The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Thomas Henry Wintringham was a British soldier, military historian, poet, Marxist and author. He was an important figure in the formation of the Home Guard during the Second World War and was one of the founders of the Common Wealth Party. Tom Wintringham was born 1898 in Lincolnshire, he was educated at Gresham's School and Balliol College, Oxford. In 1915 he was elected to a Brakenbury scholarship in History at Balliol, but during the First World War postponed his university career to join the Royal Flying Corps, serving as a mechanic and motorcycle despatch rider. At the end of the war he was involved in a brief barracks mutiny, one of many minor insurrections which went unnoticed in the period, he returned to Oxford, in a long vacation made a visit of some months to Moscow, after which he returned to England and formed a group of students aiming to establish a British section of the Third International, a Communist party. As the party was formed, Wintringham graduated from Oxford and moved to London, ostensibly to study for the bar at the Temple, but in fact to work full-time in politics.
In 1923, Wintringham joined the formed Communist Party of Great Britain. In 1925, he was one of the twelve CPGB officials imprisoned for seditious libel and incitement to mutiny. In 1930, he helped to found the Communist newspaper, the Daily Worker, was one of the few named writers to publish articles in it. In writing for the Communist party's theoretic journal Labour Monthly, he established himself as the party's military expert. In LM articles and in booklets on the subject, Wintringham formed the arguments against Air Assault and called for air raid precautions several years before the bombing of Guernica, his arguments were the basis for the most successful of the Communist Party's wartime campaigns, that for ARP provision, shaped government policy on the issue in the years leading up to the war. Although at the centre of the CPGB organisation, he was at odds with Party policy, believing in a communism of alliance and co-operation, rather than the dominant Comintern ideology of "class against class".
Wintringham's ideas became party dogma when the Comintern announced the'Popular Front', a form of communism Wintringham was prepared to fight for. In 1934, he became the founder and major contributor of Left Review, the first British literary journal with a stated Marxist intent. Although published by Wintringham and funded by the CPGB, it embraced writers of all shades of socialism, regardless of their party affiliations; the journal established a pattern for. At the start of the Spanish Civil War, Wintringham went to Barcelona as a journalist for the Daily Worker, but he joined and commanded the British Battalion of the International Brigades; some socialist commentators have credited him with the whole idea of "international" brigades. He had an affair with a US journalist, Kitty Bowler, whom he married. In February 1937 he was wounded in the Battle of Jarama. While injured in Spain he became friends with Ernest Hemingway, who based one of his characters upon him, he spent some months as a machine gun instructor.
When he returned to the battalion the next summer he contracted typhoid, was again wounded at Quinto in August 1937 and was repatriated in October. His book English Captain is based on these experiences. In 1938, the Communist Party condemned Kitty Bowler as a Trotskyist spy but he refused to leave her: he quit the party instead, he came to mistrust Comintern. Back in England, Tom Hopkinson recruited him to work for the magazine Picture Post. On returning from Spain, Wintringham began to call for an armed civilian guard to repel any fascist invasion, as early as 1938 he had begun campaigning for what would become the Home Guard, he taught the troops tactics of guerrilla warfare, including a movement known as the'Monkey Crawl'. They were taught how to deal with dive bombers. At the outbreak of the Second World War, Wintringham applied for an army officer's commission but was rejected; when the Communist Party promulgated its policy of staying out of the war due to the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, he condemned their policies.
Because of the appeasement policies of prime minister Neville Chamberlain, he regarded the Tories as Nazi sympathizers and wrote that they should be removed from office. He wrote for Picture Post, the Daily Mirror, wrote columns for Tribune and the New Statesman. In May 1940, after the escape from Dunkirk, Wintringham began to write in support of the Local Defence Volunteers, the forerunner of the Home Guard. On 10 July, he opened the private Home Guard training school at London. Wintringham's training methods were based on his experience in Spain, he had veterans who had fought alongside him in Spain who trained volunteers in anti-tank warfare and demolitions. He taught street fighting and guerrilla warfare, he wrote many articles in Picture Post and the Daily Mirror propagating his views about the Home Guard with the motto "a people's war for a people's peace". The British Army still did not dare trust Wintringham because of his communist past. After September 1940, the army began to take charge of the Home Guard training in Osterley and Wintringham and his comrades were sidelined.
Wintringham resigned in April 1941. Despite his activities in support of the Home Guard, Wintringham was never allowed to join the organisation itself because of a policy barring membership to Communists and Fascists. In 1942, Wintringham proceeded to found a Common Wealth Party with Vernon Bartlett, Sir Richard Acland and J. B. Priestley, he received 48 percent of the vote at the Midlot
Brentford is a town in western Greater London, the contested county town of Middlesex and part of the London Borough of Hounslow. It lies at the confluence of the River Brent and the Thames, 8 miles west-by-southwest of Charing Cross, it has formed part of Greater London since 1965. Its economy has diverse company headquarters buildings. Brentford has a convenience dining venue grid of streets at its centre. Brentford at the start of the 21st century attracted regeneration of its little-used warehouse premises and docks including the re-modelling of the waterfront to provide more economically active shops and apartments, some of which comprises Brentford Dock. A 19th and 20th centuries mixed social and private housing locality: New Brentford is contiguous with the Osterley neighbourhood of Isleworth and Syon Park and the Great West Road which has most of the largest business premises; the name is recorded as Breguntford in 705 in an Anglo-Saxon charter and means'ford over the River Brent'. The name of the river is Celtic and means'holy one' and the'-ford' suffix is Old English.
The ford was most located where the main road crossed the river. New Brentford is recorded as Newe Braynford in 1521 and was known as Westbraynford. Old Brentford is recorded as Old Braynford in 1476 and was known as Estbraynford; the settlement pre-dates the Roman occupation of Britain, thus pre-dates the founding of London itself. Many pre-Roman artifacts have been excavated in and around the area in Brentford known as'Old England'. Bronze Age pottery and burnt flints have been found in separate sites in Brentford; the quality and quantity of the artefacts suggests that Brentford was a meeting point for pre-Romanic tribes. One well known Iron Age piece from about 100 BC – AD 50 is the Brentford horn-cap – a ceremonial chariot fitting that formed part of local antiquarian Thomas Layton's collection, now held by the Museum of London; the Celtic knot pattern on this item has been copied for use on modern jewellery. Brentford is the first point on the tidal portion of the River Thames, fordable by foot.
For this reason it has been suggested that Julius Cæsar crossed the Thames here during his invasion of Britain in 54 BC, the Brentford Monument outside the County Court asserts that a battle took place here at this time between Cæsar's forces and Cassivellaunus. In his own account, Cæsar writes that he crossed the river 80 miles from the sea, Brentford is this distance from his supposed landing beach, he further states. During the building of Brentford Dock many such oak stakes were discovered. Dredging the river uncovered so many more that they had to be removed, for they were a hazard to navigation. Although Cæsar's descriptions are compelling, there has been no archaeological proof that this was the spot where he and his army had to fight to cross, it must be kept in mind that Julius Cæsar's own accounts suffered in some part to his embellishment of the facts. A local town fair, called the Brentford Festival, has been held in Brentford every September since 1900; the building of Brentford Dock was started in 1855 and it was formally opened in 1859.
The dock yard is now housing estate. A notable family from Brentford was the 18th/19th century architectural father and son partnership, the Hardwicks. Thomas Hardwick Senior and Thomas Hardwick Junior were both from Brentford and are buried in the old church of St Laurence. Hardwick Senior was the master mason for the Adam Brothers during the construction of Syon House. Hardwick Junior assisted in the building of Somerset House and was known for his designs of churches in the capital, he was a tutor of J. M. W Turner whom he helped start Turner's illustrious career in art. Both father and son did a great deal of rebuilding on the church of St Laurence. 54 BC Brentford is a site of a battle recorded by Julius Cæsar between Julius Cæsar and the local king, Cassivellaunus. 781 Council of Brentford recording settlement of a dispute between King Offa of Mercia, the Bishop of Worcester 1016 Battle of Brentford between the invading Canute and Edmund Ironside 1431 Relocation of Syon Abbey to Brentford from Twickenham 1539 Destruction of Syon Abbey by King Henry VIII 1616 – 1617 Pocahontas, Pamunkey princess, resided in Brentford with her husband, John Rolfe and son Thomas.
1642 Battle of Brentford during the English Civil War 1682 A violent storm of rain, accompanied with thunder and lightning, caused a sudden flood, which did great damage to the town of Brentford. The whole place was overflown. 1717 Brentford Turnpike Trust founded to maintain the road between Kensington and Hounslow 1756 Ronalds nursery established by Hugh Ronalds' father on Brentford High Street 1805 Start of operations of the Grand Junction Canal 1806 James Montgomrey’s father James Montgomrey Snr commenced operating a large timber mill at Montgomrey's Wharf, a yard occupied by his cousin 1815 – 1817 John Quincy Adams, sixth President of the US, lived in Brentford. 1828 William Corder was arrested on Wednesday 23 April at Everley Grove House, Ealing Lane in Brentford, for the notorious Red Barn Murder. 1841 Brentford was flooded, caused by the Brent Reservoir becoming overfull so that the overflow cut a breach in the earth dam. Sev
Syon Lane railway station
Syon Lane railway station in Travelcard Zone 4 is on the Hounslow Loop Line and borders the Spring Grove and New Brentford neighbourhoods of the London Borough of Hounslow in west London. The office and light industrial zone to the north-east, the West Cross Centre, has among other businesses the headquarters and studios of broadcaster and entertainment multinational company Sky; the station and all trains serving. The Southern Railway opened Syon Lane station 81 years after the line, in 1931; as of April 2019, South Western Railway are working on making the station accessible, with lifts giving step-free access to both platforms from Syon Lane. The station instead of a building has a passenger shelter on each platform and is set below steps at the foot of a north-south humpback bridge formed by Syon Lane, which crosses the Great West Road at Gillette Corner 100m north. A street-level third entrance, from the convergence of Northumberland and Rothbury Gardens, connects the eastbound platform.
The typical off-peak service from the station in trains per hour is: 4 direct to Waterloo via Brentford 2 circuitously to Waterloo via Hounslow and Richmond 2 to WeybridgeOn Sundays, two trains per hour to/from London Waterloo call at Syon Lane that continue alternately to/from Woking to the south-west on a mainline and to/from Twickenham and Kingston to the south on the Kingston loop line. It is occasionally served by trains to/from Reading or Windsor & Eton Riverside; the vast majority of services from Syon Lane are operated by Class 707 or Class 458 electric multiple units. Lobbying attempts for direct longer-distance and Heathrow Airport services Hounslow Council unsuccessfully proposed that the Hounslow Loop Line be part of the Crossrail route with its inter-regional trains calling at all stations west of Kew Bridge. Planning consultants rejected the proposal in a final route presented to Parliament in 2008; the loop line itself although operating services as a through line to Weybridge in Surrey is constrained by level crossings on the Windsor and Reading line running from London Waterloo — four in the town of Egham of the 15 in total along the whole main route and its Weybridge spur are concentrated there in quick succession — whose local authority for transport Surrey County Council and Chamber of Commerce object to full-capacity timetabling without tunnelling beneath or bridging over most of the level crossings.
London Buses route H28 serves the station. References Notes Train times and station information for Syon Lane railway station from National Rail
London Fire Brigade
The London Fire Brigade is the statutory fire and rescue service for London. It was formed by the Metropolitan Fire Brigade Act of 1865, under the leadership of superintendent Eyre Massey Shaw; the LFB is the busiest of all the fire services in the United Kingdom. It is the second largest in size, after the national Scottish Fire and Rescue Service, has the largest number of wholetime firefighters, it has 5,992 staff, including 5,096 operational firefighters and officers based at 102 fire stations. The LFB is led by the Commissioner for Fire and Emergency Planning, with the post being held by Dany Cotton since January 2017; the brigade and Commissioner are overseen by the Greater London Authority, which in April 2018 took over these responsibilities from the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In the 2015-16 financial year the LFB received 171,488 emergency calls; these consisted of: 48,696 false alarms of fire and 30,066 other calls for service. As well as firefighting, the LFB responds to road traffic collisions, trapped-in-lift releases, other incidents such as those involving hazardous materials or major transport accidents.
It conducts emergency planning and performs fire safety inspections and education. It does not provide an ambulance service as this function is performed by the London Ambulance Service as an independent NHS trust, although all LFB firefighters are trained in first aid and all of its fire engines carry first aid equipment. Since 2016, the LFB has provided first aid for some life-threatening medical emergencies. Following a multitude of ad-hoc firefighting arrangements and the Great Fire of London, various insurance companies established firefighting units to tackle fires that occurred in buildings that their respective companies insured; as demands grew on the primitive firefighting units they began to coordinate and co-operate with each other until, on 1 January 1833, the London Fire Engine Establishment was formed under the leadership of James Braidwood, who had founded the first professional, municipal fire brigade in Edinburgh. He introduced a uniform that, for the first time, included personal protection from the hazards of firefighting.
With 80 firefighters and 13 fire stations, the unit was still a private enterprise, funded by the insurance companies and as such was responsible for saving material goods from fire. Several large fires, most notably at the Palace of Westminster in 1834 and the 1861 Tooley Street fire, spurred the insurance companies to lobby the British government to provide the brigade at public expense and management. After due consideration, in 1865 the Metropolitan Fire Brigade Act was passed, creating the Metropolitan Fire Brigade under the leadership of Eyre Massey Shaw, a former head of police and fire services in Belfast. In 1904 it was renamed as the London Fire Brigade; the LFB moved into a new headquarters built by Higgs and Hill on the Albert Embankment in Lambeth in 1937, where it remained until 2007. During the Second World War the country's brigades were amalgamated into a single National Fire Service; the separate London Fire Brigade for the County of London was re-established in 1948. With the formation of Greater London in 1965, this absorbed most of the Middlesex Fire Brigade, the borough brigades for West Ham, East Ham and Croydon and parts of the Essex, Hertfordshire and Kent brigades.
In 1986 the Greater London Council was disbanded and a new statutory authority, the London Fire and Civil Defence Authority, was formed to take responsibility for the LFB. The LFCDA was replaced in 2000 by the London Emergency Planning Authority. At the same time, the Greater London Authority was established to administer the LFEPA and coordinate emergency planning for London. Consisting of the Mayor of London and other elected members, the GLA takes responsibility for the Metropolitan Police Service, Transport for London and other functions. In 2007 the LFB moved to a site in Union Street, Southwark. In the same year, the Department for Communities and Local Government announced that LFB Commissioner Ken Knight had been appointed as the first Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser to the government. Knight was succeeded as Commissioner at that time by Ron Dobson, who served for ten years. Dany Cotton took over in 2017. Dany Cotton is the current commissioner, having taken up the role in January 2017, she holds the Queen's Fire Service Medal.
Ron Dobson was the prior commissioner and served in the LFB from 1979. 1833 to 1861: James Braidwood 1861 to 1891: Capt. Eyre Massey Shaw 1891 to 1896: James Sexton Simmonds 1896 to 1903: Capt. Lionel de Latour Wells 1903 to 1909: RAdm. James de Courcy Hamilton 1909 to 1918: Lt. Cdr. Sir Sampson Sladen 1918 to 1933: Arthur Reginald Dyer, KPM 1933 to 1938: Maj. Cyril Morris, MC 1938 to 1941: Cdr. Sir Aylmer Firebrace, CBE 1939 to 1941: Maj. Frank Jackson, CBE 1941 to 1948: all fire brigades nationalised 1948 to 1962: Sir Frederick Delve, CBE 1962 to 1970: Leslie Leete, CBE 1970 to 1976: Joseph Milner 1976 to 1980: Peter Darby 1980 to 1987: Ronald Bullers 1987 to 1991: Gerald Clarkson 1991 to 2003: Brian Robinson, CBE 2003 to 2007: Sir Ken Knight, CBE 2007 to 2016: Ron Dobson, CBE 2017 to present: Dany Cotton Historically, the London Fire Brigade was organised into two divisions: Northern and Southern, divided in most places by the River Thames
London Ambulance Service
The London Ambulance Service is a NHS trust responsible for operating ambulances and answering and responding to urgent and emergency medical situations within the London region of England. The service responds to 999 and 111 phone calls, providing triage and advice to enable an appropriate level of response, it is one of the busiest ambulance services in the world, the busiest in the United Kingdom, providing care to more than 8.6 million people, who live and work in London. The service is under the leadership of chief executive Garrett Emmerson; the service employs around 4,500 staff. It is one of 10 ambulance trusts in England providing emergency medical services, is part of the National Health Service, receiving direct government funding for its role. There is no charge to patients for use of the service, as every person in the UK has the right to the attendance of an ambulance in an emergency; the LAS responded to over 1.8 million calls for assistance, over 1 million incidents in 2015/16.
Incidents rose by 20,000 in 2015/16. All 999 calls from the public are answered at one of the two Emergency Operations Centres in Waterloo or Bow who dispatch and allocate the appropriate resources. To assist, the service's command and control system is linked electronically with the equivalent system for London's Metropolitan Police; this means that police updates regarding specific jobs will be updated directly on the computer-aided dispatch log, to be viewed by the EOC, the resources allocated to the job. In 1818, a Parliamentary Select Committee had recommended that provision be made for carrying infectious patients in London "which would prevent the use of coaches or sedan chairs" but nothing was done. In 1866, a Hospital Carriage Fund provided six carriages to hospitals in the metropolitan area, for the use of patients suffering from smallpox or other infectious diseases, provided that they pay for the hire of the horses; the first permanent ambulance service in London was established by the Metropolitan Asylums Board in 1879, when a new Poor Law Act empowered them "to provide and maintain carriages suitable for the conveyance of persons suffering from any infectious disorder".
The first became operational at The South Eastern Fever Hospital, Deptford, in October 1883. In all, six hospitals operated horse-drawn "land ambulances", putting the whole of London within three miles of one of them; each ambulance station included accommodation for a married superintendent and around 20 drivers, horse keepers and attendants, laundry staff and domestic cleaners. A fleet of four paddle steamer "river ambulances" transported smallpox patients along the River Thames to Deptford, where they could be quarantined on hospital ships, departing from three special wharves at Rotherhithe and Fulham. At Deptford, in order to transfer patients between the hospitals at Joyce Green and Long Reach near Gravesend, a horse-drawn ambulance tramway was constructed in 1897 and extended in 1904. In 1902, the MAB introduced a steam in 1904, their first motor ambulance; the last horse-drawn ambulances were used on 14 September 1912. Although the MAB was supposed to be transporting only infectious patients, it also carried accident victims and emergency medical cases.
The Metropolitan Ambulance Act, 1909, empowered the London County Council to establish an emergency ambulance service, but this was not established until February 1915 and was under the control of the chief of the London Fire Brigade. In 1915, the MAB Ambulance Section were the first public body to employ women drivers, due to the number of men who had volunteered for military service. By July 1916 the London County Council Ambulance Corps was staffed by women. By 1930, the MAB was the largest user of civil ambulance services in the world, however the Local Government Act 1929 meant that work of the MAB was taken over by the London County Council, which took charge of the modern fleet of 107 MAB motor ambulances, together with 46 ambulances which were run by local Poor law unions. Taken with the 21 ambulances operated by the LCC, this provided a comprehensive service for all kinds of illness and accident, under the direction of the Medical Officer of Health for the County of London; the LCC took control of the River Ambulance Service, but it was disbanded in 1932.
During World War II, the London Auxiliary Ambulance Service was operated by over 10,000 auxiliaries women, from all walks of life. They ran services from 139 Auxiliary Stations across London. A plaque at one of the last to close, Station 39 in Weymouth Mews, near Portland Place, commemorates their wartime service. In 1948 the National Health Service Act made it a requirement for ambulances to be available for anyone who needed them; the present-day London Ambulance Service was formed in 1965 by the amalgamation of nine existing services in the new county of Greater London, in 1974, after a reorganisation of the NHS, the LAS was transferred from the control of local government to the South West Thames Regional Health Authority. On 1 April 1996, the LAS left the control of the South West Thames Regional Health Authority and became an NHS trust. In late 2017 LAS adopted the Ambulance Response Program which altered the targets for response times to reflect patient outcomes by removing hidden waiting times after a successful trial by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service, West Midlands Ambulance Service and South Western Ambulance Service.
As an NHS Trust, the LAS has a Trust Board consisting of 12 members. The board includes; the chief executive and Chief
Isleworth railway station
Isleworth railway station is in the London Borough of Hounslow, in west London, is in Travelcard Zone 4. It is 19 km west-southwest of London Waterloo; the unmanned station and all trains serving. A temporary station east of Wood Lane, 400 metres east-northeast of the current site, opened as "Hounslow" on 22 August 1849 to allow a service to run until the bridges and station buildings were completed; the name was changed to "Smallberry Green" after four months. The present station opened on 1 February 1850 as "Isleworth", it was renamed Spring Grove & Isleworth in 1855 and reverted to Isleworth in August 1911. The two facing platform lengths at Isleworth are constrained by a bridge over a road at each end and front-seven-doors opening is used for most rolling stock. Forerunner 8-car slam door trains fitted the platform lengths, as at two other stations along the line. A commercial street adjoins the station becoming Hounslow High Street within 500 metres, to the west; the more suburban district of Isleworth is south-west of the station, comprising the "Woodlands" or "Worton" estate and a medieval riverside hub of Old Isleworth for which the railway station is the same distance as Syon Lane.
Those parts of Isleworth east tend to be termed Spring Grove. The typical off-peak service from the station in trains per hour is: 4 direct to Waterloo via Brentford 2 circuitously to Waterloo via Hounslow and Richmond 2 to WeybridgeOn Sundays two trains per hour run to and from London Waterloo, one of which continues to Woking and the other to Twickenham, following stations back to Waterloo including Kingston and Wimbledon. Two early 21st century proposals short of political pledge stage, or Network Rail proposals, exist for the Hounslow Loop Line, further details of which are mentioned at Syon Lane. London Buses routes 117, 235, 237, E8, H37, night route N9 serve the station. Train times and station information for Isleworth railway station from National Rail