An outboard motor is a propulsion system for boats, consisting of a self-contained unit that includes engine and propeller or jet drive, designed to be affixed to the outside of the transom. They are the most common motorized method of propelling small watercraft; as well as providing propulsion, outboards provide steering control, as they are designed to pivot over their mountings and thus control the direction of thrust. The skeg acts as a rudder when the engine is not running. Unlike inboard motors, outboard motors can be removed for storage or repairs. In order to eliminate the chances of hitting bottom with an outboard motor, the motor can be tilted up to an elevated position either electronically or manually; this helps when traveling through shallow waters where there may be debris that could damage the motor as well as the propeller. If the electric motor required to move the pistons which raise or lower the engine is malfunctioning, every outboard motor is equipped with a manual piston release which will allow the operator to drop the motor down to its lowest setting.
Large outboards are either tiller steer up to approx 100hp. 100hp plus is linked to controls at the helm. These range from 2-, 3-, 4-cylinder models generating 15 to 135 horsepower suitable for hulls up to 17 feet in length to powerful V6 and V8 cylinder blocks rated up to 627 hp. with sufficient power to be used on boats of 37 feet or longer. Small outboard motors, up to 15 horsepower or so are portable, they are affixed to the boat via clamps and thus moved from boat to boat. These motors use a manual start system, with throttle and gearshift controls mounted on the body of the motor, a tiller for steering; the smallest of these weigh as little as 12 kilograms, have integral fuel tanks, provide sufficient power to move a small dinghy at around 8 knots This type of motor is used: to power small craft such as jon boats, canoes, etc. to provide auxiliary power for sailboats for trolling aboard larger craft, as small outboards are more efficient at trolling speeds. In this application, the motor is installed on the transom alongside and connected to the primary outboard to enable helm steering.
In addition many small motor manufacturers have begun offering variants with power trim/tilt and electric starting functions so that they may be controlled remotely. Electric outboard motors are self-contained propulsory units for boats, first invented in 1973 by Morton Ray of Ray Electric Outboards; these are not to be confused with trolling motors, which are not designed as a primary source of power. Most electric outboard motors have 0.5 to 4 kW direct current electric motors, operated at 12 to 60 volts DC. Developed outboard motors are powered with an alternating current or DC electric motor in the power head like a conventional petrol engine. With this setup, a motor can produce 10 kW output or more and is able to replace a petrol engine of 15 HP or more; the advantage of the induction or asynchronous motor is the power transfer to the rotor by means of electromagnetic induction. As these engines do not use permanent magnets, they require less maintenance and develop more torque at lower RPM.
Pump-jet propulsion is available as an option on most outboard motors. Although less efficient than an open propeller, they are useful in applications where the ability to operate in shallow water is important, they eliminate the laceration dangers of an open propeller. Propane outboard motors are available from several manufacturers; these products have several advantages such as lower emissions, absence of ethanol-related issues, no need for choke once the system is pressurized. The first known outboard motor was a small 5 kilogram electric unit designed around 1870 by Gustave Trouvé, patented in May 1880. About 25 petrol powered outboards may have been produced in 1896 by American Motors Co—but neither of these two pioneering efforts appear to have had much impact; the Waterman outboard engine appears to be the first gasoline-powered outboard offered for sale in significant numbers. Developed by Cameron Waterman, a young Yale Engineering student, it was developed from 1903, with a patent application filed in 1905 Starting in 1906, the company went on to make thousands of his "Porto-Motor" units, claiming 25,000 sales by 1914.
The inboard boat motor firm of Caille Motor Company of Detroit were instrumental in making the cylinder and engines. The most successful early outboard motor, was created by Norwegian-American inventor Ole Evinrude in 1909. Between 1909 and 1912, Evinrude made thousands of his outboards and the three horse units were sold around the world, his Evinrude Outboard Co. was spun off to other owners, he went on to success after starting the ELTO company to produce a two-cylinder motor - ELTO stood for Evinrude Light Twin Outboard. The 1920s were the first high-water mark for the outboard with Evinrude, Johnson, ELTO, Atwater Lockwood and dozens of other makers in the field. A majority of outboards have been two-stroke powerheads fitted with a carburetor due to the design's inherent simplicity, low cost and light weight. Drawbacks include increased pollution, due to the high volume of unburned gasoline and oil in their exhaust, louder noise. Although four stroke outboards have been sold since the late 1920s Roness and Sharland, in 1962 Homelite introduced a commercially viable four cycle outboard a 55-horsepower motor, based on the 4 cylinder Crosley automobile engine.
This was called the Bearcat and was purchased by Fischer-Pierce, the makers of Boston Whal
John Barrard was a British character actor who had a career spanning five decades and, best known for playing Dooley, Santa's No. 2, in Santa Claus: The Movie. Barrard's television appearances included the Concierge in The Count of Monte Cristo, Gatekeeper in an episode of Armchair Theatre, George in The Larkins, Napoleon in The Army Game, Carlos the Pedlar in The Saint, Mr Craddock in Crossroads, the Shopkeeper in the Doctor Who story The Reign of Terror and two roles in Coronation Street. Before these roles he appeared in the Coronation Street spin-off Pardon the Expression. Other appearances included Ludo McAllister in Dr. Finlay's Casebook, Sid Seaton in Softly, Arnold Maddox in The Troubleshooters, Harris in Public Eye, Valarti in The Avengers, Sir Bruce Ingoe in Callan, King of Diamonds in Here Come the Double Deckers, Mr Whitfield in Doctor at Large, Shop Assistant in Budgie and Mr Forbes/Mr Finch in The Fenn Street Gang. Further television credits included Gem Setter in The Protectors, Pilkington in Follyfoot, Lionel in The Growing Pains of PC Penrose, Chauffeur in The Sweeney, Mr Oliver in Survivors Judge Lambsfoot in Dick Turpin, Scruffy Man in The Professionals, Dr Losborne in Oliver Twist, Jonathon Hopper in Whoops Apocalypse, Mr Barraclough/Executive in Metal Mickey, Lapsley/Josie's Dad in Last of the Summer Wine, Mr Adam in The Witches and the Grinnygog, the Retired Morris Dancer in The Black Seal episode of The Black Adder, Guido in Ellis Island, Old Mr Brooks in We'll Think of Something, Arkroyd in Never the Twain, Bernie in Terry and June, Oskar Friedman in War and Remembrance, Harold Wharton in an early episode of the sitcom One Foot in the Grave, Anatole in Jeeves and Wooster, Mr Pebbles in Sean's Show, Baths Attendant in Minder, a houseowner in an episode of Keeping Up Appearances, Norman Spencer/Mr Jeffries in The Bill, Stamp Collector in Mr. Bean Security Guard in As Time Goes By and Mr Taylor in Doctors.
His film roles included the Taxidermist in The Man Who Knew Too Much, Lennie Ross in Cover Girl Killer, Small Man in Peeping Tom, There Was a Crooked Man, Honeydew in The Primitives, Consul in We Joined the Navy, Zebra Man in Don't Raise the Bridge, Lower the River, Wedding Guest in Crossplot, Patron in Our Miss Fred, Blind Man in Tales from the Crypt, Benjamite Elder in King David, Dooley in Santa Claus: The Movie, Walter in Buster and Old Man in Swinging with the Finkels. Theatre appearances included The Tenth Man at the Comedy Theatre. Barrard was the Chairman of the North West London branch of the actors' union Equity, he was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium on 17 October 2013 and his ashes were interred at the Golders Green Jewish Cemetery in May 2014. John Barrard on The New York Times website John Barrard on aveleyman.com
Sangre Nueva is a compilation album by Héctor el Father and reggaeton producer Naldo. Its purpose is to introduce new artists from the reggaeton genre to the audience, it presents the new generation of reggaeton. It was created to respond to the tidal wave of worldwide interest in reggaeton; the album is one of the most popular reggaeton albums released. Sangre Nueva featured a host of guest artists and marked the beginning of many future reggaeton stars, such as Arcángel & De La Ghetto, Franco "El Gorilla", Gadiel and Dandyel. Sangre Nueva was released on April 25, 2006. Disc one"Intro" – 4:50 "A Romper La Disco" – 2:48 "Déjale Caer To' El Peso" – 4:10 "Restralla" – 2:52 "Se La Monté" – 2:54 "Gata Psycho" – 2:51 "Bailando Sola" – 3:33 "Ven Pégate" – 3:55 "Guerrilla" – 3:06 "Nueva Sangre" – 3:14 "5 Minutos" – 3:17 "Tigresa" – 2:34 "La Cola" – 2:45 "Pa' Que Sudes" – 2:29 "Sedúceme" – 7:32Disc two"Intro" – 5:23 "Uaaa" – 2:23 "Activaó" – 2:51 "Cuando Bailes" – 2:53 "How You Feel" – 3:03 "Rómpela" – 2:31 "Descontrólate" – 3:27 "Mil Envidiosos" – 2:58 "Pégala" – 2:12 "La Carretilla" – 2:18 "Tengo Control" – 3:23 "Quiero" – 2:47 "Slow Down" – 3:19 "Me Huele a Guerra" – 3:45 "Sacala" – Wisin & Yandel, Naldo, Héctor el Father, Don Omar, Daddy Yankee, Tego Calderón, Zion "Déjale Caer To' El Peso" – Yomo featuring Hector "Bailando Sola" – Kartier "Uaa" – Ariel featuring Notty "Pa' Que Sudes" – K-Mill "Gata Psycho" – Wibal & Alex "No Quiere Novio" – Ñejo "Que Se Retire" – Naldo "Yo Sigo Aqui" – Naldo featuring Hector "Voy" – Naldo "Yo Sigo Aqui" – Naldo featuring Hector