Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin
The Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin is the first person in the order of succession of Wisconsin's executive branch, thus serving as governor in the event of the death, removal, absence from the state, or incapacity due to illness of the Governor of Wisconsin. The position was first filled by John Edwin Holmes on June 7, 1848, the year that Wisconsin became a state; the lieutenant governor is Mandela Barnes, a Democrat who took office on January 7, 2019. Until 1979, the Wisconsin Constitution stated that in the event of the governor's death, removal from office, absence from the state or incapacity due to illness, "the powers and duties of the office shall devolve upon the lieutenant governor". Lieutenant governors who served as governor during this period are referred to as "acting governors". In 1979, the constitution was amended to make this more specific: in the event of the governor's death, resignation, or removal from office, the lieutenant governor becomes governor. Under the original terms of the state constitution, the lieutenant governor was elected for a two-year term on a separate ticket from the governor.
After a 1967 amendment, the two have been nominated, voted upon, as a single ticket. The 1967 amendment increased the terms of both the governor and lieutenant governor to four years. There is no limit to the number of terms; the original constitution made no provision for a vacancy in the office of the lieutenant governor. In 1938, following the resignation of lieutenant governor Henry Gunderson, Governor Philip La Follette appointed Herman Ekern lieutenant governor to fill the vacancy; this appointment was challenged in court, ruled valid in the case State ex rel. Martin v. Ekern. In 1979 the constitution was amended to explicitly allow this: in the event of a vacancy in the office of the lieutenant governor, the governor nominates a candidate who becomes lieutenant governor for the remainder of the term upon his approval by the Wisconsin Assembly and Wisconsin State Senate. A lieutenant governor may be removed from office through a recall, they may choose to resign from office. No lieutenant governor has been impeached.
Rebecca Kleefisch is the only lieutenant governor in the history of any state to face recall election in 2012. She won the election with a six percent majority. If the governor appoints the lieutenant governor to a statutory board, committee or commission on which he is entitled membership as his representative, the lieutenant governor has all the authority in that position that would be granted the governor; the lieutenant governor presided over the state senate and cast a vote in the event of a tie. Forty-one individuals have held the office of lieutenant governor since Wisconsin's admission to the Union in 1848, two of whom—Warren Knowles and Jack Olson—have served for non-consecutive terms. List of Lieutenant Governors of Wisconsin Office of the Lieutenant Governor
Louis P. Harvey
Louis Powell Harvey was an American politician and the seventh Governor of Wisconsin. Harvey was born in East Haddam and moved with his family to Ohio in 1828, he attended Preparatory School. He worked as a teacher for a time, moved to Kenosha, Wisconsin named Southport, where he founded an academy. In Southport he edited a Whig newspaper, the Southport American. In 1847, Harvey married Cordelia Perrine and they moved to Clinton in Rock County, Wisconsin to the nearby hamlet of Shopiere, he helped organize the Republican Party and was a Republican member of the Wisconsin State Senate from 1854 to 1858, Wisconsin Secretary of State from 1860 to 1862, Wisconsin's governor in 1862. In April 1862, having served only a few months as governor, Harvey organized an expedition to bring medical supplies to Wisconsin troops, wounded in the Battle of Shiloh, who were being cared for in hospital boats on the Mississippi and Tennessee Rivers. Harvey visited and cheered troops at Cairo, Mound City and Paducah, Kentucky.
On April 19, 1862, close to Shiloh, Harvey stopped overnight near Tennessee. Late that evening, while trying to step from a tethered boat to a moving steamboat headed back north, Harvey fell into the Tennessee River and drowned, despite the strenuous rescue efforts of members of his party, his body was found 14 days 65 miles downstream. His wife Cordelia became a leading war nurse, honored with the rank of colonel by Abraham Lincoln, she subsequently established veterans hospitals in Wisconsin, away from the war front, a soldiers' orphans home. He is interred at Forest Hill Cemetery, Wisconsin. Lieutenant Governor Edward Salomon succeeded Harvey. Capsule biography - Wisconsin Historical Society Louis Powell Harvey bio - Second Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry website, from Military History of Wisconsin Governor Louis Harvey, Wisconsin State Historical Society Louis P. Harvey at Find a Grave
James Duane Doty
James Duane Doty was a land speculator and politician in the United States who played an important role in the development of Wisconsin and Utah Territory. Born in Salem, New York, in 1799, Doty was less than three years old when his family moved to Martinsburg, New York, founded by his mother's brother General Walter Martin. Doty attended the Lowville Academy several miles north of Martinsburg in New York. In 1818, Doty moved to Detroit, the capital of Michigan Territory, where he became an apprentice to Charles Larned, the attorney general. On November 20, 1818, he was admitted to the bar in Michigan Territory, he practiced law until September 29, 1819, when he was appointed clerk of court for Michigan Territory. In June 1820 he resigned the clerkship in order to serve as secretary to the Lewis Cass expedition, a summer-long exploration of the part of Michigan Territory lying west of Lake Michigan as far as the headwaters of the Mississippi River. Upon his return to Detroit, Doty resumed his legal practice.
In the winter of 1822 Doty traveled to Washington, D. C. where on March 13, with the sponsorship of Henry Wheaton, he was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1823, a new federal judicial district was created for northern and western Michigan Territory, covering what is now the state of Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Doty was appointed as the federal judge for the district by President James Monroe. Before taking up his new duties, on April 14, 1823, Doty married Sarah Collins at Whitesboro, New York; because he was required to live within his district and his new wife moved from Detroit to Prairie du Chien in 1823. Doty held court at Prairie du Chien, Green Bay, Mackinac, he served as the first postmaster of Prairie du Chien from 1823 to 1824. In 1824, Doty moved to Green Bay, where he lived until 1841. Doty remained the district judge until he was replaced by David Irvin in 1832. Following his career as a judge, Doty served as a member of the Michigan Territorial Council from 1834 to 1835, representing the western part of the territory.
In this capacity Doty argued for the creation of a new territorial government for Wisconsin, sending petitions to Congress in favor of splitting Michigan Territory into two parts, one east and one west of Lake Michigan. Doty had supported this idea as early as 1824, argued that the growing number of residents in Wisconsin were not adequately provided for by the territorial government in Detroit, hundreds of miles away from any settlement in Wisconsin. Doty claimed that votes sent by residents west of Lake Michigan could not be sent to Detroit in time to be counted, that the residents in Lower Michigan cared little about the affairs west of the lake. In 1835, his wishes were granted when the Governor of Michigan Territory created a separate legislature to govern the western part of the territory as Michigan prepared for statehood. In 1835, Doty campaigned to represent western Michigan Territory as a delegate in Congress, but he lost in a three-way election to George Wallace Jones. Both Doty and Jones were running as Democrats, but Doty had little true loyalty to any political party.
He was conservative in view and aligned himself with whichever people were most popular at any given time. After losing the election, Doty turned to land speculation and bought thousands of acres of land across the state, some of which he began developing into the city of Madison, Wisconsin. In 1836, Wisconsin Territory was created. Doty hoped to be the territorial governor, but President Andrew Jackson appointed Henry Dodge, Doty's longtime political rival, to the post. With no public title, Doty worked to improve his land holdings in what would become the city of Madison. Doty had this land surveyed and platted, made plans to create a city on the isthmus between lakes Mendota and Monona. To gain recognition for the planned city, Doty lobbied the new territorial legislature to select his proposed city as the capital of Wisconsin. A temporary capital had been established at Belmont, but its distance from Milwaukee and Green Bay coupled with the dissatisfaction of many legislators towards the facilities at Belmont made it that the capital would be moved.
Doty used numerous tactics to ensure that Madison would be made capital city, wooing legislators with plans for canals and railroads and offering legislators who voted to make Madison the capital choice lots in the new city. Madison was declared permanent capital in November, 1836, construction at the new city began in 1837. In 1838, Doty was elected as Wisconsin Territory's congressional delegate, defeating George W. Jones in a rematch of the 1835 election. Despite being elected as a Democrat, Doty formed personal friendships with several Whigs in Washington, D. C. including Henry Clay. In 1840, Whig Party candidate William Henry Harrison was elected president, he made plans to appoint Doty to the governorship of Wisconsin Territory despite Doty's status as a Democrat. Harrison died before he could make the appointment, but vice president John Tyler fulfilled Harrison's desire after ascending to the presidency in 1841. Doty was unsuccessful as territorial governor, the Dodge supporters in the territorial legislature rejected most of the legislation Doty supported, Doty failed on four separate occasions to get public support for Wisconsin statehood.
Doty's term ended in 1844, he was not reappointed by Tyler, who instead selected Nathaniel P. Tallmadge to the post; this left Doty to once again return to his private life. In 1846, Doty returned to politics, this time as a delegate to the First Wisconsin Constitutional Convention. Doty came to the convention as an independent, but s
Alexander Williams Randall was a lawyer and politician from Wisconsin. He served as the sixth Governor of Wisconsin from 1858 until 1861, he was instrumental in raising and organizing the first Wisconsin volunteer troops for the Union Army during the American Civil War. Randall was born in Ames, New York, on October 31, 1819, his father, was judge of the court of common pleas there from 1837 to 1841. Randall attended Cherry Valley Academy in New York studied law with his father, he was admitted to the bar in New York at age 19. Shortly after that, he moved to Wisconsin Territory, he opened a law practice in Waukesha in 1840, where he became postmaster in 1845. Randall was a delegate to the state's first constitutional convention in 1846. There he advocated for a resolution that would put the question of "Negro suffrage" to a statewide referendum, he was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly in 1855. From 1855 to 1857, he was a circuit judge in Milwaukee. Randall was elected governor in 1857 as a Republican, won re-election in 1859.
He was a dark horse candidate in 1857. The two principal candidates in the convention that year were Edward D. Holton of Milwaukee and Walter McIndoe of Wausau. Holton's abolitionist passions and his connections with the Milwaukee elite gave him strong support, but McIndoe's more rough-hewn personality resonated better with the frontier character of the state at the time; as such, they split the vote, neither able to garner a majority for the nomination. When it became apparent that the convention was at an impasse, the delegates were released from their obligation, the votes were cast in favor of Randall, the obvious compromise candidate. Randall was the first in a long line of Republican governors in Wisconsin. Prior to the beginning of the Civil War, he was an ardent abolitionist and proposed that Wisconsin secede from the Union if Abraham Lincoln did not win the presidency; as governor, Randall conducted an investigation of fraud in the distribution of federal railroad land grants in Wisconsin perpetrated by his predecessor, Republican Governor Coles Bashford.
Once war began Randall raised 18 regiments, 10 artillery batteries, three cavalry units before leaving office, exceeding Wisconsin's quota by 3,232 men. The Union Army created a military camp from the former state fairgrounds in Madison and named it "Camp Randall" after the governor. Camp Randall Stadium is now located on the site of the military camp. In 1861, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Randall U. S. Minister to the Papal States, he was succeeded by Richard Milford Blatchford, in 1863 accepted appointment as Assistant Postmaster General. President Andrew Johnson appointed him U. S. Postmaster General in 1866 and he remained in that position until 1869; when Johnson was impeached, Randall remained loyal, testifying on Johnson's behalf and contributing to his defense fund. After leaving the federal government, Randall moved to Elmira, New York, where he resumed practicing law, he died there July 26, 1872. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. Brown, Reuben Samuel Tilden; the War Administration of Alexander Randall.
Master's thesis, University of Wisconsin, 1921. At Google Books.
Walter J. Kohler Jr.
Walter Jodok Kohler Jr. was a member of the Kohler family of Wisconsin and was the 33rd Governor of Wisconsin, serving three terms from 1951 to 1957. He was a leading figure in national Republican Party activities, his role in the clash between Senator Joseph R. McCarthy and presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952 has interested historians for decades. Kohler was for many years a sales executive at the Kohler Company and served as president at The Vollrath Company, he was a distinguished Naval officer in World War II. He had two children - a son, Terry Jodok Kohler, daughter, Charlotte Nicolette Kohler. Kohler's father, Walter J. Kohler Sr. was Governor of Wisconsin from 1929 to 1931. His son Terry Kohler lost. Walter Jodok Kohler Jr. was born on April 4, 1904 on his family's lavish estate in Kohler, Wisconsin. His grandfather, John Michael Kohler had founded the Kohler Company in the late 19th century, his father, Walter J. Kohler Sr. was active in his family's plumbing supply business and served one term as the State's Republican governor.
Walter Jr.'s mother was the former Henrietta "Lottie" Schroeder, he had three brothers: John Michael Kohler III, Carl James, Robert Eugene. Walter enjoyed many luxuries while growing up, but they were tempered by a strong-willed father who impressed his boys with the necessity of integrity, hard work, good manners and service to the community. Walter followed what was becoming a family tradition by graduating from Phillips Academy in Andover and Yale University. In 1925, after college, Walter joined the Kohler Company, he knew much about the factory, having been employed there in a number of grueling jobs during school breaks—another family tradition for males. In 1932, he married a divorcée with a child; the couple had two children: Charlotte Nicolette. In 1938, Walter and Celeste built a handsome estate, not far from the main plant. After World War II, he and Celeste divorced. In 1948 Walter married a wealthy divorcée from Philadelphia. In his last years, he and Charlotte traveled throughout the world and enjoyed long holidays in Antigua and Florida.
He died in Sheboygan on March 1976 following a heart attack. Obituaries emphasized Walter's character and integrity, noting his wartime service, his business success, his three successive terms as governor. In August 1942, Kohler joined the United States Navy as a Lieutenant and was assigned duty as a combat intelligence officer in the Solomon Islands. In January 1944 he became part of the crew of the USS Hancock, a huge new aircraft carrier of the Essex class assigned to the South Pacific as part of the Third Fleet. Kohler was the ship's air combat intelligence officer; the Hancock was in the thick of fierce fighting throughout the year. On December 3, Kohler was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Commander, receiving the highest recommendations. On April 7, 1945 the Hancock was hit by a Kamikaze plane. Walter vowed that if he survived the war, he would go into public service to put an end to such violence and destruction. Soon afterward, exhausted by intense battle, he sought an honorable discharge.
On September 24, he left the Navy. Now 41, Kohler had served 37 months of active duty; the Bronze Star Medal and the Asiatic theater ribbon with five battle stars were among his awards. Walter discovered after the war that the entire Kohler Company was in the control of his uncle, Herbert V. Kohler; the industrialist told the veteran. Using inheritance funds and borrowed money, Walter made an effort to run the Vollrath Company in Sheboygan, Wisconsin, a maker of kitchen utensils and dairy supply products; the Kohlers and Vollraths had long enjoyed economic ties. With the aid of a key insider, Walter became president of Vollrath in April, 1947. Under his energetic leadership, the company began immediately to increase its profits. Between 1945 and 1950, the net worth of the company doubled, an assortment of new products appeared. By early 1958 sales had doubled in a decade. Walter led the Vollrath Company until his death. A short time Terry Kohler, Walter's son, assumed the reins of the expanded and profitable corporation.
He had worked full-time for the company since 1963. Walter J. Kohler Jr. decided to move in politics in 1948 and he joined Team Stassen for the presidential elections. While this was unsuccessful, his networking and hard work in politics paid off when he became the 33rd Governor of Wisconsin in 1951. Walter had experienced politics first hand, being active in his father's reelection campaign in 1932. After returning from the war, he thought of running for the United States Senate. But, the driving ambition of Joseph R. McCarthy, an ex-Marine who had run for the Senate two years earlier. Walter had little choice. In the late 1940s, Walter rose within the state G. O. P. by making friends, working for others, winning the support of industrialist Tom Coleman, a dominant force within the Party. In 1948, Kohler was a delegate to the national convention and made it clear that he was a moderate Republican in the mold of the GOP's presidential candidate Thomas Dewey. Dewey's unpredictable loss to Harry Truman prompted many Republicans, in the next few years, to employ "Red Scare" tactics in order to win office.
Kohler would neve
Madison is the capital of the U. S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County. As of July 1, 2017, Madison's estimated population of 255,214 made it the second-largest city in Wisconsin by population, after Milwaukee, the 82nd-largest in the United States; the city forms the core of the Madison Metropolitan Area which includes Dane County and neighboring Iowa and Columbia counties for a population of 654,230. Located on an isthmus between Lake Mendota and Lake Monona, the city is home to the University of Wisconsin–Madison, the Wisconsin State Capitol, Henry Vilas Zoo, an extensive network of parks and bike trails. Known for its progressive culture and Democratic politics, Madison has been a location for political activity and demonstrations. Madison is a growing technology economy and the region is home to the headquarters of Epic Systems, American Family Insurance, American Girl, Sub-Zero, Lands' End, a regional office for Google, the University Research Park, as well as many biotech and heath systems startups.
A 2018 report ranked Madison 14th among the top fifteen cities worldwide for venture capital deals per capita. Before Europeans, humans inhabited the area around Madison for about 12,000 years. In 1800, the Madison area was Ho-Chunk Country; the Native Americans called this place Taychopera, meaning "land of the four lakes". Effigy mounds, constructed for ceremonial and burial purposes over 1,000 years earlier, dotted the rich prairies around the lakes. Madison's European origins begin in 1829, when former federal judge James Duane Doty purchased over a thousand acres of swamp and forest land on the isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona, with the intention of building a city in the Four Lakes region, he purchased 1,261 acres for $1,500. When the Wisconsin Territory was created in 1836 the territorial legislature convened in Belmont, Wisconsin. One of the legislature's tasks was to select a permanent location for the territory's capital. Doty lobbied aggressively for Madison as the new capital, offering buffalo robes to the freezing legislators and promising choice Madison lots at discount prices to undecided voters.
He had James Slaughter plat two cities in the area, Madison and "The City of Four Lakes", near present-day Middleton. Doty named his city Madison for James Madison, the fourth President of the U. S. who had died on June 28, 1836, he named the streets for the other 39 signers of the U. S. Constitution. Although the city existed only on paper, the territorial legislature voted on November 28, 1836 in favor of Madison as its capital because of its location halfway between the new and growing cities around Milwaukee in the east and the long established strategic post of Prairie du Chien in the west, between the populated lead mining regions in the southwest and Wisconsin's oldest city, Green Bay, in the northeast; the cornerstone for the Wisconsin capitol was laid in 1837, the legislature first met there in 1838. On October 9, 1839, Kintzing Prichett registered the plat of Madison at the registrar's office of the then-territorial Dane County. Madison was incorporated as a village in 1846, with a population of 626.
When Wisconsin became a state in 1848, Madison remained the capital, the following year it became the site of the University of Wisconsin. The Milwaukee & Mississippi Railroad connected to Madison in 1854. Madison incorporated as a city in 1856, with a population of 6,863, leaving the unincorporated remainder as a separate Town of Madison; the original capitol was replaced in 1863 and the second capitol burned in 1904. The current capitol was built between 1906 and 1917. During the Civil War, Madison served as a center of the Union Army in Wisconsin; the intersection of Milwaukee, East Washington and North Streets is known as Union Corners, because a tavern there was the last stop for Union soldiers before heading to fight the Confederates. Camp Randall, on the west side of Madison, was built and used as a training camp, a military hospital, a prison camp for captured Confederate soldiers. After the war ended, the Camp Randall site was absorbed into the University of Wisconsin and Camp Randall Stadium was built there in 1917.
In 2004 the last vestige of active military training on the site was removed when the stadium renovation replaced a firing range used for ROTC training. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Madison counterculture was centered in the neighborhood of Mifflin and Bassett streets, referred to as "Miffland"; the area contained many three-story apartments where students and counterculture youth lived, painted murals, operated the co-operative grocery store, the Mifflin Street Co-op. Residents of the neighborhood came into conflict with authorities during the administration of Republican mayor Bill Dyke. Dyke was viewed by students as a direct antagonist in efforts to protest the Vietnam War because of his efforts to suppress local protests; the annual Mifflin Street Block Party became a focal point for protest, although by the late 1970s it had become a mainstream community party. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, thousands of students and other citizens took part in anti-Vietnam War marches and demonstrations, with more violent incidents drawing national attention to the city and UW campus.
These include: the 1967 student protest with 74 injured.
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one attended. In US usage it can mean the school from which one graduated; the phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses Ceres or Cybele, in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary, it entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum, which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that means a "nursling" or "one, nourished". Although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess: After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary.
"Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary. The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press; the device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown. In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is cited in 1710, when an academic mother figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward. Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name; the University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, have used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics.
At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name. In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding. At Queen's University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society; the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.
Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website