PNC Park is a baseball park located on the North Shore of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is the fifth home of the city's Major League Baseball franchise, it opened during the 2001 MLB season, after the controlled implosion of the Pirates' previous home, Three Rivers Stadium. PNC Park stands just east of its predecessor along the Allegheny River with a view of the Downtown Pittsburgh skyline; the ballpark is sponsored by PNC Financial Services, which purchased the naming rights in 1998. Constructed of steel and limestone, PNC Park features a natural grass playing surface and seats 38,747 people for baseball. Plans to build a new stadium for the Pirates originated in 1991, but did not come to fruition for five years. Funded in conjunction with Heinz Field and the David L. Lawrence Convention Center, the park was constructed for $216 million over a 24-month span, faster than most modern stadiums. Built in the "retro-classic" style modeled after past venues like Pittsburgh's Forbes Field, PNC Park introduced unique features, such as the use of limestone in the building's facade.
The park features a riverside concourse, steel truss work, an extensive out-of-town scoreboard, local eateries. Several tributes to former Pirate Roberto Clemente were incorporated into the ballpark, which included renaming the Sixth Street Bridge behind it in his honor. In addition to Pirates regular season and postseason home games, PNC Park has hosted other sporting events, including the 2006 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, numerous concerts. PNC Park is considered one of the best ballparks in America because of its location, views of the Pittsburgh skyline and Allegheny River, timeless design, clear angles of the field from every seat. On September 5, 1991, Pittsburgh mayor Sophie Masloff proposed a new 44,000-seat stadium for the Pittsburgh Pirates on the city's North Side. Three Rivers Stadium, the Pirates' home at the time, had been designed for functionality rather than "architecture and aesthetics"; the location of Three Rivers Stadium came to be criticized for being in a hard-to-access portion of the city, where traffic congestion occurred before and after games.
Discussions about a new ballpark took place, but were never considered until entrepreneur Kevin McClatchy purchased the team in February 1996. Until McClatchy's purchase, plans about the team remaining in Pittsburgh were uncertain. In 1996, Masloff's successor, Tom Murphy, created the "Forbes Field II Task Force". Made up of 29 political and business leaders, the team studied the challenges of constructing a new ballpark, their final report, published on June 26, 1996, evaluated 13 possible locations. The "North Side site" was recommended due to its affordable cost, potential to develop the surrounding area, opportunity to incorporate the city skyline into the stadium's design; the site selected for the ballpark is just upriver from the site of early Pirates home field Exposition Park. After a political debate, public money was used to fund PNC Park. A sales tax increase was proposed to fund three projects: PNC Park, Heinz Field, an expansion of the David L. Lawrence Convention Center. However, after the proposal was soundly rejected in a 1997 referendum known as the Regional Renaissance Initiative, the city developed Plan B.
Controversial, the alternative proposal was labeled Scam B by opponents. Some members of the Allegheny Regional Asset District felt that the Pirates' pledge of $40 million toward the new stadium was too little, while others criticized the amount of public money allocated for Plan B. One member of the Allegheny Regional Asset District board called the use of tax dollars "corporate welfare"; the plan, totaling $809 million, was approved by the Allegheny Regional Asset District board on July 9, 1998—with $228 million allotted for PNC Park. Shortly after Plan B was approved, the Pirates made a deal with Pittsburgh city officials to remain in the city until at least 2031. There was popular sentiment by fans for the Pirates to name the stadium after former outfielder Roberto Clemente. However, locally based PNC Financial Services purchased the stadium's naming rights in August 1998; as per the agreement, PNC Bank will pay the Pirates $2 million each year through 2020, has a full-service PNC branch at the stadium.
The total cost of PNC Park was $216 million. Shortly after the naming rights deal was announced, the city of Pittsburgh renamed the 6th Street Bridge near the southeast corner of the site of the park the Roberto Clemente Bridge as a compromise to fans who had wanted the park named after Clemente. Kansas City-based Populous, which designed many other major league ballparks of the late 20th and early 21st century, designed the ballpark; the design and construction management team consisted of the Dick Barton Malow. An effort was made in the design of PNC Park to salute other "classic style" ballparks, such as Fenway Park, Wrigley Field, Pittsburgh's Forbes Field. PNC Park was the first two-deck ballpark to be built in the United States since Milwaukee County Stadium opened in 1953; the park features a 24 by 42 foot Sony JumboTron, accompanied by the first-ever LED video boards in an outdoor MLB stadium. PNC Park is the first stadium to feature an out-of-town scoreboard with the score, number of outs, base runners for every other game being played around the league.
Ground was broken for PNC Park on April 7, 1999, after a ceremony to christen the newly renamed Roberto Clemente Bridge. As part of original plans to create an enjoyable experience for fans, the bridge is closed to vehicular traffic on game days to allow spectators to p
Observatory Hill is a hill near Chowrasta square, or The Mall as it is popularly known, in Darjeeling, West Bengal, India. Views of snow-clad peaks, including Mount Kanchenjunga, are visible from the Observatory Hill; the Bhutia Busty monastery was located here. Now the hill has the temple of Mahakal. Two important arteries of the town, Nehru Road and Bhanubhakta Sarani, meet at Chowrasta. Another school of thought suggests that the presence of the megalithic core to have been a place of worship of the Rongs, representing a sacred location of the classic Long Chok type; the term'Dotsug' was thus a literal translation of'Long Chok' The Bhutia Busty monastery, the oldest monastery in Darjeeling, was first located on Observatory Hill. It was built in 1765 by Lama Dorje-Rinzing; the name Darjeeling is believed to have originated when monks of the monastery referred to the region as "Dorje-ling", meaning the land of the thunderbolt. Another school of thought believes; the monastery was sacked by a Gorkha invasion in 1815.
It was rebuilt in 1861 and was moved to its present location in Bhutia Busty in 1879. The ill-fated monastery was again destroyed by a 1934 earthquake and owes its present existence to the Raja of Sikkim. Rising abruptly from Chowrasta is the hilltop. Situated atop is the ancient temple of a form of Lord Shiva. There is a cave sacred to worshippers in the temple. In Sanskrit, the word "Durjay Ling", means "Shiva of invincible prowess, who rules the Himalayas." There is a suggestion. The place where the Mahakal Temple stands was once occupied by the Buddhist monastery, it is still a place of great sanctity for the Bhutias. Bells ring in the midst of fluttering flags. Monkeys are seen in plenty at the Observatory Hill. Chowrasta and The Mall around Observatory Hill are among the main centres of tourist attraction in Darjeeling, they spread on hill slopes at an altitude of 2,134 metres. In clear weather, one can see all above 20,000 feet; the view is clear during October to November. At other times of the year, clouds sometimes engulf the area and some portions of the view available only at opportune moments.
Some people, similar to the characters in Satyajit Ray's Kanchenjungha, wait for long periods of time for the mist to clear so that they may have a view of third highest peak in the world. In spite of the high tourist flow, The Mall is the cleanest area in Darjeeling. Apart from the mountain views, tourists come to the Chowrasta for pony rides and collecting souvenirs. There are several places around Observatory Hill. Birch Hill, or Jawahar Parbat, an offshoot from The Mall, is a residential section where the Raj Bhavan is situated; the Himalayan Mountaineering Institute is located on the western spur of Jawahar Parbat, about a kilometre and half from Observatory Hill. The Windamere Hotel and West Bengal Government's Tourist Lodge stand above The Mall. Windamere, a cozy boarding area of the bachelor English and Scottish tea planters, was converted into a hotel in 1939. There are a number of restaurants in and around Chowrasta or The Mall. A road from The Mall leads to "Step Aside" - the house of the eminent freedom fighter Chittaranjan Das.
He died in Darjeeling on 16 June 1925. The latest addition coming up is a large "Ranga Manch" overlooking the Chowrasta; the range on which Darjeeling is located is Y-shaped with the base resting at Katapahar and Jalapahar and two arms diverging north from Observatory Hill. The northeastern arm dips and ends in the Lebong spur, while the northwestern arm passes through North Point and ends in the valley near Tukver Tea Estate. Chowrasta Darjeeling
Jérémie Palmigiani, better known by his stage name Soul Machine, is a French electronic music producer and an electronic instrument designer. He has worked as a solo electronic musician and as a remixer for artists such as Yann Destal, Nyls or Missill, he started DJing and producing music under the name of Soul Machine in 2009. The French radio Radio Metal invites him to their "High Hopes" show of December 2010 after he released a non-official remix of the song "Blackened" by Metallica. In 2012, the French DJ Girl Missill asks him to produce some tracks for her upcoming album and a remix of her single "Champions" in collaboration with the American hip hop duo M. O. P. and the British MC Dynamite MC. The same year, he records a tribute to the French duo Justice on the massive pipe organ of Saint Joseph's Basilica in Grenoble, France, he composes in 2013 the soundtrack of a documentary directed in Fukushima by the charity/fashion project "Silk Me Back in Japan". In parallel, the Franco-Italian singer Nyls, asks him to remix his single "Crazy".
The remix is featured in the Soundtrack of the movie "Yellow" directed by Rene Zhang the following year. In 2014, Yann Destal, singer of Modjo, calls him to remix his single "Walk With Me". Soul Machine releases the same year a double EP Phanerosphene I&II on So French Records, with an art cover painted by the Arizonian Psychedelic artist Jeff Hopp, he releases in 2015 the song "Wonderkids" co-produced with the Czech producer Atrey. The EP "Wonderkids Remixes" is released the following year featuring remixers such as Superfunk or Mozambo. In 2018, Soul Machine introduces his own handmade Electronic instruments under the name of "Far Beyond Perception"; the MS-X, an Analog synthesizer, is a modified Korg Monotron inspired by the Korg MS-10. The Psylotron is a hybrid replica of the Mellotron M400. Singles: EPs: Official Remixes