Fairfax Avenue is a street in the north central area of the city of Los Angeles, California. It runs from La Cienega Boulevard with Culver City at its end to Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood on its northern end. Since World War II, the Fairfax District has been a heavily Jewish neighborhood in Mid-City West, Fairfax High School, on the corner of Fairfax and Melrose Avenue, was known as the alma mater of many entertainment industry personalities. Canters Deli has been a late night hangout in Los Angeles since the 1940s, cBSs Television City is located on the corner of Fairfax and Beverly Boulevard, where thousands camp out to wait for a chance to watch The Price is Right. The former site of Gilmore Stadium, where the minor league baseball team, world-famous recording studio, Cherokee Studios, home to over 250 gold and platinum recorders, is just above Melrose Avenue. The Grove is off 3rd Street and Fairfax, due to the volume of high density attractions, Fairfax is one of the most congested streets in Los Angeles.
Little Ethiopia is further south by Olympic Blvd and north by Pico Boulevard in the Pico-Robertson neighborhood in West Los Angeles, the Petersen Automotive Museum is located on the south corner. Metro Local line 35,37,38 and 175,217, canters CBS Television City Farmers Market Academy Museum of Motion Pictures Petersen Automotive Museum
Central Avenue (Los Angeles)
Central Avenue is a major north-south thoroughfare in the central portion of the Los Angeles, California metropolitan area. Located just to the west of the Alameda Corridor, it runs from the end of the Los Angeles Civic Center south. From north to south, Central Avenue passes through Downtown Los Angeles, South Los Angeles, near its northern end, Central Avenue passes through Little Tokyo, Los Angeles oldest Japanese neighborhood and now a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. On Central Avenue just north of First Street is the former Hompa Hongwangi Buddhist Temple and it was declared Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No.313 in 1986. It was declared Los Angeles Historic-cultural Monument #138 in 1975, at 2300 Central is the Lincoln Theatre, opened in 1926 and long the leading venue in the city for African-American entertainment. It was declared Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #744 in 2003, at 4233 Central Avenue is the Dunbar Hotel, Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #131 since 1974.
During the era of segregation, when they were barred from the major hotels. The Hotel is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the Central Avenue Jazz Festival is a yearly free music festival held the last weekend of July along a stretch of Central Avenue which includes the Dunbar Hotel. The festival features jazz and Latin jazz performed by well-known, Central Avenue provides bus service along Metro Local line 53. From approximately 1920 to 1955, Central Avenue was the heart of the African-American community in Los Angeles, with rhythm and blues. Local luminaries included Eric Dolphy, Art Pepper, Chico Hamilton, commenting on its historical prominence, Wynton Marsalis once remarked that Central Avenue was the 52nd Street of Los Angeles. Lionel Hampton composed and performed a tune called Central Avenue Breakdown, dave Alvins tribute to Big Joe Turner, The Boss of the Blues, describes a drive down Central Avenue and Turners reminiscences about the scene. Central Avenue Sounds, Jazz in Los Angeles, Clora Bryant et al, smith, ISBN 978-1-58648-295-4 Upside Your Head.
History of Jazz on Central Avenue Central Avenue Sounds Oral History Project, Center for Oral History Research, UCLA Library Special Collections, University of California, Los Angeles
Beverly Drive is a major north-south roadway in Beverly Hills and Los Angeles. South Beverly Drive begins northbound at Harlow Avenue, a street just north of the Santa Monica Freeway in the city of Los Angeles. It passes through the neighborhood of Beverlywood and intersects with Pico Boulevard before entering the city of Beverly Hills at Whitworth Avenue. Between Olympic and Wilshire Boulevards, it becomes commercial, with dining and shopping establishments throughout. North Beverly Drive begins northbound after Wilshire, with a continuation of luxury stores, north of Santa Monica Boulevard it crosses Beverly Gardens Park and enters one of the citys more lavish residential neighborhoods. Before crossing Sunset Boulevard it approaches a broad and notoriously congested three-way intersection with Canon Drive and Lomitas Avenue, at the intersection of Beverly and Sunset lies the historic Beverly Hills Hotel, one of the citys most notable landmarks. It is possible to north on Beverly by turning left at the merger with Coldwater Canyon.
The terrain becomes hillier and mountainous as the street enters the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area. Franklin Canyon Reservoir is directly to the east, and later, the road ends just north of Desford Drive in Beverly Hills at a private residence
Alameda Street is a north-south street in Los Angeles County, California. It is approximately 21 miles in length, running from Harry Bridges Boulevard in Wilmington, for much of its length, Alameda runs through present and former industrial corridors, and is paralleled by Southern Pacific Railway tracts. Alameda Street runs on the east side of the Old Plaza, Los Angeles, in the late 19th century, Alameda Street and Commercial Street were Los Angeles original red-light district. South of Union Station, Alameda Street enters Little Tokyo and the former Warehouse District, at one time, a lot on Alameda and 8th was a haven for free-speech demonstrations. At 27th Street, Alameda Street splits into two divided by the 10-mile Mid-Corridor Trench, a local roadway on the east and the main Alameda Street to the East. Here, Alameda Street intersects with Slauson Avenue, Florence Avenue, Firestone Boulevard, each of these streets is grade-separated from the rail line. Though Alameda Street has interchanges with I-10, CA-91 and Interstate 405, Alameda Street is designated California State Route 47 between the California State Route 91 and Henry Ford Avenue.
Alameda Street descends into a tunnel between California State 91 and Del Amo Boulevard, at point the Alameda Corridor crosses from the east to the west of Alameda. South of Henry Ford Avenue, Alameda Street continues for another 1.4 miles in Wilmington before ending at Harry Bridges Boulevard, Alameda Street has a long history of Southern Pacific Railroad tracks running on or parallel to it. Before the building of Union Station, Southern Pacific trains would travel along Alameda between Naud Junction and the Southern Pacific Arcade Station on 5th Street. Though Southern Pacific eventually rerouted its downtown tracks to the LA River and this area is known as the Alameda Corridor. With the 2002 completion of the Alameda Corridor in an adjacent to Alameda. Los Angeles Union Station fronts onto Alameda Street, Metro Local Line 202 runs along Alameda Street between Del Amo Boulevard and Pacific Coast Highway. Metro Local Line 58 formerly served Alameda Street between Union Station and Washington, but was discontinued in 2005, three Metro Gold Line Stations are located on Alameda Street, Little Tokyo/Arts District, Union Station, and Chinatown.
Union Station is served by the Red and Purple lines, as well as Metrolink and Amtrak
Alvarado Street is a north-south thoroughfare in Los Angeles, California in the United States. The street was named after California governor Juan Bautista Alvarado, north of Glendale Boulevard, it starts off as a residential street. It becomes a major thoroughfare south of Glendale Boulevard, directly south of Pico Boulevard and north of Venice Boulevard, Alvarado Street merges with Hoover Street. Alvarado Street is signed as State Route 2 from Glendale Boulevard to the Hollywood Freeway, langers Delicatessen-Restaurant and El Pollo Locos first United States restaurant are located on Alvarado Street which is where it quickly became a local favorite. Edwards Steak House was originally located on this street, Metro Local line 200 operates on Alvarado Street. The Metro Shuttle 603 operates on Alvarado Street only going Southbound, macArthur Park St. Vincent Medical Center Westlake Theatre
Broadway (Los Angeles)
Broadway is a major thoroughfare in central Los Angeles and Los Angeles County, southern California. The Broadway Theater District in Downtown Los Angeles is the first and largest historic theater, Broadway begins at Main Street just north of the San Diego Freeway. From there it runs 10 miles north from South Los Angeles to Downtown, connecting Carson, after entering Downtown, it passes through Broadways historic commercial district and theatre district, enters the Los Angeles Civic Center and passes through Grand Park. After crossing the Hollywood Freeway and Cesar Chavez Avenue, signs along the street change to read North Broadway as it enters Chinatown and passes through the Dragon Gate and it curves northeast, passing through the old railyards north of Downtown Los Angeles. After crossing the Golden State Freeway it heads due east to its terminus at Mission Road in Lincoln Heights. Broadway is one of the oldest streets in the city, it was out as part of the 1849 plan of Los Angeles made by Lieutenant Edward Ord.
Fort Street began at the side of Fort Moore Hill at Sand Street. In 1890, the name of Fort Street, from 1st Street to 10th Street, was changed to Broadway, the rest of Fort Street, from California Street to 1st Street, was changed to North Broadway. The Broadway Tunnel under Fort Moore Hill was opened in 1901, a section of Broadway in South Los Angeles was originally named Moneta Avenue until 1923. In 1909, construction on a bridge across the Los Angeles River was begun to connect Buena Vista Street to Downey Avenue, the names of Buena Vista and Downey were changed to North Broadway, but not without significant objections from affected residents and landowners. The bridge, which continued to be referred to as the Buena Vista Street Bridge for a good while, was opened to traffic in late September 1911. For more than 50 years, Broadway from 1st Street to Olympic Boulevard was the commercial street of Los Angeles. It contains a vast number of buildings and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Before World War II, Broadway was considered by many to be the center of the city, where went to ornate movie palaces and live theaters. Some historically significant buildings include the Bradbury Building, United Artists Theater, some of the movie theaters on the street fell into disuse and disrepair, some were replaced with parking lots, but many have been repurposed and/or restored. The department stores closed in the 1970s and 1980s, but Broadway has been the shopping destination for working class Latinos for decades. It includes the transformation of the United Artists Theater office tower into the Ace Hotel Los Angeles, the Bringing Back Broadway commission is working on further reviving the landmark Los Angeles boulevard in the historic district. A pedestrian-friendly project finished up in December 2014 that widened the sidewalks and replaced the lane with planters, chairs
Rodeo Drive /roʊˈdeɪ. oʊ/ is a two-mile-long street, primarily in Beverly Hills, with its southern segment in the City of Los Angeles. Its southern terminus is at Beverwil Drive, and its terminus is at its intersection with Sunset Boulevard in Beverly Hills. The larger business district surrounding Rodeo, known as the Golden Triangle and they platted the street that very year, in 1906. By 1907, 75x160 foot parcels on Rodeo were selling for $1,100 each and it became a bridle path in 1912, when the Beverly Hills Hotel was built on a former lima bean field. By November 1925, similar lots were selling for between $15,000 and $30,000, almost double what theyd been selling for in September, the central part of Rodeo eventually became a business street with hardware stores, gas stations, beauty shops, and bookstores. In 1958, real estate developer Marvin Kratter bought 48,000 square feet of land at the corner of Rodeo, the acreage is across the street from the Beverly Wilshire Hotel and Kratter paid something over $2 million for it.
In 1967 Fred Hayman, the father of Rodeo Drive, opened Giorgio Beverly Hills, in 1968 Aldo Gucci opened a store on Rodeo, which catalyzed the process by which the street took on its present form. Van Cleef & Arpels opened in 1969, followed by a Vidal Sassoon salon in 1970, in 1980 Carroll noted that before There was nothing at all of an international nature on the street. Rodeo was purely local in flavor, in 1977 the Rodeo Drive Committee launched a publicity campaign designed to make everyone around the world think of Rodeo Drive as the shopping street of the rich and famous. The RDC wanted to make Rodeo Drive an economic engine for Beverly Hills, in 1976, Bijan Pakzad opened a showroom on Rodeo, which helped to solidify Rodeo Drives reputation as a luxury shopping destination. Pakzad touted his Rodeo Drive store as the most expensive in the world, the building at 332 N. Rodeo was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. The Rodeo Collection, a 45 store,70,000 square foot shopping mall opened in 1983 at 421 N.
Rodeo Drive, the building is only four stories high with the first floor below street level in order to satisfy local building codes. Two Rodeo Drive, another shopping center, was built in 1990. It initially housed, amongst other stores, Christian Dior and Valentino, the original developer, Douglas Stitzel, sold the property for about $200 million immediately after its completion. The shopping center was hard-hit by the early 1990s recession, with occupancy dropping to as low as 60%. By 2007 the property was financially stable again and was sold to a group of Irish investors for $275 million and it resembles a “faux-European shopping alley” and features a cobblestone street. Some architects have claimed that Two Rodeo Drive is similar to a park in the manner of Disneyland. French fashion firm Lanvin opened a store on Rodeo in 2011, in 2003, Rodeo Drive was given an $18 million makeover which included widening the streets and the addition of crosswalks
Cahuenga Boulevard is a major boulevard of northern Los Angeles, California, US. The name is derived from Cahuenga, the Spanish name for the Tongva village of Kawengna and it connects Sunset Boulevard in the heart of old Hollywood to the Hollywood Hills and North Hollywood in the San Fernando Valley. At this point an intersection is formed with Ventura Boulevard to the northwest, from here it parallels the Hollywood Freeway, passing The Baked Potato jazz club. And Universal Studios Hollywood, rising over the Cahuenga Pass connecting the San Fernando Valley to the Los Angeles Basin, crossing the freeway once again on the Pilgrimage Bridge near The Hollywood Bowl, it continues down to Sunset Boulevard and Melrose Avenue in downtown Hollywood. The boulevard is one of the routes to Universal Studios from downtown Los Angeles. The southern part of Cahuenga Boulevard has been referred to as the heart of old Hollywood, trolley cars were used on the boulevards until the 1960s when replaced with bus.
Historically a number of important Los Angeles buildings were located on the road including the Technicolor building from the 1940s through the 1960s, the Owl Drug Company at 6380–84 Hollywood Boulevard on the south-west corner of Cahuenga Boulevard was a notable Californian company in the 1930s. At the intersection of Cahuenga Boulevard with Yucca Street, just off of Hollywood Boulevard was the Halifax Hotel, the Buster Keaton studio, originally belonging to Charlie Chaplin, was located on Lillian Way, one block east of the boulevard. The boulevard appears in several of his films,1542 Cahuenga Boulevard, which formerly adjoined the Toribuchi Grocery at 1546, appeared in the 1921 Keaton film The Goat, which featured Keaton running from the police past them. Today, numerous nightclubs and restaurants are dotted along the south of Franklin Avenue. Notable clubs on Cahuenga include The Room, Hotel Café, Velvet Margarita, the Hotel Café, at 1623 1/2 N. Cahuenga Blvd, is owned by Marko Shafer and Maximillian Mamikunian and opened in 2000.
The Baked Potato, one of the citys most prominent jazz clubs, is situated near the intersection with the Hollywood Freeway, builders Of The Broad Highway Film showing Cahuenga Parkway c1940 construction LAistory, Pilgrimage Bridge Cahuenga Parkway completion details
1st Street, Los Angeles
1st Street is an east–west thoroughfare in Los Angeles and Monterey Park, California. It serves as a divider between north and south and is one of a few streets to run across the Los Angeles River. Though it serves as a road east of downtown Los Angeles. For over a mile between Hoover Street and Glendale Boulevard, 1st Street is synonymous with Beverly Boulevard, the Gold Line runs on east 1st Street between Alameda and Indiana Streets, it operates the Little Tokyo/Arts District, Pico/Aliso, Mariachi Plaza and Indiana stations. Metro Local line 14 runs through west 1st Street and Metro Local line 30 through East 1st Street, the under construction Metro Regional Connector will have a new light rail subway station on the intersection of 1st Street and Central Avenue. Monterey Park Village Beverly Center CBS Television West Coast Headquarters Disney Concert Hall Grand Park Los Angeles City Hall Caltrans District 7 Headquarters Little Tokyo Mariachi Plaza
First Communion is a ceremony in some Christian traditions during which a person first receives the Eucharist. It is most common in the Latin Church tradition of the Catholic Church, as well as in parts of the Lutheran Church. In churches that celebrate First Communion, it occurs between the ages of seven and thirteen, often acting as a rite of passage. Catholics believe this event to be important, as the Eucharist occupies a central role in Catholic theology. First Communion is not celebrated in the Eastern Orthodox churches, the Oriental Orthodox churches, or the Assyrian Church of the East, some Anglicans allow infant communion, while others require the previous reception of confirmation, usually during the teenage years. Celebration of this ceremony is typically less elaborate in many Protestant churches. Roman Catholics and some Protestants believe that Christ is truly present in the Eucharist, other denominations have varying understandings, ranging from the Eucharist being a symbolic meal to a meal of remembering Christs last supper.
The sacrament of First Communion is an important tradition for Catholic families, for Catholics, Holy Communion is the third of seven sacraments received. It occurs only after receiving Baptism, and once the person has reached the age of reason first confession must precede the first reception of the Eucharist, traditions of celebration surrounding First Communion usually include large family gatherings and parties to celebrate the event. The first communicant wears special clothing, the clothing is often white to symbolize purity, but not in all cultures. Girls often wear fancy dresses and an attached to a wreath of flowers or hair ornament. In other communities, girls commonly wear dresses passed down to them from sisters or mothers, boys may wear a suit, or tuxedo, or their Sunday best, or national dress. In many Latin American countries, boys wear military-style dress uniforms with gold braid aiguillettes, in Switzerland both boys and girls wear plain white robes with brown wooden crosses around their necks.
In Spain, Germany and Austria, girls are dressed up as, so to speak, in Scotland, boys traditionally wear kilts and other traditional Scottish dress which accompany the kilt. Gifts of a nature are usually given, such as rosaries and prayer books, in addition to religious statues, icons. Many families have formal professional photographs taken in addition to candid snapshots in order to commemorate the event, some churches arrange for a professional photographer after the ceremony. During the communist era, dominant societies initiation into the movement in communist countries that had large Catholic populations was an overt attempt to supplant the Catholic ritual. In all cases, a child at the age of seven to ten is initiated as a member of a group within which the individuals share certain values and culture
A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer by a state or the functional equivalent of a state to fund various public expenditures. A failure to pay, or evasion of or resistance to taxation, is punishable by law. Taxes consist of direct or indirect taxes and may be paid in money or as its labour equivalent, the legal definition and the economic definition of taxes differ in that economists do not regard many transfers to governments as taxes. For example, some transfers to the sector are comparable to prices. Examples include tuition at public universities and fees for utilities provided by local governments, governments obtain resources by creating money and coins, through voluntary gifts, by imposing penalties, by borrowing, and by confiscating wealth. In modern taxation systems, governments levy taxes in money, but in-kind and corvée taxation are characteristic of traditional or pre-capitalist states, the method of taxation and the government expenditure of taxes raised is often highly debated in politics and economics.
Tax collection is performed by a government agency such as the Canada Revenue Agency, when taxes are not fully paid, the state may impose civil penalties or criminal penalties on the non-paying entity or individual. The levying of taxes aims to raise revenue to fund governing and/or to alter prices in order to affect demand and their functional equivalents throughout history have used money provided by taxation to carry out many functions. A governments ability to raise taxes is called its fiscal capacity, when expenditures exceed tax revenue, a government accumulates debt. A portion of taxes may be used to service past debts, governments use taxes to fund welfare and public services. These services can include education systems, pensions for the elderly, unemployment benefits, energy and waste management systems are common public utilities. A tax effectively changes relative prices of products and they have therefore sought to identify the kind of tax system that would minimize this distortion.
Governments use different kinds of taxes and vary the tax rates, taxes on the poor supported the nobility, modern social-security systems aim to support the poor, the disabled, or the retired by taxes on those who are still working. A states tax system often reflects its communal values and the values of those in current political power. To create a system of taxation, a state must make choices regarding the distribution of the tax burden—who will pay taxes and how much they will pay—and how the taxes collected will be spent. In democratic nations where the public elects those in charge of establishing or administering the tax system, in countries where the public does not have a significant amount of influence over the system of taxation, that system may reflect more closely the values of those in power. All large businesses incur administrative costs in the process of delivering revenue collected from customers to the suppliers of the goods or services being purchased. Taxation is no different, the resource collected from the public through taxation is always greater than the amount which can be used by the government, the difference is called the compliance cost and includes the labour cost and other expenses incurred in complying with tax laws and rules
Pantages Theatre (Hollywood)
The Hollywood Pantages Theatre, formerly known as RKO Pantages Theatre, is located at Hollywood and Vine, in Hollywood. Designed by architect B. Marcus Priteca, it was the last theater built by the vaudeville impresario Alexander Pantages, the palatial Art Deco theater opened on June 4,1930, as part of the Pantages Theatre Circuit. The Pantages Theatre Circuit had been built on vaudeville, and the new Hollywood theater programmed first-run movies alternating through the day with vaudeville acts for its first two years. But like other theaters during the Great Depression, it was forced to economize and thereafter operated primarily as a movie theater, Alexander Pantages sold the Hollywood landmark in 1932 to Fox West Coast Theaters. In 1949, Howard Hughes acquired the Hollywood Pantages for his RKO Theatre Circuit, from 1949 through 1959, the theatre hosted the American motion picture industrys annual Academy Award Ceremonies. It continued to be a venue for roadshow movies into the 1970s. From 1965, it was operated by Pacific Theatres, now operated by an arm of the Nederlander Organization, the Hollywood Pantages is one of Los Angeles leading venues for live theater.
The theater underwent a restoration and upgrade in 2000. The original plans for the Hollywood Pantages were for a 12-story building,2 floors dedicated to theater and 10 floors of office space, completion of the 10 upper floors was halted due to the 1929 stock market crash during construction. In December 2007, plans were revealed to complete the design and floors, much due to the rejuvenation of the Hollywood area. The theatre has hosted popular music concerts, including those of the bands Dream Theater, Foo Fighters. The Talking Heads 1984 concert film Stop Making Sense was shot there, in 1997,4 years before her English crossover, Colombian singer-songwriter Shakira performed her first show in the United States at the Hollywood Pantages. In 2006, Mexican pop-group RBD recorded their CD/DVD Live in Hollywood at the Hollywood Pantages, the Hollywood Pantages Theatre is a popular location for the filming of movies, TV shows, and music videos. Concert scenes in the 1980 film The Jazz Singer and in Michael Jacksons 1995 video You Are Not Alone are just two out of many.
Rickie Lee Joness 1979 self-titled debut album includes a reference to the Pantages in her song Chuck E. s In Love, productions at the Pantages, have included, Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood Official Pantages Theatre website