The Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands is a U. S. naval facility and airport located five nautical miles northwest of the central business district of Kekaha, in Kauai County, United States. PMRF is multi-dimensional testing and training missile range; the US military and subcontractors favor its relative isolation, ideal year-round tropical climate and encroachment-free environment. It is the only range in the world where submarines, surface ships and space vehicles can operate and be tracked simultaneously. There are over 1,100 square miles of instrumented underwater range and over 42,000 square miles of controlled airspace; the base itself covers 2,385 acres. The base includes a 6,000-foot runway with operations and maintenance facilities, it has 70 housing units and various recreational facilities for those who can access the base. The base has support facilities at Port Allen, Makaha Ridge, Koke'e State Park; the base uses a portion of the nearby island of Niihau for a remotely operated APS-134 surveillance radar, an 1,100-acre Test Vehicle Recovery Site, the Perch Electronic Warfare site, multiple EW Portable Simulator sites, a Helicopter Terrain Flight training course.
In 1921, the land area known as the Barking Sands was acquired by the Kekaha Sugar Company and became a runway for private planes. In 1928 Charles Kingsford Smith, a record-setting Australian aviator, took off with his four-man crew from a sandy runway here to fly non-stop to Fiji, they had arrived in Hawaii at Wheeler Army Airfield, but left from Barking Sands as Wheeler was not long enough to take off with their heavy load. The U. S. Army acquired the land in 1940, named it Mana Airport, paved the runway. Additional land acquired in 1941 expanded the facility to 2,058 acres. Private airlines utilized the airport, World War II incurred a great deal of military flight operations; the base was designated Bonham Air Force Base in 1954. U. S. Navy operations at Bonham began with testing of the Regulus I missile. In 1958, the Pacific Missile Range Facility was established to support the growing demand of the Navy at Bonham. In 1964, the Pacific Missile Range Facility and Bonham was transferred to the Navy, becoming Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands.
In 1962, the U. S. military conducted the Frigate Bird Test of the Operation Dominic program near PMRF. The military launched an operational ballistic missile with a live warhead from the USS Ethan Allen, situated near PMRF; the nuclear warhead detonated in an air burst at 11,000 feet. The Navy is using PMRF to test "hit to kill" technology using direct collision of the anti-ballistic missile with its target; this destroys the target by using only kinetic energy from the force of the collision. The two Missile Defense Agency programs that utilize the range at PMRF are the Navy's Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System and the Army's Terminal High Altitude Area Defense System, or THAAD; the THAAD program relocated their testing operations from the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico and conducted its first demonstration at PMRF on 26 January 2007. On 27 April 2007, the U. S. military's sea-based missile defense system, the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System, showed it could intercept two targets when it destroyed a cruise missile and a short-range ballistic missile during a test off the Hawaiian island of Kauai.
The test marked eight out of ten times the Missile Defense Agency and U. S. Navy's Aegis missile defense system intercepted its target, but was the first time the system knocked out two targets at the same time; the Navy is working with the State of Hawaii and Kauai County to ensure the long-term viability of PMRF. For many decades, the land adjacent to PMRF was used for sugarcane fields, wholly compatible with operations at PMRF. Since Kekaha Sugar's closure, the Navy has become wary of "encroachment", incompatible developments, that might occur on the land next to the base. In order to ensure that PMRF can continue to safely conduct important research and training operations in the future, the Navy and some citizens of Kauai are seeking to permanently preserve the land adjacent to PMRF for agricultural purposes. Under the PMRF Agriculture Preservation Initiative the Navy would have the 6,000 acres of land adjacent to PMRF preserved for agricultural use. Although the Navy has stated that it would like to lease about 300 acres of land, it has stated that its main goal is not to purchase more land but to ensure the land continues to be used for agricultural purposes.
When North Korea threatened to launch Taepodong-2 ICBMs toward Hawaii in 2009, the US temporarily deployed a THAAD missile unit to the facility. The range hosted the following programs: Eastern Test Range WWVH, a time signal radio station on the grounds of the PMRF Hawaii World War II Army Airfields This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Washington, D. C.: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Pacific Missile Range Facility Barking Sands, official website PMRF Agriculture Preservation Initiative NMB Barking Sands Installation Overview at NavyUSA.org Pacific Missile Range Facility / NS Barking Sands at GlobalSecurity.org Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for BKH AirNav airpor
South Milwaukee is a city in Milwaukee County, United States. The population was 21,156 at the 2010 census. South Milwaukee was laid out in 1891 by the South Milwaukee company within the Town of Oak Creek, with the purpose of serving as a rival industrial suburb of the City of Milwaukee, was named from its location south of Milwaukee. South Milwaukee was incorporated as a village in 1892. South Milwaukee has a rich immigrant history, as immigrants from England and Germany made up a large portion of the population in the early 1900s. South Milwaukee is located at 42°54′40″N 87°51′51″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.81 square miles, of which, 4.80 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 21,156 people, 9,043 households, 5,475 families living in the city; the population density was 4,407.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,722 housing units at an average density of 2,025.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.6% White, 2.0% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 2.1% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.0% of the population. There were 9,043 households of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.5% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age in the city was 40.3 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.0 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 21,256 people, 8,694 households, 5,616 families living in the city; the population density was 4,447.5 people per square mile. There were 9,122 housing units at an average density of 1,908.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.81% White, 1.04% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, 1.47% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.01% of the population. There were 8,694 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $44,197, the median income for a family was $54,474. Males had a median income of $38,146 versus $27,121 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,925. About 4.5% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
South Milwaukee was the headquarters of Bucyrus International Bucyrus-Erie, known for constructing large shovels and dragline excavators, including Big Muskie, the world's largest mobile earth-moving machine. Bucyrus shovels were used in the construction of the Panama Canal. In November 2012 Caterpillar Mining bought Bucyrus International for $8.6 billion and will make a goal to become a "one-stop shop" for mining companies worldwide. Within South Milwaukee's borders is Grant Park, part of the Milwaukee County Park System. Grant Park features the Oak Leaf Bike trail, tennis courts, a swimming beach, an 18-hole golf course and the Seven Bridges Hiking Trail along the shore of Lake Michigan. In 2005, the South Milwaukee Performing Arts Center was built adjacent to the new South Milwaukee High School; this Performing Arts Center, open to the public, hosts a variety of entertainment. City of South Milwaukee
Félix Vieuille was a French operatic bass who sang for more than four decades with the Opéra-Comique in Paris during the first half of the twentieth century. He created roles in numerous world premieres, most notably portraying Arkel in the original production of Claude Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande in 1902 which he went on to sing 208 times at that house, he possessed a solid technique which helped sustain his career for a long time. His voice is preserved on a number of recordings made on the Odeon and Beka labels. Vieuille studied at the Conservatoire de Paris with teachers Léon Achard and Alfred Auguste Giraudet, he made his debut as Leporello in Mozart's Don Giovanni in 1897 at Aix-les-Bains. He joined the Paris Opéra-Comique in 1898 where he sang supporting roles until he was made a leading bass in 1902, with his first major role being Arkel in the world première of Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande. Debussy was evidently pleased with Vieuille’s interpretation of Arkël. Vieuille continued to perform in leading roles at the Opéra-Comique up until 1940.
He notably created roles in more than twenty world premieres, including Gustave Charpentier's Louise, Henri Rabaud's La fille de Roland, Ariane et Barbe-Bleue, Bloch’s Macbeth, Rabaud's Mârouf, savetier du Caire, Milhaud’s Le pauvre matelot to name just a few. He sang in the Paris premières of Fauré’s Pénélope and Rimsky-Korsakov’s The Snow Maiden, he continued to sing Arkel in performances of Pelléas et Mélisande at the Opéra-Comique up to 1933, appearing alongside his nephew the baritone Jean Vieuille from 1930–33. At this point Vieuille had taken up teaching and his nephew was one of his many pupils. In addition to his appearance at the Opéra-Comique, Vieuille appeared at the Manhattan Opera House in New York City from 1908–1909 at the invitation of Oscar Hammerstein I. While there he notably sang Arkel in the United States premiere of Pelléas et Mélisande among other roles, he sang in a few productions with Zurich Opera in 1917. Chiffonnier in Louise 1900 Walter in Le Juif polonais 1900 Arkël in Pelléas et Mélisande 1902 Charlemagne in La fille de Roland 1904 Jean-Pierre in Les pêcheurs de Saint-Jean 1905 Toussaint in L’Enfant Roi 1905 Le roi in Le roi aveugle 1906 Eurylaque in Circé 1907 Barbe-bleue in Ariane et Barbe-bleue 1907 Maitre Pierre in Le chemineau 1907 Etchemendy in Chiquito 1909 Macduff in Macbeth 1910 Mucien in Bérénice 1911 Mattelinn in La lépreuse 1912 Chrestus in Danseuse di Pompéi 1912 van Hulle in Le carilloneur 1913 Sultan of Khaitan in Mârouf, savetier du Caire 1914 L'Evêque in Béatrice 1917 The priest Siang in Ping-Sin 1918 Philippe Strozzi in Lorenzaccio 1920 Estéban in Dans l'ombre de la cathédrale 1921 Father-in-law in Le pauvre matelot 1927 Jonathas in La peau de Chagrin 1929 Don Pédro in Le sicilien 1930.