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Osamu Tezuka

Osamu Tezuka was a Japanese manga artist, cartoonist and film producer. Born in Osaka Prefecture, his prolific output, pioneering techniques, innovative redefinitions of genres earned him such titles as "the father of manga", "the godfather of manga" and "the god of manga". Additionally, he is considered the Japanese equivalent to Walt Disney, who served as a major inspiration during Tezuka's formative years. Though this phrase praises the quality of his early manga works for children and animations, it blurs the significant influence of his more literary, gekiga works. Tezuka began what was known as the manga revolution in Japan with his New Treasure Island published in 1947, his legendary output would spawn some of the most influential and well received manga series including the children mangas Astro Boy, Princess Knight and Kimba the White Lion, the adult oriented series Black Jack and Buddha, all of which won several awards. Tezuka died of stomach cancer in 1989, his death had an immediate impact on other cartoonists.

A museum was constructed in Takarazuka dedicated to his memory and life works, Tezuka received many posthumous awards. Several animations were in production at the time of his death along with the final chapters of Phoenix, which were never released. Tezuka was the eldest of three children in Osaka; the Tezuka family were well-educated. His mother's family had a long military history. In life, he gave his mother credit for inspiring confidence and creativity through her stories, she took him to the Takarazuka Grand Theater, which headlined the Takarazuka Revue, an all-female musical theater troupe. Their romantic musicals aimed at a female audience, had a large influence of Tezuka's works, including his costume designs. Not only that, but the performers' large, sparkling eyes had an influence on Tezuka's art style, he has said" for Takarazuka. When Tezuka was young, his father showed him Disney films and he became a Disney movie buff, seeing the films multiple times in a row, most famously seeing Bambi more than 80 times.

Tezuka started to draw comics around his second year of elementary school, in large part inspired by Disney animation. Tezuka was inspired by the works by Suihō Tagawa and Unno Juza. Around his fifth year he found a ground beetle, known as "Osamushi" in Japanese, it so resembled his own name. Tezuka continued to develop his manga skills throughout his school career. During this period he created his first adept amateur works. During high school in 1944, Tezuka was drafted to work for a factory, supporting the Japanese war effort during World War II. In 1945, Tezuka began studying medicine. During this time, he began publishing his first professional works. Tezuka came to the realization that he could use manga as a means of helping to convince people to care for the world. After World War II, at age 17, he published his first professional work, Diary of Ma-chan, serialized in the elementary school children's newspaper Shokokumin Shinbun in early 1946. Tezuka began talks with fellow manga creator Shichima Sakai, who pitched Tezuka a story based on Robert Louis Stevenson's classic adventure novel, Treasure Island.

Sakai promised Tezuka a publishing spot from Ikuei Shuppan. Tezuka finished the manga. Shin Takarajima was published and became an overnight success, which began the golden age of manga, a craze comparable to American comic book Golden Age at the same time. With the success of New Treasure Island, Tezuka traveled to Tokyo in search of a publisher for more of his work. Kobunsha turned Tezuka down, but Shinseikaku agreed to publish The Strange Voyage of Dr. Tiger and Domei Shuppansha agreed to publish The Mysterious Dr. Koronko. While still in medical school Tezuka published his first masterpieces: a trilogy of science fiction epics called Lost World and Nextworld. Soon afterward, Tezuka published his first major success, Kimba the White Lion, serialized in Manga Shonen from 1950 to 1954. In 1951 Tezuka graduated from the Osaka School of Medicine and published Ambassador Atom, the first appearance of the Astro Boy character; that same year Tezuka joined a group known as the Tokyo Children Manga Association, consisting of other manga artists such as Baba Noboru, Ota Jiro, Furusawa Hideo, Eiichi Fukui, Irie Shigeru, Negishi Komichi.

By 1952, Ambassador Atom had proven to be only a mild success in Japan. Tezuka received several letters from many young boys. Expecting success with a series based around Atom, Tezuka's producer suggested that he be given human emotions. One day, while working at a hospital, Tezuka was punched in the face by a frustrated American G. I; this encounter gave Tezuka the part of the idea to create Atom the theme of interaction with aliens. On February 4, 1952, Tetsuwan Atom began serialization in Weekly Shonen Magazine; the character Atom and his adventures became an instant phenomenon in Japan. Due to the success of Tetsuwan Atom, in 1953 Tezuka published the shōjo manga Ribon no Kishi (Princess K

Tekla Structures

Tekla Structures is a building information modeling software able to model structures that incorporate different kinds of building materials, including steel, concrete and glass. Tekla allows structural drafters and engineers to design a building structure and its components using 3D modeling, generate 2D drawings and access building information. Tekla Structures was known as Xsteel. Tekla Structures is used in the construction industry for steel and concrete detailing and cast in-situ; the software enables users to create and manage 3D structural models in concrete or steel, guides them through the process from concept to fabrication. The process of shop drawing creation is automated, it is available in localized environments. Tekla Structures is known to support large models with multiple simultaneous users, but is regarded as expensive, complex to learn and utilize, it competes in the BIM market with AutoCAD, Autodesk Revit, DProfiler and Digital Project, Lucas Bridge, PERICad and others. Tekla Structures is Industry Foundation Classes compliant, among about 40 other competitive systems.

Modeling scopes within Tekla Structures includes Structural Steel, Cast-in-Place, Reinforcing Bar, Miscellaneous Steel and Light Gauge Drywall Framing. The transition of Xsteel to Tekla Structures in 2004 added significant more functionality and interoperability, it is used in conjunction with Autodesk Revit, where structural framing is designed in Tekla and exported to Revit using the DWG/DXF formats. Engineers have used Tekla Structures to model stadiums, offshore structures, factories, residential buildings and skyscrapers. Tekla Structures was used in the construction design for various projects around the world, including: Grandstand Replacement, Daytona International Speedway Frontstretch Grandstands, Daytona International Speedway Denver International Airport Expansion San Jose Earthquakes Stadium BB&T Ballpark Spillway Replacement, Manitoba Hydro National Stadium Roof, Singapore Sports Hub Red Bear Student Center, University of Saskatchewan Troja Bridge Tesco Supermarket Baylor University Stadium Canopée des Halles, Forum des Halles Sutter Medical Center Expansion, Chennai International Airport Dongdaemun Design Plaza Capital Gate Midfield Terminal Complex, Abu Dhabi Airport King Abdullah Financial District King Abdulaziz Center for World Culture National Museum of Qatar Hilton Garden Inn Puuvilla Shopping Centre College Football Hall of Fame Tekla Structures was used extensively for the steel design of Capital Gate at Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Files exported from Tekla facilitated faster steel fabrication. One of the architects, Jeff Schofield, stated that "it was the right time in history and we had the right technology to make this happen"; the Manitoba Hydro Spillway Replacement was designed using Tekla Structures to "successfully model and co-ordinate its design", a project that won the TEKLA 2012 North American BIM Award for "Best Concrete Project". It was the "first hydroelectric project that has seen steel and rebar detailed using Tekla Structures". Comparison of CAD editors for CAE

Coach gun

A coach gun is a modern term, coined by gun collectors, for a double-barreled shotgun with barrels from 18" to 24" in length placed side-by-side. These weapons were known as "cut-down shotguns" or "messenger's guns" from the use of such shotguns on stagecoaches by shotgun messengers in the American Wild West, they came in 12 gauge blackpowder. The terms "cut-down shotgun" or "messenger's gun" were coined in the 1860s when Wells Fargo & Co. assigned shotgun messengers to guard its shipments on stagecoaches in California. The company issued shotguns to its guards for defense; the guard was called a shotgun messenger although the phrase riding shotgun was not coined until 1919. Shotgun messengers guarded express shipments, not stagecoaches. There was no single manufacturer for the traditional messenger's gun, as it was a generic term describing a class of shotguns offered in a variety of barrel lengths from 18 to 24 inches, either by the factory or from owners and gunsmiths cutting down the barrels.

These shotguns featured external hammers and were manufactured by Remington Arms, Colt's Manufacturing Company, Parker, L. C. Smith, several Belgian makers. Contrary to myth, Wells Fargo shotguns were not purchased by local agents. From 1908 to 1918 all Wells Fargo shotguns were made by Ithaca. According to one account, Doc Holliday used a 10 gauge Wm. Moore & Co. coach gun to shoot Tom McLaury point-blank in the chest with buckshot during the Gunfight at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, on Wednesday, October 26, 1881. They stood in such close proximity that the town mortician was able to cover McLaury's wound with one hand. Wyatt Earp used both barrels of a 10 gauge coach gun to kill Frank Stilwell at a Tucson, Arizona rail yard and to kill "Curly" Bill Brocius point-blank the next year during the shootout at Iron Springs. However, according to another account, both men used Greeners. Modern coach guns are manufactured by ER Amantino, IZH/Baikal, Huglu Armsco, Diamond, a variety of Chinese companies for US distribution through Century International Arms and Interstate Armscorp.

Modern coach guns are encountered in Cowboy Action Shooting competitions, among collections of Western guns, as home-defense weapons, as "scrub guns" for hunting grouse, rabbit, and/or wild pig in scrub, bush or marshlands, where the 24"+ barrels of a traditional shotgun would prove unwieldy. The modern coach gun can be had in a variety of configurations suitable for both Cowboy Action Shooting competition and hunting. Coach guns are similar to sawn-off shotguns but differ in that coach guns manufactured after 1898 are offered as new with 18" barrels and 26" overall length and meet legal requirements for civilian possession in the United States. Australia and New Zealand have different laws for length, with NZ requiring a minimum overall length of 30" with no minimum barrel length and Australia requiring an 18" barrel and a 30" overall length. In the United Kingdom, shotguns must have a minimum barrel length of 24" to be eligible for ownership on a Shotgun Certificate, shotguns with barrels under this length must be obtained on the more stringent Firearms Certificate.

Some modern coach guns feature internal hammers as opposed to the traditional external hammers. It is because of its usage that the term "Riding shotgun" came to be. A cut-down shotgun would be carried by the messenger sitting next to the stagecoach driver, ready to use the gun to ward off bandits. Today, in American and Canadian English, the term "Riding shotgun" refers to the person sitting in the front passenger seat of an automobile. Lupara Boessenecker, John; when Law Was in the Holster: The Frontier Life of Bob Paul. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0806142852.-Bob Paul was one of the most famous shotgun messengers of the old west

Caroline Rambaldo

Caroline H. Rambaldo is a former Dutch international cricketer whose career for the Dutch national side spanned from 1997 to 2001, she played a total of 23 One Day International matches, appeared at the 1997 World Cup. Rambaldo made her international debut at the late age of 26, appearing in the second match of a two-ODI series against Denmark, played in Germany in July 1997. In the year, she played another three ODIs against Sri Lanka, as part of the Netherlands' preparation for the 1997 World Cup in India. A left-arm medium-pacer, Rambaldo played only three of a possible five matches at the World Cup, but saved her best performance for her team's last match, taking 2/28 in the quarter-final loss to Australia. One of the older players in the squad, Rambaldo was a regular for the Netherlands throughout the rest of the decade, playing series against Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Denmark, as well as the 1999 European Championship, she never took more than two wickets in a match, with her best figures being 2/10 from 10 overs against Denmark in July 1998.

Despite this, Rambaldo finished her international career with 19 wickets from her 23 ODI matches. Her last international appearance came against Pakistan in April 2001, at Karachi's National Stadium. Rambaldo's younger sister, Helmien Rambaldo played internationally, went on to captain the national team. Both sisters played their club cricket for Quick Haag. Caroline Rambaldo at ESPNcricinfo Caroline Rambaldo at CricketArchive

2019–20 Heart of Midlothian F.C. season

The 2019–20 season is the 123rd season of competitive football by Heart of Midlothian with the team participating in the Scottish Premiership. Hearts are playing their fifth consecutive season in the top tier of Scottish football, having been promoted from the Scottish Championship at the end of the 2014–15 season, they will compete in the Scottish League Cup and the Scottish Cup. Win Draw Loss Postponed Christophe Berra continued as captain for season 2019–20, having been re-appointed as captain two seasons earlier. In January 2020, following Daniel Stendel's appointment as manager Berra was advised he was free to find a new club and was dropped from the team. Steven Naismith was appointed as club captain, with John Souttar named as vice-captain. Last updated: 11 MarchSource: Competitive match reports. Competitive matches only Matches started as captain onlyCountry: FIFA nationality. Games: Number of games started as captain. During the 2019–20 season, Hearts have used thirty-six players in competitive games.

The table below shows the number of goals scored by each player. Last Updated 11 March 2020 Appearances and goals include those in Scottish Premiership, League Cup and the Scottish Cup. During the 2019–20 season, Hearts players have been issued with seventy-six yellow cards and five reds; the table below shows the number of cards and type shown to each player. Last updated 11 March 2020 Last updated 11 March 2020 Last updated on 11 March 2020


BeatBullying was an international charity aiming to empower young people to lead anti-bullying campaigns in their schools and local communities, to build the capacity of local communities to sustain the work. BeatBullying devised bullying prevention strategies for young people by young people, focusing on "peer to peer" education and empowering young people to take action against incidents of bullying and help others combat the problem, both online and off. In schools where BeatBullying has worked, their internal evaluation suggests that incidents of bullying have been reduced by an average of 39%. BeatBullying suspended services in October 2014. BeatBullying was established in 1999 by its current CEO Emma-Jane Cross and became a registered charity in 2002. In 2009 it launched the Beatbullying website, an online peer mentoring service for 11- to 18-year-olds delivered via a social networking site. BeatBullying has worked directly and indirectly with 700,000+ young people over the last five years across the UK. 2013 saw the launch of MindFull, a mental health support site offering free counseling and peer support to people aged 11–17.

In October 2014, BeatBullying and Mindfull suspended services and were placed in administration due to financial difficulties. BeatBullying used a range of techniques to deliver its bullying prevention model and engage with young people; as well as the core BB Mentoring that took place in schools, the charity provided an online social networking and mentoring service through the website where young people mentored other young people about bullying and issues surrounding bullying and had access to specialist counsellors online. BeatBullying campaigned to shape attitudes and change behaviour relative both to on and offline bullying, it ran regular media campaigns including "The Big March", a digital demonstration where instead of streets, the public was invited to sign up, create their own BeatBullying Big March avatar and march across global websites for the right of children and young people across the world to be able to live without fear of bullying and cyberbullying.

The march was to end with BeatBullying delivering an e-petition to the European Commission, both online, in Brussels. In 2014, The Big March was supported and joined by celebrities like Aston Merrygold, Little Mix and Jamie Laing from Made in Chelsea. “click bullying into touch” was a campaign in conjunction with the now-defunct British tabloid newspaper, News of the World. BeatBullying worked with government and industry groups via taskforces such as UKCCIS to advise on bullying and to encourage changes in industry practice. 2011 Gold: Digital Communications Campaign - IMC European Awards Silver: Innovative Idea and Concept - IMC European Awards Best Use of Digital - Third Sector Excellence Awards Gold: Best Digital Promotions Campaign - IPM Awards Silver: Best Charity/NGO/Public Sector Campaign - IPM Awards Digital Leaders Programme - Digital Leaders Innovative Brand Campaign - UTalk Marketing Innovation Awards Innovation Champion - UTalk Marketing Innovation Awards2010 Best Communications Campaign - Third Sector Excellence Awards Making The Internet Safer - Nominet Internet Awards Media Partnership 2010 - Business Charity Awards2009 Britain's Children's Champion 2009 - NOTW Children's Champions Awards Best use of Digital Media - Third Sector Excellence Awards Charity Principal of the Year - Charity Times2006 Charity of the Year – UK Charity Awards Best use of New Media – UK Charity Awards2005 Best Use of New Media - Charity Times Awards Charity of the Year – UK Charity Awards Children's Charity of the Year – UK Charity Awards BeatBullying corporate site Charity Commission.

BeatBullying, registered charity no. 1097631