Otto von Garnier

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General of the Cavalry
Otto von Garnier
Otto von Garnier (1859-1947).jpg
Birth name Otto Wladislaus Eduard Konstantin von Garnier
Born (1858-05-01)1 May 1858
Neustadt O.S., Prussia
Died 17 June 1947(1947-06-17) (aged 89)
Hechingen, West Germany
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
Service/branch Kaiserstandarte.svg Imperial German Army
Years of service 1876–1918
Rank General of the Cavalry
Commands held
Battles/wars World War I

Otto Wladislaus Eduard Konstantin von Garnier (German pronunciation: [ɔto: fɔn garni:r]; 1 May 1858 – 17 June 1947) was a German General of the Cavalry during World War I.

Life and army career[edit]

Otto von Garnier was born in Neustadt in Oberschlesien (currently Prudnik, Poland) as a son of a Prussian, Lieutenant Otto Wladislaus Aloys Joseph Ernst Eduard von Garnier (1830–1908), and his wife Agnes Laurette von Mitzlaff (1837–1914).

On 1 October 1876 von Garnier joined the Husaren-Regiment „Graf Goetzen“ Nr. 6 in Leobschütz (currently Głubczyce, Poland) as a Fahnenjunker. Later, he became a Rittmeister and joined the Großer Generalstab in Berlin. He was promoted to Major on 22 March 1897, and an Oberstleutnant on 11 September 1903.

During World War I he served as a division- and corps-level commander of Imperial German troops. He was in command of 4th Cavalry Division, which was part of the force that moved into neutral Belgium to invest the fortress city of Liege[1][2]. He was severely wounded at Ciechanów on 21 November 1914. He was awarded with a Pour le Mérite on 17 October 1916[3]. He replaced Erich von Gündell as a commander of V. Reservekorps and Franz von Soden as a commander of VII. Reservekorps[4][5]. Garnier retired from active duty in March of 1918. His daughter Huberta had married General of the Infantry Dietrich von Choltitz[6].

Awards[7][edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooksey, Jon; Murland, Jerry (2014-10-31). The Retreat from Mons 1914: South: The Western Front by Car, by bike and on Foot. Pen and Sword. ISBN 9781473823365. 
  2. ^ "Slagorde van het Duitse leger in 1914, organisatie in vredestijd, mobilisatie en concentratie, 1 Army, iI. A. K., iII. A. K." divamelinga.com (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Otto von Garnier". prussianmachine.com. Retrieved 2018-06-03. 
  4. ^ Lossberg, Fritz von (2017-08-17). Lossberg's War: The World War I Memoirs of a German Chief of Staff. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813169828. 
  5. ^ Ochsler, Hubertus. "Namenlos". www.deutsche-kriegsgeschichte.de. Retrieved 2018-06-04. 
  6. ^ Choltitz, Timo von. "General der Infanterie Dietrich von Choltitz". www.choltitz.de. Retrieved 2018-06-04. 
  7. ^ Rangliste der Königlich Preußischen Armee und des XIII. (Königlich Württembergischen) Armeekorps für 1914. Berlin: E.S. Mittler & Sohn. 1914. p. 115.