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Orrin Hatch

Orrin Grant Hatch is an American attorney, retired politician, composer who served as a United States Senator from Utah for 42 years. He is the longest-serving Republican U. S. Senator in history and the longest-serving U. S. Senator from Utah. Hatch chaired the Senate Committee on Health, Education and Pensions from 1981 to 1987, he served as chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee and the Senate Finance Committee. On January 3, 2015, after the 114th United States Congress was sworn in, Hatch became President pro tempore of the Senate, he retired in January 2019. Orrin Grant Hatch was raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, he is the son of Jesse Hatch, a metal lather, his wife Helen Frances Hatch. Hatch had eight sisters, two of whom did not survive infancy. Hatch was profoundly affected by the loss of his older brother Jesse, a U. S. Army Air Forces nose turret gunner with the 725th Bombardment Squadron, killed on February 7, 1945 when the B-24 he was aboard was shot down over Austria. Hatch, who grew up in poverty, was the first in his family to attend college.

A. degree in history in 1959. He fought 11 bouts as an amateur boxer. In 1962, Hatch received a J. D. degree from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. Hatch has stated that during law school, he and his young family resided in a refurbished chicken coop behind his parents' house. Hatch worked as an attorney in Pittsburgh and moved to Utah in 1969, where he continued to practice law. In 1976, in his first run for public office, Hatch was elected to the United States Senate, defeating Democrat Frank Moss, a three-term incumbent. Hatch criticized Moss's 18-year tenure in the Senate, saying, "What do you call a Senator who's served in office for 18 years? You call him home." Hatch ran on the promise of term limits and argued that many Senators, including Moss, had lost touch with their constituents. In 1982, Hatch won re-election, he defeated Brian Moss by 35 points in 1988 and was re-elected in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012. In 2000, Hatch sought the Republican presidential nomination. After finishing last in the Iowa caucuses, Hatch withdrew his candidacy on January 27, 2000 and endorsed eventual winner George W. Bush.

After the defeat of Utah's Senator Bob Bennett in 2010, conjecture began as to whether six-term Senator Hatch would retire in 2012. It was speculated that Congressman Jason Chaffetz would run against Hatch, though Chaffetz would decline. In January 2011, Hatch announced his campaign for re-election. Nine other Republicans, including former State Senator Dan Liljenquist and then-State Legislator Chris Herrod, declared campaigns for U. S. Senator. Having elected state delegates in mid-March, both the Democratic and Republican parties held conventions on April 21, with the possibilities to determine their nominees for the November general election. At the Republican convention, Hatch failed to get the 60% vote needed to clinch the Republican nomination, so he faced Liljenquist in the primary June 26. Hatch won the primary easily, it was Hatch's first primary competition since his election in 1976. The Democratic convention chose former state Senator and IBM executive Scott Howell as the Democratic Party candidate.

Hatch defeated Howell, receiving 65.2% of the vote to Howell's 30.2%. In the 2016 presidential election, Hatch supported former Florida Governor Jeb Bush and endorsed Florida Senator Marco Rubio once Bush ended his campaign. On May 12, 2016, after Donald Trump became the presumptive Republican presidential nominee, Hatch endorsed him. On May 27, 2016, after Trump suggested that a federal judge Gonzalo P. Curiel was biased against Trump because of his Mexican heritage, Hatch said: "From what I know about Trump, he's not a racist but he does make a lot of outrageous statements... I think you can criticize a judge but it ought to be done in a formal way" and said that Trump's statements were not so inappropriate that he would rescind his support. On October 7, 2016, following the Donald Trump Access Hollywood controversy, Hatch described Trump's comments as "offensive and disgusting" and said that " is no excuse for such degrading behavior. All women deserve to be treated with respect." Hatch maintained his endorsement of Trump's candidacy.

Hatch took office as a U. S. senator on January 3, 1977. He chaired the Senate Committee on Health, Education and Pensions from 1981 to 1987, he served as chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee and the Senate Finance Committee. In September 1989, Hatch was one of nine Republican senators appointed by Senate Republican Leader Robert Dole to negotiate a dispute with Democrats over the financing of President Bush's anti-drug plan that called for spending $7.8 billion by the following year as part of the president's efforts to address narcotics nationwide and abroad. Hatch expressed interest in serving on the United States Supreme Court, it was reported that he was on Ronald Reagan's short list of candidates to succeed Lewis F. Powell Jr. on the Supreme Court, but was passed over at least in part because of the Ineligibility Clause. Despite that, he vocally supported Robert Bork, chosen instead. Hatch "worked across the aisle to pass landmark legislation, including the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Children's Health Insurance Program".

During the 1991 confirmation hearings regarding the Supreme Court nomination of Clarence Thomas, Hatch "famously defended Thomas...by reading aloud from'The Exorcist' to suggest Anita Hill lifted details of her sexual harassment allegations from the horror book". On January 3, 2015, after the 114th United States

Sacred Heart Church, Plumbridge

Sacred Heart Church is a Roman Catholic church in the village of Plumbridge, County Tyrone in Northern Ireland. It is a Grade B2 listed building. Sacred Heart Church was constructed in 1896. There had been a Roman Catholic chapel in the village as late as 1833 with a graveyard added in 1888; the land which Sacred Heart Church was built on was leased by John MacFarland and designated as a location for the new church in 1894. The church retains the majority of its original external fittings, it first featured on a map in 1905 in the Third Edition of the Ordinance Survey map. In 1950, £ 100 was donated, to the church tower by a local resident, it was granted grade B2 listed status on 2 November 1989. The reasons for the listing were due to the fact that "The building retains much of its original character both externally and internally..." and that it "...is one of the most significant buildings in Plumbridge" according to the Department for Communities. Following this, the internal areas of the church were refurbished in 1990 with new pews being erected and new doors being installed.

A plaque commemorating this was attached to the base of the church tower. In 2017, the church was damaged by flooding which resulted in a fundraising campaign being set up for the repairs. A local singer raised over £2,000 for the church in a concert

Maní, Yucatán

Maní is a small city in Maní Municipality in the central region of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Yucatán. It is about 100 km to the south south-east of Yucatán, some 16 km east of Ticul; the village of Tipikal lies 6 km to the east. The population is around 4000, similar now to the estimated 4500 in the 16th century. Maní's four millennium existence involves its early Maya period, followed in recent centuries by its Spanish conquistador and religious period, its Mexican period beginning over a century ago involved conflict. Maní has been continuously occupied for 4000 years. In the postclassic Mesoamerican era it was home to the Tutul-Xiu Maya dynasty, which moved their capital here from Uxmal in the 13th century; the Xiu were the dominant power in the western Yucatán after the fall of Mayapan in 1441. Maní served as the main religious center in honor of the deity Kukulcan for the Maya with an annual chic kaban festival until 1341. With the arrival of the Spanish the Xiu of Maní allied themselves with the Spanish and assisted in the conquest of the rest of the peninsula.

On 12 July 1562, Friar Diego de Landa, who held the office of inquisitor before the Monastery of San Miguel Arcángel, held an auto de fe Inquisitional ceremony in Maní, burning a number of Maya hieroglyphic books and a reported 5000 idols, saying that they were "works of the devil". The number of books burned is disputed. Landa claimed only burning 27; this act and numerous incidents of torture at the monastery were used to speed the mass adoption of Roman Catholicism throughout the region. Landa's burning of these sacred books with Mayan writing and the subsequent reaction were described by him as follows: We found a large number of books in these characters and, as they contained nothing in which were not to be seen as superstition and lies of the devil, we burned them all, which they regretted to an amazing degree, which caused them much affliction. Maní was involved in part of the multi-decade conflict in the Guerra de Castas, the Caste War of the Yucatán. An engraved stone narrates an episode of the event for Maní in 1850.

The town has an old Franciscan monastery established in 1549, the Parroquia y Exconvento de San Miguel Arcangel. The large building was built using cut stones from many of the Pre-Columbian structures of Maní. A large open chapel is on the north side with the two bell gables on the church facade. Inside, the apse vault has some early colonial era fresco murals; the nave interior houses three Baroque carved altars with statues of images. Restoration work on the monastery building and its artwork began in 2001; the area around Maní is devoted to agriculture, principally henequen, maize and fruit. Hammocks are made in the city; each 15 to 24 August Maní holds a festival in honor of the Virgin of the Assumption. Each 3 January is a festival of the Virgin of Candlemas. List of destroyed libraries Cultural genocide Cristóbal de Oñate Juan de Oñate English Bancroft, Hubert Howe, The Native Races of the Pacific States, Vol. II: Civilized Nations, Bancroft & Co. San Francisco, 1883 edition. Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517–1570, New York: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521820316.

Clendinnen, Inga, "Disciplining the Indians: Franciscan Ideology and Missionary Violence in Sixteenth Century Yucatán", The Cost of Courage in Aztec Society: Essays on Mesoamerican Society and Culture, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-51811-6. Lougheed, Travel Adventures: Yucatan – Chetumal, Merida & Campeche, "Chapter 4.10.2.9: Mani", Hunter Travel, Hunter Publishing, Inc. Edison, New Jersey. Nicholson, H. B. Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl: The Once and Future Lord of the Toltecs, University Press of Colorado. Nimoy, Leonard, In Search of... Episode 28, "Mayan Mysteries", Alan Landsburg Productions, copyright 1977. Sharer, Robert J; the Ancient Maya, 5th edition. Spanish INEGI. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Solís, Juan F. Molina. Supplemento, Biblioteca Virtual de Yucatan. Maní on Mayanroutes.com Ghosts of Mani on YucatanLiving.com Municipal information on gob.mx in Spanish language