Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands located in the eastern part of the country. The province's name translates to "across the IJssel", from the perspective of the Episcopal principality of Utrecht by which it was held until 1528; the capital city of Overijssel is Zwolle and the largest city is Enschede. The province had a population of 1,162,215 as of November 2019. Overijssel is bordered by Germany to the east, the Achterhoek region of Gelderland to the south, the Veluwe region of Gelderland and Flevoland to the west, Friesland and the former moors of Drenthe to the north. Overijssel comprises three regions: Kop van Overijssel in the northwest, Salland in the centre of the province, Twente in the east. Besides the capital Zwolle, other major cities are Almelo, Deventer and Hengelo. To the southeast, the province's surface is sandy, interspersed with small rivers such as the Regge and Dinkel and other brooks. In the northwest, the geology is dominated by sediments from clay; the northern parts were once covered by veen which separated the dryer and more arable south from Drenthe and which have been exploited as fuel to a large degree.
Only small patches survive today (Engbertsdijksvenen near Geesteren and the Aamsveen. The extreme northwest is dominated by a system of lakes formed by former peat-mining and protected under the De Weerribben-Wieden National Park status, a valuable wetland; the highest point in Overijssel is the summit of the Tankenberg, a hill in the municipality of Losser, at 85 metres. The lowest point is in the Mastenbroek Polder near Kampen at 2 metres below sea level. Overijssel enjoys an oceanic climate. However, winters tend to be more severe than the rest of the Netherlands, because of its distance from the coast. Overijssel was known as Oversticht and included most of the modern-day province of Drenthe. In 1336, it was made part of Guelders, though it was ceded to the Bishopric of Utrecht in 1347; the Bishops ceded the Oversticht to the Emperor Charles V in 1528, who styled himself Lord of Overijssel, after the Latin name of Oversticht, known since 1233: Transysla or Transisalania, or Over-IJssel, i.e. the other side of the river IJssel.
The people joined with the other Dutch and rebelled against Charles' heir Philip II. Overijssel became governed by the most powerful mayors and lords in the province, including by the luitenant-governor Nicolaas Schmelzing. After a brief occupation by the forces of the Bishop of Münster, Overijssel received a new form of government which granted the stadtholders more power. Widespread resistance against the increased power throughout the provinces led to the formation of the Batavian Republic in 1795. A centralist government arose and the Netherlands was organised into a series of départements, based on those used by revolutionary France. At first organised into its own département, it was merged with Drenthe in 1798 to form Ouden IJssel, renamed Overijssel in 1801; the French annexed the Batavian Republic in 1810, Overijssel was organised into the new French département of Bouches-de-l'Yssel. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1814, the kingdom of the Netherlands and the former province of Overijssel were recreated.
Overijssel was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II from May 1940 until its liberation in April 1945. The Noordoostpolder, a reclaimed territory, laid dry in 1942, was part of Overijssel from 1962 until 1986, when it became part of the newly created province of Flevoland; the King's Commissioner of Overijssel is a vacant position as previous title holder Ank Bijleveld was appointed to be Minister of defence on 26 October 2017. The King's Commissioner is the chairman of the Provincial-Executive and the States-Provincial of the province. There are three main motorways in Overijssel, the A1, A28, the A35; the A32 runs through the province, but just for a few kilometers near Steenwijk. The main railway station in Overijssel is the Zwolle railway station, located in the city of Zwolle which serves as hub between the northern provinces and the rest of The Netherlands; the main airport in Overijssel is the Enschede Airport Twente, located outside of Enschede. The airport does not offer any international flights, though it has historically.
Taijun Takeda was a Japanese novelist active as one of the first post-war generation writers, a noted influencer on Chinese literature. His Dharma name was. Takeda was the second son of a Buddhist priest of the Pure Land Sect, was raised in a temple, he developed an early interest in both Chinese literature and left-wing politics and, on graduating from high school, he chose to major in Sinology at Tokyo University in 1931. He did not complete his degree, for he withdrew from the university after being arrested for distributing leaflets critical of imperialism, which cost him a month’s imprisonment. However, it was there; this Outcast Generation and Luminous Moss, translated by Yusaburo Shibuya and Sanford Goldstein, Tuttle Books Tokyo 1967. ISBN 978-0-80480-576-6 "The Misshapen Ones", translated by Edward G. Seidensticker, in ISBN 978-0-23113-804-8
The Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park consists of several buildings in Atlanta, including Martin Luther King Jr.'s boyhood home and the original Ebenezer Baptist Church, the church where King was baptized and both his father Martin Luther King Sr. and he were pastors. These places, critical to the interpretation of the life of Martin Luther King Jr. and his legacy as a leader of the American Civil Rights Movement, were included in the former national historic site established on October 10, 1980. The site was redesignated as a national historical park through a bipartisan bill long championed by John Lewis and signed on January 8, 2018, by President Donald Trump. In total, the buildings included in the site make up 35 acres; the visitor center contains a museum that chronicles the American Civil Rights Movement and the path of Martin Luther King Jr. An 1894 firehouse served the Sweet Auburn community until 1991, now contains a gift shop and an exhibit on desegregation in the Atlanta Fire Department.
The "I Have a Dream" International World Peace Rose Garden, a memorial tribute to Mohandas K. Gandhi are part of the site, as is the "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" which commemorates some of the courageous pioneers who worked for social justice. Annual events celebrating Martin Luther King Jr. Day in January draw large crowds. Speakers have included Presidents of the United States and local politicians, civil rights leaders. Remembrances are held during Black History Month, on the anniversary of King's April 4, 1968, assassination in Memphis, Tennessee; the Martin Luther King Jr. Historic District, an area bounded by Irwin, Edgewood and Auburn avenues, was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places on May 2, 1974; the district included Ebenezer Baptist Church, King's grave site and memorial, Dr. King's birthplace, shotgun row houses, Victorian houses, the Alexander Hamilton House, the Atlanta Baptist Preparatory Institute site, Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Colored Mission, Fire Station No.
6, the Triangle Building at the intersection of Old Wheat Street and Auburn Avenue. Much of the area was designated as a national historic landmark district on May 5, 1977; the Trust for Public Land purchased 5 single-family homes along Auburn Avenue in the late 1970s, the same block Martin Luther King Jr. grew up on. The Trust for Public Land purchased more than a dozen properties over the next 20 years to create a parking lot as well as a pedestrian greenway to link the King district to the Jimmy Carter Presidential Center. In 2008, The Trust for Public Land acquired one of the remaining historic properties in the neighborhood, on the corner of Auburn Avenue. By U. S. Congressional legislation, the site with associated buildings and gardens was authorized as a national historic site on October 10, 1980. A 22.4-acre area including 35 contributing properties was covered, including 22 included in the NRHP historic district. The area covered in the NRHP designation was enlarged on June 12, 2001. In 2018 it was redesignated as a national historical park, adding Prince Hall Masonic Temple to the protected area.
The King Birth Home is located at 501 Auburn Avenue in the Sweet Auburn historic district. Built in 1895, it sits about a block east of Ebenezer Baptist Church. King's maternal grandparents, Reverend Adam Daniel Williams, pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church, his wife, Jennie Williams, bought the house for $3,500 in 1909. In 1926, when King's father married Alberta Williams, the couple moved into the house, where King Jr. was born in 1929. The King family lived in the house until 1941, it was converted into a two-family dwelling. The Rev. A. D. Williams King, Dr. King's brother, lived on the second floor in the 1950s and early 1960s; the first level includes the front porch, study, dining room, laundry, bedroom and a bathroom. The second level includes a bathroom; the visitor center offers free tours of the house led by National Park Service rangers, but with limited availability. In 1968, after King's death, Coretta Scott King founded the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change.
Since 1981 the Center has been housed in a building, part of the King complex located on Auburn Avenue adjacent to Ebenezer Baptist Church. In 1977, a memorial tomb was dedicated to King, his remains were moved on a plaza between the center and the church. King's gravesite and a reflecting pool are located next to Freedom Hall. After her death, Mrs. King was interred with her husband on February 7, 2006. An eternal flame is located nearby. Freedom Hall at 449 Auburn Avenue features exhibits about Dr. and Mrs. King, Mahatma Gandhi and American activist Rosa Parks, it hosts special programs associated with civil rights and social justice. It contains a Grand Foyer, large theater/conference auditorium and resource center, various works of art from across the globe; the Grand Foyer features art from Georgia. The paneling lining the staircase is from the sapeli tree; as of 2006, the King Center is a owned inholding within the authorized boundaries of the park. The King family has debated among themselves as to whether they should sell it to the National Park Service to ensure preservation.
The visitor center at 449 Auburn Avenue was built in 1996 and features the multimedia exhibit Courage To Lead, which follows the parallel paths of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement. Visitors can walk down a stylized "Freedom Road"; the Children of Courage exhibit, geared towards children, tells the story of the childr
Chris "Frenchie" Smith, is a Grammy-nominated American record producer, rock'n' roll musician, songwriter. Smith first began as a guitar player in the Austin noise-pop band Sixteen Deluxe in 1994; the band signed with Warner Bros in 1996. After Sixteen Deluxe disbanded in 2000, Smith formed Young Heart Attack in 2001 with Steven Hall and Joey Shuffield from Fastball. Young Heart Attack signed with XL Recordings in 2003 and released their debut album Mouthful of Love in 2004; the band did several high-profile tours with Motörhead, The Darkness, Peaches. Production took more of Smith's focus as time went on and he co-owns The Bubble Recording studio in Austin, Texas. Smith has produced records for many well-known acts including... And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead, Meat Puppets, The Toadies, Gregg Rolie, The Answer, Built to Spill and Graveltooth. In 2007, Smith was nominated for a Grammy for his work on the Lost Bayou Ramblers' Live A La Blue Moon album. Smith was chosen to speak at the 2009 SXSW Producer Panel convention with other well known record producers.
Graveltooth Paceshifters Ruby and the Reckless Jane Ellen Bryant... And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead The Matters The Answer Gregg Rolie The Darkness The Dandy Warhols The Dead Love Slow Caves Edison Steve Hackett-"Genesis revisited" The Silent Comedy Slayer Purple Helios Creed Jet The Dandies The Datsuns Fastball Speak IV Thieves Lost Bayou Ramblers Meat Puppets Ringo Deathstarr Scorpion Child Burning Avalanche Black Bone Child Smog Follow That Bird Smoke And Feathers Sause The Boxing Lesson The Steps The Hi-Tones Young Heart Attack Teen Cool The Materialistics The Urgencies Lions Black Forest Fire The Steps Death Letters Residual Kid Ume TheArt The Docs Flemish Giant Pink Noise The Front Bottoms Black Light White Light The Dead Love Very Ultra Wild Child Worlds End Producer Management Frenchie Smith Records The Bubble - Recording & Mastering Studio - Austin, TX
Appreciative inquiry is a model that seeks to engage stakeholders in self-determined change. According to Bushe "AI revolutionized the field of organization development and was a precursor to the rise of positive organization studies and the strengths based movement in American management." It was developed at Case Western Reserve University's department of organizational behavior, starting with a 1987 article by David Cooperrider and Suresh Srivastva. They felt that the overuse of "problem solving" hampered any kind of social improvement, what was needed were new methods of inquiry that would help generate new ideas and models for how to organize. Cooperrider and Srivastva took a social constructionist approach, arguing that organizations are created and changed by conversations, claiming that methods of organizing were only limited by people's imaginations and the agreements among them. In 2001, Cooperrider and Diana Whitney published an article outlining the five principles of AI. In 1996, Cooperrider and several of their colleagues became centrally involved using AI to mid-wife the creation of the United Religions Initiative, a global organization dedicated to promoting grassroots interfaith cooperation for peace and healing.
This early partnership between URI and AI is chronicled in Birth of a Global Community: Appreciative Inquiry in Action by Charles Gibbs and Sally Mahé. AI was used in the first and subsequent meetings of business leaders that created the UN's Global Compact. In another of the early applications and Whitney taught AI to employees of GTE resulting in improvements in employees' support for GTE's business direction and as a part of continuous process improvement generated both improvements in revenue collection and cost savings earning GTE an ASTD award for the best organisational change program in the US in 1997."On May 8, 2010, Suresh Srivastva died. Gervase Bushe, a researcher on the topic, published a 2011 review of the model, including its processes and evidence, he published a history of the model in 2012. According to Bushe, AI "advocates collective inquiry into the best of what is, in order to imagine what could be, followed by collective design of a desired future state, compelling and thus, does not require the use of incentives, coercion or persuasion for planned change to occur."The model is based on the assumption that the questions we ask will tend to focus our attention in a particular direction, that organizations evolve in the direction of the questions they most persistently and passionately ask.
In the mid 80's most methods of assessing and evaluating a situation and proposing solutions were based on a deficiency model, predominantly asking questions such as "What are the problems?", "What's wrong?" or "What needs to be fixed?". Instead of asking "What's the problem?", others couched the question in terms of "challenges", which still focused on deficiency, on what needs to be fixed or solved. Appreciative Inquiry was the first serious managerial method to refocus attention on what works, the positive core, on what people care about. Today, these ways of approaching organizational change are commonThe five principles of AI are: The constructionist principle proposes that what we believe to be true determines what we do, thought and action emerge from relationships. Through the language and discourse of day to day interactions, people co-construct the organizations they inhabit; the purpose of inquiry is to stimulate new ideas and images that generate new possibilities for action. The principle of simultaneity proposes that as we inquire into human systems we change them and the seeds of change, the things people think and talk about, what they discover and learn, are implicit in the first questions asked.
Questions are never neutral, they are fateful, social systems move in the direction of the questions they most persistently and passionately discuss. The poetic principle proposes that organizational life is expressed in the stories people tell each other every day, the story of the organization is being co-authored; the words and topics chosen for inquiry have an impact far beyond just the words themselves. They invoke sentiments and worlds of meaning. In all phases of the inquiry effort is put into using words that point to, enliven and inspire the best in people; the anticipatory principle posits. Human systems are forever projecting ahead of themselves a horizon of expectation that brings the future powerfully into the present as a mobilizing agent. Appreciative inquiry uses artful creation of positive imagery on a collective basis to refashion anticipatory reality; the positive principle proposes that momentum and sustainable change requires positive affect and social bonding. Sentiments like hope, inspiration and joy increase creativity, openness to new ideas and people, cognitive flexibility.
They promote the strong connections and relationships between people between groups in conflict, required for collective inquiry and change. Some researchers believe that excessive focus on dysfunctions can cause them to become worse or fail to become better. By contrast, AI argues, when all members of an organization are motivated to understand and value the most favourable features of its culture, it can make rapid improvements. Strength-based methods are used in the creation of organizational development strategy and implementation of organizational effectiveness tactics; the appreciative mode of inquiry relies on interviews to qualitatively understand the organization's potential strengths by looking at an organization's experience and its
Blacklistt is a rock band formed by four of the original members of the New Zealand-based group Blindspott, Damian Alexander, Marcus Powell, Gareth Fleming and Karl Vilisini. In 2010, four original members of the band Blindspott reformed the group with new drummer Tristan Reilly and appeared at the 2011 Homegrown Music Festival, but the band subsequently entered a legal battle with former drummer Shelton Woolright over the use of the name; the band opted to tour and release music under the name Blacklistt. The band performed tracks from the two Blindspott albums, as well as debuting single From the Blind Spot, receiving generous airplay at the time at the Homegrown festival. Alexander described the long legal battle as unfortunate, saying, "...it sucks actually. We're doing this for our fans. I've had fans stop me in the street and ask when we'll start making music again." In the mean time, fans could download the group's single From the Blind Spot for free through a Vodafone promotion. The band reached a stalemate with the legal process and decided to continue as Blacklistt.
In late 2011 the band was announced as a headliner for the 2012 Homegrown festival, alongside other big-name New Zealand artists Shihad, P-Money and The Feelers. Blacklistt won the award for'Best Rock Album' at The Vodafone New Zealand Music Awards in 2014. Prior to the 18 February performance at Homegrown, the band premiered their music video for From the Blind Spot online and on music video channels; the song was released on iTunes on 22 February as part of the Songs For the South charity compilation album. On 1 May 2012, the band's second single, Worth Fighting For was released; the band went on their first national tour in May and June 2012. The band played the Waihi Beach Summer Festival on 22 December. On 9 April 2013, the band released a new video. Titled Burn, the track debuted on the NZ singles chart in the number 7 position; the band released a new single titled Home on 9 August, which debuted at number 13 on the NZ singles chart. The band will release their debut, self-titled album on 13 September.
The band will embark on a national tour of New Zealand in September/October to promote the release. Tristan Rielly stepped down from permanent drum duties in the band in 2013, however he remains with the group as a touring/session member and appears on all tracks on the album bar Home. Damian Alexander – Vocals Marcus Powell – Guitar and Vocals Gareth Fleming – Bass Guitar, Vocals Karl Vilisini – Keyboard, Vocals Tristan Reilly – Drums Official Website