The Ottawa Citizen is an English-language daily newspaper owned by Postmedia Network in Ottawa, Canada. Established as The Bytown Packet in 1845 by William Harris, it was renamed the Citizen in 1851; the newspaper's original motto, returned to the editorial page, was Fair play and Day-Light. The paper has been through a number of owners. In 1846, Harris sold the paper to Henry J. Friel. Robert Bell bought the paper in 1849. In 1877, Charles Herbert Mackintosh, the editor under Robert Bell, became publisher. In 1879, it became one of several papers owned by the Southam family, it remained under Southam until the chain was purchased by Conrad Black's Hollinger Inc.. In 2000, Black sold most of his Canadian holdings, including the flagship National Post to CanWest Global; the editorial view of the Citizen has varied with its ownership, taking a reform, anti-Tory position under Harris and a conservative position under Bell. As part of Southam, it moved to the left, supporting the Liberals in opposition to the Progressive Conservative Party's support of free trade in the late 1980s.
Under Black, it became a supporter of the Reform Party. In 2002, its publisher Russell Mills was dismissed following the publication of a story critical of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and an editorial calling for Chrétien's resignation, it endorsed the Conservative Party of Canada in the 2006 federal election. It published its last Sunday edition on July 15, 2012; the move cut 20 newsroom jobs, was part of a series of changes made by Postmedia. The logo used to depict the top of the Peace Tower of the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. In 2014 it was rebranded, with a new logo showing the paper's name over an outline of the Peace Tower on a green background. Like most Canadian daily newspapers, the Ottawa Citizen has seen a decline in circulation, its total circulation dropped by 26 percent to 91,796 copies daily from 2009 to 2015. Daily average News World City Sports Arts Business Food Driving Technology Homes & Condos List of newspapers in Canada Adam, Mohammed.. "When we began 1845: For 160 years, the Citizen has been the'heartbeat of the community".
Ottawa Citizen. Bruce, Charles. News and the Southams. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1968. Kesterton, W. H. A History of Journalism in Canada. Ottawa, Canada: Carleton University Press, 1984. ISBN 978-0-88629-022-1. Rutherford, Paul. A Victorian authority: the daily press in late nineteenth-century Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982. ISBN 978-0-8020-5588-0. DDC 71.1. LCC PN4907. Official website Official mobile version Canadian Newspaper Association The Ottawa Citizen Birth Marriage, Anniversary and Memoriam Notices 1879-1885 Google News Archive microfilm archive 1853–1987
Padure Manor is a manor house built in empire style located about 200 metres from a large pond formed by the waters of the Venta river, in Padure Parish, Kuldīga Municipality, Latvia. Used as a war hospital during the German occupation in the Second World War, it housed the Padure parish library until 2005; the manor house was erected in the late 1830s to the early 1840s. The first owner was the Scottish merchant John Louis Balfour who acquired the property from the von Stempel family, who owned the Padure estate and Turkalne Manor, his eldest son, Alfon Balfour, managed the estate until the beginning of the 1920s. After the Latvian Agrarian Reform was instituted, from 1922 the manor was managed by the government of Latvia. From 1 April 1923, a school was opened. During the German occupation the manor served as a war hospital and after 1945, the buildings of the estate began to be used as an agricultural experimental station; until 2005, the manor housed the Padure parish library. List of palaces and manor houses in Latvia Padure manor Website Media related to Padure Manor at Wikimedia Commons
Ants Mellik was an Estonian architect. He graduated from Tallinn Secondary School in 1944 and continued his studies at the Tallinn Polytechnic Institute, graduating in 1950. 1952-56 He was a post-graduate student at the Scientific Research Institute and from 1958 to 68. Years of research scientist, he worked in the "Estonian project" and in 1956-57. He was a member of the Construction Committee until then. 1957-58 He was a member of the Architectural Department of the Executive Committee of the Council of Workers' Deputies of the City of Tallinn, from 1968 to 92. in the "EKE Project". Son of sculptor Voldemar Mellik and Linda Mellik, brother of architect Tõnu Mellik. Ants Mellik presented a moder conception where architecture evolves from the needs of society, specific circumstances and democratic needs. Ants Mellik drafted a plan for the Tallinn Hiiu quarter and designed the pointbuildings for Ilmarise Street; this residential project was implemented in Keila and with changes in Mustamäe. Did plans for: Kolga-Aadla, Kiiu-Aadla, Viinistu, Põdrangu and other settlements.
In 1950, the research team of the Science Academieof Building and Building Materials Institute began building pilot projects for housing, but it was accompanied by many drawback. Their most successful experimental house was next to the Gonsior 18 Television House, built in the early 1960s, it included a constructive innovation of borderline walls with large bridges that allowed for a freer space distribution and favoured apartments that could extend through the house. Well known are his standard designs for one-family dwellings "Ants" and "Ando". Since 1977 many were built. Examples of "Ants" are found in Ääesmäe; the "Ants" project is Estonian with two doors. Under the same roof are a sauna and small adjoining rooms.1982 a lot of his projects of the three-storey apartment blocs EKE-10 and two-storeyed blocs were used. Together with Ü. Kuper, they designed in Armenia single-family houses in the Spitakk for the earthquake victims and in Karjala Jakkim 18-apartment cilikaltsiit panel housing and in 1991 a children's home.
From 1990 he began to design farmhouses and household buildings. In 1958 Ants ja Tõnu Mellik received the Ⅰ-II prize in the planning contest. In the same year he received Ⅱ prize at the "EKE Project" single-family project competition. Ants Mellik type project "Ants",https://register.muinas.ee/public.php?menuID=architecture&action=view&id=646 residential building in Tallinn, Ilmarise St. https://www.muis.ee/museaalview/2630589 Ants Mellik, https://www.geni.com/people/Ants-Mellik/6000000003581708948 Experimental apartment building in Tallinn Gonsiori 18, https://www.muis.ee/museaalview/2631866 Experimental apartment building in Gonsiori 18 in Tallinn, overlooking the courtyard,https://www.muis.ee/museaalview/2633338 The RPI "Estonian Agricultural Project" chief architect Kaljo Vanaselja and the head of the fifth department Ants Mellik, http://www.ra.ee/fotis/index.php/et/photo/view?id=464431&_xr=5af4b2c83355e