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Our Mutual Friend

Our Mutual Friend, written in the years 1864–65, is the last novel completed by Charles Dickens and is one of his most sophisticated works, combining savage satire with social analysis. It centres on, in the words of critic J. Hillis Miller, quoting from the character Bella Wilfer in the book, "money, money and what money can make of life". Most reviewers in the 1860s continued to praise Dickens' skill as a writer in general, although not reviewing this novel in detail; some found the plot both too complex and not laid out well. The Times of London found. In the 20th century, reviewers began to find much to approve in the novels of Dickens, including Our Mutual Friend. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, some reviewers suggested that Dickens was, in fact, experimenting with structure, that the characters considered somewhat flat and not recognized by the contemporary reviewers were meant rather to be true representations of the Victorian working class and the key to understanding the structure of the society depicted by Dickens in the novel.

John Harmon -- is heir to the Harmon estate, under the condition. He is presumed dead throughout most of the novel, though he is living under the name John Rokesmith, working as a secretary for the Boffins in an attempt to better get to know Bella, the Boffins, people's general reaction to John Harmon's "death". Harmon uses the alias Julius Handford upon first returning to London. Harmon's "death" and subsequent resurrection as Rokesmith/Handford is consistent with Dickens's recurring theme in the novel of rebirth from the water, his upward social mobility through his own efforts is presented as favourable, in contrast with Headstone and the Lammles. Bella Wilfer – is a beautiful girl born into poverty, who learns upon the death of Old Mr Harmon that she is the intended wife for his son, a condition of his inheritance; when her intended husband, John Harmon, is reported to have been killed, she is left without future prospects. She learns of the trouble money. Bella rejects Rokesmith's proposal at first but accepts it.

Described as a "mercenary young woman", who describes herself upon meeting Lizzie Hexam as having "no more character than a canary bird", Bella undergoes a significant moral change in the novel. Although completely preoccupied with money, her complexity is displayed in her ability to defy the societal pressures to achieve happiness unrelated to wealth, she is praised for her "vivacity and lifelikeness", with greater complexity than some of the other, more static characters. Her relationship with her father is more like that of a mother and son, as she dotes upon him, calling him her "cherub", she has an open and warm relationship with her father, which provides a stark contrast to the strained and resentful relationships between Bella and her mother and sister. Nicodemus Boffin, the Golden Dustman – becomes a member of the nouveaux riches when Old Mr Harmon's heir is considered dead, he is illiterate, but wants to fit the image of a wealthy man, so hires Silas Wegg to read to him in hopes of gaining more intelligence and worldliness.

He is nearly blackmailed by Wegg. He assumes the role of a miser to show Bella the dangers of wealth, but admits this behaviour was an act and gives his money to Bella and John. Boffin's innocence, naïve curiosity, desire to learn in his new position in life contrast with his "elaborate performances as Boffin the miser". Critics speculate that Dickens's decision to have Boffin playing a part may not have been planned, as it was not convincing for a man who has shown his simplistic ignorance on several occasions. Boffin's inheritance of Old Harmon's money is appropriate because Harmon had attained it by combing the dust heaps, because this suggests social mobility. Boffin represents a wholesome contrast to such wealthy characters as the Veneerings and Podsnaps, may have been based on Henry Dodd, a ploughboy who made his fortune removing London's rubbish. Mrs Henrietta Boffin – is Noddy Boffin's wife, a motherly woman, who convinces Mr Boffin to take in an orphan boy called Johnny; this indicates "another progressive development for Dickens as his female characters undertake a more active role in social reform".

Lizzie Hexam -- is sister of Charley Hexam. She is an affectionate daughter, but knows that Charley must escape their living circumstances if he is to succeed in life, so she gives Charley her money and helps him leave while their father is away, she is rejected by Charley after she remains in poverty. Pursued romantically by both Bradley Headstone and Eugene Wrayburn, she fears Headstone's violent passion and yearns for Wrayburn's love, while acutely aware of the social gap between them. Lizzie saves Wrayburn from Headstone's attack and the two are married, she in effect acts as the moral centre of the story and is by far the "most wholly good character bereft of ego". Dickens carries over her moral superiority into her physical characterisation, her "capacity for self-sacrifice is only more credible than her gift for refined speech", making her unbelievable in comparison to her uneducated father and Jenny Wren. Lizzie's concern about social class reveals her reasoning for ensuring her brother's escape from poverty and ignorance, though she remains humble about her own situation.

However, her moral character attracts Wrayburn and her inherent goodness is rewarded with marital happiness. Charley Hexam -- is the son of a brother of Lizzie. A caring brother; this changes as he rises above Lizzie in class an

Thane (Lok Sabha constituency)

Thane Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. At present, after the implementation of the Presidential notification on delimitation on 19 February 2008, Thane Lok Sabha constituency comprises six Vidhan Sabha segments; these segments are: In 1952 and 1957, this Thane area contributed two members to Lok Sabha. 1952: Govind Dharmaji Vartak, Indian National Congress 1952: Anant Savalaram Nandkar, Indian National Congress 1952:Choithram Partabrai Gidwani, PSP 1952: Yashwantrao Martandrao Mukne, Indian National Congress 1957: Shamrao Vishnu Parulekar, Communist Party of India 1957: Laxman Mahadya Matera, Communist Party of India A seat re-org in 2008 split this constituency in two: Thane and Kalyan Now on to Thane Lok Sabha Constituency results, seat #25 out of 48, as per the Lok Sabha map drawn in 2008: Thane district List of Constituencies of the Lok Sabha Thane lok sabha constituency election 2019 results details

Werribee River

The Werribee River is a perennial river of the Port Phillip catchment, located on the plain west of Melbourne, Australia. The headwaters of a tributary, the Lerderderg River, are north of Ballan near Daylesford and it flows across the basalt plain, through the suburb of Werribee to enter Port Phillip. A linear park follows the Werribee River along much of its course. In total the Werribee River completes a journey of 110 kilometres; the river flows through the Werribee Gorge State Park before being utilised for irrigation of market gardens at Bacchus Marsh through Werribee where it is crossed by the Maltby By-pass. It flows through the Werribee Open Range Zoo in Werribee Park, the small coastal settlement of Werribee South before entering Port Phillip; the Western Treatment Plant, a sewage treatment site, is located near the mouth of the river, supplies irrigation needs to the zoo. The Werribee River Trail winds beside the Werribee River from Davis Creek in Tarneit to the Princes Highway in Werribee.

Before the arrival of white settlers, the Werribee River was the boundary of the Bunurong tribe whose six clans lived along the Victorian coast across the Mornington Peninsula, Western Port Bay to Wilsons Promontory. In the late 1830s and 1840s, the Werribee River was the scene of conflict between the Wautharong people and the European colonisers; the squatter Charles Franks and a shepherd were speared to death near Mount Cottrell in July 1836. This resulted in the Mount Cottrell Massacre - a punitive party led by John Batman which came upon a large party of aborigines and indiscriminately shot and killed at least ten, There are accounts of arsenic laced flour being given to local aborigines. In 1851, a substantial timber bridge was built to cross the Werribee River to replace an earlier wooden bridge. In 1852, this bridge was washed away. In August 2004, the Victorian Government pledged A$300,000 towards restoring the Werribee River, removing willows choking the river around the township and replacing them with native plants in a habitat restoration project.

The Hume and Hovell expedition camped by the river on 15 December 1824 and named it the Arndell after Hovell's father-in-law. John Helder Wedge're-discovered' the river in 1835 and called it the Peel, but decided to call it the Ex or Exe; the name of the town of Exford, an early crossing place on the river, is derived from this name. One of the local Wathaurong-speaking Kulin tribesman that accompanied Wedge said the name for the stream was'Weariby Yallock'; the spelling changed to the present form of Werribee, the original Aboriginal root word meaning spine or backbone. Werribee River holds fish all along its course, most of which are at the mouth of the river into Port Phillip Bay in the estuary; this area is best fished for southern black bream. Behind the Werribee golf course, the K-Road cliffs are the most unusual feature of the river, being sometimes described as looking like a river in Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory. Exploring the river offers an array of outdoor opportunities and is pastime for many local residents.

An extensive network of hard-surface bike and walking trails along the river allow visitors to view native flora and fauna that inhabit the river and its banks. There are many fishing spots along the river, canoe- and boat-launching facilities are located at the Werribee South Boat Ramp and Riverbend Historical Park. Birdwatching is a popular activity. List of rivers of Australia Werribee River - Redreaming the plain