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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press. It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world; the second edition, comprising 21,728 pages in 20 volumes, was published in 1989. Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was only in 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. In 1895, the title The Oxford English Dictionary was first used unofficially on the covers of the series, in 1928 the full dictionary was republished in ten bound volumes. In 1933, the title The Oxford English Dictionary replaced the former name in all occurrences in its reprinting as twelve volumes with a one-volume supplement. More supplements came over the years until 1989.

Since 2000, compilation of a third edition of the dictionary has been underway half of, complete as of 2018. The first electronic version of the dictionary was made available in 1988; the online version has been available since 2000, as of April 2014 was receiving over two million visits per month. The third edition of the dictionary will most only appear in electronic form; as a historical dictionary, the Oxford English Dictionary explains words by showing their development rather than their present-day usages. Therefore, it shows definitions in the order that the sense of the word began being used, including word meanings which are no longer used; each definition is shown with numerous short usage quotations. This allows the reader to get an approximate sense of the time period in which a particular word has been in use, additional quotations help the reader to ascertain information about how the word is used in context, beyond any explanation that the dictionary editors can provide; the format of the OED's entries has influenced numerous other historical lexicography projects.

The forerunners to the OED, such as the early volumes of the Deutsches Wörterbuch, had provided few quotations from a limited number of sources, whereas the OED editors preferred larger groups of quite short quotations from a wide selection of authors and publications. This influenced volumes of this and other lexicographical works. According to the publishers, it would take a single person 120 years to "key in" the 59 million words of the OED second edition, 60 years to proofread them, 540 megabytes to store them electronically; as of 30 November 2005, the Oxford English Dictionary contained 301,100 main entries. Supplementing the entry headwords, there are 157,000 bold-type derivatives; the dictionary's latest, complete print edition was printed in 20 volumes, comprising 291,500 entries in 21,730 pages. The longest entry in the OED2 was for the verb set, which required 60,000 words to describe some 430 senses; as entries began to be revised for the OED3 in sequence starting from M, the longest entry became make in 2000 put in 2007 run in 2011.

Despite its considerable size, the OED is neither the world's largest nor the earliest exhaustive dictionary of a language. Another earlier large dictionary is the Grimm brothers' dictionary of the German language, begun in 1838 and completed in 1961; the first edition of the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca is the first great dictionary devoted to a modern European language and was published in 1612. The official dictionary of Spanish is the Diccionario de la lengua española, its first edition was published in 1780; the Kangxi dictionary of Chinese was published in 1716. The dictionary began as a Philological Society project of a small group of intellectuals in London: Richard Chenevix Trench, Herbert Coleridge, Frederick Furnivall, who were dissatisfied with the existing English dictionaries; the Society expressed interest in compiling a new dictionary as early as 1844, but it was not until June 1857 that they began by forming an "Unregistered Words Committee" to search for words that were unlisted or poorly defined in current dictionaries.

In November, Trench's report was not a list of unregistered words. The Society realized that the number of unlisted words would be far more than the number of words in the English dictionaries of the 19th century, shifted their idea from covering only words that were not in En

Les Miller (Florida politician)

Lesley J. Miller Jr. is a Democratic politician who serves as a Hillsborough County Commissioner, representing the 3rd District since 2010. Prior to serving on the County Commission, Miller served in the Florida House of Representatives from 1992 to 2000, in the Florida Senate from 2000 to 2006, unsuccessfully ran for Congress in 2006. Miller was born in Tampa in 1951, attended Bethune-Cookman College before dropping out to serve in the United States Air Force from 1971 to 1974, he attended the University of South Florida, where he served as the President of the Student Governmenet Association, as the student representative on the Florida Board of Regents, as President of the Black Student Union. Miller began working for the Tampa Electric Company in 1977 before retiring with a disability in 1987. Miller was appointed to the Tampa-Hillsborough County Cable TV Board in 1981, serving until 1991. In 1982, Miller ran for the Florida House of Representatives from the 63rd District, which included most of downtown Tampa.

He placed last in the Democratic primary, receiving 9% of the vote to Jim Hargrett's 34%, Warren Dawson's 31%, Bob Lester's 13%, George Butler's 13%. Miller was subsequently appointed to the Hillsborough City-County Planning Commission in 1987, unsuccessfully ran for the Tampa City Council for an at-large seat in 1988, he started a government relations firm and worked for the Tampa Urban League as its Vice-President and Chief Operating Officer before he was laid off, at which point he began working as a recruiter for Time Customer Service. In 1991, following the indictment and suspension of City Councilman Perry Harvey, the only African-American member of the Council, Miller announced that he would run to succeed him in the 5th District, a black district that included most of East Tampa. In the nonpartisan primary, he faced a number of candidates, most notably journalist Nadine Smith, pastor James D. Sykes, caseworker Pete Edwards, businessman Roy Robinson. Miller based his campaign on providing affordable housing to the district's residents, arguing that when people own their own houses, it produces "vibrant, productive neighborhoods" that get more people involved in city government.

The American Family Association, seeking to repeal the city's sexual orientation anti-discrimination ordinance, sent out fliers attacking Miller for supporting the ordinance. Miller argued against repealing the ordinance, noting, "By my being a black man, I can't discriminate against someone because of their race, sexual preference or national origin; because I know what it is like to be discriminated against." Miller narrowly secured a spot in the runoff election, beating Sykes 21–18% for second place, while Smith placed first with 27% of the vote. In the runoff election against Smith, several of Miller's former rivals endorsed him, as did the St. Petersburg Times, which praised him for having "presented a vision of Tampa as a city of thriving neighborhoods and provided specific suggestions to accomplish that goal." Despite Smith's lead over Miller in the initial election, he overwhelmingly defeated her in the runoff, winning 58–42% because of his strong performance in the district's black precincts.

However, Miller only ended up serving for about two months on the City Council. When suspended Councilman Perry Harvey was acquitted by a jury of embezzlement charges, he was statutorily entitled to resume his office. Accordingly, after only 56 days on the Council, Miller left office. Having quit his job as a recruiter, Miller was unemployed and, despite being a former elected official, was forced to bartend at parties to pay his bills. In 1992, State Representative Jim Hargrett, who had represented the 63rd District in the legislature, announced that he would run for the Florida Senate rather than seek re-election in the renumbered 59th District, which contained most of the territory he had represented. Miller announced that he would run to succeed Hargrett, he won the Democratic primary unopposed. In the general election, he faced the Republican nominee. Miller campaigned on his support for increasing government spending on public education and healthcare, closing tax loopholes utilized by the wealthy and corporations, growth management, campaign finance reform.

The St. Petersburg Times endorsed Miller over Vildibill, praising him for his diverse life experiences and his "clearer grasp on the issues in his district." Owing to the district's strong Democratic lean, Miller won his first term in a landslide, receiving 72% of the vote to Vildibill's 28%. Miller was re-elected unopposed in 1994 and 1996, was selected as the Democratic Whip for the 1996–1998 session, serving under Minority Leader Buzz Ritchie. In summer of 1998, Willie Logan, selected as the Democratic caucus as its Speaker-designate in the event that it won a majority in the 1998 elections, was ousted and replaced by Anne Mackenzie. Following an outcry from black lawmakers, Mackenzie abruptly announced that she wouldn't seek re-election, which necessitated another election for the party's leader for the 1998–2000 session. Miller announced his candidacy, was opposed by Josephus Eggelletion and Al Lawson. After Miller appeared to secure the requisite number of votes, Eggelletion withdrew from the contest, but Lawson continued running, arguing that Miller "has some problems with the Black Caucus members" and was being "used" by the party's white legislators to gloss over the party's racial problems.

However, Miller ended up defeating Lawson, winning 34 votes to Lawson's 18. Miller won re-election in 1998 unopposed, but was unable to serve as Speaker following the elections, in which Democrats in the m

On the Riviera

On the Riviera is a 1951 musical comedy film made by 20th Century Fox. It was directed by Walter Lang, produced by Sol C. Siegel from a screenplay by Valentine Davies and Phoebe and Henry Ephron, based on the play The Red Cat by Rudolph Lothar and Hans Adler; this version stars Danny Kaye, Gene Tierney and Corinne Calvet with Marcel Dalio, Henri Letondal and Sig Ruman, with uncredited featured dancer Gwen Verdon in dance sequences choreographed and staged by Jack Cole. Having extensive production value, this is a "backstage" musical, where all songs occur as stage performances and many of the characters are stage performers; the film served as a vehicle for multi-talented Broadway veteran Danny Kaye. This was the third film version of the same story; the original was entitled Folies Bergère and starred Maurice Chevalier, Merle Oberon and Ann Sothern. The remake in 1941 starred Don Ameche, Alice Faye and Carmen Miranda, it was nominated for two Academy Awards. Jack Martin is an American entertainer.

He has a skit in his show, making fun of the Captain Henri Duran. On one particular evening, the Captain and his wife, Lili come to see Jack's impersonation. To the surprise of the couple, the act is amazingly realistic. Backstage, the Captain meets Jack's girlfriend and invites her to a party he is going to hold. Colette declines. In the evening, Jack meets Lili and is attracted to her beauty, he does an impersonation of the Captain for her. But the real Captain receives a telegram that his airline is in danger because a contract is not being renewed and he has purchased 51% of the stock, he has to leave France. Jack is hired to play the Captain to confuse his rival, but at the stock market, he buys the remainder of the airline stock; that evening, at the party, Jack is hired again to play the Captain. He does not want Lili to know, he sweeps her off her feet and they stay close to each other for the remainder of the evening. Meanwhile, Colette is furious to discover that Jack is at the party and decides to go there as well, where she discovers that he is impersonating the Captain.

To make matter worse, the real Captain returns to his house. Periton corners talks to him in French, which Jack can't understand. Danny Kaye - Jack Martin / Henri Duran Gene Tierney - Lili Duran Corinne Calvet - Colette Marcel Dalio - Philippe Lebrix Jean Murat - Felix Periton Henri Letondal - Louis Foral Clinton Sundberg - Antoine Sig Ruman - Gapeaux Joyce Mackenzie - Mimi Monique Chantal - Minette Marina Koshetz - Mme. Louise Cornet Ann Codee - Mme. Periton Mari Blanchard - Eugenie On the Riviera on IMDb On the Riviera at the TCM Movie Database On the Riviera at AllMovie