Oscar Mayer is an American meat and cold cut production company, owned by the American food company Kraft Heinz based in Chicago, Illinois. It is known for its hot dogs, bacon and Lunchables products. German immigrant Oscar F. Mayer, born in Kösingen, began working at a meat market in Detroit, in Chicago, Illinois. In 1883, Mayer and his brother Gottfried leased the Kolling Meat Market on the near-northside of Chicago; the Mayer brothers sold bratwurst and weißwurst, which were popular in the predominantly German neighborhoods around their Chicago meat market. As the meat market's popularity grew, it expanded its storefront and participated in sponsoring local events including the 1893 Chicago World's Fair. By 1900, the company had Chicago-wide delivery service. In 1904, Oscar Mayer began branding its meats to capitalize on their popularity, beginning an industry-wide trend. Early company specialties were "Old World" sausages and Westphalian hams, soon followed by bacon and wieners. In 1906, Oscar Mayer & Co. was among the first to volunteer to join the newly created federal meat inspection program.
In 1919, the company made its first major expansion, with the purchase of a processing plant in Madison, Wisconsin. The plant proved to be a profitable, efficient operation, in 1919 Madison became the corporate headquarters. For nearly a century, Oscar Mayer remained an independent company owned by descendants of the Mayer brothers who started it. In 1981, Oscar Mayer stockholders elected to sell the company to General Foods. Four years Philip Morris acquired General Foods, in 1989 merged General Foods with the newly acquired Kraft Foods. Shares of Kraft Foods were first offered to the public via an initial public offering in 2001. Altria Group spun off remaining shares of Kraft Foods to Altria shareholders in 2007. On November 4, 2015, owner Kraft Heinz announced it would move the Oscar Mayer headquarters and the company's U. S. meats business from Madison to Chicago. The company announced plans to consolidate its production facilities during the two following years, resulting in the shutdown of seven North American manufacturing facilities: Fullerton, San Leandro, Federalsburg, Maryland, St. Marys, Campbell, New York, Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania.
In August 2017, Bloomberg Businessweek reported that the company planned to spend $10 million to reinvent the hot dog for a more health-conscious consumer. According to company research, this new strategy could increase sales of their hot dogs by 6%. Oscar Mayer had several advertisements on TV involving young children, including the Oscar Mayer Wiener ad in 1963; the commercial shows a young girl leading a group of children, singing about what they would get if they "were an Oscar Mayer wiener". It was written by Richard D. Trentlage. A 1974 TV commercial featured 4-year-old Andy Lambros holding a fishing rod and sandwich while singing, "My bologna has a first name, it's'O-S-C-A-R'...". It became one of the longest-running TV commercials in the country. Oscar Mayer is known for its Wienermobile; the first Wienermobile was created in 1936. Oscar Mayer Homepage Yahoo! Music featuring the Oscar Mayer "Wiener" song at the Wayback Machine Video: The Story of "My Bologna Has a First Name" on YouTube Video: The Story Behind "I Wish I Were an Oscar Mayer Wiener" on YouTube
The Church of St. James in Sandomierz known as the Shrine of Blessed Sadok and 48 Dominican martyrs, Monastery of Dominicans, Shrine of Our Lady of the Rosary, is one of the oldest brick churches in Poland and the second oldest Dominican monastery in Poland; this church is a unique indirect form of Romano-Gothic style. The Roman ceramic decorations on the outside gabled walls are beautifully done; the stained glass windows inside are beautiful, date from 1910 to 1918. This was the second priory founded in Poland by Saint Hyacinth. During the Golden Horde invasion of Poland in 1260, Sadok and 48 other Dominicans were murdered by Mongols soldiers there; because of this martyrdom, the Polish Dominican friars may use red belts in their habits. There is a holy icon of Our Lady of the Rosary - the title of Mary, the most important to the Order. After the January Uprising, Dominican friars were thrown out by the Russian administration during the Partition, they returned to Sandomierz in 2001. In this church, The Lesser Polish Way of St. James to Santiago de Compostela has its beginning.
In medieval times it was an important stop for the pilgrims from Northern Europe. Church of the Assumption of Mary in Tarnobrzeg - around 14 km direction south ex-Dominican Church of St. Mery and St. Hyacinth in Klimontów - around 15 km direction south-west Second Mongol invasion of Poland
Stanstead is a town in the Memphrémagog Regional County Municipality in the Estrie region of Quebec, located on the Canada–United States border across from Derby Line, Vermont. The Town of Stanstead was created in 1995 by the merger of the former villages of Stanstead Plain and Beebe and the Town of Rock Island), it is not to be confused with the township of Stanstead, nearby although not directly adjacent. Not only is Stanstead home to the Haskell Free Library and Opera House — the only heritage building deliberately constructed straddling the border between both countries — it features Canusa Street, one of a number of streets in the world where the country border corresponds to the middle line marker making across the street neighbors residents of two countries. Prior to merging, Stanstead Plain, Rock Island and Beebe were known informally as "les trois villages" or "the Three Villages," although "the Three Villages" referred to Stanstead Plain, Rock Island and Derby Line, Vt. each of which ran into the next.
In 1940, traffic on Quebec Route 143—the area's main route at the time—was halted due to snowfall from March 22 to April 3. Dufferin Heights was most affected; as volunteers attempted to clear the road with shovels, the snow banks became so high that steps needed to be carved into them. Trains were affected, although able to dig out more quickly. Stanstead Plain was founded in 1796 by Johnson Taplin, who came from New England in search of good farming land; the Mansur one-room school was built in 1819. It is the oldest one-room school remaining in Quebec; the town grew in the 19th century, due to the influx of United Empire Loyalists and the development of the granite industry. In 1855, the village was incorporated by the Quebec legislature; the town was the main centre of commerce of the region through the late 18th century, though losing pre-eminence to Sherbrooke. Stanstead was at one time the seat of the former Stanstead County; the first automobile manufactured in Canada was built by Henry Seth Taylor of Stanstead.
Taylor demonstrated his steam buggy at the Stanstead Fair in 1867. The railroad reached Stanstead in 1871. Today its tracks have been transformed into bike trails owned by the regional government. A seminary built here in 1829 became Stanstead College in 1873. In 1884, Ursulines opened a convent here; the convent and the school both closed in 2004. The word "college" here designates a high school in each case. Starting 2011, the convent became an elders residence named the "Stanstead Manor". In 1878, the Governor General of Canada, Lord Dufferin, his wife visited the town; the main road over which they travelled was renamed "Dufferin Street". Rock Island was settled in 1798 by Selah Pomroy from Massachusetts. In 1802, a bridge was built across the Tomifobia River to ease access to Derby Line; the following year, Col. Charles Kilborn built a saw mill and a corn mill set up a dam on the river to feed them. A few years a channel was dug in the bend of the river; the territory located between the channel and the river was named "Rock Island".
Rock Island was incorporated as a village in 1892, became a town in 1957. Rock Island is known for the Haskell Free Library and Opera House, deliberately constructed on the Canada–US border and opened in 1904; the original owners were a couple with dual nationality. The intent was that people on both sides of the border would have use of the facility, now a designated historic site. Visitors today may still enter the facility from the Canadian or American sides, though those who use it as a border crossing must report to their respective customs office. Another famous native of Rock Island is Henrietta Banting, the wife of Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin in 1922; the Bantings donated some land to the town, the municipal authorities recognized them by naming a public park in their honour in 1981. It is the home of the Dairy Association Company, the manufacturers of Bag Balm; the Butterfield factory closed in 1982 after a lengthy strike by Canadian workers. Beebe Plain was colonized around 1789 by Zeeba Beebe of Connecticut.
A saw mill was established as the town's first business in 1863. By 1869, Beebe Plain had two stores, a post office, a customs post and some houses; the village became a separate municipality. From 1874 to 1935, a Chautauqua-style holiday resort, including a meeting hall, a dining room and about 30 country cottages, attracted thousands of people Americans from New York and Boston; the granite industry is the major force in the area's economic history. Beebe Junction was the international crossing point for the 1870 Massawippi Valley Railway; the line ran from the Canadian Pacific mainline in Sherbrooke-Lennoxville south to Newport, where onward connections were available via White River Junction to New York City and Boston. The last Quebec City-Sherbrooke-Newport passenger train ran in 1960; the historic Beebe station is now a private residence. A building located at 3, Rue Principale is in a similar state to the Haskell Library—a line runs through its north aisle. In this case, Canadian citizens are not allowed to access the building without reporting to the U.
S. customs first, to the Canadian customs when going back. Access to homes on Canusa Street i
SpellForce 3 is a 2017 video game developed by Grimlore Games and published by THQ Nordic. It was released for Microsoft Windows on 7 December 2017. SpellForce 3 is the ninth overall release in the SpellForce video game series, it is the first entry in the series since 2014's SpellForce 2: Demons of the Past. The plot serves as a prequel to the first game, depicting events that lead to the creation of The Circle, the group of mages whose actions were the basis for The Order of Dawn; the game combines role-playing and real-time strategy elements like previous games in the series. Players control a mage called Tahar and a group of supporting characters with different backstories and abilities. Like many role-playing games, characters can equip various items such as armor and jewelry that influence the character's abilities and traits. Many maps allow players to construct buildings and gather resources to create additional units with fixed abilities; the game features an extensive campaign that can be played by two players.
It includes a skirmish mode allowing players to battle against the AI or other players, independently of the campaign. The game received mixed reviews from critics; the blend of role-playing and real-time strategy and the visual and audio design were praised. Voice acting and the amount of technical issues on release were criticized. SpellForce 3 is a role-playing video game with real-time strategy game elements. Players control a character they created and up to three companions, each with different abilities. Like many role-playing games, these characters can be customized by equipping them with different items such as weapons and jewelry which influence their various abilities and effectiveness in battle; some maps require players to construct a base of operations and specialized buildings to gather resources and recruit units to defeat larger groups of enemies or fulfill certain tasks. The game features a story-driven campaign and a skirmish mode which allows players to fight battles on the game's maps without playing through the campaign mode.
Both modes can be played alone or with other players online. In skirmish mode, players can share responsibilities of managing a single race with others. Players can create their own character in customizing appearance and gender, they can choose three different skill trees, depending on the chosen fighting style. All player-created characters have a fourth skill tree called "Leadership" which contains skills related to the real-time strategy parts of the game; each character has five attributes which influence what weapons and items they can use as well their health, damage and critical strike chances. During the campaign, a number of other characters can be recruited. All characters gain experience points by killing enemies and completing quests, regardless of whether they were involved in combat or the quest. Experience points allow players to unlock improvements for their character and companions, such as learning new skills, improving attributes and unlocking advanced equipment; the game uses an isometric perspective.
Depending on the map, players control a group. The mouse, along with hotkeys, can be used for actions such as selecting enemies to attack or skills to use. Alternatively, selecting an enemy and holding a certain key will slow down the game and shows a wheel of possible skills to use on the unit; the skill-wheel was added for the first time in the SpellForce series in SpellForce 3 and allows players to select and perform an action. Both the main character and companions have magical talents which come in three forms: spells and passive. Spells must be sometimes targeted, they allow players to focus a positive or negative effect, e.g. healing a group of friendly units or damaging a certain enemy. Auras have a negative effect on nearby enemy units. Passive skills improve a character's abilities directly, such as increasing damage dealt with a certain weapon or heightened health regeneration. Skills are grouped into "skill trees", requiring players to unlock certain skills first before others. All skills can be upgraded once or twice, with the base skill of each tree having eight possible upgrades.
Each companion has a special powerful skill. Spells and auras must be "equipped". Players are limited to three spells and/or auras, must strategically choose which spells or auras to equip. Skills are depicted as pictograms below each character's portrait in the upper left corner of the screen and can be accessed by clicking on them; the game displays equipped items in a slot next to the skills slot. The game features a World Map from; when entering a map, the player can choose which companions to accompany them, which influences some quests. Up to three companions can be selected, although sometimes a map requires a certain companion to play. On each map, several "Godstones" allow the player's units to teleport and to revive the player character and companions. Maps that allow the player to control an army are separated into sectors; the main character or a companion are required to create outposts to expand their territory. This concept was made popular in Z. Resources are limited in each sector and transported by automatic horse carriages between several sectors.
The carriages can be attacked by enemies. Unlike in most real-time strategy games, workers are limited in each sector and cannot be
Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland is a reference work published by Harper Collins, edited by the husband and wife team and Julia Keay. Scots had provided the impetus for a number of well-known references works, Chambers Dictionary and Encyclopædia Britannica amongst them, but hitherto there had been no general purpose Scottish encyclopaedia; the encyclopaedia has appeared in two editions. The first edition, published in 1994, contained about a million words, nearly five hundred illustrations, had 126 contributors, ranging from Derick Thomson to David Steel, from Alan Bold to Neil MacCormick and from Joy Hendry to Sir William Macpherson of Cluny, it has four thousand individual entries, an index indicating further references in other articles. In the original edition, the first entry is Aaron Scotus, the last on the marquisate of Zetland; the aim seems to have been to have reasonably brief entries on most topics, but subjects that get lengthier ones, include Scotland's major cities, association football and rugby in Scotland, the Scottish Gaelic language, Scots law etc.
A wide variety of topics are dealt with, including figures from science, philosophy and history. Less "obvious" topics which have entries include the Roman general Agricola, the hooded crow, Berwick-upon-Tweed and medicinal plants. Several appendices cover the schisms of Scottish Presbyterian factions from 1700 to the date of publication, the Scottish royal line; the second edition in 2000 contained over a hundred new articles, amongst them, ones on Billy Bremner the footballer, Dolly the Sheep, the Scottish Parliament and the politician John Smith. Most of the above information is taken from the first edition of Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland Gazetteer for Scotland
Isozoanthus sulcatus is a species of zoanthid in the family Parazoanthidae. Isozoanthus sulcatus is a small anemone-like anthozoan found in European waters; the polyps grow to 2 mm in diameter and are found in patches which are about 50 mm across. The body is thin with a tentacle-ringed mouth; the colour is brown and the species is sometimes called "ginger tinies". It produces colonies of around 50 or more individuals with concentrations from 3.7-17/cm^2. Individual polyps can have 16-30 tentacles each and are characterized by their brown color, owing to the presence of symbiotic photosynthetic zooxanthellae living inside of them; this species is unique due to its banded coenenchyme that links individuals together. They are most between 2-3 mm in diameter and can be from 5-10 mm in height; this species is found in the NE Atlantic Ocean, on south-western coasts of England and Wales and the southern and northern coasts of Ireland. Isozoanthus sulcatus is commonly found in temperate waters on the western coast of France, but can be found as far east as the southwestern coast of Norway.
They live from the intertidal to about 42 m down in the sublittoral on horizontal silt-covered substrate, empty mollusc shells, in rocky intertidal pools as epibiota. Because of their size and habits, they are found through diving and dredging. Isozoanthus sulcatus is distinct from other species in its family Parazoanthidae, it is morphologically unique and in addition contains differences in the genetic sequences mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 and the nuclear internal transcribed spacer region, both genetic markers used to classify Parazoanthidae. These differences diverge enough from other parazoanthids to provide evidence that it does not belong to Isozoanthus. Further research is needed to confirm this; this species produces small polyp individuals with a 2 rings of blunt tentacles surrounding their oral cavity. The secondary, or outer layer, has tentacles about 1 mm in length, while the primary, or inner are about 15-25% longer. Most polyps have the same number of tentacles in each ring, individuals have between 20-24 total.
Their bandlike coenenchyme has tiny grains of sand embedded in it. Their oral disk has small grains embedded inside of it, leading to an appearance of silvery flecks on the ectoderm of the organism. Due to the presence of photosynthetic zooxanthellae, they have a brown coloration. Isozoanthus sulcatus uses its tentacles to collect small food particles from its environment and supplements this source of nutrients with symbiotic photosynthetic zooxanthellae, it has a tendency to open its tentacles when exposed to light for longer than 5 minutes and it is theorized that this behavior is the organism trying to help its symbionts photosynthesize more readily. In addition, they contract their tentacles into their oral cavity when in a dark environment for a long period of time. Individual polyps will close in response to harsh stimuli, such as being touched by a probing appendage, nearby polyps will subsequently close in kind, radiating outward, due to the colonial nerve network that links them together.
When exposed to semi-darkness at a temperature of 23°C for a period of 24h, polyps will expel a thick mucus that contains a large amount of zooxanthellae. Sp. Sulcatus contains efficient photosynthetic symbionts that are able to produce more than enough of their host’s daily respiratory carbon requirements, it holds the record for the highest translocation rate of carbon for algal-invertebrate symbiosis. It is speculated that it can satisfy metabolic carbon requirements with autotrophy under favorable irradiance regimes, at 1.5 meters on sunny days, the algae within it can produce up to 181% of its daily respiratory carbon needs. At 9 meters on sunny days, the host’s daily respiratory carbon requirements would be met, however they would not be met on cloudy days. Considering the fact that most temperate anthozoa are found at depths of greater than 9 meters, it is suggested that heterotrophy can supply the organism with if not a sufficient amount of carbon it needs in order to survive, not taking into account various other nutrients and trace elements needed by organisms to function.
However, the experiments conducted measured only excess carbon produced by the zooxanthellae. The actual amount utilized by sulcatus may not reflect these value as the algae may store carbon for its own uses