Orlando is a city in the U. S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 2,509,831, according to U. S. Census Bureau figures released in July 2017; these figures make it the 23rd-largest metropolitan area in the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida. As of 2018, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 285,713, making it the 71st-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida, the state's largest inland city; the City of Orlando is nicknamed "the City Beautiful," and its symbol is the Linton E. Allen Memorial Fountain referred to as the "Lake Eola fountain" at Lake Eola Park; the Orlando International Airport is the thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States and the 29th-busiest in the world. Orlando is one of the most visited cities in the world driven by tourism, major events, convention traffic, in 2018 the city drew more than 75 million visitors.
The two largest and most internationally renowned tourist attractions in the Orlando area include the Walt Disney World Resort, opened by the Walt Disney Company in 1971, located 21 miles southwest of Downtown Orlando in Bay Lake. With the exception of Walt Disney World, most major attractions are located along International Drive with one of these attractions being the Wheel at ICON Park Orlando; the city is one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions. Like other major cities in the Sun Belt, Orlando grew from the 1980s up into the first decade of the 21st century. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, the largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of 2015. In 2010, Orlando was listed as a "Gamma−" level global city in the World Cities Study Group's inventory. Fort Gatlin, as the Orlando area was once known, was established at what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U. S. Artillery under the command of Ltc. Alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9, 1838, during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across Florida during the Second Seminole War.
The fort and surrounding area were named for John S. Gatlin, an Army physician, killed in Dade's Massacre on December 28, 1835; the site of construction for Fort Gatlin, a defensible position with fresh water between three small lakes, was chosen because the location was on a main trail and is less than 250 yards from a nearby Council Oak tree where Native Americans had traditionally met. King Phillip and Coacoochee frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where the previous 1835 ambush that had killed over 100 soldiers had been planned; when the U. S. military abandoned the fort in 1839, the surrounding community was built up by settlers. Prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as Jernigan; this name originates from the first permanent settlers and Aaron Jernigan, cattlemen who acquired land 2 miles northwest of Fort Gatlin along the west end of Lake Holden in July 1843 by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act. Aaron Jernigan became Orange County's first state representative in 1845 but his pleas for additional military protection went unanswered.
Fort Gatlin was reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November 1849 and subsequently a volunteer militia was left to defend the settlement. A historical marker indicates that by 1850 the Jernigan homestead served as the nucleus of a village named Jernigan. According to an account written years by his daughter, at that time, about 80 settlers were forced to shelter for about a year in "a stockade that Aaron Jernigan built on the north side of Lake Conway". One of the county's first records, a grand jury's report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were "driven from their homes and forced to huddle together in hasty defences." Aaron Jernigan led a local volunteer militia during 1852. A Post Office opened at Jernigan in 1850. Jernigan appears on an 1855 map of Florida and by 1856 the area had become the county seat of Orange County. In 1857, the Post Office was removed from Jernigan, opened under the name of Orlando at a new location in present-day downtown Orlando.
During the American Civil War, the Post Office closed, but reopened in 1866. The move is believed to be sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigan's fall from grace after he was relieved of his militia command by military officials in 1856, his behavior was so notorious that Secretary of War Jefferson Davis wrote, "It is said they are more dreadful than the Indians." In 1859, Jernigan and his sons were accused of committing a murder at the town's post office. They were transported to Ocala, but escaped. There are at least five stories as to; the most common stories are that the name Orlando originated from the tale of a man who died in 1835 during an attack by Native Americans in the area during the Second Seminole War. Several of the stories relay an oral history of the marker for a person named Orlando, the double entendre, "Here lies Orlando." One variant includes a man named Orlando, passing by on his way to Tampa with a herd of oxen and was buried in a marked grave. At a meeting in 1857, debate had grown concerning the name of the town.
Pioneer William B. Hull recalled how James Speer (a local resident, prominent figure in the stories behind
Mark Montano is an American interior designer, writer, TV personality. Mark Montano is best known for three series on the Style Network and The Learning Channel: 10 Years Younger, which he hosted, While You Were Out, on which he appears as a designer, My Celebrity Home on which he is both host and designer. Montano can be seen on WE TV's new show, "She's Moving In". Montano has a flamboyant design sense that homeowners on While You Were Out are sometimes less than enthused about at first, but he wins them over with his boisterous personality. On My Celebrity Home, Mark gives their style to a fan. Mark filmed MY HOME 2.0 which aired on FOX and FIOS channels nationwide in April 2010. In 2015 Mark produced and filmed a 12 episode, half-hour series called Make Your Mark. Make Your Mark is a DIY show based on his blog and YouTube channel and airs on most public television stations. Mark Montano is the author of several successful books. "The Big-Ass Book of Crafts", published through SimonSpotlight, subsidiary of Simon & Schuster, owned by parent company CBS, was released on February 18, 2008 and is now the number 1 selling craft book in America.
The Big-Ass Book of Crafts is in its 7th printing as of January 2009. The Big-Ass Book of Home Decor was on shelves starting April 2010. In January 2011, Pulp Fiction: Perfect Paper Projects, was published and on October 11, The Big-Ass Book of Crafts 2 was on bookstore shelves everywhere. "The Big-Ass Book of bling" is on shelves starting November 1, 2012. Various projects from Mark's books are available in Tutorial form on his Official Blog and on his YouTube channel. "The Big Ass Book of Bling" ISBN 1451685289 "The Big Ass Book of Crafts 2" ISBN 1451627807 Pulp Fiction: Perfect Paper Projects ISBN 157421697X The Big-Ass Book of Home Decor ISBN 1584798254 The Big-Ass Book of Crafts ISBN 978-1-4169-3785-2 Super Suite: The Ultimate Bedroom Makeover Guide for Girls ISBN 0789308118 Window Treatments and Slipcovers for Dummies ISBN 0764584480 Dollar Store Decor: 100 Projects for Lush Living That Won't Break the Bank ISBN 0789313030 Mark Montano Official Site Mark Montano Official Blog Mark Montano Blogger Mark Montano Official Facebook Mark Montano on Twitter Mark Montano at FMD Mark Montano on Etsy.com Nest.com article Mark Montano Crescendoh blog
Karl Hilding Hagberg was a Swedish communist politician. He was the leader of the Communist Party of Sweden from 1951 to 1964. Hagberg was born in Gällivare in Norrbotten County; as a miner working in Malmberget he joined the Communist Party of Sweden in his youth. He was editor of the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman from 1930 to 1935, political editor of the Communist Party's main newspaper Ny Dag from 1943 to 1964, he was a member of the executive board of the Communist Party of Sweden from 1930 to 1964, a member of the lower house of the Parliament of Sweden from 1933 to 1964. As leader of the Communist Party of Sweden, Hagberg upheld a pro-Soviet line, he supported the Soviet crushing of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and he defended the building of the Berlin Wall as "serving the cause of peace". In the municipal elections in 1962, the Communist Party hit a record low of 3.8% of the votes and critics within the party blamed this on the party's pro-Soviet line. In 1964, Hagberg was replaced as party chairman by C.-H.
Hermansson. When a pro-Soviet faction broke away from the party in 1977 to form the Workers' Party - the Communists, Hagberg joined them. Hagberg died in his home in Luleå on 17 December 1993, his memoirs, titled Jag är och förblir kommunist, were published in 1995