Package cushioning is used to protect items during shipment. Vibration and impact shock during shipment and loading/unloading are controlled by cushioning to reduce the chance of product damage. Cushioning is inside a shipping container such as a corrugated box, it is designed to absorb shock by crushing and deforming, to dampen vibration, rather than transmitting the shock and vibration to the protected item. Depending on the specific situation, package cushioning is between 50 and 75 millimeters thick. Internal packaging materials are used for functions other than cushioning, such as to immobilize the products in the box and lock them in place, or to fill a void; when designing packaging the choice of cushioning depends on many factors, including but not limited to: effective protection of product from shock and vibration resilience resistance to creep – cushion deformation under static load material costs labor costs and productivity effects of temperature and air pressure on cushioning cleanliness of cushioning effect on size of external shipping container environmental and recycling issues sensitivity of product to static electricity Loose fill – Some cushion products are flowable and are packed loosely around the items in the box.
The box is closed to tighten the pack. This includes expanded polystyrene foam pieces, similar pieces made of starch-based foams, common popcorn; the amount of loose fill material required and the transmitted shock levels vary with the specific type of material. Paper – Paper can be manually or mechanically wadded up and used as a cushioning material. Heavier grades of paper provide more weight-bearing ability than old newspapers. Creped cellulose wadding is available. Corrugated fiberboard pads – Multi-layer or cut-and-folded shapes of corrugated board can be used as cushions; these structures are designed to crush and deform under shock stress and provide some degree of cushioning. Paperboard composite honeycomb structures are used for cushioning. Foam structures – Several types of polymeric foams are used for cushioning; the most common are: Expanded Polystyrene, polypropylene and polyurethane. These can be molded engineered sheets which are cut and glued into cushion structures. Convoluted foams sometimes used.
Some degradable foams are available. Foam-in-place is another method of using polyurethane foams; these fill the box encapsulating the product to immobilize it. It is used to form engineered structures. Molded pulp – Pulp can be molded into shapes suitable for cushioning and for immobilizing products in a package. Molded pulp is recyclable. Inflated products – Bubble wrap consists of sheets of plastic film with enclosed “bubbles” of air; these sheets can be wrapped around items to be shipped. A variety of engineered inflatable air cushions are available. Note that inflated air pillows used for void-fill are not suited for cushioning. Other – Several other types of cushioning are available including suspension cushions, thermoformed end caps, various types of shock mounts. Proper performance of cushioning is dependent on its proper use, it is best to use a trained packaging engineer, reputable vendor, consultant, or independent laboratory. An engineer needs to know the severity of shock to protect against.
This can be based on an existing specification, published industry standards and publications, field studies, etc. Knowledge of the product to be packaged is critical. Field experience may indicate the types of damage experienced. Laboratory analysis can help quantify the fragility of the item reported in g's. Engineering judgment can be an excellent starting point. Sometimes a product can be made more rugged or can be supported to make it less susceptible to breakage; the amount of shock transmitted by a particular cushioning material is dependent on the thickness of the cushion, the drop height, the load-bearing area of the cushion. A cushion must deform under shock for it to function. If a product is on a large load-bearing area, the cushion may not deform and will not cushion the shock. If the load-bearing area is too small, the product may “bottom out” during a shock. Engineers use “cushion curves” to choose the best thickness and load-bearing area for a cushioning material. Two to three inches of cushioning are needed to protect fragile items.
Cushion design requires care to prevent shock amplification caused by the cushioned shock pulse duration being close to the natural frequency of the cushioned item. The process for vibration protection involves similar considerations as that for shock. Cushions can be thought of as performing like springs. Depending on cushion thickness and load-bearing area and on the forcing vibration frequency, the cushion may 1) not have any influence on input vibration, 2) amplify the input vibration at resonance, or 3) isolate the product from the vibration. Proper design is critical for cushion performance. Verification and validation of prototype designs are required; the design of a package and its cushioning is an iterative process involving several designs, redesigns, etc. Several published package testing protocols are available to evaluate the performance of a proposed package. Field performance should be monitored for feedback into the design process. D1596 Standard Test Method for D
Ali Eren Beşerler is a former Turkish international footballer. He played 170 matches at Süper Lig, from 1994 to 2005. Beşerler started his career at the capital giant Gençlerbirliği, he played 18 league matches for the club youth team at PAF League in 1992–93 season and 12 league appearances and 2 goals in BAL Ligi for the amateur team. In 1994–95 season he was promoted to first team. At Gençlerbirliği he started to play for Turkey U21 since April 1996 and selected to 1997 Mediterranean Games, he was offered a new 2-year contract by Gençlerbirliği after the tournament, but in October 1997, he was sold to Beşiktaş. He played 5 league matches in the first season, played as a regular, played 23 starts, made him received a call-up to national team, he signed a new 4-year contract with club. With Turkey he played all 6 caps as starter, helped Turkey qualified for UEFA Euro 2000, but in club level he just played 7 league matches at 1999-2000 and all from September to December, thus not selected to the UEFA Euro 2000 final tournament.
In the next 2 seasons he played. In his final season, he just played 2 substitutes appearances. At the beginning of the 2001/2002 season he was recruited by his former coach Nevio Scala to Serie B outfit Genoa and signed a 4-year contract at $1 million per year. After the club's doctors identified an issue on his left knee and asked for further tests, Beşerler chose to cancel the contract and return to Beşiktaş instead. In August 2003 he signed for Süper Lig newcomer Çaykur Rizespor on free transfer, but he just played. He played for Kocaelispor at TFF First League, Süper Lig newcomer Akçaabat Sebatspor, Altay at TFF First League, Sivasspor at Süper Lig and lastly for Turgutluspor at TFF Second League. Beşiktaş J. K. Süper Lig: 2002-03 Ali Eren Beşerler at National-Football-Teams.com Profile at TFF
The Slovenian People's Party is a conservative, Christian-democratic political party in Slovenia. Formed in 1988 under the name of Slovenian Peasant Union as the first democratic political organization in Yugoslavia, it changed its name to Slovenian People's Party in 1992. On 15 April 2000 it merged with the Slovene Christian Democrats to form the SLS+SKD Slovenian People's Party, changed its name in 2001 to Slovenian People's Party. SLS won seats in the National Parliament in general elections in Slovenia in the years 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2011, but missed the parliamentary threshold in 2014. SLS won 6.83% of the vote at the early 2011 Slovenian parliamentary election on 4 December 2011, thus gaining 6 seats in the National Assembly. From March 2013 to December 2014, Franc Bogovič led SLS. In the 2014 European Parliamentary elections, SLS got their first seat in the European Parliament with Franc Bogovič being elected member of the European Parliament on the NSi and SLS joint-list. SLS lost their seats in the National parliament for the first time in the general elections on 13 July 2014.
In the local elections in October 2014, SLS won among all Slovenian political parties in the number of elected mayors. On 6 December 2014, a new leadership was elected at the SLS Congress in Slovenia; the new president of the SLS is Marko Zidanšek. The Slovenian People's Party was established in May 1988 under the name of Slovenian Peasant Union as the first non-Communist political organization in Slovenia and Yugoslavia after 1945; the establishment of the Slovenian Peasant Union is considered as one of the crucial events in the Slovenian Spring of 1988. In January 1989, it could register as a party. In the first multi-party election in Slovenia, the Peasant Union ran as a part of the DEMOS coalition and won 11 of the 80 seats in the Slovenian Parliament; the party's name was changed to the current form in 1991, alluding to the pre-war Catholic conservative Slovene People's Party. The renaming of the party caused a controversy with the Slovene Christian Democrats, who considered themselves the official heirs of the pre-war Slovene People's Party, since the Slovene People's Party in exile merged with the Slovene Christian Democrats in 1990.
In 1992, Marjan Podobnik was elected as president of the party. Under his leadership, the Slovenian People's Party pursued an agrarian and corporatist ideology. In 1992, the founder of the Slovenian Peasant Union Ivan Oman left the party and joined the Slovene Christian Democrats, who were part of the ruling centrist grand coalition. Between 1992 and 1996, the Slovene People's Party was, together with the Slovenian National Party, the largest opposition party, its ideology and policies were marked by a populist shift. In late 1995, representatives of the People's Party called for a referendum to suspend the citizenship of non-ethnic Slovenes; the attempt was stopped by the Constitutional Court. Ahead of the parliamentary election of 1996, the People's Party formed the Slovenian Spring alliance together with the Slovene Christian Democrats, that referred to the historical Slovenian People's Party, as well; however the alliance, was disbanded after the elections, when the SLS joined a coalition government with the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia, while the SKD went into opposition.
In April 2000, strains between SLS and the Liberal Democrats led to the former's withdrawal from the coalition. In early May, SLS, SKD and SDS elected. On 15 April 2000, the Slovene Christian Democrats merged into the Slovenian People's Party, the abbreviation was temporarily changed to SLS+SKD to signify both predecessors. However, as early as in July of the same year rifts emerged, based on the question of a new electoral system. Therefore, Prime Minister Bajuk, Lojze Peterle, other centrist Christian democrats left the unified party to form New Slovenia – Christian People's Party in August; the remaining People's Party performed poorly in the election in October 2000, but became part of the Liberal-led coalition government of Janez Drnovšek. In the legislative election on 3 October 2004, the party won 6.8% of the popular vote and 7 out of 90 seats. Led by Janez Podobnik, the brother of former chairman Marjan Podobnik, the party entered in the centre-right government of Janez Janša. In 2007, the mayor of Celje Bojan Šrot replaced Marjan Podobnik as president of the party.
This change in leadership coincided with a policy shift. Upon his election, Šrot announced he wanted to transform the SLS in the largest center-right party in Slovenia, thus challenging the primacy of Janez Janša's Slovenian Democratic Party. Šrot started criticizing some of the neo-liberal reforms launched by Janša's government, Janša's "anti-tycoon" policies, aimed against concentration of wealth in the hands of a small group of executive managers of privatized former state-owned firms. One of these "tycoons" was Boško Šrot, Bojan Šrot's brother, CEO of the Laško Brewery company. In the 2008 election the SLS ran a joint list with the Youth Party of Slovenia. In the electoral campaign, the party tried to distance itself from its former coalition allies; the joint list secured only 5 seats and 5.2% of the vote, a loss of 2 compared to the results of the SLS in 2004. In 2009, Radovan Žerjav, former Minister of Transport in Janez Janša government, replaced Šrot as the leader of the party. Under his leadership, the SLS adopted a more moderate rhetorics.
After 11 years in power, the party stayed in opposition, trying to forge an image of a constructive opposition party, supporting moderate conse
Fred C. Newmeyer was film director and film producer. A native of Central City, Colorado, he is best known for directing a handful of films in the Our Gang series and for directing Harold Lloyd's movies The Freshman and Girl Shy. Newmeyer had an extensive directing and acting resume in other comedy short films, he appeared as an actor in 71 films between 1914 and 1923. Newmeyer was the original director of the first short in the Our Gang series titled Our Gang. Newmeyer, after directing numerous other shorts at Roach, would return to the Our Gang series in 1936 to direct The Pinch Singer, Arbor Day and Female and the feature film General Spanky. Newmeyer co-directed Harold Lloyd's famous silent film Safety Last!. Newmeyer died on April 24, 1967 in Woodland Hills, California, at the age of 78. Fred C. Newmeyer on IMDb
The Difficulty of Being Good: On the Subtle Art of Dharma is a book written by Indian author Gurcharan Das and published by Penguin Random House. The book is centrally focused on why to be good in our day to day and public life and the essence of Dharma, a key concept in Indian philosophy for righteousness, with reference to Indian epic Mahabharata. Book uses the examples from Hindu Epic, Mahabharata, to illustrate and demonstrate that how becoming good is difficult for an ordinary man. Book simplifies the lessons from the epic in various chapters and uses characters like Yudhisthira, Krishna and Karna to explain the importance of Dharma i.e. righteousness. The book was welcomed by several Indologists, columnists and several businessmen. Sanjaya Baru, writing for Outlook India had commented that the book reflects a new Gurcharan Das, reflective, humane spiritual and secular—a renaissance man. According to him, Gurcharan voiced our despair about inequities and the amorality of public life and the books echoed voices for new India.
Further, he wrote:Gurcharan offers us a secular reading of a great epic. The underlying materialism of its spiritual world is illustrated. Meghnad Desai, British labour politician, writing for Indian Express had asserted that Das did not retell the story as has been done and instead, he took episodes and characters who pose moral and ethical questions. Desai criticised Indian university system for not having good library for studying Sanskrit, in the context that author had to go Chicago for an year to study Sanskrit to prepare this book. A K Bhattacharya had explained the book as Gurcharan Das’ quest for the true meaning of Dharma, as expounded in Mahabharata. In the column for Business Standard, Bhattacharya wrote:So, Krishna, as Das has argued in a different context, was using “evil” to fight “evil”; the question is: Was that evil and whether it was not Dharma? Debating the relevance or irrelevance of Dharma in such a battle indeed became a little meaningless. There is little doubt that Mahabharata as an epic raises intricate issues pertaining to the relevance of human action in a given role and in the context of pre-ordained fate.
The debate over Dharma is relevant. But Das would have done better if he had narrated the story of Mahabharata in all its details, instead of grappling with the ideas of Dharma or Nishkama Karma Yoga. N Chandra Mohan, for Hindustan Times, wrote that Das thinks that a healthy dose of Dharma may restore trust in the system. Additionally, he wrote that this book will make Mahabharata accessible to a whole new generation. Book was published by Penguin Random House; the Elephant Paradigm India Unbound
Humanex Academy is a private, alternative middle and high school in Englewood, Denver Colorado, United States, for students who have learning disabilities and emotional and behavior disorders. Humanex's three main teaching methods are an individualized academic curriculum which accommodates each student's current abilities, extensive counseling support, behavior management. Humanex works with students who have learning disabilities, such as ADD, ADHD, bipolar disorder, etc. Serving students in grades 6–12, Humanex Academy had 56 students in the 2007-2008 school year. Humanex Academy was founded in 1983 by Cheryl Okizaki as an alternative school working with at-risk youth. In 1996, Humanex moved to its present location in Colorado. Cheryl Okizaki Dr. Brian Smith Tracy Wagers Daniel R. Toomey Kati Cahill Official website