Oxford is a university city in Oxfordshire, with a population of 155,000. It is 64 miles from Birmingham and 24 miles from Reading by road; the city is home to the University of Oxford, the oldest in the English-speaking world, has buildings in every style of English architecture from late Anglo-Saxon. Oxford's industries include motor manufacturing, publishing, information technology and science. Oxford was first settled by the Anglo-Saxons and was known as Oxenaforda, meaning "ford of the oxen", as referenced in Florence of Worcester's Chronicon ex chronicis. A river crossing for oxen began around AD 900. In the 10th century, Oxford became an important military frontier town between the kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex and was raided by Danes. In 1002, many Danes were killed in Oxford during the St. Brice's Day massacre ordered by Æthelred the Unready; the skeletons of more than thirty suspected victims were unearthed in 2008 during the course of building work at St John's College. The ‘massacre’ was a contributing factor to King Sweyn I of Denmark’s invasion of England in 1003 and the sacking of Oxford by the Danes in 1004.
Oxford was damaged during the Norman Invasion of 1066. Following the conquest, the town was assigned to a governor, Robert D'Oyly, who ordered the construction of Oxford Castle to confirm Norman authority over the area; the castle has never been used for military purposes and its remains survive to this day. D'Oyly set up a monastic community in the castle consisting of a chapel and living quarters for monks; the community never grew large but it earned its place in history as one of Britain's oldest places of formal education. It was there that in 1139 Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote his History of the Kings of Britain, a compilation of Arthurian legends. Additionally, there is evidence of Jews living in the city as early as 1141, during the 12th century the Jewish community is estimated to have numbered about 80–100; the city was besieged during The Anarchy in 1142. In 1191, a city charter stated in Latin, "Be it known to all those present and future that we, the citizens of Oxford of the Commune of the City and of the Merchant Guild have given, by this, our present charter, confirm the donation of the island of Midney with all those things pertaining to it, to the Church of St. Mary at Oseney and to the canons serving God in that place.
Since, every year, at Michaelmas the said canons render half a mark of silver for their tenure at the time when we have ordered it as witnesses the legal deed of our ancestors which they made concerning the gift of this same island. We have made this concession and confirmation in the Common council of the City and we have confirmed it with our common seal; these are those who have made this confirmation. Oxford's prestige was enhanced by its charter granted by King Henry II, granting its citizens the same privileges and exemptions as those enjoyed by the capital of the kingdom. Oxford's status as a liberty obtained from this period until the 19th century. A grandson of King John established Rewley Abbey for the Cistercian Order. Parliaments were held in the city during the 13th century; the Provisions of Oxford were instigated by a group of barons led by Simon de Montfort. Richard I of England and John, King of England the sons of Henry II of England, were both born at Beaumont Palace in Oxford, on 8 September 1157 and 24 December 1166 respectively.
A plaque in Beaumont Street commemorates these events. The University of Oxford is first mentioned in 12th-century records. Of the hundreds of aularian houses that sprang up across the city, only St Edmund Hall remains. What put an end to the halls was the emergence of colleges. Oxford's earliest colleges were University College and Merton; these colleges were established at a time when Europeans were starting to translate the writings of Greek philosophers. These writings challenged European ideology, inspiring scientific discoveries and advancements in the arts, as society began to see itself in a new way; these colleges at Oxford were supported by the Church in the hope of reconciling Greek philosophy and Christian theology. The relationship between "town and gown" has been uneasy – as many as 93 students and townspeople were killed in the St Scholastica Day Riot of 1355; the sweating sickness epidemic in 1517 was devastating to Oxford and Cambridge where it killed half of both cities' populations, including many students and dons.
Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford is unique in combining a college chapel and a cathedral in one foundation. The Priory Church of St Frideswide, the building was extended and incorporated into the structure of the Cardinal's College shortly before its refounding as Christ Church in 1546, since when it has functioned
The TSS City of Belfast was a passenger vessel built for the Barrow Steam Navigation Company in 1893. The TSS City of Belfast was built by Laird Brothers of Birkenhead for the Barrow Steam Navigation Company, she was launched in January 1893 by Mayoress of Barrow-in-Furness. She was used on the Barrow-in-Furness-to-Belfast route, although she made trips to Douglas on the Isle of Man, she was sold to the Midland Railway in 1907In 1914 she was commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS City of Belfast for service during World War I. In 1923 she was acquired by the London Midland and Scottish Railway, but in 1925 they sold her to Constantine Togias and she was renamed Nicolaos Togias. In 1933 she was renamed Kephallina, she foundered and sank on 13 August 1941 in the Mediterranean Sea off Alexandria, during a voyage carrying supplies to Allied forces Tobruk, during World War II. The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Hero stood by her and rescued her survivors
Viji Thampi is an Indian film director who works in Malayalam films. After making his directorial debut with the 1988 film David David Mr. David, Thampi directed a series of comedy films in the 1990s which turned out to be commercial hits. Viji Thampi is known for appearing in cameo roles in his own films, he has directed the Malayalam crime thriller television series Black and White and the mythological television serial Devimahathmyam. He is the son in law of the Malayalam movie actor Jagannatha Varma, he lives in Palkulangara Trivandrum. Ennalum Sarath Dir.: Balachandra Menon Njaan Samvidhanam Cheyyum Dir.: Balachandra Menon Thanthonni... as Landlord Pachakuthira... Himself Bada Dosth... Sekhara Pilla Krithyam... Lawrence Vakkalathu Narayanankutty... Chief Minister Satyamev Jayate... Man at the bar Samaantharangal... Mathew Avittam Thirunaal Aarogya Sriman... Arumukham Thampi Simhavalan Menon... Ikka Pidakkozhi Koovunna Noottandu... Store room operator Soorya Manasam... Landlord Thiruthalvaadi... Avtar Singh Nagarangalil Chennu Raparkam...
Taxi driver Nagarathil Samsara Vishayam... Himself Unnikale Oru Kadha Parayam... Police Achuvettante Veedu... Taxi driver Director2019- Ayyappa Saranam 2010-2012- Devimahathmyam 2007- Mahatma Gandhi Colony 2008- Sree Krishna Leela 2005- Amma 2004- Annie 2000- Black & White As ActorMask Viji Thampi on IMDb Viji Thampi: Withstanding The Test Of Time