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Owensboro, Kentucky

Owensboro is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Daviess County, United States. It is the fourth-largest city in the state by population. Owensboro is located on U. S. Route 60 and Interstate 165 about 107 miles southwest of Louisville, is the principal city of the Owensboro metropolitan area; the 2010 census had its population at 57,265. The metropolitan population was estimated at 116,506; the metropolitan area is the sixth largest in the state as of 2018, the seventh largest population center in the state when including micropolitan areas. Evidence of American Indian settlement in the area dates back 12,000 years. Following a series of failed uprisings with British support, the last Shawnee were forced to vacate the area before the end of the 18th century; the first European descendant to settle in Owensboro was frontiersman William Smeathers or Smothers in 1797, for whom the riverfront park is named. The settlement was known as "Yellow Banks" from the color of the land beside the Ohio River.

The Lewis and Clark Expedition wintered at what is today's Owensboro prior to departing on their famous travels. In 1817, Yellow Banks was formally established under the name Owensborough, named after Col. Abraham Owen. In 1893, the spelling of the name was shortened to its current Owensboro. Several distillers of bourbon whiskey, have been in and around the city of Owensboro; the major distillery still in operation is the Glenmore Distillery Company, now owned by the Sazerac Company. On August 14, 1936, downtown Owensboro was the site of the last public hanging in the United States. A 26 year old African American man, Rainey Bethea, was convicted and sentenced for the rape and murder of 70-year-old Lischa Edwards in a short time. A carnival atmosphere was in place with vendors selling hotdogs, attended by a large crowd including children and many reporters; the execution was presided over by a female sheriff, Florence Shoemaker Thompson, who gained national media attention for her role in the process, although she declined to spring the trap.

Before Bethea was dead, the crowd had begun to tear at his clothes and his body for souvenirs. The Kentucky General Assembly abolished public executions after the embarrassment this caused; the end of the Second World War brought civil engineering projects which helped turn Owensboro from a sleepy industrial town into a modern, expanding community by the turn of the 1960s. Many of the projects were set in motion by Johnson, Depp & Quisenberry, a firm of consulting engineers engaged in a runway redesign at the County Airport; as of 1903, Owensboro was home to several stemmeries. Pinkerton Tobacco produced Red Man chewing tobacco in Owensboro. Swedish Match continues to make Red Man in a plant outside city limits; the Owensboro Wagon Company, established in 1884, was one of the largest and most influential wagon companies in the nation. With eight styles or sizes of wagons, the company set the standard of quality at the turn of the 20th century. Frederick A. Ames came to Owensboro from Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1887.

He started the Carriage Woodstock Company to repair horse-drawn carriages. In 1910, he began to manufacture a line of automobiles under the Ames brand name. Ames hired industrialist Vincent Bendix in 1912, the company became the Ames Motor Car Company. Despite its product being called the "best $1500" car by a Texas car dealer, the company ceased production of its own model in 1915; the company began manufacturing replacement bodies for the more sold Ford Model T. In 1922, the company remade itself and started to manufacture furniture under the name Ames Corporation; the company sold out to Whitehall Furniture in 1970. The start of the Kentucky Electrical Lamp Company, a light bulb manufacturing company was in 1899; the Owensboro plant was a major part of General Electric's vacuum tube manufacturing operations, producing both receiving types and military/industrial ceramic types. In 1961, engineers at the General Electric plant in Owensboro introduced a family of vacuum tubes called the Compactron.

In June 1932, John G. Barnard founded the Modern Welding Company in a small building located near the Ohio River at First and Frederica Streets where the Commonwealth of Kentucky office building sits today. Today, Modern Welding Company has nine steel tank and vessel fabrication subsidiaries located throughout the United States, five welding supply stores located in Kentucky and Indiana; the company is the country's largest supplier of underground and aboveground steel storage tanks for flammable and combustible liquids. The company celebrated its 75th anniversary in 2007. Texas Gas Transmission Corporation was created in 1948 with the merger of Memphis Natural Gas Company and Kentucky Natural Gas Corporation and made its headquarters in Owensboro. Since that time, Texas Gas changed ownership four times; the company was bought by CSX Corp. in 1983, by Transco Energy Corp. in 1989, by Williams in 1995, by Loews Corporation in 2003. Owensboro is located at the crook of a bend in the Ohio River, 37 miles southeast of Evansville, Indiana.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Owensboro has a total area of 20.4 square miles, of which 19.1 square miles is land and 1.3 square m

Mass flux

In physics and engineering, mass flux is the rate of mass flow per unit area overlapping with the momentum density, the momentum per unit volume. The common symbols are j, J, q, Q, φ, or Φ, sometimes with subscript m to indicate mass is the flowing quantity, its SI units are kg s−1 m−2. Mass flux can refer to an alternate form of flux in Fick's law that includes the molecular mass, or in Darcy's law that includes the mass density. Sometimes the defining equation for mass flux in this article is used interchangeably with the defining equation in mass flow rate. For example, Fluid Mechanics, Schaum's et al uses the definition of mass flux as the equation in the mass flow rate article. Mathematically, mass flux is defined as the limit: j m = lim A → 0 I m A where: I m = lim Δ t → 0 Δ m Δ t = d m d t is the mass current and A is the area through which the mass flows through. For mass flux as a vector jm, the surface integral it over a surface S, followed by an integral over the time duration t1 to t2, gives the total amount of mass flowing through the surface in that time: m = ∫ t 1 t 2 ∬ S j m ⋅ n ^ d A d t The area required to calculate the flux is real or imaginary, flat or curved, either as a cross-sectional area or a surface.

For example, for substances passing through a filter or a membrane, the real surface is the surface area of the filter, macroscopically - ignoring the area spanned by the holes in the filter/membrane. The spaces would be cross-sectional areas. For liquids passing through a pipe, the area is the cross-section of the pipe, at the section considered; the vector area is a combination of the magnitude of the area through which the mass passes through, A, a unit vector normal to the area, n ^. The relation is A = A n ^. If the mass flux jm passes through the area at an angle θ to the area normal n ^ j m ⋅ n ^ = j m cos ⁡ θ where · is the dot product of the unit vectors; this is, the component of mass flux passing through the surface is jm cos θ, while the component of mass flux passing tangential to the area is jm sin θ, but there is no mass flux passing through the area in the tangential direction. The only component of mass flux passing normal to the area is the cosine component. Consider a pipe of flowing water.

Suppose the pipe has a constant cross section and we consider a straight section of it, the water is flowing at a constant rate, under standard conditions. The area A is the cross-sectional area of the pipe. Suppose the pipe has radius r = 2 cm = 2 × 10−2 m; the area is A = π r 2 To calculate the mass flux jm, we need the amount of mass of water transferred through the area and the time taken. Suppose a volume V = 1.5 L = 1.5 × 10−3 m3 passes through in time t = 2 s. Assuming the density of water is ρ = 1000 kg m−3, we have: Δ m = ρ Δ V m 2 − m 1 = ρ m = ρ V, so the mass flux is j m = Δ m A Δ t = ρ V π r 2 t substituting the numbers gives: j m = 1000 × π × 2 × 2 = 3 16 π × 10 4 {\displaystyle j_={\frac {1000\times (1.5\times 10^

Neva River

The Neva is a river in northwestern Russia flowing from Lake Ladoga through the western part of Leningrad Oblast to the Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland. Despite its modest length of 74 kilometres, it is the fourth largest river in Europe in terms of average discharge; the Neva is the only river flowing from Lake Ladoga. It flows through the city of Saint Petersburg, three smaller towns of Shlisselburg and Otradnoye, dozens of settlements; the river is navigable throughout and is part of the Volga–Baltic Waterway and White Sea – Baltic Canal. It is a site of numerous major historical events, including the Battle of the Neva in 1240 which gave Alexander Nevsky his name, the founding of Saint Petersburg in 1703, the Siege of Leningrad by the German army during World War II; the Neva river played a vital role in trade between Scandinavia. The area of the Neva river was inhabited by Finnic people; the word neva is spread in Finnic languages with similar meanings. In Finnish it means poor fen, in Estonian waterway.

It has been argued that the name derives from the Indo-European adjective newā which means new. The river began to flow around 1350 BC. However, the place names of the area don't support any Indo-European influence in the area before Scandinavian traders and Slavs started to enter the region in the 8th Century CE. In the Paleozoic, 300–400 million years ago, the entire territory of the modern delta of the Neva River was covered by a sea. Modern relief was formed as a result of glacier activity, its retreat formed the Littorina Sea, the water level of, some 7 to 9 metres higher than the present level of the Baltic Sea. The Tosna River was flowing in the modern bed of the Neva, from east to west into the Litorinal Sea. In the north of the Karelian Isthmus, the Littorina Sea united by a wide strait with Lake Ladoga; the Mga River flowed to the east, into Lake Ladoga, near the modern source of the Neva River. Near the modern Lake Ladoga, land rose faster, a closed reservoir was formed, its water level began to rise flooded the valley of Mga and broke into the valley of the river Tosna.

The Ivanovo rapids of the modern Neva were created in the breakthrough area. So about 2000 BC the Neva was created with Mga. According to some newer data, it happened at 1410–1250 BC making the Neva a rather young river; the valley of Neva is formed by glacial and post-glacial sediments and it did not change much over the past 2500 years. The delta of Neva was formed at that time, pseudodelta, as it was formed not by accumulation of river material but by plunging into the past sediments; the Neva flows out of Lake Ladoga near Shlisselburg, flows through the Neva Lowland and discharges into the Baltic Sea in the Gulf of Finland. It has a length of 74 kilometres, the shortest distance from the source to the mouth is 45 kilometres; the river banks are steep, on average about 3 to 6 metres and 2 to 3 metres at the mouth. There are three sharp turns: the Ivanovskye rapids, at Nevsky Forest Park of the Ust-Slavyanka region and near the Smolny Institute, below the mouth of the river Ohta; the river declines 4.27 metres in elevation between mouth.

At one point the river forms the Ivanovskye rapids. There, at the beginning of the rapids, is the narrowest part of the river: 210 metres; the average flow rate in the rapids is about 0.8–1.1 metres per second. The average width along the river is 400 to 600 metres; the widest places, at 1,000 to 1,250 metres, are in the delta, near the gates of the marine trading port, at the end of the Ivanovskye rapids near the confluence of the river Tosna, near the island Fabrinchny near the source. The average depth is 8 to 11 metres. In the area of Neva basin, rainfall exceeds evaporation. Since 1859, the largest volume of 116 cubic kilometres was observed in 1924 and the lowest in 1900 at 40.2 cubic kilometres. The average annual discharge is 2,500 cubic metres per second on average; because of the uniform water-flow from Lake Ladoga to the Neva over the whole year, there are no floods and corresponding water rise in the spring. The Neva freezes throughout from early December to early April; the ice thickness is 0.3 to 0.4 metres within 0.5 to 0.6 metres in other areas.

Ice congestion may form in winter in the upper reaches of the river, this sometimes causes upstream floods. Of the total ice volume of Lake Ladoga, 10.6 cubic kilometres, less than 5 percent enters the Neva. The average summer water temperature is 17 to 20 °C, the swimming season lasts only about 1.5 months. The water is fresh, with medium turbidity; the basin area of Neva is 5,000 km ², including the pools of Lake Onega. The basin contains 26,300 lakes and has a complex hydrological network of more than 48,300 rivers, however only 26 flow directly into Neva; the main tributaries are Mga, Izhora

Izzi Telecom

Izzi is a Mexican telecommunications company owned by Grupo Televisa and operated by Empresas Cablevisión, S. A. B. de C. V, it is listed on the Mexican Stock Exchange under the code CABLE. Izzi provides telephone and cable TV services to individuals and companies with coverage in the Mexico City metropolitan area and other cities in Mexico. Cablevisión was founded on October 3, 1960, by a group of 10 people led by architect Benjamín Burillo Pérez. In 1969, the Communications and Transportation Secretary granted the company with 300 subscribers, temporary permission to install 124 kilometres of coaxial cable in Colonia Roma; that same year, Cablevisión became a part of Grupo Televisa, owned by businessman Emilio Azcárraga Milmo. In 2006, 49% of Cablemás and 50% of TVI were acquired. In 2007, Bestel Company was acquired. On October 31, 2014, the company stopped operating under Cablevisión, rebranding as Izzi and launching with Internet and telephone service as a single product. To strengthen the company, five cable companies were acquired in Mexico: Cablemás in 2011 Cablecom in 2012 Cablecom in 2013 Cablevisión Red a.k.a.

Telecable in 2015. Izzi was listed as the 22nd most valuable brand in Mexico in 2016. Izzi offers services in more than 60 cities in 29 states of Mexico, with a network that covers over 30,000 kilometres of optic fiber and 77,000 km of coaxial cable, its offers Internet and telephone services for residences and businesses. 20,000-title on-demand television content is available in some areas, on mobile devices using the izzi go app. 10 to 100 megabytes of speed. Izzi service is available in these Mexican states and cities

2623 Zech

2623 Zech, provisional designation A919 SA, is a stony binary asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt 6.5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 22 September 1919, by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at Heidelberg Observatory in southwest Germany, it was named after German ARI astronomer Gert Zech. Zech is a stony S-type asteroid that orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.7–2.8 AU once every 3 years and 5 months. Its orbit has an inclination of 4 ° with respect to the ecliptic; the body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation, as no precoveries were taken, no prior identifications were made. On 8 June 2002, Zech passed 0.036 AU from the major asteroid 3 Juno. While "Johnston's Archive" estimates a diameter of 7.61 kilometers for Zech, the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for stony asteroids of 0.20 and calculates a diameter of 6.5 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 13.3. No observational results have been published by the space-based IRAS, WISE/NEOWISE surveys.

In October 2004, a rotational lightcurve of Zech was obtained from photometric observations by American astronomer Donald P. Pray at Sugarloaf Mountain Observatory, Massachusetts, in a collaboration with other American and European astronomers from France, the Czech Republic, Serbia and Ukraine. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 2.7401 hours with a brightness variation of 0.22 magnitude. While not being a fast rotator, it has a fast spin rate for its size, as most minor planets rotate between 2.2 and 20 hours. During Pray's photometric observations, it was revealed that Zech is in fact an asynchronous binary asteroid with a minor planet moon orbiting it; the moon has an orbital period of 117.2 hours and a spin rate of 18.718 hours with an amplitude 0.08 magnitude. Based on Pray's secondary-to-primary mean diameter ratio of more than 0.29, the Johnston's Archive estimates a diameter of at least 2.21 kilometers for Zech's companion. This minor planet was named after German astronomer Gert Zech at ARI in Heidelberg.

He was editor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts and is known for his publications on the observational determination of the length of the astronomical unit and the mass of the Earth–Moon system using the dynamical method by observing the near-Earth object 433 Eros. Naming citation was prepared by Lutz D. Schmadel who proposed the name; the citation was published on 18 February 1992. Determination of the Astronomical Unit by the Dynamical Method, J. Schubart and G. Zech The determination of the mass of the earth+moon system by the dynamical method from observations of Eros, G. Zech Donald Pray at Sugarloaf Mountain Observatory, Planetary Society Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend Asteroids with Satellites, Robert Johnston, Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 2623 Zech at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 2623 Zech at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters

Philip Carr-Gomm

Philip Carr-Gomm is an author in the fields of psychology and Druidry, a psychologist, one of the leaders and Chosen Chief of The Order of Bards and Druids. Philip Carr-Gomm was born in London, raised in Notting Hill Gate, educated at Westminster School and University College London, his father was brother of humanitarian Richard Carr-Gomm. He met his first spiritual teacher, Ross Nichols, the founder of The Order of Bards and Druids, when he was 11, he began studying with him when a teenager, joined the Order when he was 18. He studied meditation with Olivia Robertson in Ireland, who founded the Fellowship of Isis, in his twenties he founded The Esoteric Society in London, which organised journeys for members to Bulgaria and Egypt, hosted talks by well-known authors such as Gareth Knight, W. E. Butler, Arthur Guirdham. In 1975 Nichols died, Carr-Gomm followed a Bulgarian teacher, Omraam Mikhael Aivanhov for seven years, giving talks on his teachings and helping with the translation and publishing of his books into English.

He travelled to Bulgaria and studied the work of Aivanhov's teacher, Peter Deunov, visiting Sofia annually for fourteen years, teaching Deunov's Paneurhythmy dance in England and at Findhorn in Scotland. In his thirties he turned to a study of psychology, taking a BSc degree at University College London and Jungian analysis, with plans to become an analyst. On discovering Psychosynthesis, he trained instead as a therapist at the Institute of Psychosynthesis in London and began a private practice. In 1988 he was asked to lead the Order of Bards and Druids, he organised the Order's teachings into a distance-learning course, edited Nichols' Book of Druidry with John Matthews. Since that time, the Order has grown to become the largest Druid teaching order in the world, with Professor of History Ronald Hutton writing that'the OBOD correspondence course arguably represents one of the major documents of British spirituality from the late twentieth century'. Druidcraft is a spiritual practice embracing elements of both Druidry and Wicca, developed by Philip Carr-Gomm, is the title of a book he wrote about the same topic.

That book deals with the combination of druidry and wicca in a combined practice. Within this book, Carr-Gomm claims that the differences between Wicca and Druidry do not stem from hundreds or thousands of years worth of tradition as these two distinct paths evolved separately, he claims that in fact the differences between modern Wicca and Druidism are due to the differences between two friends, Gerald Gardner and Ross Nichols who were involved with these paths less than 75 years ago. Paneurythmy, Privately published. 1980. Special Times: Listening to Children, with Dr. Rachel Pinney and Meg Robinson, The Children's Hours Trust 1985; when the Flame and the Rose are One: Etchings by Liuben Dimanov with excerpts from letters by Rainer Maria Rilke edited and introduced by Philip Carr-Gomm.. The Elements of the Druid Tradition, Element Books 1991. ISBN 1-85230-202-X The Druid Way, Element Books 1993, Thoth Publications 2006. ISBN 1-85230-365-4 The Druid Animal Oracle, with Stephanie Carr-Gomm, Simon & Schuster, Fireside Books, USA and Australia 1994.

Connections Publishing UK 1996. The Druid Renaissance ed. Thorsons, HarperCollins, 1996. La Force des Celtes: L’Heritage Druidique — Entretiens avec Philip Carr-Gomm, Paco Rabanne and Philip Carr-Gomm, Michel Lafon, Paris 1996. In The Grove of the Druids: The Druid Teachings of Ross Nichols, Watkins Books, 2002. ISBN 1-84293-032-X Druidcraft: The Magic of Wicca & Druidry, HarperCollins, 2002. ISBN 0-00-713388-X Druid Mysteries: Ancient Wisdom for the 21st Century, Rider,Random House, 2002. ISBN 0-7126-6110-7 The DruidCraft Tarot, with Stephanie Carr-Gomm, St. Martin's Press, New York, 2004. What do Druids Believe? Granta, 2005; the Druid Plant Oracle, with Stephanie Carr-Gomm, St. Martin's Press, New York, 2008. Sacred Places: Sites of Spiritual Pilgrimage from Stonehenge to Santiago de Compostela, Quercus, 2008; the Book of English Magic, with Sir Richard Heygate, John Murray, 2009. Journeys of the Soul: The Life and Legacy of a Druid Chief, Oak Tree Press, 2010; the Prophecies, Oak Tree Press, 2016.

Cosmiel's Gift: An excerpt from The Prophecies with images by Angela Lemaire, Oak Tree Press, 2016. Lessons in Magic, Oak Tree Press, 2016; the Opera Tarot, paintings by Linda Sutton, text by Philip Carr-Gomm & Linda Sutton, Villa Rondine Press, 2017. Bonewits, Issac. Essential Guide to Druidism, Citadel Press 2006, p. 79ff. Comstock, Gary Religious Autobiographies, pp. 81–98 Hutton, Ronald, "The New Druidry" in Witches and King Arthur, Hambledon & London, 2003, pp. 239–258 Hutton, The Druids, Hambledon Continuum, 2007, pp. 194–197 Nathanael, Ardella, An Encounter with the White Brotherhood — Ardella's Foreword to Dance of the Soul, Esoteric Publishing. "Philip Carr-Gomm, the Current Chief" Rabinovitch, Shelley & Lewis, The Encyclopedia of Modern Witchcraft and Neo-Paganism, Citadel Press, 2002, p. 38 Sawyer, Soul Companions, Conversations with Contemporary Wisdom Keepers, O Books, 2008, pp. 48–53 Stühlmeyer, Barbara, An interview with Philip Carr-Gomm. In: Karfunkel 120, 2015 Philip Carr-Gomm's Homepage OBOD website