PASKAU

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RMAF Special Force
Pasukan Khas TUDM
ڤاسوكن خاص تنترا اودارا
Crest of the Special Air Service of Air Force.svg
Official PASKAU crest
Active
  • 1 April 1980 - known as HANDAU
  • 1 June 1983 - known as RMAF Regiment
  • 1996 - known as PKU
  • 1 April 2002–present - PASKAU
Country  Malaysia
Branch  Royal Malaysian Air Force
Type Elite forces (Special forces)
Role
Size Three squadrons
Part of
Garrison/HQ
Nickname(s) "Komando Tentera Udara" ('Air Force Commando')
Motto(s) Cepat, Senyap, Pasti ('Fast, Stealth and Sure')
Colours Regimental:                 
(Amaranth red, Navy blue, Maya Blue and Airforce Golden Yellow)
Beret:   Sky Blue
Anniversaries 1 April
Engagements
Commanders
Commander of RMAF Regiment Brigadier General Dato’ Mohamed Nazri Dashah RMAF
Colonel-in-chief HRH Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang
Regimental sergeant major Warrant Officer II Mohamad Kamal Samsudin
Insignia
RMAF Regiment Crest
RMAF Regiment Crest.svg
Parachutist badge
Malaysian Armed Forces Basic Parachutist Badge.svg

The Pasukan Khas TUDM (English: RMAF Special Force, Jawi: ڤاسوكن خاص تنترا اودارا) – it is better known as PASKAU – is an elite special force within the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF; Malay: Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia — TUDM). Its main function is to carry out high-value targets protection, ground forward air controller, combat search and rescue and rescuing downed aircrews assignments. PASKAU also tasked as a principal anti-hijack response to civil and military aircraft. All PASKAU members are airborne and commando-trained, and can be deployed behind enemy lines via air, sea and land, to assist in target designation for Malaysian Armed Forces and RMAF offensive missions.[1] PASKAU Headquarters is known as RMAF Regiment (Malay: Rejimen TUDM).

History[edit]

The Field Protection Squadron personnel from PASKAU armed with SIG SG – 553SB assault rifle, on guard at Langkawi International Airport during the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition 2009 or LIMA 2009.

HANDAU[edit]

PASKAU can trace its beginnings in the year 1974. A mortar attack by Malayan Communist Party agents from outside of Kuala Lumpur RMAF Airbase, and in 1979, another mortar attack occur resulting of damaging an RMAF DHC-4 Caribou transport aircraft.[2] From this incident, a specific directive from the RMAF led to the formation of an operational force for the security of RMAF airbases which was previously the responsibility of the Malaysian Army Royal Military Police Corps (RMPC). A cadre of RMAF airmen and officers was sent to PLPK (now known as PULPAK) to receive commando training. An elite force known as Pasukan Pertahanan Darat dan Udara ('Air and Ground Defence Force') ,or by its abbreviation HANDAU, was established on 1 April 1980. The new force was tasked as an elite special security force for RMAF airbases.[1][3] The first HANDAU squadron was named as 102 HANDAU Squadron. A small number of Malaysian Army Grup Gerak Khas commandos were attached to HANDAU as RMAF Air Rescue Team.[4]

RMAF Security Regiment Headquarters[edit]

The 102 squadron was the first unit to take over security duties from the RMPC at Kuala Lumpur RMAF Airbase, on 1 April 1980. RMAF Security Regiment Headquarters (Malay: Markas Rejimen Keselamatan TUDM — MAREJ) was established as HQ for HANDAU, and since the HQ establishment up to 1 March 1987, ten more HANDAU squadrons were established.

List of RMAF HANDAU Squadrons
Branch Base Year Formed
102 HANDAU Squadron Kuala Lumpur RMAF Airbase 1 April 1980
103 HANDAU Squadron Kuantan RMAF Airbase 18 November 1980
104 HANDAU Squadron Butterworth RMAF Airbase 10 January 1981
202 HANDAU Squadron Ipoh RMAF Airbase 9 February 1981
105 HANDAU Squadron Kuching RMAF Airbase 7 April 1981
107 HANDAU Squadron Alor Setar RMAF Airbase 7 July 1981
109 HANDAU Squadron DEBKAT Subang 6 August 1981
204 HANDAU Squadron Kluang RMAF Airbase 19 August 1981
201 HANDAU Squadron Bukit Jugra RMAF Airbase 27 August 1987
208 HANDAU Squadron Subang RMAF Airbase 1 September 1987
106 HANDAU Squadron Labuan RMAF Airbase 1 March 1987

RMAF Regiment[edit]

Since MAREJ establishment in 1980, MAREJ directly report to the Air Force Command (Malay: Markas Tentera Udara — MTU) for all operations involving HANDAU squadrons. On 1 June 1983, MAREJ was put under RMAF High Command (Malay: Markas Besar Udara — MABES). On 1 June 1993, RMAF was reorganised and MAREJ was renamed to RMAF Regiment, and at the same time, HANDAU squadrons were renamed to the RMAF Provost Squadrons. RMAF Provost Squadrons was given with the task of providing security for RMAF Forward Operation Bases (FOB). At the same time, two special operations (Spec ops) elements also introduced to the RMAF Regiment. The spec ops elements are Combat Air Rescue Team (CART; Malay: Tim Penyelamat Tempur Udara) and Rapid Deployment Force (RDF; Malay: Pasukan Gerak Cepat).[5]

PKU and PASKAU[edit]

In 1996, the spec ops elements was reorganised and given with a new name – Pasukan Khas Udara (Abbr.: PKU; 'Air Special Forces'). The PKU strength was increased and its role expanded to include counter-terrorism, unconventional warfare and search and rescue missions.[3] They also received special training from the United Kingdom Special Air Service and the United States Special Operations Forces for their new special forces roles.

On 17 March 1999, PKU was relocated from Kuala Lumpur RMAF Air Base to Jugra RMAF Air Base. The RMAF Provost Squadrons was separated from RMAF Regiment and made into one department – RMAF Provost Marshal Department. On 1 April 2002, 22 years after HANDAU establishment, PKU now officially known as Pasukan Khas TUDM (Abbr.: PASKAU; 'RMAF Special Forces').[5]

On 24 January 2008, the Sultan of Pahang, Sultan Ahmad Shah, was made an Honorary Colonel of the unit when he honoured the Honor Beret of PASKAU by Chief of Air Force, General Tan Sri Azizan Ariffin RMAF (later promoted to Chief of Defence Force in 2009) at Jugra RMAF Regiment, Bukit Jugra, Banting, Selangor.[6]

Combat elements[edit]

1980–1993[edit]

RMAF Security Regiment Headquarters

  • Air and Ground Defence Force (HANDAU)
  • Air Rescue Team

1993–2002[edit]

RMAF Regiment

  • RMAF Provost Squadrons
  • RMAF Special Operations
    • Rapid Deployment Force
    • Combat Air Rescue Team

Current combat formations[edit]

Today, RMAF Regiment operates directly under RMAF Air Operations Headquarters and is located at Bukit Jugra RMAF Air Base, Banting. Below are the three main squadrons of PASKAU under the Operations Branch of the RMAF Regiment, the branch that responsible for special operations.

PASKAU branches, responsibility and roles
Squadron Responsibility Roles
Combat Wing Squadron Special Operations and Counter-terrorism Combat Wing Squadron (CWS; Malay: Skuadron Sayap Tempur — SST), is the combat arm of PASKAU. Located at Jugra RMAF Airbase, this squadron is trained in counter-terrorism, hostage rescue, infiltration and sabotage, and can work behind enemy lines to destroy or disable high-value targets. It has a AN/PEQ-1 SOFLAM Ground Laser Target Designation (GLTD) team to provide forward target acquisition and tracking for attacking aircraft. Every mission involves a six personnel with different specialisations such as cross-trained Signallers, Medics, Weapons Specialists, Demolitions Experts, Snipers and Boatmen. PASKAU Counter-terrorist team, the Flight Hostage Rescue Team (FHRT), that specialises in aircraft hostage rescue operations is attached to this squadron.[3]

CWS is equivalent to U.S. Air Force Combat Control Team of the 24th Special Tactics Squadron.

Combat Air Rescue Squadron Combat Search and Rescue Combat Air Rescue Squadron (CARS; Malay: Skuadron Penyelamat Tempur Udara — SPTU), is capable of mounting a rescue operation behind enemy lines. It consist of six detachments operating from air bases with a Rescue Sub-Centre (RSC) at Kuala Lumpur, Kuantan, Butterworth, Gong Kedak, Kuching and Labuan AFBs. The CARS is also capable of sea rescue through its Maritime Para Rescue Team (MPRT) based in Bukit Jugra.[3]

CARS is equivalent to U.S. Air Force Pararescue.

Field Protection Squadron Special Protections, Pathfinders and Forward Air Controllers The Field Protection Squadron (FPS; Malay: Skuadron Kawalan Medan — SKM) provides special protection to high-value military facilities such as air defence radar and forward operating bases (FOB). High value target protection not only involves installation but also close or special escort duty. This team is equipped with the Field Intrusion Detection System (FIDS) for zone protection. During the insertion operation into enemy territory, FPS would be the pathfinders and able to act as Ground Forward Air Controllers (GFAC).[3]

FPS is equivalent to U.S. Air Force Special Operations Force Tactical Air Control Party.

National Special Operations Force[edit]

In 2016, main counter-terrorism operators in Malaysia are formed into one special operations task force.[7] Few operators from Flight HRT of PASKAU are selected to be part of the National Special Operations Force.

Training and expertise[edit]

PASKAU commando operatives during survival training in the jungle.

It is not an obligatory for HANDAU airmen to pass the commando school. It is only compulsory to Special Operations airmen, and since the year 1996, it is becoming compulsory to pass the basic commando course for any airmen who are wishing to join the PKU (the then name for the PASKAU).[8] In year 1993, the RMAF established their own commando course – the RMAF Commando Course (Malay: Kursus Komando TUDM). Prior to that, commando-trained RMAF Regiment airmen are needed to pass Malaysian Army Basic Commando Course offered at the PULPAK.

In the present days, every officer and airmen are presented with a light blue beret and light blue lanyard once they pass the RMAF Commando Course, and a tactical knife on the successful completion of the PASKAU expert course. They then carry out advanced training which allows them to take part in all operations.

RMAF Commando Course[edit]

This course lasts for 12 week course and has six modules. In this course, trainees will learn land, sea and air insertion, jungle warfare tactics, sabotage and hostage rescue.[9]

  1. Camp Module
  2. 160 km Long-distance march[3]
  3. Jungle Training Module
  4. Water Training Module
  5. 120 km Dark Water Module
  6. Survival, Escape, Resistance, Evasion (SERE) Module

Expert Course[edit]

PASKAU operatives are capable of conducting operations using:

Tactical
A PASKAU trainee in the Diving Phase being supervised by a USAF 320th Special Tactics Squadrons instructor.
PASKAU and USAF 320th Special Tactics personnel firing the Barret M82A1 (M107) sniper rifles during a tactical long range course as a part of Teak Mint 09-1.
Insertion Techniques
Intelligence gathering
Expertise Oriented

PASKAU is highly capable of carrying-out hostage rescue operations in any situation and is regarded as the principal anti-hijack response for civil and military aircraft. This task was taken over from Grup Gerak Khas. The unit also took part in special training with the British Special Air Service and the United States Special Operations Forces. On 6 May 2004, only 81 of 198 personnel received their blue berets, including the best trainee Laskar Udara Meor Mohd Nazri Othman, 23, having survived the challenging three-month series 07/2004 Basic Commando Training[12] while in October 2007, only 20 of 54 trainees successfully completed a three-month training programme.[13]

From 28 May 2009, PASKAU participated with the United States Air Force 320th Special Tactics Squadron in an underwater search and recovery course as part of a joint training exercise code-named Teak Mint 09-1. Besides the joint training, the USAF presented Barret M107 anti-material rifles for use by the RMAF special team.[14] Teak Mint 09-1 is a joint training exchange designed to enhance United States – Malaysian military training and capabilities.[14]

Role[edit]

PASKAU's establishment has increased the RMAF capability in special air operations such as Combat Search And Rescue (CSAR). It must also be capable of securing forward RMAF bases and be able to assist in the execution of airstrikes using specialist weapons. PASKAU consists of specially selected and trained RMAF regiment personnel. The role of this unit is very different from army Grup Gerak Khas; or the navy PASKAL.

Identities[edit]

Sky blue beret[edit]

PASKAU during 2013 National Day Parade.
Note: Notice how the beret is worn by the commandos.

Sky blue beret is worn by all HANDAU airmen and later shared between all units under RMAF Regiment – the RMAF special operations teams and RMAF Provost squadrons. Initially, commando-trained HANDAU wear the green beret with GGK's cap badge similar to the GGK but with HANDAU cap badge backing.[15] After RMAF Provost was separated from the RMAF Regiment, the sky blue beret is only allowed to be worn by the PASKAU members. RMAF Provost is given with navy blue beret similar to other conventional RMAF units. All commando-trained RMAF Provost members are given a choice either join the PASKAU and moved to RMAF Jugra Airbase or stay with the provost and their original bases.[16]

The cap badge position is worn facing left between the end of the eyebrow and above the ear – similar to all other Malaysian commandos trained elite units.

Light blue lanyard[edit]

Every member of commando-trained HANDAU was given with light blue lanyard together with green beret and Fairbairn–Sykes commando dagger once they finished theirs commando training at the PLPK (now PULPAK). The tradition of giving the light blue lanyard was inherited by RGKM from the 40 Commando, Royal Marines. The tradition is continued by HANDAU and later PASKAU even after the RMAF established their own commando school in 1993.

Tactical knife[edit]

PASKAU no longer issues Fairbairn–Sykes commando dagger to its members. Each graduate of the RMAF Commando School will be issued with a tactical knife instead. This is a symbol of jungle survivalist.[17]

PASKAU shoulder tab[edit]

PASKAU operators wear shoulder tab embroidered with "PASKAU" on the right shoulder sleeve. Shoulder tabs are synonymous with elite forces in Malaysian Armed Force.

Weapons[edit]

The PASKAU operator armed with Remington 870 in 2015.Note: Notice the 'PASKAU' shoulder tab worn by the commandos at theirs right sleeve.

Combat knives

Handguns

Shotguns

Submachineguns

Carbines

Counter-sniper rifles

Designated marksman rifles

Sniper rifles

Machineguns

Grenade launchers

Functions[edit]

PASKAU airmen from the Flight Hostage Rescue Team during National Day Parade in Kuala Lumpur.

PASKAU soon became a very important asset to the RMAF. The force normally deploys by air, both in peace and war. The capabilities of PASKAU personnel include:

Target marking

To mark a target for an airstrike, such as radar or surface-to-air-missile (SAM) sites, sub-units must be able to infiltrate behind enemy lines. The target can then be 'painted' using GLTD II.

Security of important assets

The unit must secure critical RMAF areas from enemy ground attack. The task is made harder in forward locations and other hostile environments where the threat level is higher.

Search and rescue

Search and rescue missions, on land (on both sides of the lines) and at sea, are the responsibility of PASKAU. A wide variety of circumstances are usually encountered. For instance, when a Sikorsky S61 'Nuri' helicopter crashed on the slopes of Gunung Gerah in November 1989, reaching the wreckage required abseiling into the jungle. Other SAR missions are shown in the 'Recent Operations' section further down this page.

Counter Terrorism

Incidents involving hijacked aircraft and terrorists throughout Malaysia come under the remit of PASKAU. The unit is trained to solve the problem with the least effect on the passengers and aircraft.

Capabilities[edit]

The Flight Hostage Rescue Team of PASKAU in assault gear arms with Milkor M32 grenade launcher.
PASKAU sniper operator arms with Accuracy International Arctic Warfare fitted with silencer.

Mobility

PASKAU is able to be rapidly inserted into an operational area by land, air or sea.

Flexibility

The group is capable of being deployed independently or as part of a joint task force with other special operations groups.

Sustainability

The unit is able to operate independently and conduct special operations for sustained periods without external assistance.

Technology

The group has access to high-tech equipment and weaponry to improve its ability to execute complex and demanding special operations.

Special training

The group employs specialised physical training that exceeds that of conventional forces. This is to ensure that operators are well-prepared to execute highly demanding SOF-type missions. They are especially suited to classified missions involving small sub-units.

Mission and the future[edit]

The future direction for PASKAU includes the continuous expansion of the team expertise and roles as well as enhancing the team's effectiveness with newer and more capable equipment.

Recent operations[edit]

Operation Daulat[edit]

In March 2013, PASKAU commandos were deployed to a joint operation with all branches of the Malaysian Armed Forces, Royal Malaysia Police and Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency special forces to execute Operation Daulat by conducting psychological operations against the Sulu terrorists by dropping leaflets to urge them to lay down their weapon and surrender to the authorities. The PASKAU commandos were known for their role to paint enemies' target via GLTD to illuminate the laser guided bombs, which they called the fighter jets of F/A-18D Hornet from 18th Squadron and Hawk 208 from 15th Squadron to strike terrorist camps at Kampung Tanduo, Lahad Datu.[20]

MALCON-ISAF[edit]

The special forces included PASKAU, 10 Paratrooper Brigade, Grup Gerak Khas and PASKAL was deployed with other Malaysian contingent to involved the administrative workload at the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan. The team which 40 soldiers deployed to assisted the New Zealand Armed Forces in the peacekeeping missions and humanitarian aid at the Bamiyan District, Afghanistan.[21]

Genting Sempah Incident[edit]

In July 2007, PASKAU, with the 10 Paratrooper Brigade, 22nd Grup Gerak Khas and the Pasukan Gerakan Khas anti-terror police, supported by the United States Navy Air Fleet (from USS Jarrett (FFG-33)), Police General Operations Force Senoi Praaq, Police Air Wing, Fire and Rescue Department, Forestry Department Rangers, Civil Defence Department (JPA3) and local villagers, were deployed in a search and rescue operation after a Sikorsy S61 'Nuri' helicopter of the RMAF went down along with a crew of six near Genting Sempah, in the Genting Highlands.[22][23] The SAR team located the wreckage on 17 July at 1324hrs with its rotor blades detached. The bodies of all crew members were found in the cabin of the stricken aircraft.[24]

MALCON-UNIFIL 2007[edit]

PASKAU was part of a contingent which also included the 10th Parachute Brigade, Grup Gerak Khas and PASKAL which were deployed to assist the administrative workload at the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) headquarters in Lebanon which 160 soldiers including 3 Malaysian SOF as the Quick Reaction Team.[25][26]

Hawk 208 crash[edit]

On 27 June 2006, PASKAU was involved in the search for Major Muhammad Rohaizan Bin Abdul Rahman after his Hawk 208 fighter crashed into the sea off Rompin, Pahang on 31 May 2006. The remains of the pilot were found on the seabed 28 days after the crash, 150 meters off the coast of Pantai Lanjut, Rompin, Pahang[27][28]

Bukit Batu Tiban Incident[edit]

PASKAU was involved in rescue operations on 28 July 2005, after a Hornbill Skyway Bell 206 Jet Ranger helicopter crashed in Bukit Batu Tiban, Ulu Baleh, Kapit, near the Sarawak-West Kalimantan border. Three passengers and the pilot died, one passenger survived.[29][30]

Brinchang Incident[edit]

On 7 June 2005, 21 PASKAU and 35 VAT 69 (Pasukan Gerakan Khas) operators were involved in the search for four children who were reported to be missing on Fraser's Hill as well as another two persons who were lost on Gunung Brinchang in the Cameron Highlands. They were all found three days later.[31]

Piper 28 crash[edit]

PASKAU, together with the Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) and the 10th Parachute Brigade of the Malaysian Army, were involved on 14 March 2004, in the search and rescue of the occupants of a civilian Piper 28 aircraft which had crashed. The aircraft went down in a heavily forested area 3.2 kilometres south-west of the Langat Dam, Selangor. The pilot, Captain Nasir Ma Lee Bin Abdullah, was killed while the passenger, Nazarullah Bin Mohd Sultan, was found alive.[32]

PASKAU boat capsizing[edit]

On 19 January 2003, a fibreglass boat carrying two senior officers and four servicemen from PASKAU capsized after encountering large waves in stormy conditions. This occurred during reconnaissance operations in the vicinity of Sibu Island, Johore at around 10:30 am. RMAF Majors Audrey Smith and Damian Sebastian, Sergeants Radzi Bin Abdul Majid and Saad Bin Che Omar were safely recovered while Corporals Hasnul Bin Abdul Rahman and Ayub Bin Sidek perished.[33]

Bukit Galla Incident[edit]

PASKAU with RMP General Operations Force, the State Forestry Department, the Civil Defence Department (JPA 3), the Department of Civil Aviation and the Negeri Sembilan Fire and Rescue Department, were involved on 20 February 1999, in search and rescue operations after a civilian Beachcraft BE-36 aircraft crashed into the slopes of Bukit Galla, Mantin, Negeri Sembilan. The pilot and his passenger, Patrick Dutrey and Natalie Marie Chappate, were killed.[34]

Gunung Gerah incident[edit]

On 14 November 1989, PASKAU was involved in rescue operations after a TUDM Sikorsky S61 'Nuri' helicopter went down on the slopes of Gunung Gerah and Gunung Bilah near the Kelantan-Perak border. 21 passengers were killed, including 15 policemens from the General Operations Force of the Royal Malaysia Police.

See also[edit]

Other Malaysian elite forces

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Teringat pangkalan 'dihujani' mortar 1974". Harian Metro (in Malay). 16 March 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Ifwan Tun Tuah. "Latihan lasak jana komando elit". Skuad. Archived from the original on 5 October 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2009. In Bahasa Malaysia
  4. ^ "Air Rescue Team" (Facebook pages). Malaysia special forces. 1 May 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "HUT PASKAU: Pasukan Khas Udara". Malaysia Transformasi (Blog) (in Malay). 1 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Sultan of Pahang honored the Honor Beret". Utusan Malaysia. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2009. In Bahasa Malaysia
  7. ^ Hishammuddin Hussein (2016-10-28), Majlis Pelancaran National Special Operation Force (NSOF) - 27 Oktober 2016, retrieved 2018-02-28 
  8. ^ "Majlis Hi Tea Bersama MB Perak 2018". Wra-Tacticalist (Facebook Page) (in Malay). 13 March 2018. 
  9. ^ Shahrizal. "Majlis Penganugerahan Beret PASKAU dan Penutup Kursus Komando Tudm Siri 24/2017". airforce.mil.my (in Malay). Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-05-17. 
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  11. ^ "RMAF deploying Single Occupant Delivery Operation Modul for its special forces unit PASKAU". Malaysia Military Power. 30 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "81 air force personnel complete basic commando training". Utusan Malaysia. 7 May 2004. Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  13. ^ Christina Tan (4 October 2007). "54 sign up for training but only 20 make it". The Star. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  14. ^ a b Technical Sergeant Aaron Cram (29 July 2009). "Air Commandos Provide Underwater Training To RMAF PASKAU". United States Air Force Special Operations Command (USAFSOC). Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  15. ^ Paliousis, Nikolaos. "Special Forces (HANDAU) (80's) Royal Malaysian Air Force". Pinterest (Image). 
  16. ^ "106 Skuadron Provos TUDM Labuan" (Facebook pages). Malaysia special forces (in Malay). 26 September 2017. 
  17. ^ "Azizul jalan kaki 3 hari 2 malam". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). 31 October 2007. 
  18. ^ a b Thompson, Leroy (December 2008). "Malaysian Special Forces". Special Weapons. Retrieved 23 November 2009. 
  19. ^ Zabry Mohamad Madzlan (10 December 2008). "Sig SG 553 is a new rifle for PASKAU". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 17 August 2009. 
  20. ^ Hafizuddin Sulaiman (March 2013). "Ops Daulat: PUTD Helicopters Have Arrived". Malaysia Flying Herald. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  21. ^ Hardi Effendi Yaacob (November 2010). "High risk of humanitarian aid". Berita Harian online. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  22. ^ "Mist, Rain Hamper Search For Missing Copter". Bernama. 16 July 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  23. ^ "Search For Missing Nuri Enters Fourth Day". Bernama. 16 July 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  24. ^ Roslina Mohamad (16 July 2007). "Villagers help in ground search". The Star. Archived from the original on 9 September 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  25. ^ "Malaysia wants longer peacekeeping tenure". The Star. 18 April 2007. Archived from the original on 3 June 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  26. ^ "200 Soldiers To Play Role As UNIFIL Administrators". Bernama. 20 September 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  27. ^ Ghazali Basri (28 June 2006). "Mayat juruterbang Hawk 208 ditemui di dasar laut". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  In Bahasa Malaysia
  28. ^ "Body Of Missing RMAF Pilot Found". Bernama. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  29. ^ Edward Subeng Stephen (26 July 2005). "Helicopter Crash: SAR Team Spots Signs Of Survivors". Bernama. Retrieved 2 December 2009. 
  30. ^ Borhan Abu Samah and Izwar Abdul Wahid (29 July 2005). "Satu mangsa dikesan selamat – Laungan minta tolong 3 lagi penumpang nahas helikopter turut didengar". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  In Bahasa Malaysia
  31. ^ Razak Din, Aizawati Ahmad and Sopi Samaile (29 June 2005). "2 lagi hilang di Brinchang, 4 belum ditemui di Bukit Fraser". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  In Bahasa Malaysia
  32. ^ "Mangsa nahas Piper minum air jeram tanpa makanan tiga hari". Utusan Malaysia. 18 March 2004. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  In Bahasa Malaysia
  33. ^ "Two bodies of air force commando be found, one still alive". Utusan Malaysia. 22 January 2003. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  In Bahasa Malaysia
  34. ^ Herman Shakri (21 February 1999). "Mayat juruterbang pesawat terhempas berjaya dikeluarkan". Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  In Bahasa Malaysia

External links[edit]