An overpass is a bridge, railway or similar structure that crosses over another road or railway. An overpass and underpass together form a grade separation. Stack interchanges are made up of many overpasses; the world's first railroad flyover was constructed in 1843 by the London and Croydon Railway at Norwood Junction railway station to carry its atmospheric railway vehicles over the Brighton Main Line. In North American usage, a flyover is a high-level overpass, built above main overpass lanes, or a bridge built over what had been an at-grade intersection. Traffic engineers refer to the latter as a grade separation. A flyover may be an extra ramp added to an existing interchange, either replacing an existing cloverleaf loop with a higher, faster ramp that bears left, but may be built as a right or left exit. A cloverleaf or partial cloverleaf contains some 270 degree loops, which can slow traffic and can be difficult to construct with multiple lanes. Where all such turns are replaced with flyovers only 90 degree turns are needed, there may be four or more distinct levels of traffic.
Depending upon design, traffic may flow in all directions near open road speeds. For more examples see Freeway interchange. A pedestrian overpass allows pedestrians safe crossing over busy roads without affecting traffic. Railway overpasses are used to replace level crossings as a safer alternative. Using overpasses allows for unobstructed rail traffic to flow without conflicting with vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Rapid transit systems use complete grade separation of their rights of way to avoid traffic interference with frequent and reliable service. Railroads use balloon loops and flying junctions instead of flat junctions, as a way to reverse direction and to avoid trains conflicting with those on other tracks. Footbridge Skyway Stack interchange Viaduct Wildlife crossing Overpass at the Encyclopædia Britannica
Robert Gillam was an American investor. He was the founder and chairman of McKinley Capital Management, an asset management firm, until his death in 2018. Robert Gillam graduated from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1968, he received a master in business administration degree from the UCLA Anderson School of Management in 1969. Gillam worked for Foster & Marshall, a financial firm, until it was acquired by American Express in 1982, he worked for Boettcher and Company from 1982 to 1985. Gillam was the founder of an asset management firm, he served as its chairman. As of 2015, it had US$7 billion of assets under management. Gillam resided in Alaska, he spent $30 million opposing the proposed Pebble Mine, which would have been close to his Lake Clark fishing lodge. Gillam died on September 12, 2018, in Anchorage's Providence Alaska Medical Center after suffering a stroke the day before
"Súbeme la Radio" is a song by Spanish singer Enrique Iglesias featuring Puerto Rican duo Zion & Lennox and Cuban singer Descemer Bueno. The song was released by RCA Records and Sony Music Latin on 24 February 2017, it was written by Iglesias, Zion & Lennox, Chris Jeday, Juan Rivera and Luis Ortiz, produced by Jeday, Carlos Paucar and Gaby Music. "Súbeme la Radio" peaked at number two on the US Hot Latin Songs chart. Several remixes were commissioned for the release of "Súbeme la Radio", including one with Cuban singer Jacob Forever instead of Zion & Lennox, one featuring Latin American pop boy band CNCO and a salsa version of the song was recorded with Puerto Rican singer Gilberto Santa Rosa. A Spanglish remix, featuring Jamaican singer Sean Paul, replacing Descemer Bueno and Zion & Lennox, was released, it was sent to US contemporary hit radio on 25 July 2017. Another Spanglish version of the song was released on 21 July 2017, featuring Paul and English singer Matt Terry who sings the second verse, instead of Iglesias.
This version reached the top 10 on the UK Singles Chart. On his official Facebook account, Iglesias teased that the single would be released on 24 February 2017, along with the music video, filmed in Cuba; the video features Iglesias with the guest artists on top of a bus at different scenes. It shows Enrique falling in love with a Cuban woman and he follows her through the streets, it features a big crowd participation surrounding the performers as they sing and dance along with them. The music video was directed by Alejandro Pérez and was produced by Yasha Malekzad and Kasra Pezeshki; as of December 2019, the video has received 1.2 billion views on YouTube