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Padmé Amidala

Padmé Amidala is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise, appearing in the prequel trilogy portrayed by Natalie Portman. First mentioned in Return of the Jedi, she is introduced in The Phantom Menace as the teenaged Queen of Naboo, after her reign, becomes a senator and an anti-war spokesperson in the Galactic Senate, she secretly marries Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker and becomes the biological mother of Luke Skywalker and Leia Organa and grandmother of Ben Solo. Padmé's role in the films is pivotal to those of her family, as Anakin's fear of losing her plays a part in driving him to the Dark Side of the Force and becoming Darth Vader. In addition to being one of three primary characters in the Star Wars prequel trilogy, Padmé has appeared in other Star Wars media such as Star Wars: The Clone Wars. Despite mixed reaction to the character's portrayal, the role helped Natalie Portman gain international recognition. In initial drafts of the Star Wars story, "Leia is the daughter of Owen Lars and his wife Beru and seems to be Luke's cousin—together they visit the grave of his mother, who perished with his father on a planet destroyed by the Death Star."

In an interview, Lucas answered a question about the development of characters like Obi-Wan Kenobi and Leia. The second version involved a father, his son, his daughter. Now the daughter has become Mark Hamill's character. Film historian Laurent Bouzereau reports that the second draft of the screenplay for Return of the Jedi contained dialogue in which Obi-Wan explains to Luke that he has a twin sister, she and their mother were "sent to the protection of friends in a distant system. The mother died shortly thereafter, Luke's sister was adopted by Ben's friends, the governor of Alderaan and his wife." Lucas is quoted as saying: The part that I never developed is the death of Luke and Leia's mother. I had a backstory for her in earlier drafts, but it didn't survive; when I got to Jedi, I wanted one of the kids to have some kind of memory of her because she will be a key figure in the new episodes I'm writing. But I debated whether or not Leia should remember her. Revenge of the Sith does not explain how Leia remembers her "real mother".

Film critic Peter Travers of Rolling Stone applauds Lucas' attempt to link the two trilogies in Revenge of the Sith's final scenes, but says, "It's too little and too late." He explains, "To hail Revenge of the Sith as a satisfying bridge to a classic is not just playing a game of the Emperor's New Clothes, it's an insult to what the original accomplished."When Lucas drafted the script for The Phantom Menace, he envisioned a "link between Padmé and Princess Leia, the daughter who follows so in her footsteps." According to Natalie Portman, "It did come into play how strong and smart a character Carrie Fisher portrayed, because I think that a lot of, passed on from parent to child. I think George wrote Amidala as a strong, smart character, but it helped to know that I had this great woman before me who had portrayed her character as a fiery woman." Paul McDonald notes that there are "inevitable comparisons" between the two characters: "both develop soft spots for rogue pilots, both have a knack for slipping into and out of stilted British accents."

Despite being diplomats, each is the best marksman of her respective trilogy missing. George Lucas, Rick McCallum, casting director Robin Gurland auditioned over 200 actresses for the part of Padmé Amidala, they chose 16-year-old actress Natalie Portman to play the role. According to The Phantom Menace production notes, "The role required a young woman who could be believable as the ruler of that planet, but at the same time be vulnerable and open." Portman's performances in The Professional and Beautiful Girls impressed Lucas. He stated, "I was looking for someone, young, along the lines of Leia. Natalie embodied all those traits and more."Portman was a unique choice because she was unfamiliar with Star Wars. "My cousins had always been obsessed with the films, yet I hadn't seen them before I got the part," she says. "When it all happened for me, my cousins were exclaiming,'Oh, my God, you're in Star Wars!'" She told a CNN interviewer, "I wasn't aware of how big a deal Star Wars was... and when I saw the films, I liked them, but I still didn't understand how many... were passionate fans of this film."

Portman was, enthusiastic over being cast as the queen of Naboo, a character she expected to become a role model: "It was wonderful playing a young queen with so much power. I think it will be good for young women to see a strong woman of action, smart and a leader."In The Phantom Menace, Portman had to portray a character younger than herself. In Attack of the Clones, her character had aged 10 years. Portman had aged only three years between the two films, she remarks, " wants to make sure I seem older than Anakin in Attack of the Clones, so it's believable that I can be bossing him around, he's a little intimidated. She looks at him as a little boy – at least for the first half of the film."Portman signed a contract to play Padmé in the three prequel films. Reactions by critics to her performances were negative. James Berardinelli called her acting in The Phantom Menace "lackluster," while Annlee Ellingson of Box Office Magazine said "Portman's delivery is stiff and flat hindered by the gorgeous but cumbersome costumes."

In his review of Attack of the Clones, Mike Clark of USA Today complained about Portman and Hayden Christensen, who portrayed Anakin.

Pyrophorus tuberculifer

Pyrophorus tuberculifer is a species of click beetle. The basic coloration is dark brown; the pronotum shows a long backward-pointing tooth. These beetles are bioluminescent by means of two luminescent light organs at the posterior corners of the prothorax, a broad area on the underside of the first abdominal segment, their bioluminescence is similar to that of another group of beetles, the fireflies, although click beetles do not flash, but remain glowing. This species can be found in Mexico, Guadeloupe, Brazil and Argentina. Elateridae in SYNOPSIS OF THE DESCRIBED COLEOPTERA OF THE WORLD Universal Biological Indexer Elateridae de las Antillas Cleide Costa Systematics and evolution of the tribes Pyrophorini and Heligmini, with description of Campyloxeninae, new subfamily


Engkanto are mythical environmental spirits that are said to have the ability to appear in human form. They are associated with the spirits of ancestors in the Philippines, they are characterized as spirit sorts like sirens, dark beings and more. Belief in their existence has existed for centuries, continues to this day, it is a bracket term for enchanted human-like beings of the land which includes a variety of mythical races. The term itself was adopted from the Spanish, who were dumbfounded by the wide array of mythical races in the Philippines and just referred to many of the races as "enchanted". Engkanto have many similarities to humans in that they age, appear to have male and female sexes, can suffer from illness and indeed die, they are an object of mythology for many Filipinos told by adults as stories and shown on media. They have different appearances; some appear to be beautiful having fair complexion and golden hair. They may however have unusual features such as high-bridged noses, fair skin, blond hair and lack of philtrum.

They have a wide range of appearances but one common fact of a different feeling or vibe than humans. Other variants exhibit sexual dimorphism such as Bagobo spirits which are separated into the female tahamaling and the male mahomanay; the female spirit is alleged to have red complexion. Their dwellings will appear as natural features, for example large rocks or trees, or shadows in human form; these creatures prefer large trees and nature such as the balete in which they place their belongings. An engkanto may choose to stay by a human's side as told by stories where characters are in either a sense of trance or a deep loss of energy. Engkanto may be bad. Engkanto are most known for either extreme malignant effects, or an overwhelming influence of luck; those the Engkanto do not favor had become depressed, suffered from madness, or disappeared for days or months as a result of the human possession. They are said to be capable of causing fevers and skin diseases such as boils; these spirits sometimes lead travelers astray in the forest kidnap them.

This, however, is said to be avoidable by bringing an "Anting-anting" or "Agimat" a piece of magical charm or amulet that wards away evil spirits and prevents them from harming the wielder. However, if they do favor someone they are generous and capable of bringing power and riches to that person. Shaman try to commune with Engkanto on holy days to obtain better healing powers from them, as well as learning how to better deal with evil spirits. Francisco Demetrio made a study of 87 folk stories from Mindanao relating to Engkanto, he contended. Philippine mythology

Godoberi language

Godoberi (also spelled Ghodoberi. It is spoken by 3,250 people. There are only two dialects - Godoberi and Zibirhali, which differ in pronunciation; the Endangered Languages Project classifies the language as endangered based on the number of native speakers. The history of the Godoberis is unknown; the Godoberi language is the main thing distinguishes the cultural group from other groups in the area. When compared to other Andic languages, Godoberi is most similar to Botlikh; some words are borrowed from by Avar and Arabic. After being incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century and ruled by the Soviet Union in the 20th century, there is a strong Russian influence in the Godoberi language. Native speakers of Godoberi live in two villages: Zibirhali; these villages are located in the mountains on the left bank of the Andi-Koisu River in Southwest Dagestan, a republic of Russia. Godoberi is not a written language, it is used only in the home. Schools teach Russian. Native speakers of Godoberi use Russian as a written language.

These two languages are used when speaking to people from neighboring communities. The number of Godoberi speakers appears to have been stable for the last 40 years. Diphthongs are found only in no other Daghestanain languages. There are 13 phonemic vowels: i, e, a, o, u, i:, e:, a:, o:, u:, ˜i, ã, ˜u; the accent system is complex for nouns. Singular words have three genders: masculine and neuter. Plural words lack those three genders and instead have two noun classes: inanimate object. There are two types of adjectives: participles. A majority of the primary adjectives do not have gender; the four types of participles are past, present and non-future negative. The numerical system does not vary from other languages. Verb morphology is regular compared to other languages in the Andic language family. Margus Kolga. "The Godoberis". The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire

Women's soccer in South Africa

Women's soccer began in South Africa during the 1960s and gained popularity in the 1990s, when the first national women's team was formed. South African women's soccer started in 1960 during the Apartheid era. Orlando Pirates Women's Football Club and Mother City Girls were among the first women's soccer clubs formed in 1962. Sanlam National Women's Football League was set up in the late 1990s with the goal of increasing the number of women in soccer administration and a second season was played in 2002; as of 2014 South Africa does not have a national women's football league. The league is believed to have been discontinued as no more seasons have been played since the early 2000s. In 2012 Minister of Sports and recreation, Fikile Mbalula, called for the creation of a women's football league after the national women's football team, Banyana Banyana, returned from the 2012 Olympic Games defeated. South Africa women's national football team, nicknamed "Banyana Banyana" has been participating in international soccer since 1993, when they beat Swaziland 14-0 on 30 May of that year.

This is their biggest win to date. The team is controlled by the South African Football Association; as of 2014, the South African national women's soccer team has not qualified for the FIFA Women's World Cup. They have been competing in the CAF Women's Championship since 1995, they qualified for the Olympic Games for the first time at the 2012 Olympic Games. Football in South Africa

Bayley and Sasha Banks

Bayley and Sasha Banks are a professional wrestling tag team signed to WWE, performing on the SmackDown brand. From July 2018 to April 2019, they were known as The Boss'n' Hug Connection. Bayley is the current WWE SmackDown Women's Champion in her second reign. Bayley and Banks, who were known as two of The Four Horsewomen and had teamed up since 2013, fought as a team for the first time on pay-per-view at Battleground on July 24, 2016, became regular tag team partners in its aftermath on house shows. Despite a storyline during 2018 involving the two of them facing relational issues both backstage and during matches, they became the inaugural WWE Women's Tag Team Champions at Elimination Chamber in February 2019. Although they went on a hiatus following their title loss at WrestleMania 35 in April due to Banks' absence from WWE, they reunited in September shortly after her return, this time as heels. Both Bayley and Banks have held the Raw Women's Championship in the past, with Banks accumulating 4 reigns with the title, while Bayley is a two-time SmackDown Women's Champion.

After wrestling on the independent circuit for years and Banks both signed with WWE in 2012, before debuting on the NXT brand that year. Their first occurrence teaming up was on a February 14, 2013 NXT house show in Tampa, Florida, in an unsuccessful effort against Audrey Marie and Charlotte; the two would only have matches as opponents from May 2013 to 2015, including for the NXT Women's Championship. Banks won the NXT Women's Championship from Charlotte on February 11, 2015 at NXT TakeOver: Rival, in a Fatal 4-Way match involving Bayley and Lynch. After the match, Sasha celebrated with Bayley and former rivals Charlotte; the match was praised by critics and won Match of the Year at the NXT Year-End Awards. At NXT TakeOver: Respect on October 7, Banks was defeated by Bayley in the main event in the first women's 30-minute Iron man match in WWE history, losing two falls to three in what would be her last match in NXT, as she would soon be drafted to Raw. A year while feuding with Charlotte and Dana Brooke, Sasha Banks announced a mystery partner for a match against her rivals at Battleground on July 24, 2016.

Although Bayley was still a member of the NXT roster at the time, she moved to Raw on August 22 after failing to re-capture the NXT Women's Championship at NXT TakeOver: Brooklyn II from Asuka, who had defeated her for the title at NXT TakeOver: Dallas on April 1. She was introduced on Raw by General Manager Mick Foley as the new challenger for Charlotte's Raw Women's Championship. Meanwhile and Banks would become regular tag team partners partners on house shows via a three-way alliance with Alicia Fox which lasted from September 16, 2016 to February 5, 2017, during which the three feuded with Flair and Nia Jax in winning efforts. Although the two were still active as a tag team in house shows, this was presented as a off-match alliance on-screen by WWE, although they still pair up on screen, notably at 2016's Survivor Series event during were both a part of Team Raw in the women's Survivor Series match against Team SmackDown, which they won with Bayley and Charlotte as the match's survivors.

On the February 13, 2017 episode of Raw, Bayley defeated Flair for the WWE Raw Women's Championship with the help of Banks retaining it in a Fatal-4-Way elimination match against Banks and Jax at WrestleMania 33. She would lose it to Alexa Bliss at Payback. Banks would win the title at SummerSlam, only to lose it back to Bliss eight days on the August 28, 2017 episode of Raw. At the end of 2017, Banks and Mickie James started a feud with the debuting faction Absolution, who continuously attacked them; that led to various singles and tag team matches, that were won by Absolution. At the Royal Rumble, Banks was the first entry in the first women's royal rumble match, she eliminated Vickie Guerrero and Trish Stratus, lasting 54:46, due to being outside the ring for most of that time, before being eliminated by The Bella Twins. A few weeks both Bayley and Banks took part in the first women's elimination chamber match at the namesake pay-per-view, during which, after working together during the match, Banks pushed Bayley off a pod to help Alexa Bliss, the eventual winner, eliminate her.

On the March 26 episode of Raw, after weeks of animosity between the two, including Bayley betraying Banks during their matches, they brawled backstage and had to be separated. Banks and Bayley faced off in mid-April but their match ended in a no-contest after The Riott Squad interfered and attacked them both. In the following weeks, Banks competed in different singles and tag team matches in both winning and losing efforts. In June, after she defeated Ruby Riott in the finals of a gauntlet match for the last spot, Banks competed for the first time in her career in a Money in the Bank ladder match, won by Alexa Bliss. Throughout mid-2018, after Banks and Bayley continued