George Orson Welles was an American actor, director and producer, remembered for his innovative work in radio and film. He is considered one of the greatest filmmakers of all time. While in his twenties Welles directed a number of high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project, including an adaptation of Macbeth with an African American cast and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937 he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented a series of productions on Broadway through 1941, including Caesar, a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. In 1938, his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air gave Welles the platform to find international fame as the director and narrator of a radio adaptation of H. G. Wells's novel The War of the Worlds, which caused widespread panic because many listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was occurring. Although some contemporary sources say these reports of panic were false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to notoriety.
His first film was Citizen Kane, ranked as the greatest film made, which he co-wrote, produced and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles released twelve other features, the most acclaimed of which include The Magnificent Ambersons, The Lady from Shanghai, Touch of Evil, The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and F for Fake, his distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots and long takes. He has been praised as "the ultimate auteur". Welles was an outsider to the studio system, struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios in Hollywood and in life with a variety of independent financiers across Europe, where he spent most of his career. Many of his films were either edited or remained unreleased. Some, like Touch of Evil, have been painstakingly re-edited from his notes. With a development spanning 50 years, Welles's final film, The Other Side of the Wind, was released in 2018.
Welles had three marriages, including one with Rita Hayworth, three children. Known for his baritone voice, Welles performed extensively across theatre and film, he was a lifelong magician noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years. In 2002 he was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics. In 2018 he was included in the list of the 50 greatest Hollywood actors of all time by The Daily Telegraph. George Orson Welles was born May 6, 1915, in Kenosha, son of Richard Head Welles and Beatrice Ives Welles, he was named after his paternal great-grandfather, influential Kenosha attorney Orson S. Head, his brother George Head. An alternative story of the source of his first and middle names was told by George Ade, who met Welles's parents on a West Indies cruise toward the end of 1914. Ade was traveling with a friend, Orson Wells, the two of them sat at the same table as Mr. and Mrs. Richard Welles. Mrs. Welles was pregnant at the time, when they said goodbye, she told them that she had enjoyed their company so much that if the child were a boy, she intended to name it for them: George Orson.
Welles's birth announcement and a picture of him as a young boy are among George Ade's papers at Purdue University. Despite his family's affluence, Welles encountered hardship in childhood, his parents separated and moved to Chicago in 1919. His father, who made a fortune as the inventor of a popular bicycle lamp, became an alcoholic and stopped working. Welles's mother, a pianist, played during lectures by Dudley Crafts Watson at the Art Institute of Chicago to support her son and herself. Beatrice died of hepatitis in a Chicago hospital on May 10, 1924, just after Welles's ninth birthday; the Gordon String Quartet, which had made its first appearance at her home in 1921, played at Beatrice's funeral. After his mother's death, Welles ceased pursuing music, it was decided that he would spend the summer with the Watson family at a private art colony in Wyoming, New York, established by Lydia Avery Coonley Ward. There he played and became friends with the children of the Aga Khan, including the 12-year-old Prince Aly Khan.
In what Welles described as "a hectic period" in his life, he lived in a Chicago apartment with both his father and Dr. Maurice Bernstein, a Chicago physician, a close friend of both his parents. Welles attended public school before his alcoholic father left business altogether and took him along on his travels to Jamaica and the Far East; when they returned they settled in a hotel in Grand Detour, owned by his father. When the hotel burned down and his father took to the road again."During the three years that Orson lived with his father, some observers wondered who took care of whom", wrote biographer Frank Brady."In some ways, he was never a young boy, you know," said Roger Hill, who became Welles's teacher and lifelong friend. Welles attended public school in Madison, enrolled in the fourth grade. On September 15, 1926, he entered the Todd Seminary for Boys, an expensive independent school in Woodstock, that his older broth
Professor Mark Hallett is an art historian specialising in the history of British art. He is Director of Studies at the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art. Professor Hallett moved to the Paul Mellon Centre in October 2012, after having spent eighteen years teaching at the University of York, where he was appointed a Professor in 2006, he was Head of the History of Art department at York between 2007 and 2012, a member of the University’s Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies. He took his undergraduate degree at Cambridge University, graduating in 1986, studied for a master's degree and a PhD at the Courtauld Institute of Art, he was an Andrew W. Mellon Fellow at Yale University in 1990–91; as an art-historian, Hallett is best known for his writings on eighteenth-century graphic satire, exhibition culture and portraiture, for his books and catalogues on the artists William Hogarth and Joshua Reynolds. He co-edited the major online publication, The Royal Academy Summer Exhibition: A Chronicle, 1769–2018.
More he has begun researching and writing on twentieth-century British art. He has been involved in curating a number of major exhibitions, including James Gillray: The Art of Caricature. George Shaw: A Corner of a Foreign Field, Yale University Press, 2018 The Great Spectacle: 250 Years of the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy Publishing, 2018 Court, City: Essays on British Art and Architecture, 1660–1735, Yale University Press, 2016 Joshua Reynolds: Experiments in Paint, The Wallace Collection, 2015 Reynolds: Portraiture in Action, Yale University Press, 2014 Living with the Royal Academy: Artistic Ideals and Experiences in England, 1769-1848 l, Ashgate, 2013 Faces in a Library: ‘Sir Joshua Reynolds’s ‘Streatham Worthies’, National Galleries of Scotland, 2012 William Etty: Art and Controversy, Philip Wilson Publishers, 2011 Hogarth, Tate Publishing, 2007 Eighteenth Century York: Culture and Society, ed. with Jane Rendall, Borthwick Institute, 2003 Hogarth, Phaidon Press, 2000 The Spectacle of Difference: Graphic Satire in the Age of Hogarth, Yale University Press, 1999 The Royal Academy Summer Exhibition: A Chronicle, 1769–2018 Paul Mellon Centre, 2018 "Looking for "the Longitude".
British Art Studies. Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art and Yale Center for British Art ‘A Double Capacity: Gainsborough at the Summer Exhibition’, in Christoph Vogtherr, Thomas Gainsborough: The Modern Landscape, Hamburger Kunstalle, 2018 (with Cassandra Albinson, ‘Cornucopia: Royal Female Portraiture and the Imperatives of Reproduction’, in Joanna Marschner, Enlightened Princesses: Caroline, Augusta and the Shaping of the Modern World, Yale University Press, 2017 ‘A monument to intimacy: Joshua Reynolds's The Marlborough Family', in Art History, Vol.31, no. 5, 2008'Reynolds and the Exhibition Space', numerous catalogue entries, in Martin Postle Joshua Reynolds: The Creation of Celebrity, Tate Publishing, 2005 Reading the Walls: Pictorial Dialogue at the British Royal Academy', in Eighteenth-Century Studies, vol. 37, no. 4'From Out of the Shadows: Sir Joshua Reynolds' Captain Robert Orme', in Visual Culture in Britain, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2004'Manly Satire: William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress' in Bernadette Fort and Angela Rosenthal, The Other Hogarth: The Aesthetics of Difference, Princeton University Press, 2001.'James Gillray and the Language of Graphic Satire', in Richard Godfrey Gillray and the Art of Caricature, Tate Gallery Publications, 2001.'The Business of Criticism: the Press and the Royal Academy Exhibition in Eighteenth-Century London' in David Solkin Art on the line: the Royal Academy Exhibitions at Somerset House 1780-1836, Yale University Press, 2001.'The view across the City: William Hogarth and the visual culture of eighteenth-century London' in David Bindman, Frederic Ogee and Peter Wagner, Hogarth: Representing Nature's Machines, Manchester University Press, 2001.'Painting: Exhibitions, Critics, 1780–1830', in An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age: British Culture 1776-1832, edited by Iain McCalman, Oxford University Press, 1999'Framing the Modern City: Canaletto's Images of London', in Michael Liversidge and Jane Farrington and England, Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, 1993'The Medley Print in Early Eighteenth-Century London', in Art History, Vol 20, no.
2, June 1997
Frederic William Howay spelled Frederick, was a Canadian historian and jurist. Born in London, Howay moved to British Columbia as a child. After attending school in New Westminster, Howay wrote his Provincial Teachers' exam in 1884 in Victoria, British Columbia, he spent three years teaching at schools in Boundary Bay. In 1887, he studied law at Dalhousie University and received a Bachelor of Law degree in 1890, he was called to the British Columbia bar in 1891. In 1907, he was appointed a Judge of County Court of New Westminster, he retired in 1937. In 1933, he was awarded the Royal Society of Canada's J. B. Tyrrell Historical Medal, he was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal Historical Society. In 1932, he was elected to the American Antiquarian Society. From 1922 to 1926, he was president of the British Columbia Historical Federation. From 1941 to 1942, he was president of the Royal Society of Canada, he served as a member of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada serving as its interim chairman.
In 1933, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of British Columbia. Mount Judge Howay, north of Stave Lake, is named in his honour, he died in 1943 in British Columbia. British Columbia from the Earliest Times to the Present, Vol 1 with Ethelbert Olaf Stuart Scholefield British Columbia from the Earliest Times to the Present, Vol 2 with Ethelbert Olaf Stuart Scholefield British Columbia from the Earliest Times to the Present, Vol 3 with Ethelbert Olaf Stuart Scholefield British Columbia from the Earliest Times to the Present, Vol 4 with Ethelbert Olaf Stuart Scholefield The Early History of the Fraser River Mines British Columbia: The Making of a Province Builders of the West: A Book of Heroes The Hawaiian Islands with Frank Alfred Golder and George Verne Blue The voyage of the New Hazard to the Northwest coast and China, 1810-1813 with Stephen Reynolds British Columbia and the United States with Henry Forbes Angus and Walter Noble Sage The journal of Captain James Colnett aboard the Argonaut from April 26, 1789 to Nov. 3, 1791 The Dixon-Meares Controversy Early shipping in Burrand Inlet, 1863-1870