an Ivorian footballer who plays for Dhofar S. C. S. C. in Oman Professional League. Born and raised in Kondiebouman, Ivory Coast, Blaise began his footballing career in 2002 with Abidjan-based club, Stella Club d'Adjamé, he began his professional footballing career in 2003 with Africa Sports d'Abidjan. He first moved out of Ivory Coast in 2004 to Tunisia where he signed a long-term contract with Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 club, CS Sfaxien. In his five-year spell with the Sfax-based club, he helped them win the 2004–05 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, the 2008-09 Tunisian Cup, the CAF Confederation Cup in 2007 and 2008 and the 2009 North African Cup Winners Cup, he helped them achieve the runners-up position in the 2004-05 Arab Champions League, the 2006 CAF Champions League and the CAF Super Cup in 2008 and 2009. In 2009, he again moved out of Ivory Coast and this time to the Middle East and more to the United Arab Emirates where he signed a three-year contract with UAE First Division League club, Al-Shaab CSC.
He made his debut and scored his first goal for the club on 28 August 2009 in a 2009–10 UAE President's Cup match in a 6-0 win over Al-Jazira Al-Hamra FC. In the tournament, he put up an eye-catching performance for the club which included a hat trick on 24 September 2009 in a 5-0 win over Al-Jazira Al-Hamra FC, a brace each on 3 September 2009 in a 4-0 win over Dibba Al-Hisn Sports Club and on 8 October 2009 in a 6-1 win over Masafi Club, he made his Etisalat Emirates Cup qualification debut and scored his first goal in the competition on 16 October 2009 in a 2-2 draw against Al-Ittihad Kalba SC. In the qualification process, he put up a great show as he scored 8 goals in 9 appearances which included a brace against Al-Ittihad Kalba SC, he made his UAE First Division League debut on 6 February 2010 in a 2-0 win over Al-Urooba and scored his first goal in the next game on 13 February 2010 in a 1-0 win over Dubai CSC. He scored 9 goals in 7 appearances in the 2009–10 UAE President's Cup and helped his club reach the Round of 16 of the competition.
He scored 8 goals in 9 appearances in qualification to the 2009–10 Etisalat Emirates Cup. He scored 7 goals in 13 appearances in the 2009-10 UAE First Division League, finishing as the top scorer of the season for the club and the 9th top scorer overall in the 2009-10 UAE First Division League. In his second consecutive season with the club, he made his first appearance and scored his first goal for the club on 26 August 2010 in a 2010–11 Etisalat Emirates Cup qualification match in a 1-0 win over Al-Arabi, he made an appearance in the 2010–11 UAE President's Cup in the Round of 32 on 21 September 2010 in a 1-0 loss against Al-Shabab. He made his first appearance and scored his first goal in the 2010-11 UAE First Division League on 9 December 2012 in a 3-1 win over Dibba Al-Fujairah, he scored 8 goals in 17 appearances in the 2010-11 UAE First Division League. He scored 5 goals in 8 appearances in qualification to the 2010–11 Etisalat Emirates Cup. In his third consecutive season with the club, he made his first appearance on 6 October 2011 in a 2011–12 Etisalat Emirates Cup qualification match in a 1-2 loss against Al-Khaleej Club and scored his first goal in the same competition on 10 November 2011 in a 3-0 win over Dibba Al-Fujairah.
He made his 2011-12 UAE First Division League debut on 24 November 2011 in a 1-1 draw against Masafi Club and scored his first goal on 5 December 2011 in a 3-2 loss against Dibba Al-Fujairah. He scored 10 goals in 20 appearances in the 2011-12 UAE First Division League, he scored 1 goal in 3 appearances in qualification to the 2011–12 Etisalat Emirates Cup, thus ending his long-term stay with the Sharjah-based club. In 2012, he once again moved out to Tunisia where he signed a one-year contract with another Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 club, Stade Tunisien. In 2013, he again moved out of Ivory Coast and this time to Guinea where he signed a one-year contract with Guinée Championnat National club, Horoya AC. In his one-year spell with the Conakry-based club, he helped them win the 2014 Guinée Coupe Nationale. On 27 January 2015, he signed a six-month contract with Oman Professional League club, Dhofar S. C. S. C, he scored his first goal for the club on 6 March 2015 in a 2-0 win over 2013–14 Oman Professional League runners-up, Fanja SC.
With SfaxienTunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1: 2004–05 Tunisian Cup: 2008-09 CAF Champions League: Runner-up 2006 CAF Confederation Cup: 2007, 2008 CAF Super Cup: Runner-up 2008, 2009 North African Cup Winners Cup: 2009 Arab Champions League: Runner-up 2004-05With HoroyaGuinée Coupe Nationale: 2014With DhofarOman Professional League Cup: Runner-up 2014–15 Blaise Kouassi - EUROSPORT Blaise Kouassi - soccermanager Blaise Kouassi - Kawarji Blaise Kouassi - FOOT MERCATO Blaise Kouassi - CAF Blaise Kouassi - GOALZZ.com Blaise Kouassi - GOALZZ.com Blaise Kouassi - KOOORA Blaise Kouassi - KOOORA Blaise Kouassi - fanet.ae
A serpentine belt is a single, continuous belt used to drive multiple peripheral devices in an automotive engine, such as an alternator, power steering pump, water pump, air conditioning compressor, air pump, etc. The belt may be guided by an idler pulley and/or a belt tensioner. To allow the belt to pass over more than three pulleys with a large enough wrap angle to avoid slipping, idler pulleys which press against the back of the belt are included, forcing the belt into a serpentine shape. To accommodate this bidirectional flexing while remaining strong enough to transfer the total force required by multiple loads, a serpentine belt is always of multi-groove construction. On some engine designs, the "back" of the belt may drive some accessories; this is limited to components requiring less torque or where a large angle of wrap is present. Such accessories will counter-rotate vs. the "normal" pulleys. Some vehicles use two serpentine belts for their system, such as the manual transaxle equipped Ford Taurus SHO, 1995–1999 DOHC Nissan Maxima, vehicles using the supercharged GM 3800 engine, many BMWs.
It is more efficient than the older multiple belt system and may consume less space in the engine compartment. By using a single, wider belt instead of multiple, thinner belts, the belt may be put under increased tension without stretching. Higher tension reduces slip, which increases mechanical efficiency. Reduced slip can allow the use of lower-ratio pulleys; the tendency for V-belts to "flip over" in the pulley groove is eliminated, a serpentine belt is much easier to maintain and replace, since there is no need to remove multiple belts in order to replace one of them, although newer adjustable-length V-belts can be put on without having to remove other belts, their link design allows a self-tensioning characteristic to reduce the risk of flipping over. Since only one movable belt tensioner is required all of the peripheral components can be mounted to the engine without the need to swivel; the drawback of this single belt is that if the belt breaks or is knocked loose, the vehicle loses multiple critical functions.
The water pump, power steering pump, alternator would cease functioning. The vehicle becomes unusable due to loss of engine cooling; the belt gives ample visual warning of impending failure, sometimes totally shedding several grooves while continuing to function acceptably. Another disadvantage is a lack of redundancy. Whereas a car can continue to run if, say, a power steering belt or A/C compressor belt breaks, the breakage of a serpentine belt means loss of all accessories. Furthermore, the loss of function of a single component causes the failure of the entire accessory drive. Sometimes, this can be overcome with a shorter belt to bypass the failed components, but this is not always possible. Thus, it is possible to be stranded because of, say, a seized power steering pump or A/C compressor clutch, it may not be possible to restore use of the vehicle without first repairing the bad power steering pump or A/C compressor, which precludes a simple roadside repair. Timing belt