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Otto of Bamberg

Saint Otto of Bamberg was Bishop of Bamberg and a missionary who, as papal legate, converted much of medieval Pomerania to Christianity. According to scarce contemporary sources, Otto was born into a noble family which held estates in the Swabian Jura. A possible descent from the Franconian noble house of Mistelbach or a maternal relation with the Hohenstaufen dynasty has not been conclusively established; as his elder brother inherited their father's property, Otto prepared for an ecclesiastical career and was sent to school in Hirsau Abbey or one of its filial monasteries. When in 1082 the Salian princess Judith of Swabia, sister of Emperor Henry IV, married the Piast duke Władysław I Herman, he followed her as a chaplain to the Polish court. In 1091 he entered the service of the Henry IV. In 1102, the emperor appointed and invested him as Bishop of Bamberg in Franconia, Otto became one of the leading princes of medieval Germany, he consolidated his scattered territories and during his tenure as bishop, Bamberg rose to great prominence.

In 1106 Otto received the pallium from Pope Paschal II. He achieved fame as diplomat and politician, notably during the Investiture Controversy between the emperor and the papacy, it was Bishop Otto, substituting the imprisoned Archbishop Adalbert of Mainz, who clothed Saint Hildegard of Bingen as a Benedictine nun at Disibodenberg Abbey about 1112. He remained loyal to the Imperial court and, as a consequence, was suspended by a papal party led by Cuno of Praeneste at the Synod of Fritzlar in 1118. At the Congress of Würzburg in 1121, Otto negotiated the peace treaty, the Concordat of Worms, signed in 1122. In the 1130s, he continued to arbitrate between Emperor Lothair of Supplinburg and the rising Hohenstaufens; as bishop, Otto led a model and frugal life, but did much to improve his ecclesiastical and temporal realms. He restored and completed Bamberg Cathedral after it had been damaged by fire in 1081, improved the cathedral school, established numerous monasteries and built a number of churches throughout his territory.

He expanded the town of Bamberg, rebuilding the Monastery of St. Michael, destroyed by an earthquake around 1117. Among his great accomplishments was his peaceful and successful missionary work among the Pomeranians, after several previous forcible attempts by the Polish rulers and the Spanish bishop Bernard to convert Pomerania to Christianity had failed. Otto was sent on his first mission by the Polish duke Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1124; as the official papal legate, he converted a large number of Pomeranians, notably in the towns of Pyrzyce, Kamień, Wolin, established eleven churches, became known as the "Apostle of Pomerania." After he returned to Bamberg in 1125, some pagan customs began to reassert themselves, Otto journeyed once more to Pomerania in 1128. In the Diet of Usedom, he succeeded in converting all the nobles, converted further communities, sent priests from Bamberg to serve in Pomerania, his intent to consecrate a bishop for Pomerania was thwarted by the bishops of Magdeburg and Gniezno who claimed metropolitan rights over Pomerania.

Only after his death in 1139 was his former companion, Adalbert of Pomerania, consecrated as Bishop of Wolin, in 1140. Otto died on 30 June 1139, was buried in Michaelsberg Abbey, Bamberg, he was canonised in 1189 by Pope Clement III. Although he died on 30 June, his name is recorded in the Roman martyrology on 2 July; the area of western Prussia around Gdańsk was Christianized via Pomerania as well, the monastery of Oliwa at Gdańsk was established at that time, while eastern Prussia was Christianized via Riga by the Teutonic Knights. Prüfening Abbey Ulrich of Bamberg Charles Henry Robinson, "The Life of Otto, Apostle of Pomerania, 1060-1139", New York: The Macmillan Company, 1920. Two contemporary biographies by Ebbo, d. 1163 and Herbordus, d. 1168 - from Internet Archive

Provisional Central Committee, Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)

The Provisional Central Committee, Communist Party of India is a communist political party in India. The general secretary of the party is Santosh Rana; the party is referred to as CPI or likewise. The PCC, CPI evolved from the group loyal to Satyanarayan Singh from the original Communist Party of India. Singh rebelled against the party leader Charu Majumdar in 1971. In April 1973, Singh's party was reorganised. Santosh Rana had broken with Charu Majumdar in 1971, joined Singh's group. In 1974 the Chandrapulla Reddy-led Andhra Pradesh Committee of Communist Revolutionaries merged with Singh's CPI; when the Bihar movement was launched by Jayaprakash Narayan in 1974, Singh's CPI decided to lend support to it. Narayan had been in contact with Singh since 1968, attempting to persuade him to support non-violent agrarian reform struggles. On 4 July 1975 the Indian government banned Singh's CPI was one of them. Under the Emergency Singh's CPI formulated a three-tier united front line, calling for the formation of a'revolutionary united front', a'proletarian united front' based on working class struggles and a'democratic front' which would unite forces working for restoration of democratic rights.

Within the framework of the'democratic front' work, party cadres began participating in joint protests with non-left opposition groups at the time. After the defeat of Indira Gandhi in the 1977 Lok Sabha elections, the situation for the party was relaxed somewhat. Singh asserted that although the class character of the new Janata Party government was the same as the Gandhi government, he appreciated differences like improvement of civil liberties and weakening of Soviet influence. On 9 April 1977 S. N. Singh signed an appeal along with Khokan Majumder, Suniti Kumar Ghosh and Apurba Roy, calling for the unconditional release of 12 000 revolutionary prisoners. During the anti-Emergency struggle, the Janata Party had promised to release political prisoners. Once in power however, they had back-tracked on that promise. Singh was involved in negotiations to secure the release of prisoners. Singh's CPI was the first major ML-factions that opened up for participating in elections, which became a controversial issue.

On 10 April 1977 Singh declared the willingness to contest elections at a press conference. The Calcutta District committee denounced the move. Other ML-factions saw as the new line as treachery. In 1971 Santosh Rana was elected to the West Bengal state assembly from the Gopiballavpur constituency. Rana got 13401 votes, enough to defeat the CPI, Indian National Congress and Janata Party candidates. Singh's CPI were able to register the party name Communist Party of India with the Election Commission of India, but the registration was lost. Around 1980 Singh's group appeared as the strongest ML-faction, but with the exit of Chandrapulla Reddy and other splits the party shrunk. In 1984 a severe split occurred, with the loyalists of Singh opposed to the group of Santosh Rana and Vaskar Nandy; the Singh faction levelled the following accusation: "In our organisation Nandy’s close associates established contacts with a foreign voluntary agency and a native voluntary agency financed by Western monopoly capital, keeping it secret from the POC and the general secretary of the party, S N Singh.

They established contact with Rural Aid Consortium of Tagore Society, financed by West European countries and the USA and with one Danish Organisation on the Plea of providing relief to the people of Gobiballabpur in West Bengal and some areas in Bihar. Lakhs of rupees were received for digging tanks, constructing school building opening a sewing training center and distributing chickens and cattle to the needy, it came to our notice that money was being received by some of our leaders from the Lutheran Church. When it came to light to the PCC members, an intense ideological struggle burst forth in the party on this issue." The group of Rana came to win a majority in the leadership and Singh's followers formed a new committee. Singh died shortly afterwards. Rana's group differentiates themselves from other ML-factions through their emphasis on antifascism. Rana considers the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party as a fascist danger for India. PCC, CPI gives the advice to their followers to vote for parties like CPI or the Indian National Congress in constituencies were no revolutionary communist candidate is available.

Ahead of the 2004 Lok Sabha elections the party participated in the united front of revolutionary communists initiated by Communist Party of India Red Flag and Communist Party of India. In the Bodo-dominated areas in Assam, the party works through a mass organization called United Reservation Movement Council of Assam. PCC, CPI and URMCA are opponents of the Bodo nationalist movements. In the Lok Sabha elections in 2004 the URMCA candidate in Kokrajhar got 205 491 votes. In the 1999 election the URMCA candidate had gotten 246 942 votes in the same constituency. PCC, CPI publishes For a New Democracy as its central organ; the editor-in-chief is Vaskar Nandy. The Fascist Danger and our Tasks, PCC, CPI document from 19

Martin Meissonnier

Martin Meissonnier is a French journalist, producer and composer. A journalist for Libération, he has made a specialty of discovering new types of music. In the 1970s he brought numerous jazz musicians to France, such as Don Cherry, the Art Ensemble of Chicago, John Lee Hooker and Dizzy Gillespie, he promoted concerts for artists such as Nass EL Ghiwane, Franco & OK Jazz, Nana Vasconcelos, Turkish band Oriental WInd, Han Bennink & Peter Brötzmann, Art Blakey, Sun Ra, Chico & Von Freeman, Albert Collins, Lounge Lizards, Old & New Dreams, Art Pepper, The Slits, Taj Mahal, Pharoah Sanders, Gil Evans, Egberto Gismonti and others. In the early 1980s, he became the producer of King Sunny Ade. In 1986, he organised the first raï festival in Bobigny, he worked with Khaled, Safy Boutella, Arthur H, in 1994 Robert Plant & Jimmy Page, Alan Stivell. In 1989 to 1994, he directed Megamix for la Sept on France 3 and Arte, world music magazine which ran for six years on French television and other countries.

He directed documentary films for Arte and Canal+, including several programmes about history, the Internet, digital art and the techno movement. In 2001, his book about depleted uranium entitled Uranium appauvri: la guerre invisible was published by Robert Laffont. Martin Meissonnier's work as a filmmaker has a strong global flavor, his producing and directing credits include major documentaries and documentary series in finance and history. They include,'Web Site Story','McWorld','Music Is My Drug','On the Trail of the Queen of Sheba','The Life of Buddha','On God's Right', "Vraie Jeanne, Fausse Jeanne" and'The Genie of Electricity'. Don Cherry - Music/Sangam Okay Temiz - Zikir Fela Anikulapo Kuti - Black President, Original Suffer Head King Sunny Adé & his African Beats - Juju Music, Synchro System, Aura Manu Dibango - Abele Dance and Manu Seventies Ray Lema - Medecine Tony Allen - Too Many prisoners Afrika Bambaataa - U don't have to be a star Khaled / Safy Boutella - Kutche Yasuaki Shimizu -Subliminal Wasis Diop - Soweto Dal Carmel - Sally remix Papa Wemba - Esclave Amina - albums Yalil and two songs on Annabi Arthur H - Arthur H Alan Stivell - Brian Boru Robert Plant & Jimmy Page - No Quarter: Jimmy Page and Robert Plant Unledded Bigmen - Reggae + Rai featuring Gregory Isaacs, Sly & Robbie, Sugar Minott, Chaka Demus & Pliers, Cheb Anouar, Cheb Tarik, etc...

Seun Kuti & Fela's Egypt 80 - Many Things Khaled - Liberté Louis Bertignac - Grizzly Aziz Sahmaoui - University of Gnawa Maïa Barouh Kodama" Aziz Sahmaoui- Poetic Trance Les cercueils de monsieur Kani Kwé by Thierry Secrétan Kaltex en Chine Music of the Opening and Closing Ceremonies at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville - « Victoire de la Musique » 92 - « Prix de la Musique Symphonique Légère de la SACEM » Joe et Marie by Tania Stöcklin Peintres de Kumasi" by Thierry Secrétan Les Guignols de l'Info, TV serie Tripalium by Christophe Loizillon Les 100 photos du Siècle, documentary Spin Doctors, documentary by Luc Hermann & Gilles Bovon République Atomique documentary by David Carr Brown Inside Broadmoor, documentary by David Carr Brown l’Affaire Clearstream, documentary by Denis Robert Death of Diana, documentary by David Carr Brown The Great Match, film by Gerardo Olivares Reporters, serie directed by Suzan Fenn & Ivan Straburg Unter Bauern, film by Ludi Boeken Rose, c'est Paris, film by Bettina Rheims & Serge Bramly O.

C. & Stiggs, film by Robert Altman, collaboration with King Sunny Adé as producer/manager Black Mic-Mac film by Thomas Gilou, collaboration with Ray Lema as musical director Arizona Dream film by Emir Kusturica, collaboration with Goran Bregovic and Iggy Pop Dirty Pretty Things film by Stephen Frears with the song Life is Good by Martin Meissonnier/Larbi Dida/U-Roy Music is my Drug/Psychedelic Trance Internet - un monde digital with Alvin Toffler, Louis Rosetto Time Guardians The Wheel of Destiny on Astrology around the world, shot in India, Hong Kong, Mali... www.monde with Jean-Marie Messier, Serge Tchuruk, Michael Bloomberg about the Net Economy and banking Web Site Story. In

Nectar guide

Nectar guides are markings or patterns seen in flowers of some angiosperm species, that guide pollinators to their rewards. Rewards take the form of nectar, pollen, or both, but various plants produce oil, scents, or waxes; such patterns are known as "pollen guides" and "honey guides", though some authorities argue for the abandonment of such terms in favour of floral guides. These patterns are sometimes visible to humans. However, in some plants, such as sunflowers, they are visible. Under ultraviolet, the flowers have a darker center, where the nectaries are located, specific patterns upon the petals as well; this is believed to make the flowers more attractive to pollinators such as honey bees and other insects that can see ultraviolet. This page on butterflies shows an animated comparison of black-eyed Susan flowers in visible and UV light; the ultraviolet color, invisible to humans, has been referred to as bee violet, mixtures of greenish wavelengths with ultraviolet are called bee purple by analogy with purple in human vision.

Dalmatian Toadflax from the Southwest Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse.. Online library of ultraviolet floral signatures

LPFP Awards

The LPFP Awards are a number of awards given annually during the Portuguese League for Professional Football gala, the winners are chosen by a vote amongst the LPFP pairs. Between 2006 and 2010 the winners were chosen only by a vote amongst the members of Sports National Press Club. Since 2011, thanks to new sponsorship agreements, all the awards related to football belong to LPFP and their associated; these awards are given annually to players playing in Primeira Liga and Segunda Liga, as to managers and referees, the most prestigious one being the LPFP Primeira Liga Player of the Year. LPFP Primeira Liga Player of the Year CNID Footballer of the Year List of Portuguese League Champions and Top Scorers Official website

Pantaleo Carabellese

Pantaleo Carabellese was an Italian philosopher. Graduated from the University of Naples with a "laurea" in history and again from the University of Rome in philosophy, Carabellese taught philosophy in Palermo, Sicily and in Rome, marrying in 1936. Having carried out a rigorous critique of Cartesianism, Carabellese completed critical studies of authors including Immanuel Kant and Antonio Rosmini. Carabellese is further known for his "critical ontology", where Being is not the mere abstract object but the inherent and irreducible foundation of consciousness, thus the "being of consciousness", none other than God, properly speaking, "is" but does not "exist"; as a philosopher, Carabellese defended the essential objectivity of Being and philosophy understood, not as a specialized, compartmentalized field of inquiry, but as investigation of the foundations of practical life, operating "for humanity as a whole" so that "philosophical consciousness explicates that theory which results implicit in the concrete diversifying of spirituality".

In critical opposition to modernism, Carabellese set out to defend philosophy as theoretical-rational ascent to theological realities, or as pathway to one common foundation of political life that remains irreducible to political life. Critica del concreto Il problema della filosofia da Kant a Fichte Il problema teologico come filosofia Le obbiezioni al cartesianesimo L'idealismo italiano Il circolo vizioso in Cartesio L'idea politica d'Italia Da Cartesio a Rosmini. Fondazione storica dell’ontologismo critico L’essere e la sua manifestazione parte II L’essere e la sua manifestazione: Dialettica della Forme L’essere Pagliarani Romeo, Pantaleo Carabellese: filosofo della coscienza concreta, Edizioni del Girasole, 1979. Semerari Giuseppe, La sabbia e la roccia: l'ontologia critica di Pantaleo Carabellese, Dedalo, 1982. Valori Furia, Il problema dell'io in Pantaleo Carabellese, Napoli, ESI, 1996. Morabito Bruno, Metafisica e teologia in Pantaleo Carabellese, Reggio Calabria, Falzea, 2001. Bini Andrea, Kant e Carabellese, Luiss University Press, 2006.