Orinda is a city in Contra Costa County, United States. The population was 17,643 at the 2010 census, was estimated in 2018 to have increased to 19,806. In 2012, Orinda was ranked the second most friendly town in America by Forbes; the city is located just east of the city of Berkeley and is home to many affluent suburban professionals who commute to larger cities in the Bay Area such as Oakland, San Francisco, Walnut Creek. Its location provides for a more rustic landscape, Orinda's many parks and trails make it a destination for many Bay Area hikers and naturalists. Present-day Orinda is located within four Mexican land grants: Rancho Laguna de los Palos Colorados, Rancho Acalanes, Rancho El Sobrante and Rancho Boca de la Cañada del Pinole; the area was rural known for ranching and summer cabins. In the late 19th century, the land was named by Alice Marsh Cameron in honor of the poet Katherine Philips, known as the "Matchless Orinda". In the 1880s, the United States Surveyor General for California, Theodore Wagner, built an estate which he named Orinda Park.
The Orinda Park post office opened in 1888. The post office's name was changed to Orinda in 1895. Orinda was the site of Bryant Station, a stop on the failed California and Nevada Railroad around the turn of the 20th century. In times, the area around Bryant Station was known as Orinda Crossroads. Orinda's popularity as a year-round residence grew after the 1937 completion of the Caldecott Tunnel, which provided easier access to the west. Bisected by California State Route 24 and framed by its rolling oak-covered hills, the city of Orinda was incorporated on July 1, 1985, its first mayor was Richard G. Heggie; the city has a station on the Antioch–SFO/Millbrae line of the Bay Area Rapid Transit. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.7 sq mi, of which 12.7 sq mi of it is land and 0.015 sq mi of it is water. The area is characterized by a warm-summer Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and warm, dry summers, it is located in the Chaparral biome. Because Orinda is located in a hilly area, microclimates dominate temperature differences in short distances.
The Oakland hills block the cool foggy conditions that can be seen in Oakland and the innerbay. In the summer, fog can spill over the Oakland hills. Heatwaves from the inland areas can be felt much more in Orinda than in Oakland and the innerbay during the summer. In the winter, Orinda sees more precipitation than surrounding areas because of its higher elevation. Snowfall is rare but not unheard of. A dusting of snow may occur in any given year because of the elevation. During stable conditions in the winter, mornings can be rather cold and frosty in downtown and lower-lying areas, while the higher hills surrounding the area may be several degrees warmer; the 2010 United States Census reported that Orinda had a population of 17,643, The population density was 1,389.5 people per square mile, The racial makeup of Orinda was 14,533 White-American, 149 African American, 22 Native American, 2,016 Asian-American, 24 Pacific Islander, 122 from other races, 777 from two or more races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 807 persons, The Census reported that 17,600 people lived in households, 6 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 37 were institutionalized.
There were 6,553 households, out of which 2,361 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,673 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 370 had a female householder with no husband present, 159 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 138 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 58 same-sex married couples or partnerships, 1,127 households were made up of individuals and 695 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older; the average household size was 2.69. There were 5,202 families; the population was spread out, with 4,512 people under the age of 18, 729 people aged 18 to 24, 2,741 people aged 25 to 44, 6,111 people aged 45 to 64, 3,550 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males. There were 6,804 housing units, at an average density of 535.8 per square mile, of which 6,553 were occupied, of which 5,876 were owner-occupied, 677 were occupied by renters.
The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%. 16,010 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,590 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,599 people, 6,596 households, 5,243 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,398.2 people per square mile. There were 6,744 housing units at an average density of 535.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 86.6% White, 0.5% Black, 0.15% Native American, 9.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, 2.84% from two or more races. Of the population 3.2 % were Latino of any race. There were 6,596 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.3% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.5% were non-families. Of all households 16.6% were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average
Richard Charles "Dick" Lewontin is an American evolutionary biologist, mathematician and social commentator. A leader in developing the mathematical basis of population genetics and evolutionary theory, he pioneered the application of techniques from molecular biology, such as gel electrophoresis, to questions of genetic variation and evolution. In a pair of seminal 1966 papers co-authored with J. L. Hubby in the journal Genetics, Lewontin helped set the stage for the modern field of molecular evolution. In 1979 he and Stephen Jay Gould introduced the term "spandrel" into evolutionary theory. From 1973 to 1998, he held an endowed chair in zoology and biology at Harvard University, since 2003 has been a research professor there. Lewontin opposes genetic determinism. Lewontin was born in New York City, to parents descended from late 19th-century Eastern European Jewish immigrants, he attended the École Libre des Hautes Études in New York. In 1951 he graduated from Harvard College. In 1952, Lewontin received a master's degree in mathematical statistics, followed by a doctorate in zoology in 1954, both from Columbia University, where he was a student of Theodosius Dobzhansky.
He held faculty positions at North Carolina State University, the University of Rochester, the University of Chicago. In 1973 Lewontin was appointed as Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology and Professor of Biology at Harvard University, holding the position until 1998. Lewontin has worked in both experimental population genetics. A hallmark of his work has been an interest in new technology, he was the first person to do a computer simulation of the behavior of a single gene locus. In 1960 he and Ken-Ichi Kojima were the first population geneticists to give the equations for change of haplotype frequencies with interacting natural selection at two loci; this set off a wave of theoretical work on two-locus selection in the 1970s. Their paper gave a theoretical derivation of the equilibria expected, investigated the dynamics of the model by computer iteration. Lewontin introduced the D' measure of linkage disequilibrium. In 1966, he and Jack Hubby published a paper, they used protein gel electrophoresis to survey dozens of loci in the fruit fly Drosophila pseudoobscura, reported that a large fraction of the loci were polymorphic, that at the average locus there was about a 15% chance that the individual was heterozygous.
Previous work with gel electrophoresis had been reports of variation in single loci and did not give any sense of how common variation was. Lewontin and Hubby's paper discussed the possible explanation of the high levels of variability by either balancing selection or neutral mutation. Although they did not commit themselves to advocating neutrality, this was the first clear statement of the neutral theory for levels of variability within species. Lewontin and Hubby's paper had great impact—the discovery of high levels of molecular variability gave population geneticists ample material to work on, gave them access to variation at single loci; the possible theoretical explanations of this rampant polymorphism became the focus of most population genetics work thereafter. Martin Kreitman was to do a pioneering survey of population-level variability in DNA sequences while a Ph. D. student in Lewontin's lab. In a landmark paper, in 1972 Lewontin identified that most of the variation within human populations is found within local geographic groups and differences attributable to traditional "race" groups are a minor part of human genetic variability.
In a 2003 paper, A. W. F. Edwards criticized Lewontin's conclusion that race is an invalid taxonomic construct, terming it Lewontin's fallacy, he argued that the probability of racial misclassification of an individual based on variation in a single genetic locus is 30% and the misclassification probability becomes close to zero if enough loci are studied. In 1975, when E. O. Wilson's book Sociobiology proposed evolutionary explanations for human social behaviors, biologists including Lewontin, his Harvard colleague Stephen Jay Gould, Ruth Hubbard responded negatively. Lewontin and Gould introduced the term spandrel to evolutionary biology, inspired by the architectural term "spandrel", in an influential 1979 paper, "The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme." "Spandrels" were described as features of an organism that exist as a necessary consequence of other features, but do not directly improve fitness. The relative frequency of spandrels versus adaptations continues to stir controversy in evolutionary biology.
Lewontin was an early proponent of a hierarchy of levels of selection in his article, "The Units of Selection". He has been a major influence on philosophers of biology, notably William C. Wimsatt, Robert Brandon and Elisabeth Lloyd, Philip Kitcher, Elliott Sober, Sahotra Sarkar. Lewontin argued for the historical nature of biological causality in "Is Nature Probable or Capricious?". In "Organism and Environment" in Scientia, in more popular form in the last chapter of Biology as Ideology, Lewontin argued that while traditional Darwinism has portrayed the organism as a passive recipient of environmental influences, a
Funeral for an Assassin is a 1974 South Africa film directed by Ivan Hall, released in the United States in 1977. Michael Cardiff is a professional revolutionary trained in a variety of techniques of assassination and evading law enforcement. After escaping from prison he places identification items on a decomposed body to make him appear dead as he plans his revenge against the government. Cardiff uses his skills to murder a prominent judge making his death look like an accident in order to plant an improvised explosive device at his funeral attended by the movers and shakers of the regime. Only one non conformist police captain. Vic Morrow as Michael Cardiff Peter Van Dissel as Capt. Evered Roos Gaby Getz as Julia Ivens Sam Williams as Umzinga Stuart Parker as Commandant Overbeek Gillian Garlick as Nurse Schoenfeld Siegfried Mynhardt as Judge William Whitfield Norman Coombes as Fourie Chris Bezuidenhout as Karl Yates Albert Raphael as Claude Ormsby Bruce Anderson as Prime Minister Henry Vaughn as Reverend Martin Hemsley Gwynne Davies as Magdalena Stewart Nimrod Motchabane as Black Policeman John Boulter as Surgeon DeWet Van Rooyen as Minister Michael Lovegrove as D.
I. S. Inspector Johan Brewis as T. V. Announcer Michael Jameson as D. I. S. Agent Funeral for an Assassin on IMDb Funeral for an Assassin is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Andy & Lucas is a popular Spanish Flamenco-inspired pop duo from the province of Cádiz in Spain. The band consists of Andrés Morales and Lucas González, who first knew each other as neighbours and friends in their Cádiz neighborhood of La Laguna; the boys went to school together from the first grade on, deciding to form a musical group early on in their friendship. At the age of 12, Morales began writing songs, which he began to perform with González in bars around Cadiz by the time they were 16; the duo made their recording industry debut four years with the release of Andy & Lucas, produced by the Argentine-born Alejo Stivel. The disc went on topping the national charts for a number of weeks; the second single of their first album, titled "Son de Amores" peaked at number-one in the Billboard Hot Latin Tracks, on September 18, 2004. The production of a live in-concert DVD, entitled Viviendo un Sueno, saw Morales and González win their first major award, a Premio Onda for Best New Artist. Another song, Ganas de Vivir landed a spot on Billboard's European Top 100.
Ganas de vivir has been certified as Platinum. Andy y Lucas have sold more than 1 mill, their album Desde Mi Barrio received a nomination for a Latin Grammy Award for Best Pop Album by a Duo or Group with Vocals. Con Los Pies en la Tierra is the fourth album by the Cadiz duo. Containing twelve new songs, it went on sale on September 30, 2008. "Tu que quieres que yo le haga" was the first single, which appeared in 2008, followed by'tus miradas' in 2009, Albums: Andy & Lucas Andy & Lucas Ed. Especial En su salsa Desde mi barrio No. 2 SP ¿Qué no? ¡Anda que no! No. 25 SP Ganas de vivir No.1 SP Con los pies en la tierra No.1 SP Pido la palabra No.3 SP El ritmo de las olas No.1 SP Mas de 10 No.2 SP Imparable Nueva Vida Singles: 2003 "Son de amores" - No. 1, No. 1 2003 "Tanto la quería" - No. 1 2004 "Y en tu ventana" - No. 1 2004 "Hasta los huesos" - No. 6 2004 "Mírame a la cara" - No. 23 2004 "Como caído del cielo" - No. 3 2005 "Quiero ser tu sueño" - No. 9 2005 "Yo lo que quiero" - No. 25 2005 "Mi barrio" - No. 21 2007 "Quiéreme" - No. 1 2007 "Quiero que sepas" 2007 "De qué me vale" 2008 "Tú que quieres que yo le haga" - No. 4 2008 "Tus miradas" 2010 "Aqui sigo yo" - No. 15 2011 "Pido la palabra" 2011 "Faldas" 2012 "El ritmo de las olas" 2013 "Echándote De Menos" 2014 "Silencio" 2014 "Si unas palabras bastan" 2015 "Besos" 2016 "El Último Beso" 2016 "Tú háblale" 2017 "Quiero la Playa" 2018 "Para Que Bailes Conmigo" 2018 "La Ultima Opportunidad" 2018 "Nueva Vida" Number-one hits of 2004 Official website
Randy Gardner is an American former pair skater. Together with Tai Babilonia, he won the 1979 World Figure Skating Championships and five U. S. Figure Skating Championships; the pair qualified for the 1980 Winter Olympics. Babilonia and Gardner began skating together when Babilonia was Gardner ten, their coach was John Nicks. The pair became five-time U. S. national won the gold medal at the 1979 World Championships. They were medal favorites at the 1980 Winter Olympics but were forced to withdraw due to a thigh injury to Gardner. In 2006, Gardner appeared as a choreographer on the reality television series Skating with Celebrities. In 2008, he indicated that he was working on his autobiography, to be released at the end of the year, it has not been released. In 2008, Babilonia and Gardner announced their retirement from show skating due to a neck injury sustained by Gardner and their advancing ages. Gardner discovered in 1998. After a five-year search, he found his birth mother who had become pregnant with him at age 17 after being raped by a family friend.
In 2006, Gardner revealed. "Skate Canada Results Book - Volume 1 - 1896 - 1973". Skate Canada. Archived from the original on 2010-11-22. "Skate Canada Results Book - Volume 2 - 1974 - current". Skate Canada. Archived from the original on 2009-09-20. +
CoreCivic the Corrections Corporation of America, is a company that owns and manages private prisons and detention centers and operates others on a concession basis. Co-founded in 1983 in Nashville, Tennessee by Thomas W. Beasley, Robert Crants, T. Don Hutto, it received investments from the Tennessee Valley Authority, Vanderbilt University, Jack C. Massey, the founder of Hospital Corporation of America; as of 2016, the company is the second largest private corrections company in the United States. CoreCivic manages more than 65 state and federal correctional and detention facilities with a capacity of more than 90,000 beds in 19 states and the District of Columbia; the company's revenue in 2012 exceeded $1.7 billion. By 2015, its contracts with federal correctional and detention authorities generated up to 51% of its revenues, it operated 22 federal facilities with the capacity for 25,851 prisoners. By 2016, Corrections Corporation of America along with GEO Group were running "more than 170 prisons and detention centres".
CCA's revenues in 2015 were $1.79bn. CCA has been the subject of much controversy over the years related to apparent attempts to save money, such as hiring inadequate staff, extensive lobbying, lack of proper cooperation with legal entities to avoid repercussions. CCA rebranded itself as CoreCivic amid the ongoing scrutiny of the private prison industry. Corrections Corporation of America was founded in Nashville, Tennessee, on January 28, 1983, by Thomas W. Beasley, Doctor Robert Crants and T. Don Hutto. Beasley served as the chairman of the Tennessee Republican Party. A founding member of its board of directors was Maurice Sigler, the former chairman of the United States Board of Parole; the initial investment came from Jack C. Massey, co-founder of the Hospital Corporation of America. An early investor prior to the IPO was Vanderbilt University, where Beasley had completed his law degree. Additionally, the Tennessee Valley Authority was another early financial backer. According to a 2013 CCA video and Beasley were the chief founders.
Hutto had years of experience in corrections and was president-elect of the American Correctional Association. The two men met with representatives of the Federal Bureau of Prisons and Immigration and Naturalization Service, which operated under U. S. Department of Justice from 1933 to 2003, to discuss a potential joint venture for a facility to detain illegal aliens in Texas. CCA was awarded a contract in late 1983 by the U. S. Department of Justice for the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement; this was the "first contract to design, build and operate a secure correctional facility." This is considered to have marked the beginning of the private prison industry. CCA had to have the facilities ready by early January 1984, ninety days from the signing of the contract. Hutto and Beasley flew to Houston and after several days, negotiated a deal with the owner of Olympic Motel—a "pair of nondescript two-story buildings" on "I-45 North between Tidwell and Parker"—to hire their family and friends to staff the re-purposed motel for four months as a detention facility.
On Super Bowl Sunday at the end of January, Hutto processed the first 87 undocumented aliens at this facility, CCA received its first payment. The company opened its first facility, the Houston Processing Center, in 1984; the Houston Detention Center was built to house individuals awaiting a decision on immigration cases or repatriation. In 1984, CCA took over the operations of the Tall Trees non-secure juvenile facility, for the Juvenile Court of Memphis and Shelby County. Two years CCA built the 200-bed Shelby Training Center in Memphis to house juvenile male offenders. In 1989, it opened the New Mexico Women's Correctional Facility in New Mexico. In the 1980s, CCA officials met with representatives of the Mitterrand administration in France, they did not win any contracts there for CCA prisons. In 1990, CCA opened the first medium-security operated prison, the state-owned Winn Correctional Center, in Winn Parish, Louisiana, it opened the Leavenworth Detention Center, operated for the U. S. Marshals Service, in 1992.
This 256-bed facility was the first maximum-security private prison under direct contract to a federal agency. CCA entered the United Kingdom in 1992, when it entered a partnership with Mowlem and Sir Robert McAlpine to form UK Detention Services, it opened the 650-bed Blackenhurst prison in England. The stockholders are corporate entities and it is classified as a real estate investment trust, or REIT. Research published in Social Justice by scholars at Rutgers University showed that in 2007, the company had "114 institutional stockholders that together amount to 28,736,071 shares of stock." The scholars added, "The largest number of shares of CCA stock is held by RS Investments, WesleyCapital MGMT and Capital Research and MGMT."In 2010, the ACLU filed a lawsuit on behalf of inmates at the Idaho Correctional Center, claiming that understaffing contributed to the high levels of violence there. In 2014, the Federal Bureau of Investigation began an investigation into CCA management of the ICC to ascertain whether any Federal statutes were violated because of the understaffing of the facility and what was found to be falsification of staffing records.