The Beastie Boys were an American hip hop group from New York City formed in 1981. The group comprised Adam "MCA" Yauch and Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz; the Beastie Boys were formed as a four-piece hardcore punk band, the Young Aborigines, in 1979 by Mike D, MCA, John Berry and Kate Schellenbach. They appeared on the compilation cassette New York Thrash, contributing two songs from their first EP, Polly Wog Stew, in 1982. Berry was replaced by Horovitz. After achieving local success with the 1983 experimental hip hop single "Cooky Puss", the Beastie Boys made a full transition to hip hop, Schellenbach left the group soon after, they toured with Madonna in 1985 and a year released their debut album Licensed to Ill. It was followed by Paul's Boutique, Check Your Head, Ill Communication, Hello Nasty, To the 5 Boroughs, The Mix-Up, Hot Sauce Committee Part Two; the Beastie Boys have sold 26 million records in the United States and 50 million records worldwide, making them the biggest-selling rap group since Billboard began recording sales in 1991.
With seven platinum-selling albums from 1986 to 2004, the Beastie Boys were one of the longest-lived hip hop acts worldwide. In 2012, they became the third rap group to be inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame. In the same year, MCA died of cancer. In 2014, Mike D confirmed. Prior to forming the Beastie Boys, Michael Diamond was part of a number of bands such as the Walden Jazz Band, BAN, The Young Aborigines; the Beastie Boys formed in July 1981 when the Young Aborigines bassist Jeremy Shatan left New York City for the summer and the remaining members Michael Diamond, John Berry and Kate Schellenbach formed a new hardcore punk band with Adam Yauch called Beastie Boys. In an interview on The Tonight Show in October 2018, Mike D stated that the Beastie name is an acronym, it stands for "Boys Entering Anarchistic States Towards Inner Excellence". The band supported Bad Brains, the Dead Kennedys, the Misfits and Reagan Youth at venues such as CBGB, A7, Trudy Hellers Place and Max's Kansas City, playing at the latter venue on its closing night.
In November 1982, the Beastie Boys recorded the 7" EP Polly Wog Stew at 171A studios, an early recorded example of New York hardcore. On November 13, 1982, the Beastie Boys played Philip Pucci's birthday for the purposes of his short concert film of the Beastie Boys, Beastie. Pucci held the concert in Bard College's Preston Drama Dance Department Theatre; this performance marked the Beastie Boys' first on screen appearance in a published motion picture. Pucci's concept for Beastie was to distribute a mixture of both a half dozen 16 mm Bell & Howell Filmo cameras, 16 mm Bolex cameras to audience members and ask that they capture the Beastie Boys performance from the audience's own point of view while a master sync sound camera filmed from the balcony of the abandoned theater where the performance was held; the opening band for that performance was The Young and the Useless, which featured Adam Horovitz as the lead singer. A one-minute clip of Beastie was subsequently excerpted and licensed by the Beastie Boys for use in the "Egg Raid on Mojo" segment of the "Skills to Pay the Bills" long-form home video released by Capitol Records.
"Skills to Pay the Bills" went on to be certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. Berry left the group in 1982 and was replaced by Horovitz, who had become close friends with the Beastie Boys; as of that year, the Beastie Boys band made a full transition to hip hop, was composed of three young Americans of Jewish descent: "Mike D", "MCA", "Ad-Rock". The band recorded and performed its first hip hop track, "Cooky Puss", based on a prank call by the group to a Carvel Ice Cream franchise in 1983, it was a part of the new lineup's first EP called Cooky Puss, the first piece of work that showed their incorporation of the underground rap phenomenon and the use of samples. It became a hit in New York underground dance clubs and night clubs. "Beastie Revolution" was sampled for a British Airways commercial. The Beastie Boys sued them over the use of the song. Due to the success of "Cooky Puss", they began to incorporate rap into their sets, they ended up getting an NYU student named Rick Rubin.
Soon thereafter, Rubin began producing records. He formed Def Jam Recordings with fellow NY University student Russell Simmons, approached the band about producing them for his new label. Around the same time, the band made a more complete switch over from a punk rock outfit to a three-man rap trio with drummer Kate Schellenbach leaving the group and Diamond and Horovitz each adopting their own hip hop monikers—Mike D, MCA and Ad-Rock respectively, they released the 12-inch single "Rock Hard" in 1984, which would be the second record released by Def Jam crediting Rubin as producer. In 1985, the band opened for John Lydon's post-Sex Pistols band Public Image Ltd. as well as supporting Madonna on her North American The Virgin Tour. Headlining with Fishbone and Murphy's Law with DJ Hurricane and in the year, the group was on the Raising Hell tour with Run-DMC, Whodini, LL Cool J, the Timex Social Club. With their exposure on this tour, the track "Hold It Now, Hit It" charted on Billboard's US R&B and dance charts.
The track "She's on It" from the Krush Groove soundtrack continued in a rap/metal vein while a double A-side 12", "Paul Revere/
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Warner Media, LLC, doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate owned by AT&T and headquartered in New York City. It was formed in 1990 as Time Warner Inc. from the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications. The company has film, television and publishing operations, consists of the assets of the former Warner Communications, HBO, Turner Broadcasting System, its assets include Warner Bros. WarnerMedia Entertainment and WarnerMedia News & Sports, as well as a 10% ownership stake in Hulu. On October 22, 2016, AT&T announced an offer to acquire Time Warner for $108.7 billion. The proposed merger was confirmed on June 12, 2018, after AT&T won an antitrust lawsuit that the U. S. Justice Department filed in 2017 to attempt to block the acquisition; the merger closed two days with the company becoming a subsidiary of AT&T. Despite spinning off Time Inc. in 2014, the company retained the Time Warner name until AT&T's acquisition in 2018. The company's previous assets included Time Inc.
AOL, Time Warner Cable, Warner Books, Warner Music Group. The company ranked No. 98 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Time magazine, the first weekly news magazine in the United States, debuted in 1923. Four years in 1927, Warner Bros. released the world's first feature-length talking picture, The Jazz Singer. In 1963, recommendations from Time Inc. based on how it delivered magazines led to the introduction of ZIP codes by the United States Post Office. In 1972, Kinney National Company spun off its non-entertainment assets due to a financial scandal over its parking operations, renamed itself Warner Communications Inc, it was the holding company for Warner Bros. Pictures and Warner Music Group during the 1970s and 1980s, it owned DC Comics and Mad, as well as a majority stake in Garden State National Bank. Warner's initial divestiture efforts led by Garden State CEO Charles A. Agemian were blocked by Garden State board member William A. Conway in 1978.
In 1975, Home Box Office became the first TV network to broadcast nationally via satellite, debuting with the "Thrilla in Manila" boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier. In 1975, Warner expanded under the guidance of CEO Steve Ross, formed a joint venture with American Express, named Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, which held cable channels including MTV, The Movie Channel. Warner Bros. bought out American Express's half in 1984, sold the venture a year to Viacom, which renamed it MTV Networks. In 1976, the Turner–owned WTCG originated the "superstation" concept, transmitting via satellite to cable systems nationwide and pioneering the basic cable business model. WTCG was renamed WTBS in 1979. In 1976, Nolan Bushnell sold Inc. to Warner Communications for an estimated $2 -- 12 million. Warner made considerable profits with Atari, which it owned from 1976 to 1984. While part of Warner, Atari achieved its greatest success, selling millions of Atari 2600s and computers. At its peak, Atari accounted for a third of Warner's annual income, was the fastest-growing company in the history of the United States at the time.
In 1980, Warner purchased The Franklin Mint for about $225 million. The combination was short lived: Warner sold The Franklin Mint in 1985 to American Protection Industries Inc. for $167.5 million. However, Warner retained Franklin Mint's Eastern Mountain Sports as well as The Franklin Mint Center, which it leased back to API. In 1980, Turner launched CNN, the first 24-hour all-news network, redefining the way the world received breaking news. In January 1983, Warner expanded their interests to baseball. Under the direction of Caesar P. Kimmel, executive vice-president, bought 48 percent of the Pittsburgh Pirates for $10 million; the company put up its share for sale in November 1984 following losses of $6 million due to its failed attempt to launch a cable sports package. The team's majority owner, John W. Galbreath, soon followed suit after learning of Warner's actions. Both Galbreath and Warner sold the Pirates to local investors in March 1986. In 1984, due to major losses spurred by subsidiary Atari Inc.'s losses, Warner sold Atari Inc.'s Consumer Division assets to Jack Tramiel.
It kept the rest of the company and named it Atari Games reducing it to just the Coin Division. They sold Atari Games to Namco in 1985, repurchased it in 1992, renaming it Time Warner Interactive, until it was sold to Midway Games in 1996. In a long-expected deal, Warner Communications acquired Lorimar-Telepictures. Plans to merge Time Inc. and Warner Communications were made public on March 4, 1989. During the summer of that same year, Paramount Communications launched a $12.2 billion hostile bid to acquire Time, Inc. in an attempt to end a stock-swap merge
Showdown in Little Tokyo
Showdown in Little Tokyo is a 1991 American buddy cop-action film directed by Mark L. Lester starring Brandon Lee and Dolph Lundgren, it was Brandon Lee's first American film role. The film was released in the United States on August 23, 1991. Los Angeles cop Chris Kenner is an American, raised in Japan, he is given Johnny Murata, an American of partial Japanese descent. Kenner does not appreciate American culture. One thing they both enjoy are the martial arts; the two are assigned to L. A.'s Little Tokyo, where they break up some criminal activity in a Japanese restaurant, an arrest is made. While Kenner and Johnny are questioning the suspect, Kenner loses his temper and rips the suspect's shirt, the tattoos that Kenner sees on the suspect remind Kenner of when he was 9 years old, a time when he witnessed his parents being killed by a member of the Yakuza; the tattoos are the trademark of the Iron Claw Yakuza clan. However, before Kenner or Murata can get any information out of the suspect, he kills himself in the interrogation room by breaking his own neck.
On the other side of town, the leader of the Iron Claw, kills the owner of a popular downtown nightclub called the Bonsai Club by crushing the owner, Tanaka, in a car compactor. To celebrate "gaining" ownership of the Bonsai Club, Yoshida throws a party at his house with all of the club staff. One of the girls at the party, named Angel, is revealed to have warned Tanaka about Yoshida behind his back, this infuriates Yoshida. Yoshida questions Angel about her loyalty, she attempts to appease Yoshida by offering her body to him. Yoshida drugs Angel and strips off her clothes, fondles her from behind before beheading her; when the coroner runs an analysis on Angel's body, it is revealed that she was forced into ingesting a large amount of methamphetamines in her system which would have led to her death anyway. This discovery of drugs, together with the suspect having Yakuza tattoos, cause Kenner and Johnny to go to the Bonsai Club in search of information. There they meet lounge singer Minako Okeya, a good friend of Angel's.
Before they can get any useful information out of her, they are ambushed and taken to see the nightclub's owner and Kenner recognizes Yoshida as the man who killed his parents. Yoshida is now a drug manufacturer using a local brewery as his distribution center, he uses smaller gangs such as the Hells Angels and Sureños to peddle the drugs for him, in return for a percentage of the profit. Kenner and Johnny escape from the nightclub; that night, Yoshida rapes and kidnaps Minako and vows to kill Kenner. Kenner and Johnny set out for Yoshida's guarded home, where they rescue Minako, his pride wounded, Yoshida sends his men out to get Minako back. He has Kenner and Johnny stripped and tortured, but Kenner and Johnny manage to escape, leading to a protracted battle in which Kenner and Johnny emerge victorious. Dolph Lundgren as Sergeant Chris Kenner Brandon Lee as Detective Johnny Murata Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa as Funekei Yoshida Tia Carrere as Minako Okeya Toshirô Obata as Sato Philip Tan as Tanaka Rodney Kageyama as Eddie Ernie Lively as Detective Nelson James Taenaka as Hardboy Renee Griffin as Angel Reid Asato as Muto Takayo Fischer as Mama Yamaguchi Simon Rhee as Ito Vernee Watson-Johnson as Nonnie Russell - Coroner Professor Toru Tanaka as Yoshida's Bodyguard Lenny Imamura as Kickboxer #1 Roger Yuan as Kickboxer #2 Nathan Jung as Bonsai Club Manager Showdown in Little Tokyo is set and filmed in Los Angeles and Long Beach, California in 53 days, from January 14 to March 8, 1991.
Editor Michael Eliot was brought in by Warner Bros. for substantial re-editing to make the film faster after WB were unhappy with an early cut. He had performed the same job on Warner's other 1991 action film, Out for Justice. Scenes cut included a different introduction to Kenner, his former partner Yosuto, more of the Nelson character, played by Ernie Lively, more dramatic scenes between Lundgren and Lee and a scene after the opening gunfight at the underground boxing match where Kenner is chewed out by his superiors for all the mayhem he has caused. Kenner's training scene before final showdown was in the deleted 10 minutes longer opening. Theatrical trailer shows some extra shots from this scene. Stuart Baird, another editor who would re-edit original cuts of Warner Bros. movies when they were displeased with them was hired to re-edit Showdown in Little Tokyo, but he is uncredited in the movie. Director Mark L. Lester's final cut came in at 90 minutes, but Warners didn't like the film, cut it down to 79 minutes.
The movie faced negative reviews from critics. Vincent Canby of The New York Times described it as "violent, but spiritless." It holds a rating of 33% on Rotten Tomatoes from 9 reviews. Warner Bros. was not happy with the film and re-edited it, only to give it a limited theatrical run in the United States, Italy and Hungary. Except for these markets, the film was released direct-to-video in 1992. In the US opening weekend, the film grossed $455,192 from 140 theaters, an average of $3,251 per theater; this accounted for 20% of the film's total gross. It ranked #9 in Hungary's Top 10 of 1992 Overall Box Office Grosses, grossing $197,590 in Hungary. An earlier draft of the script by Steve Sharon had a more serious tone to it, less tongue in cheek, a different outline; the shooting script was 95 pages and included a longer opening scene, filmed, featuring Kenner's former Japanese partner Eddie Yosu
Daniel Arca "Dan" Inosanto is a Filipino-American martial arts instructor, best known as a training partner of Bruce Lee. Inosanto is an authority on Jeet Kune Do and Filipino Martial Arts including Eskrima and Pencak Silat. Dan Inosanto began training in martial arts at the age of 11 receiving instruction from his uncle who first taught him traditional Okinawan Karate and also Judo and Jujutsu, he was a student of Ed Parker, from. Inosanto is one of three people who have been appointed to teach at one of the three Jun Fan Gung Fu Institutes under Bruce Lee. Inosanto studied with different martial arts masters elsewhere in the United States, Southeast Asia, Europe, including Johnny Lacoste, Chai Sirisute. After Bruce Lee's death, Inosanto became the principal historian for Jeet Kune Do, he has had minor roles in a number of films, including Bruce Lee's uncompleted last film Game of Death. During this time period, he taught physical education at Malaga Cove Intermediate School in Palos Verdes Estates, California.
The film I Am Bruce Lee provided Inosanto an opportunity to reveal a little-known fact about the friendship the two men shared. Inosanto was teacher to Bruce Lee. Inosanto explained that he introduced the weapon to Lee, taught him the basics and some exercises to get him started on his weapons training; the Game of Death movie, one of the most recognizable of the Bruce Lee films, showcases the use of the nunchaku by Lee and Inosanto. He is featured as the Black Belt Magazine's 1996 "Man of the Year". Inosanto holds black belt level ranks in several martial arts, he is known for promoting the Filipino Martial Arts. He is responsible for bringing several obscure forms of the South East Asia Martial Arts into the public eye such as Silat, a hybrid combative form existing in such countries as Indonesia and the Philippines, he has acquired his black belt in the Machado family style of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. He trained Shoot wrestling under Yorinaga Nakamura, he is the vice-president of Lameco International, carrying on the Eskrima of the late Filipino martial artist Edgar Sulite.
Inosanto teaches The Art and Philosophy of Jeet Kune Do, Filipino Martial Arts, Shoot wrestling, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Muay Thai, mixed martial arts and other arts at his Marina del Rey, California school, the Inosanto Academy of Martial Arts. Dan Inosanto's notable students include Diana Lee Inosanto: daughter, stuntwoman and producer Brandon Lee: deceased son of the late Bruce Lee Ron Balicki: stuntman, actor and son-in-law of Dan Inosanto Chai Sirisute: founder of the Thai Boxing Association of the USA Richard Bustillo: martial arts instructor and founder of the IMB Academy in Torrance, CA Denzel Washington: Academy Award-winning actor, producer Edgar Sulite: founder and creator of Lameco Eskrima Burton Richardson: One of the Original Dog Brothers and founder of JKD Unlimited Jeff Imada: stuntman, fight choreographer Forest Whitaker: Academy Award-winning actor, director, writer Nathan Jung: actor, stuntman known for his height cast in "heavy" roles Erik Paulson: Shooto champion, trainer to UFC fighters and founder of Combat Submission Wrestling Graciela Casillas-Tortorelli Ernest Emerson Martial artist and custom knife manufacturer.
Ricky Nelson Ryan Gruhn: MMA Coach, Dog Brother, BJJ Black Belt. Jerry Poteet Yorinaga Nakamura: Shoot Wrestler Anderson Silva: MMA fighter "Filipino Martial Arts as Taught by Dan Inosanto" by Dan Inosanto ISBN 0-938676-01-6 "Absorb What Is Useful" by Dan Inosanto ISBN 0-938676-03-2 "Jeet kune do" by Salem Assli and Dan Inosanto ISBN 2-7027-0693-2 "Guide to Martial Arts Training With Equipment" by Dan Inosanto ISBN 0-938676-02-4 "Jeet Kune Do: The Art & Philosophy of Bruce Lee" by Dan Inosanto ISBN 0-938676-00-8 "Jeet Kune Do: Conditioning and Grappling Methods" Intro by Dan Inosanto ISBN 0-9531766-5-7 Full filmography for Dan Inosanto on IMDb Redbelt.... Joao Moro Big Stan.... Knife fighting Cook Brazilian Brawl.... Ruben Out for Justice.... Sticks Big Trouble in Little China Sharky's Machine.... Chin No. 1 Long de ying zi Skirmish The Chinese Stuntman Game of Death... The Killer Elite The Game of Death.... The Green Hornet I Am Bruce Lee Fight Science Modern Warriors Bruce Lee: The Immortal Dragon Bruce Lee in G.
O. D.: Shibôteki yûgi Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey Famous Families The Path of the Dragon E! True Hollywood Story Curse of the Dragon Bruce Lee, the Legend The Warrior Within Life and Legend of Bruce Lee Escape from L. A; the Green Hornet Kelly, Perry. Dan Inosanto: The Man, The Teacher, The Artist. Paladin Press. ISBN 978-1-58160-079-7. Balicki, Ron. Gold, Steven. Jeet Kune Do: The Principles of a Complete Fighter, HNL Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9531766-3-2 Seaman, Jun Fan Gung Fu Seeking The Path Of Jeet Kune Do, S.l.: Health'N' Life, ISBN 0-9531766-2-2 Inosanto Academy Muay Thai Dan Inosanto on IMDb Success Principles of Dan Inosanto
Steven Frederic Seagal is an American actor, screenwriter, martial artist, musician who holds American and Russian citizenship. Seagal was born in Michigan. A 7th-dan black belt in aikido, he began his adult life as a martial arts instructor in Japan, becoming the first foreigner to operate an aikido dojo in the country, he moved to Los Angeles, where he had the same profession. In 1988, Seagal made his acting debut in Above the Law. By 1991, he had starred in four successful films. In 1992, he played Navy SEAL counter-terrorist expert Casey Ryback in Under Siege. During the latter half of the 1990s, Seagal starred in three more feature films and the direct-to-video film The Patriot. Subsequently, his career shifted to direct-to-video productions, he has since appeared in films and reality shows, including Steven Seagal: Lawman, which depicted Seagal performing his duties as a reserve deputy sheriff. Seagal is a guitarist and has released two studio albums, Songs from the Crystal Cave and Mojo Priest, performed on the scores of several of his films.
He has worked with Stevie Tony Rebel, who both performed on his debut album. He has been involved in a line of "therapeutic oil" products and energy drinks. In addition, Seagal is a known environmentalist, animal rights activist, supporter of 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, he is known for his outspoken political views and support of Vladimir Putin, to whom he once referred as "one of the great living world leaders". He was granted Russian citizenship in 2016. In 2018, he was appointed Russia's special envoy to the U. S. From 1996 to 2018, multiple women accused Seagal of sexual assault. Steven Frederic Seagal was born in Lansing, Michigan, on April 10, 1952, the son of medical technician Patricia and high school mathematics teacher Samuel Seagal, his mother was of Dutch and German descent, while his father was the son of Russian Jews who had relocated to the U. S, he is said to have Mongol heritage. When he was five years old, he moved with his parents to California, his mother told People magazine that, prior to the move, Seagal was frail and suffered from asthma: "He was a puny kid back then.
But he thrived after the move." Seagal attended Buena Park High School in Buena Park and Fullerton College between 1970 and 1971. As a teen, he spent much time in his garage listening to loud rock music. However, it was while working with a friendly old Japanese man at a dojo in Garden Grove that he was encouraged to visit Japan. Seagal moved to Japan at some point between 1971 and 1973. By 1974 he had returned to California; that year he met Miyako Fujitani, a second-degree black belt and daughter of an Osaka aikido master who had come to Los Angeles to teach aikido. When Miyako returned to Osaka, Seagal went with her; the following year they married and had a son, a daughter, Ayako. He taught at the school owned by Miyako's family; as of 1990, Miyako and her brother still taught there, her mother was the chairwoman. Seagal returned to Taos, New Mexico, with his student Craig Dunn, where they opened a dojo, although Seagal spent much of his time pursuing other ventures. After another period in Japan, Seagal returned to the U.
S. in 1983 with senior student Haruo Matsuoka. They opened an aikido dojo in North Hollywood, but moved it to the city of West Hollywood. Seagal left Matsuoka in charge of the dojo, which the latter ran until the two parted ways in 1997. Seagal helped train Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist Lyoto Machida, who credited Seagal for helping him perfect the front kick that he used to knock out Randy Couture at UFC 129 in May 2011. In 1987, Seagal began work on his first film, Above the Law, with director Andrew Davis. Following its success, Seagal's subsequent movies were Hard to Kill, Marked for Death, Out for Justice, he achieved wider, mainstream success in 1992 with the release of Under Siege, which reunited Seagal with director Andrew Davis. Seagal hosted the April 20, 1991 episode of the late night variety show Saturday Night Live, which aired as the 18th episode of the 16th season. Cast member David Spade regarded Seagal as the show's worst host during Spade's time there. Spade and co-star Tim Meadows cite Seagal's humorlessness, his ill-treatment of the show's cast and writers, his refusal to do a "Hans and Franz" sketch because that skit's title characters stated that they could beat up Seagal.
Seagal was never invited back to the show following that episode. Meadows commented, "He didn't realize that you can't tell somebody they're stupid on Wednesday and expect them to continue writing for you on Saturday." The cast and crew's difficulties with Seagal were echoed on-air by producer Lorne Michaels during guest host Nicolas Cage's monologue in the September 26, 1992 Season 18 premiere. When Cage worried that he would do so poorly that the audience would regard him as "the biggest jerk who's been on the show", Michaels replied, "No, no; that would be Steven Seagal."Seagal directed and starred in On Deadly Ground, featuring Michael Caine, R. Lee Ermey, Billy Bob Thornton in minor supporting roles; the film emphasized environmental and spiritual themes, signaling a break with his previous persona as a genre-ready inner-city cop. On Deadly Ground was poorly received by critics denouncing Seagal's long environmental speech in the film. Regardless, Seagal considers it one of the most relevant moments in his career.
Deadly Friend is a 1986 American science fiction horror film directed by Wes Craven. It is based on the 1985 novel Friend by Diana Henstell, adapted for the screen by Bruce Joel Rubin; the film was a sci-fi thriller without any graphic scenes, with a bigger focus on plot and character development and a dark love story centering around the two main characters, which were not typical aspects of Craven's previous films. After Craven's original cut was shown to a test audience by Warner Bros. the audience criticized the lack of graphic, bloody violence and gore that Craven's other films included. Warner Bros. executive vice president Mark Canton and the film's producers demanded script re-writes and re-shoots, which included filming gorier death scenes and nightmare sequences, similar to the ones from Craven's previous film, A Nightmare on Elm Street. Due to studio imposed re-shoots and re-editing, the film was drastically altered in post-production, losing much of the original plot and more scenes between characters, while other scenes, including more grisly deaths and a new ending, were added.
In April 2014, an online petition for the release of the original cut was made. Teenage science genius Paul Conway and his single mother Jeannie move into their new house in the town of Welling, he soon becomes friends with newspaper delivery boy Tom Toomey. Living next door to Paul is her abusive, alcoholic father Harry. Paul built a robot named BB, which displays autonomous behavior, such as being protective of Paul. Paul, BB meet Paul's professor, Dr. Johanson, at Polytech, a prestigious university Paul has a scholarship at. Dr. Johanson gives them a tour of the new laboratory. While Tom helps Paul teach BB how to deliver newspapers, they stop at the house of reclusive harridan Elvira Parker, who threatens the boys with a double-barreled shotgun and expresses instant dislike for BB. Walking away, the three encounter a motorcycle gang led by bully Carl; when Carl intimidates Paul by pushing him into garbage, BB assaults him by grabbing his crotch and squeezing his testicles. The gang rides away with Carl vowing revenge.
Paul, Tom, BB begin to develop a close friendship, much to Harry's annoyance. One day, while playing basketball, BB accidentally tosses the ball onto Elvira's porch, she stomps out of her house and takes the ball, refusing to give it back, with BB taking note of Elvira's hostile attitude. On Halloween night, Samantha asks for ice. Samantha goes out with Paul, BB. Tom decides to pull a prank on Elvira. BB unlocks her gate and Samantha rings her doorbell; when alarms go off, they hide in a shrubbery nearby. When Elvira sees BB standing near her porch, she shoots him with her shotgun without hesitation, destroying him. Paul is devastated by the loss of his robotic friend. On Thanksgiving Day, Samantha joins Jeannie for dinner. Afterwards and Samantha share their first kiss. Samantha returns home late at night, he pushes her down the stairs. At Polytech's hospital, Paul learns that Samantha is now brain-dead and will be on life support for 24 hours, after which the plug will be pulled; as BB's microchip can interface with the human brain, Paul decides to use it to revive Samantha.
The boys enter the hospital using the key taken from Tom's father, who works as a security guard there. After Tom deactivates the power from the basement, Paul takes Samantha to his lab, he inserts the microchip into Samantha's brain and takes her back to his house, hiding her in the shed. After he activates the microchip, Samantha "wakes up", but her mannerisms are mechanical, suggesting BB is in control of her body; the police inform Harry that her body has disappeared. In the middle of the night, Paul finds Samantha staring at the window, looking at her father, he deactivates the microchip; the next morning, Paul finds Samantha gone. He searches for her in the street to no avail. Samantha goes back down the cellar; when Harry finds the cellar door open and goes downstairs, she attacks him, breaks his wrist and snaps his neck. Paul finds Samantha, Harry's corpse, in the cellar. Horrified, he takes Samantha back to his home and locks her in his bedroom. At night, Samantha breaks into Elvira's house and attacks her by throwing her to the wall of her living room.
As Elvira screams in horror, Samantha kills her by throwing the basketball she stole from Tom at her head with extreme strength, causing her head to explode. Elvira's headless corpse staggers around the living room until it collapses; when Tom learns of Samantha's rampage, he and Paul get into a fight. Tom threatens to end this once and for all. Still being protective of Paul, Samantha jumps out the attic window and attacks Tom, with Paul and Jeannie intervening. Trying to get her under control, Paul slaps Samantha. Samantha coming to her senses lets him go and runs away; as Paul goes after her, he again encounters Carl. Samantha goes back for Paul, grabs Carl and throws him at an incoming police car, killing him on impact, she runs back to Paul's shed, where Paul comforts her and realizes she's regaining some of her humanity. However, the police arrive with their weapons pointed at Samantha, who yells out Paul's name in her human voice, she runs towards him, trying to protect him, with Sergeant Volchek thinking she's trying