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Oskar Schindler

Oskar Schindler was a German industrialist and a member of the Nazi Party, credited with saving the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories in occupied Poland and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. He is the subject of the 1982 novel Schindler's Ark and its 1993 film adaptation, Schindler's List, which reflected his life as an opportunist motivated by profit, who came to show extraordinary initiative, tenacity and dedication to save the lives of his Jewish employees. Schindler grew up in Svitavy and worked in several trades until he joined the Abwehr, the military intelligence service of Nazi Germany, in 1936, he joined the Nazi Party in 1939. Prior to the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1938, he collected information on railways and troop movements for the German government, he was arrested for espionage by the Czechoslovak government but was released under the terms of the Munich Agreement in 1938. Schindler continued to collect information for the Nazis, working in Poland in 1939 before the invasion of Poland at the start of World War II.

In 1939, Schindler acquired an enamelware factory in Kraków, which employed at the factory's peak in 1944 about 1,750 workers, of whom 1,000 were Jews. His Abwehr connections helped Schindler protect his Jewish workers from deportation and death in the Nazi concentration camps; as time went on, Schindler had to give Nazi officials larger bribes and gifts of luxury items obtainable only on the black market to keep his workers safe. By July 1944, Germany was losing the war. Many were murdered in the Gross-Rosen concentration camp. Schindler convinced SS-Hauptsturmführer Amon Göth, commandant of the nearby Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, to allow him to move his factory to Brněnec in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, thus sparing his workers from certain death in the gas chambers. Using names provided by Jewish Ghetto Police officer Marcel Goldberg, Göth's secretary Mietek Pemper compiled and typed the list of 1,200 Jews who travelled to Brünnlitz in October 1944. Schindler continued to bribe SS officials to prevent the execution of his workers until the end of World War II in Europe in May 1945, by which time he had spent his entire fortune on bribes and black market purchases of supplies for his workers.

Schindler moved to West Germany after the war, where he was supported by assistance payments from Jewish relief organisations. After receiving a partial reimbursement for his wartime expenses, he moved with his wife Emilie to Argentina, where they took up farming; when he went bankrupt in 1958, Schindler left his wife and returned to Germany, where he failed at several business ventures and relied on financial support from Schindlerjuden —the people whose lives he had saved during the war. He died on 9 October 1974 in Hildesheim and was buried in Jerusalem on Mount Zion, the only member of the Nazi Party to be honoured in this way, he and his wife Emilie were named Righteous Among the Nations by the Israeli government in 1993. Schindler was born on 28 April 1908, into a Sudeten German family in Zwittau, Austria-Hungary, his father was Johann "Hans" Schindler, the owner of a farm machinery business, his mother was Franziska "Fanny" Schindler. His sister, was born in 1915. After attending primary and secondary school, Schindler enrolled in a technical school, from which he was expelled in 1924 for forging his report card.

He graduated, but did not take the Abitur exams that would have enabled him to go to college or university. Instead, he took courses in Brno in several trades, including chauffeuring and machinery, worked for his father for three years. A fan of motorcycles since his youth, Schindler bought a 250-cc Moto Guzzi racing motorcycle and competed recreationally in mountain races for the next few years. On 6 March 1928, Schindler married Emilie Pelzl, daughter of a prosperous Sudeten German farmer from Maletein; the young couple moved in with Oskar's parents and occupied the upstairs rooms, where they lived for the next seven years. Soon after his marriage, Schindler quit working for his father and took a series of jobs, including a position at Moravian Electrotechnic and the management of a driving school. After an 18-month stint in the Czech army, where he rose to the rank of lance corporal in the Tenth Infantry Regiment of the 31st Army, Schindler returned to Moravian Electrotechnic, which went bankrupt shortly afterwards.

His father's farm machinery business closed around the same time, leaving Schindler unemployed for a year. He took a job with Jaroslav Šimek Bank of Prague in 1931, where he worked until 1938. Schindler was arrested several times in 1932 for public drunkenness. Around this time he had an affair with Aurelie Schlegel, a school friend, she bore him a daughter, Emily, in 1933, a son, Oskar Jr, in 1935. Schindler claimed the boy was not his son. Schindler's father, an alcoholic, abandoned his wife in 1935, she died a few months after a lengthy illness. Schindler joined the separatist Sudeten German Party in 1935. Although he was a citizen of Czechoslovakia, Schindler became a spy for the Abwehr, the military intelligence service of Nazi Germany, in 1936, he was assigned based in Breslau. He told Czech police that he did it because he needed the money, his tasks for the Abwehr included collecting information on railways, military installations, troop movements, as well as recruiting other spies within Czec

2016–17 Andebol 1

The 2016–17 Andebol 1 is the 65th season of the Andebol 1, Portugal's top-tier handball league. A total of fourteen teams contest this season's league, an increase of two teams from last season; the season began on 3 September 2016 and ended on 18 June 2017. ABC were the defending champions, but failed to revalidate the title, as Sporting CP won this season's league, achieving its 20th league title; the competition format for the 2016–17 season consists of two phases, both played in a home-and-away double round-robin system. At the end of the first phase, the six best-ranked teams compete in Group A of the final phase to determine the champion; the remaining eight teams play in Group B, which will determine the two teams to be relegated to the Second Division. A total of fourteen teams contest the 2016–17 Andebol 1, representing an additional two teams as compared to the previous season. Among them are all sides from the previous season, except for Passos Manuel, who relinquished their participation due to budget restrictions.

The remaining three teams – Boa-Hora, Arsenal and São Mamede – were promoted from the 2015–16 Second Division. Portuguese Handball Federation

Maurice J. "Sully" Sullivan

Maurice J. "Sully" Sullivan was an immigrant from Ireland who moved to Hawaii and was the co-founder, with See Goo Lau, of Foodland Super Markets, the largest and only locally owned supermarket chain in Hawaii. The first store opened on May 1948 in Honolulu, Hawaii. By 2007, Foodland stores could be found on each of the four largest Hawaiian Islands and is the flagship of the Sullivan Family of Companies. "Sully" famously introduced McDonald's to Hawaii in 1968 as well as Dunkin' Donuts. At one time, Forbes magazine rated Sullivan among the nation's 400 wealthiest people with a net worth of over $150 million. Sullivan was succeeded by his daughter, Jenai S. Wall, as President of Foodland in 1995 and CEO in 1998, the year of his death; as of 2012, heirs to Sullivan's fortune are listed as among Hawaii's Top 10 Richest People according to HawaiiBusiness magazine

Bridle path (horse)

The bridle path is a shaved or clipped section of the mane, beginning behind the ears of a horse at the poll, delineating the area where the crownpiece of the bridle lies. Bridle paths are a common style of grooming in the United States, but are not seen as in Europe. A bridle path is clipped or shaved in the mane for competition in certain disciplines, this may be done on ordinary riding horses as well. A bridle path allows the bridle or halter to lie flat on the head of the horse, which may be more comfortable, it is thought to give the horse the appearance of a slimmer throatlatch, a desirable conformation trait. If the bridle path is cut too far, it can take up to 6 months for the mane to grow back to a length that allows it to lie over neatly, as long as a year to reach its fullest possible natural length. Grooms start clipping the bridle path by working from the desired end of the bridle path towards the ears, as clipping from the ears backwards may result in a longer bridle path than desired.

The length of the bridle path varies between the equestrian disciplines and breeds. Bridle paths are common in the United States, less so in Europe. In the USA< the following standards are common: The Hunter-type English riding disciplines, including dressage, show jumping and hunt seat equitation, prefer a short bridle path of 1-2 inches. This length is appropriate for certain breeds, including Thoroughbreds and Warmbloods. Saddle seat and fine harness horses are shown with a longer bridle path of at least 8 inches, it is appropriate for use on breeds associated with these disciplines when certain individual animals are shown in-hand or under saddle in other disciplines. Breeds clipped to a "Saddle type" style include American Saddlebreds, Tennessee Walking Horses, National Show Horses and Morgans; the Western riding disciplines, including the western performance disciplines such as reining and western pleasure cut a bridle path, as long as the length of the horse's ear when laid flat back against the mane no more than 6 to 8 inches.

Stock horse breeds, including Quarter Horses, American Paint Horses, Appaloosas, use this style of cut. Andalusians never have a bridle path longer than 1 inch. Peruvian Pasos are sometimes prohibited to have a bridle path by certain show organizations. Icelandic horses do not have a bridle path clipped. Harris, Susan E. Grooming To Win: How to Groom, Trim and Prepare Your Horse for Show. Howell Book House. ISBN 0-87605-892-6, ISBN 978-0-87605-892-3

Bay Pines Veterans Administration Home and Hospital Historic District

The Bay Pines Veterans Administration Home and Hospital Historic District is a U. S. historic district located at 10000 Bay Pines Blvd. in Florida. The district contains prehistoric aboriginal sites and fourteen Mediterranean Revival style hospital buildings constructed from the 1930s; the district is home to the Bay Pines Veterans Affairs Medical Center, a general medical and surgical hospital with 396 beds. It is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities; the district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 27, 2012. In January 1929 a bill was passed allowing for the construction of a veterans hospital in the southeastern US. Bay Pines was chosen, in 1933 the first of the buildings was completed. In 1934 the VA regional office was moved to Bay Pines; the VA office left but returned in 1998. Buildings have been added since leading to the hospital complex that exists today. Building 54, now part of Building 11, was a train depot built by the Seaboard Air Line Railroad in 1933.

It closed in 1967 and it, along with Building 11A, was combined and integrated with Building 11, now used as the VA police station. Luisi, Vincent. Railroading in Pinellas County. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-8550-5. Official website

West Branch French Creek (French Creek tributary)

West Branch French Creek is a 28.69 mi long tributary to French Creek that rises in Chautauqua County, New York and flows into Erie County, Pennsylvania. It is classed as a 2nd order stream on the EPA waters geoviewer site. West Branch French Creek rises in the Town of Mina, New York in western Chautauqua County and flows southwest into Erie County and turns south towards Wattsburg, Pennsylvania. West Branch French Creek drains 77.89 square miles of Erie Drift Plain. The watershed receives an average of 46.8 in/year of precipitation and has a wetness index of 474.55. The watershed is about 44% forested. Tributaries to West Branch French Creek