Padmavati (Jainism)

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Walkeshwar Jain Temple, Mumbai
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Padmāvatī is the protective goddess or śāsana devī (शासनदेवी) of Pārśvanātha (phonetic: Parshwanath), the twenty-third Jain tīrthāṅkara, complimenting Parshwa yaksha, the shasan deva.[1]

There is another pair of souls of a nāga and nāginī who were saved by Parshwanath while being burnt alive in a log of wood by the tapas kamath, and who were subsequently reborn as Indra (Dharanendra in particular) and Padmavati (different from sashan devi) after their death.[2] According to the Jain tradition, Padmavati and her husband Dharanendra protected Lord Parshvanatha when he was harassed by Meghmali.[3][4]

She is a yakshi (attendant goddess) of Parshwanatha.[5]


A snake's hood covers her head, and she sits on a lotus flower. Often a small image of the Lord Parshvanatha is placed in her crown. She may be depicted as four-armed, carrying noose and rosary (japa mala), elephant goad, lotus and a fruit.[3]

Main temples[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cort, John E. (2010). Framing the Jina : narratives of icons and idols in Jain history. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 186. ISBN 9780199739578. OCLC 515539029.
  2. ^ Babb, Lawrence (1996). Absent lord : ascetics and kings in a Jain ritual culture. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 33. ISBN 9780520917088. OCLC 43476107.
  3. ^ a b Jain, Jyotindra; Fischer, Eberhard (1978). Jaina iconography. Leiden: Brill. p. 21. ISBN 9004052607.
  4. ^ Padmasundara Sūri; Raval, D. P; Shah, Nagin J; Padmasundarasūri (1987). Padmasundarasūriviracita Yadusundaramahākāvya (in Sanskrit). Ahamadābād: Lālabhāī Dalapatabhāī Bhāratīya Saṃskṛti Vidyāmadira. p. 267.
  5. ^ Cort, John (1987-01-01). "Medieval Jaina Goddess Traditions". Numen. 34 (2): 235–255. doi:10.1163/156852787X00047. ISSN 1568-5276.