Ourense is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of the same name in Galicia. It is on the Portuguese Way path of the Road of the Camino de Santiago, its population of 106,905 accounts for 30% of the population of the province and makes it the third largest city of Galicia. In 2010 there were 5,943 foreigners living in the city; the main nationalities are Portuguese and Brazilians. By language, according to 2008 data, 19% of the population always speak in Galician, 25% always speak in Spanish and the rest use both interchangeably; the origin of the town can be traced to the Romans and the presence of hot springs called the Burgas. These can still be seen today. There was the need to fortify the place to protect one of the easiest ways to cross the Miño River. After the Romans, Ourense was part of the Suebi kingdom during most of the 5th, 6th and 7th centuries and was destroyed by the Moors in 716, it was rebuilt by Alfonso III of Asturias about 877. The Norse invasions as well as attacks from the Arab warlord Al-Mansur once more laid the city to waste.
It was only under Sancho II and his sister Doña Elvira that the city was resettled during the 11th century. The definitive urban impulse did not arrive until the 12th century when Ourense became an important center of services; the city has made many efforts to provide new parks, bridges and geothermal springs installations to make the city more attractive. The ancient city of Auria is located on both banks of the Minho River in the south-central part of Galicia, at an elevation of 128 m above sea level. Four rivers cross the town: Barbaña, Loña and Barbañica; the biggest river divides a rather industrial western suburb, which contains the railroad station, from the main town. Three highway and one railroad bridge cross the river in addition to the famous Roman bridge, Ponte Vella, now closed to vehicle traffic; the town is surrounded by forests oak and pine. One of the main tourist attractions is related to hot springs, as Ourense holds one of the greatest amount of geothermal water in Europe.
There are several places called pozas, with or without entrance fee, where you can have a bath outdoors. One of them is located inside the old town, relating to the ancient Roman tradition, as ruins of a Roman bath were discovered and are now open to visitors. There are more hot springs located along the river Miño: A Chavasqueira, Manantial-bouvette do Tinteiro, Burga do Muíño, Burgas de Outariz, which offer baths at different temperatures, ranging from 36 - 60 degrees Celsius. Ourense has a hot-summer mediterranean climate. Summers have hot daytime temperatures around 30 °C, whilst winters are wet with daytime highs at 12 °C and lows a few degrees above freezing. On August 3rd, 2018, Ourense recorded its hottest day on record at 42.7°C. The economy in the city of Ourense is marked by a predominance of service sector, the city has the largest shopping and leisure in the province, administrative services and health of reference. Construction industry is important; the industrial area of San Cibrao das Viñas has many light industries including several important clothing factories, like Adolfo Dominguez and Roberto Verino, as well as automotive supplier industries.
Tecnopole, Technology Park of Galicia, situated in the outskirts of the city, is a 550.000 square metre area with advanced services for companies with a technological basis and high innovating profile. The following centres do their business work from the Tecnopole: the wood technological centres, the meat technological centre, the metallurgy centre and the Coren Incubation Centre, the Research and Innovation Centre of the University of Vigo, the Official Laboratory of Meteorology of Galicia. Ourense is a well known producer of European chestnuts. Coren, one of the Spanish agricultural sector's most important companies, has its headquarters in Ourense; the most read province newspaper is La Región. Although a town of services, Ourense is not without its tourist sites; the town has three parts: the medieval, the area of 19th-century expansion, the modern perimeter. Many who pass by on the highway linking Madrid to Vigo are unaware of the medieval quarter, with its narrow streets and tiny plazas.
Once an area of a certain dilapidated charm the area is now undergoing renovation and is full of typical restaurants and bars patronized by the university students of the town. The Plaza Mayor is the center of city life with the Town Hall; the Cathedral is the most important monument in Ourense. This cathedral is the second oldest in Galicia, it occupies the same site as the Suevian basilica. Romanesque in structure, but with a mixture of Romanesque and Gothic styles, it is rather hidden away but, contains a façade with the Door of Paradise in imitation of the Door of Glory of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Inside, the Capilla del Cristo, or Christ's Chapel, contains a crucifix venerated throughout Galicia; the Miño is crossed at Ourense by the Ponte Vella. With Roman foundations, it wa
The San Pedro Macati Church known as Saints Peter and Paul Parish Church, is a Roman Catholic Church located in Makati Poblacion, the oldest part of Makati and for that reason, the cultural and heritage barangay of Makati, Philippines. In front of the church facade is Plaza Cristo Rey, the San Pedro de Macati Cemetery; the Poblacion Church is a government-recognized cultural property based on the official list provided by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines. After 394 years, the Church was re-dedicated, the first dedication happened in 1620 when it became a parish church, the next after the reconstruction of the facade in 1796 and again, on the 30th day of January, 2015; the Dedication was led by Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle, D. D. Archbishop of Manila, con-celebrated by Rev. Msgr. Gerardo O. Santos, Ed. D, Parish Priest and priests. Before the land seizure of the Spanish, the area of today's San Pedro de Macati was part of the Kingdom of Sapa or Namayan, ruled by the Rajah Kalamayin whose residence was in Namayan, now part of Sta.
Ana, Manila. The Franciscan missionaries were the first to convert the aboriginal Tagalog of Sapa to the Christian Faith by 1578, after they had turned the original barangay into a visita called Sta. Ana de Sapa in 1570. In 1589, Capitan Pedro de Brito an aide to the Spanish Army Chief of Staff, purchased today's church premises as part of a large property with a public bid of 1400 pesos, installed his encomienda called "Hacienda Pedro". On July 1 1608, Capitan Pedro de Brito, now the newly elected Alferez General, his wife Ana de Herrera donated part of their land to the Jesuits. Fr. Gregorio Lopez S. J. accepted an endowment of 14,000 pesos for a house of probation. This house and the church were to be built in the highest hill in the area called Buenavista and were to be placed under the patronage of Saint Peter, the donor's name patron. Construction of the first church was finished in 1620 under the direction of Fr. Pedro delos Montes S. J; as the Jesuit encomienda began to earn at least 30,000 pesos annually from the production of earthenware, their vision of building an imposing structure could begin to be realized.
The church known as San Pedro y Pablo Viejo was made from hewn stone and gravel mixed with mortar. Its facade is dominated with a three tiered papal tiara with the cross keys of Saint Peter. In 1718, an ivory image of the Blessed Virgin Mary depicted as Virgen de la Rosa was brought from Mexico to the Philippines through the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade by Jesuit Fr. Juan Delgado; this image of the Virgin Mary was enshrined in this church and was venerated due to a relic of the Virgin's hair encapsuled in the image's breast. According to Nick Joaquin, this concept was backed by Fr. Pedro Murillo's description in his "Historia de la Provincia de Filipinas de la Compania de Jesus": “Your most holy image of the Nuestra Señora de la Rosa has on her breast a most precious treasure, greater than those which Tharsis had in is opulence, or Ophir with his most valuable metals can offer; this is the strand of hair of her most holy head. In the vast extent of the Indies that I know of, there exists no similar reliquary.”Unfortunately, the reliquary got lost together with the ivory hands and head of the statue in the Revolution of 1899.
There remains an oval cavity in the upper body, the missing pards have been restored using wood as a material instead of ivory. In Lourdes Policarpio's view, the Virgin’s title stems from "Our Lady as the Mystical Rose" or “Rosa Mystica.” In Lucca, the feast of "Our Lady of the Rose" is celebrated on January 30. It is believed. In the church parish, there are two famous festivals or fiestas held on June 29, the feast of Apostles Peter and Paul, June 30, the feast of "Nuestra Señora dela Rosa"; the "Panatang Sayaw", as the Bailes de los Arcos are called, are an old tradition going back at least to the beginnings of the 19th century. It is a ritual of praise and thanksgiving to the Virgen de la Rosa; the church was destroyed during the British occupation of Manila in 1762. It was reconstructed much in 1849 using stones from nearby Guadalupe in Makati and Meycauayan in Bulacan province. Other materials include used yakal and molave as wood materials, capiz shells for windows. After the Jesuits’ expulsion the ownership changed.
The Makati hacienda was reclaimed by the government and was sold in public auction in 1795 to Don Pedro de Garuga, Marquis of Villa Medina. Through the next half-century, the property changed hands three times, until, in 1851, it was bought by Don Jose Bonifacio Roxas, the founding father of the Roxas-Ayala-Zobel clan, who built a family manor on the riverbank, what is today's Poblacion's river park, "Casa Hacienda Park". During the Philippine-American War from 1899 to 1902, the church was used as a hospital to tend wounded American soldiers. American volunteers camped on church grounds; this stay however resulted in hands of the Virgen de la Rosa. Over the years the Makati Church underwent several renovations and changes in the design but most of its features like the reredos and the church bells are still original. On October 29, 2018; the rite of crowning took place on March 2019 presided by the Papal Nuncio to the Philippines. The church structure follows the Baroque style of architecture.
The 1973 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 28 November 1973 between Juventus, runners-up of the 1972–73 European Cup, Independiente, winner of the 1973 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, it was Juventus' first appearance into the competition and Independiente's fourth appearance after the defeats against Internazionale in 1964 and 1965 and against Ajax in 1972. Despite refusing to participate in the competition, Juventus replaced Ajax as representative UEFA team in the competition after Ajax as the European champions declined to contest a possible meeting in South America for financial reasons; the Cup was played in a single match instead of a two-legged final as happened in the previous and following years until 1979. In 2017 FIFA Council recognised all the trophy winners as club world champions with the same title to the FIFA Club World Cup winners as official "world champions" FIFA. Independiente was the 1973 Copa Libertadores title holder after beating Chilean club Colo-Colo with a goal in extra time.
The Intercontinental Cup was a long longing for the club so they had lost the previous final v Dutch team Ajax –led by Johan Cruyff, most of its players would were part of the Netherlands national team that showed the revolutionary tactical theory at the 1974 FIFA World Cup – just one year before and had the opportunity to take revenge of that defeat. The Dutch club refused to play the 1973 edition alleging they didn't want to suffer the "rough game" of the Argentine team again. Therefore, the runner-up of 1972–73 European Cup, took Ajax's place to contest the competition; the Italian club refused to come to Buenos Aires, putting as a condition to play a unique match at Rome. Independiente executives accepted it, scheduling the match for November 28, 1973. José Pastoriza, the captain and leader of the Copa Libertadores winning team, did not play the match because he was transferred to AS Monaco short before the final in Rome. During the match, dominated by the Italian team, the Bianconeri had several opportunities to take the lead with two shots on the cross, a penalty kick, drawn by Cuccureddu, ended up over the bar and a shot in the last minutes of the race, blocked by the goalkeeper Santoro in daring action.
Ten minutes from the end, an own goal by Gentile in a Bochini's shot, the only significant offensive action made by Independiente in the match, was decisive for the victory of the Diablos Rojos. It was the first Intercontinental Cup won by Independiente; the victory was celebrated by Independiente fans due to the importance given to that competition in Argentina. The victory was the breakthrough of 19-year old Ricardo Bochini as a raising star. Bochini would continue and finish his career always playing for Independiente, becoming one of the greatest idols in the history of the club. On the other hand, the other keyplayer of the match, Daniel Bertoni, would win the first FIFA World Cup with Argentina in 1978 scoring the third goal v Netherlands in the final; the following phrases are extracted from an interview to Ricardo Bochini, Daniel Bertoni and Francisco Sá, three of Independiente players that won the Cup in 1973: Although the match was broadcast by Canal 7 in Argentina, it is believed that the video containing the images of the match could have been erased or stolen during the military dictatorship that governed from 1976.
As those images were lost, the interest of Independiente fans and journalist in the match was increasing as years were by. On the basis on some Independiente members initiative, the search for the video started. After some contacts with RAI, they provided a copy of the film to musical producer Mariano Asch, putting as condition it had to be returned after being used in Argentina. In 2009, the 3-minute long copy of the video was aired for the first time during a celebration in Teatro Roma of Avellaneda held to commemorate the 35th. Anniversary of the victory. Independiente legend Ricardo Bochini was the star guest attending the event. 1972–73 European Cup 1973 Copa Libertadores Juventus F. C. in international football competitions