Rockingham County, Virginia
Rockingham County is a county located in the U. S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 76,314, its county seat is the independent city of Harrisonburg. Along with Harrisonburg, Rockingham County forms the Harrisonburg, VA, Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is home of the Rockingham County Baseball League. Settlement of the county began in 1727, when Adam Miller staked out a claim on the south fork of the Shenandoah River, near the line that now divides Rockingham County from Page County. On a trip through eastern Virginia, the German-born Miller had heard reports about a lush valley to the west, discovered by Governor Alexander Spotswood's legendary Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition, moved his family down from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. In 1741, Miller purchased 820 acres, including a large lithia spring, near Elkton and lived on this property for the remainder of his life. Much-increased settlement of this portion of the Colony of Virginia by Europeans began in the 1740s and 1750s.
Standing between the Tidewater and Piedmont regions to the east in Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley and the area beyond were the Blue Ridge Mountains. Rather than cross such a formidable physical barrier, most early settlers came southerly up the valley across the Potomac River from Maryland and Pennsylvania. Many followed the Great Wagon Trail known as the Valley Pike. Rockingham County was established in 1778 from Augusta County. Harrisonburg was named as the county seat and incorporated as a town in 1780. Harrisonburg was incorporated as a city in 1916 and separated from Rockingham County, but it remains the county seat; the county is named for 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, a British statesman. He was Prime Minister of Great Britain twice, a keen supporter of constitutional rights for the colonists. During his first term, he brought about the repeal of the Stamp Act of 1765, reducing the tax burden on the colonies. Appointed again in 1782, upon taking office, he backed the claim for the independence of the Thirteen Colonies, initiating an end to British involvement in the American Revolutionary War.
However, he died after only 14 weeks in office. By 1778, it was unusual to honor British officials in Virginia; the same year to the north of Rockingham County, Dunmore County, named for Virginia's last Royal Governor, John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, an unpopular figure, was renamed. The new name, Shenandoah County, used a Native American name. However, long their political supporter in the British Parliament, the Marquess of Rockingham was a popular figure with the citizens of the new United States. Named in his honor were Rockingham County, New Hampshire, Rockingham County, North Carolina, the City of Rockingham in Richmond County, North Carolina. Rockingham County is the birthplace of Abraham Lincoln's father. In 1979 when the Adolf Coors Brewing Company came to Rockingham County it caused an uproar. In 2018, a series of strikes and protests were held in Dayton's Cargill plant. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 853 square miles, of which 849 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water.
It is the third-largest county in Virginia by land area. Large portions of the county fall within the Shenandoah National Park to the east and George Washington National Forest to the west, therefore are subject to development restrictions; the county stretches west to east from the peaks of eastern-most Alleghany mountains to the peaks of the Blue Ridge mountains, encompassing the entire width of the Shenandoah Valley. Rockingham is bisected by another geographic formation, Massanutten Mountain stretching from just east of Harrisonburg, VA to a few miles southwest of Front Royal, VA in Warren County, VA. Massanutten Mountain splits the central Shenandoah Valley as the German River and the North Fork Shenandoah River flow on its western side and the South Fork flows on the eastern. George Washington National Forest Shenandoah National Park As of the census of 2000, 67,725 people, 25,355 households, 18,889 families resided in the county; the population density was 80 people per square mile. There were 27,328 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 96.58% White, 1.36% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. About 3.28 % of the population were Latino of any race. Of 25,355 households, 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.50% were not families. About 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was distributed as 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $40,748, for a family was $46,262.
Males had a median income of $30,618 versus $21,896 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,795. About
Rappahannock County, Virginia
Rappahannock County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, US. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,373, its county seat is Washington. The name "Rappahannock" comes from the Algonquian word lappihanne, meaning "river of quick, rising water" or "where the tide ebbs and flows." Rappahannock County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Rappahannock County was founded by an act of the Virginia General Assembly in 1833, based on the growing population's need to have better access to a county seat; the county's land was carved from Culpeper County. Rappahannock county was named for the river; the land on which Rappahannock County is sited was owned in the early 1700s by Thomas 6th Lord Fairfax. It was part of the Northern Neck Proprietary, which consisted of 5.3 million acres of land located between the Rappahannock River and the Potomac River, from their headwaters in the Blue Ridge mountains to the Chesapeake Bay. In 1649 King Charles II of England in exile in France after the execution of his father, Charles I, had given this unmapped and unsettled region to seven loyal supporters.
By 1688 the proprietary was owned by Thomas Lord Culpeper whose only child married Thomas 5th Lord Fairfax in 1690. They acquired the proprietary on the death of Lord Culpeper, the region became synonymous with the Fairfax name. In 1719, Thomas 6th Lord Fairfax inherited the land. Prior to 1745, the land was granted to individuals by the kings of England by King George II, because the headwaters of the Rappahannock River were believed to be in the Chester Gap area. Thomas Lord Fairfax brought suit against the English crown in the mid-1730s and surveying parties determined that the headwaters were the Conway River, which leads into the Rapidan River and into the Rappahannock River; because Fairfax won his suit against the Crown, land grants subsequent to 1745 were made by Fairfax. Land grants issued by the agents of the English kings and by agents of the Northern Neck Proprietary are housed in the archives of the Library of Virginia in Richmond and are available online at the Library of Virginia website.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 267.2 square miles, of which 266.4 sq mi is land and 0.8 sq mi is water. The Rappahannock River forms the northeastern boundary and separates Rappahannock County from Fauquier County. Rappahannock County is bounded on the southeast by Culpeper County and on the southwest by Madison County; the Blue Ridge Mountains occupy much of the western portion of the county. Warren County, Virginia – northwest Fauquier County, Virginia – northeast Culpeper County, Virginia – southeast Madison County, Virginia – southwest Page County, Virginia – west Shenandoah National Park The summits of the following mountains are located within Rappahannock County: Pignut Mountain Hogback Mountain Castleton Mountain Jenkins Mountain Jefferson Mountain Meetinghouse Mountain Little Mulky Mountain Little Jenkins Mountain Googe Mountain Round Mountain Hickerson Mountain Fork Mountain Battle Mountain Little Battle Mountain Piney Ridge Pickerel Ridge Poes Mountain Turkey Mountain Aaron Mountain Red Oak Mountain US 211 US 522 SR 231 Skyline Drive As of the census of 2010, there were 7,373 people, 2,788 households, 2,004 families residing in the county.
The population density was 26 people per square mile. There were 3,303 housing units, at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.64% White, 5.44% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.40% from other races, 1.15% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,788 households, out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.30% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 31.80% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $45,943, the median income for a family was $51,848. Males had a median income of $32,725 versus $22,950 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,863. About 5.20% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 3.20% of those age 65 or over. Roger Welch – Chairman Chris Parrish – Vice-Chairman Christine Smith – Piedmont District John Lesinski – Ron Frazier – The Rappahannock County Public Schools School District is located in Washington, VA and includes two schools that serve 921 students county-wide in grades PK through 12. Among the private schools in the county are two pre-K thru 12 schools, Hearthstone School, Wakefield Country Day School.there is one 6 thru 12 school, Belle Meade Farm School. Washington Chester Gap Flint Hill Sperryville National Register of Historic Places listings in Rappahannock County, Virginia Rappahannock County, the county government homepage Blue Ridge Indpendent News, an online local newspaper Rappahannock News, a print and online newspaper Memor
Virginia's 6th congressional district
Virginia’s sixth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It covers much of the west-central portion of the state, including Roanoke and most of the Shenandoah Valley; the current representative is Ben Cline, who has held the seat since the 2019 retirement of incumbent Republican Bob Goodlatte. The district was an open seat in 2018. In November 2017, Goodlatte announced that he would retire from Congress at the end of his current term, would not seek re-election; the 6th district was one of the first areas of Virginia to turn Republican. Many of the old Byrd Democrats in the area began splitting their tickets and voting Republican at the national level as early as the 1930s, it was one of the first areas of Virginia where Republicans were able to break the long Democratic dominance at the state and local level. The district itself was in Republican hands from 1953 to 1983. Olin won the seat in 1982, held it for a decade before Goodlatte won it.
Some counties in the district haven't supported a Democrat for president since Franklin D. Roosevelt. For instance and Shenandoah counties last voted for a Democratic presidential candidate in 1932, Augusta and Roanoke counties have not supported a Democrat since 1944; the district as a whole hasn’t supported a Democrat for president since Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964, it covers all or part of the following political subdivisions: The entirety of: Amherst County Augusta County Bath County Botetourt County Highland County Page County Rockbridge County Rockingham County Shenandoah County Warren CountyPortions of: Bedford County Roanoke County Buena Vista Harrisonburg Lexington Lynchburg Roanoke Staunton Waynesboro Virginia's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts.
New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Warren County, Virginia
Warren County is a U. S. county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The 2010 census places Warren County within the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area with a population of 37,575; the county seat is Front Royal. By 1672 the entire Shenandoah Valley was claimed for hunting by the Iroquois Confederation following the Beaver Wars; some bands of the Shawnee settled in the area as client groups to the Iroquois and alternately to the Cherokee after 1721. The Iroquois formally sold their entire claim east of the Alleghenies to the Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Lancaster in 1744. Warren County was established in 1836 from Shenandoah counties. At that time the county had a population of 7,000 people. Wedding records show marriages of people born in the 1770s marrying in the 1800s who head households of four to eight "free colored" so the early demographics of the population are unclear. Joist Hite lead the Sixteen Families into the Lower Shenandoah Valley; some consider that group the first European settlers of the area, others believe different claims.
Either way, Presbyterians of Scotch-Irish lineage and Quakers followed. Rail service was established in 1854 with the construction of the Alexandria and Manassas Gap Railroad between Manassas and Riverton; this line was soon extended to Strasburg in time to become a factor in the Battle of Front Royal on May 23, 1862 and throughout the Civil War. Lumber, agriculture and grain mills provided employment in the region for decades after the Civil War; the county is named for Joseph Warren. During the Civil War the Battle of Front Royal took place in the county on May 23, 1862. On September 23, 1864 William Thomas Overby and five others of Lt. Col. John S. Mosby's 43rd Virginia Battalion of Partisan Rangers were captured by cavalry troops under the command of Brig. Gen. George A. Custer in Front Royal out of uniform and were executed as spies. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 217 square miles, of which 213 square miles is land and 3.3 square miles is water. The highest point is Hogback Mountain in Shenandoah National Park, along the border with Rappahannock County.
Frederick County, Virginia – north Clarke County, Virginia – northeast Fauquier County, Virginia – east Rappahannock County, Virginia – southeast Page County, Virginia – southwest Shenandoah County, Virginia – west Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park George Washington National Forest Shenandoah National Park As of the census of 2000, there were 31,584 people, 12,087 households, 8,521 families residing in the county. The population density was 148 people per square mile. There were 13,299 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile; the demographics of the county is 92.71% White, 4.83% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. 1.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,087 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.50% were non-families.
24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $42,422, the median income for a family was $50,487. Males had a median income of $37,182 versus $25,506 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,841. About 6.00% of families and 8.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.70% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. Front Royal Area Transit provides weekday transit for the town of Front Royal. Page County Transit - the People Movers provides weekday transit for the town of Luray and weekday service between Luray and Front Royal.
Skyline Middle School Thomas Ashby, born in Warren County and Maryland state legislator Thomas M. Allen, born in Warren County and university official in Missouri National Register of Historic Places listings in Warren County, Virginia
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Greene County, Virginia
Greene County is a county in Virginia in the eastern United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,403, its county seat is Stanardsville. Greene County is part of VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Greene County was established in 1838 from Orange County; the county is named for American Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene. A major incident occurred on October 24, 1979, when a natural gas main ruptured, causing an explosion; the resulting fire destroyed the bell tower of the county county office building. However, quick action by the firemen on the scene saved the county records which were secured in the vault. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 156.8 square miles, of which 156.1 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. It is the second-smallest county in Virginia by total area. Rockingham County, Virginia – west Page County, Virginia – northwest Madison County, Virginia – northeast Orange County, Virginia – southeast Albemarle County, Virginia – south Shenandoah National Park US 29 US 33 SR 230 As of the census of 2010, there are 18,403 people, 6,780 households, 5,072 families residing in the county.
The population density is 117.8 people per square mile. There are 7,509 housing units at an average density of 48.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county is 87.6% White, 6.3% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. 4.2% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 6,780 households out of which 32.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59% are married couples living together, 11.1% have a female householder with no husband present, 25.2% are non-families. 20.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.6% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.69 and the average family size is 3.08. The median age for all individuals in the county is 59.3 years. The median income for a household in the county is $54,307 and median family income is $60,414; the per capita income for the county is $24,696. 8.4% of the population and 4.9% of families are below the poverty line.
Out of the total population, 8.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. At-Large District: Dale Herring Midway District: Marie Durrer Monroe District: David L. Cox Ruckersville District: Michelle Flynn Stanardsville District: Bill Martin Clerk of the Circuit Court: Brenda C. Compton Commissioner of the Revenue: Larry V. "Percy" Snow Commonwealth's Attorney: Matthew D. Hardin Sheriff: Steven S. Smith Treasurer: Stephanie Allen Deal Greene is represented by Republican Emmett E. Hanger, Jr. in the Virginia Senate, Republican Robert B. Bell, III in the Virginia House of Delegates and Republican Thomas A. Garrett, Jr. in the U. S. House of Representatives. Jefferson-Madison Regional Library is the regional library system that provides services to the citizens of Greene. Stanardsville Ruckersville Twin Lakes Greene County Sheriff's Office National Register of Historic Places listings in Greene County, Virginia Greene County Economic Development & Tourism Welcome to the County of Greene County, Virginia Greene County Record Newspaper Local Weather Greene County Historical Society Greene County Chamber of Commerce
George Washington and Jefferson National Forests
The George Washington and Jefferson National Forests are U. S. National Forests that combine to form one of the largest areas of public land in the Eastern United States, they cover 1.8 million acres of land in the Appalachian Mountains of Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky. 1 million acres of the forest are remote and undeveloped and 139,461 acres have been designated as wilderness areas, which eliminates future development. George Washington National Forest was established on May 1918 as the Shenandoah National Forest; the forest was renamed after the first President on June 28, 1932. Natural Bridge National Forest was added on July 22, 1933. Jefferson National Forest was formed on April 21, 1936 by combining portions of the Unaka and George Washington National Forests with other land. In 1995, the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests were administratively combined; the border between the two forests follows the James River. The combined forest is administered from its headquarters in Virginia.
The northern portion of the Blue Ridge Parkway, separately administered by the National Park Service, runs through the Forest. Over 2,000 miles of hiking trails, including segments of the Appalachian Trail, go through the forest. Virginia's highest point, Mount Rogers, is located in the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, part of the forest. Other notable mountains include Elliott Knob, which has one of the last remaining fire lookout towers in the eastern U. S. and Whitetop Mountain. 230,000 acres of old-growth forests. The ghost town of Lignite, Virginia lies within the forest; the deepest gorge east of the Mississippi River, Breaks Interstate Park, is located in the forest. Roaring Run Furnace is the only site on the National Register of Historic Places owned by the Jefferson National Forest; the Forests' vast and mountainous terrain harbors a great variety of plant life—over 50 species of trees and over 2,000 species of shrubs and herbaceous plants. The Forests contain some 230,000 acres of old growth forests, representing all of the major forest communities found within them.
Locations of old growth include Peters Mountain, Mount Pleasant National Scenic Area, Rich Hole Wilderness, Flannery Ridge, Pick Breeches Ridge, Laurel Fork Gorge, Pickem Mountain, Mount Rogers National Recreation Area. The Ramsey's Draft and Kimberling Creek Wildernesses in particular are old-growth; the black bear is common, enough so that there is a short hunting season to prevent overpopulation. White-tailed deer, bald eagles, weasel and marten are known to inhabit the Forests; the forests are popular hiking, mountain biking, hunting destinations. The Appalachian Trail extends for 330 miles from the southern end of Shenandoah National Park through the forest and along the Blue Ridge Parkway; the forest is within a two-hour drive for over ten million people and thus receives large numbers of visitors in the region closest to Shenandoah National Park. The George Washington National Forest is a popular destination for trail runners, it is the location for several Ultramarathons, including the Massanutten Mountain Trails 100 miler, the Old Dominion 100 miler, the Old Dominion Memorial 100 miler.
George Washington Forest is the venue for Nature Camp, a natural science education-oriented summer camp for youth. The camp is located on national forest land near the town of Virginia, it has operated at this location since the summer of 1953. Note that Jefferson National Forest is located in 22 separate counties, more than any other National Forest except Mark Twain National Forest in Missouri, which lies in 29 counties. Note that Botetourt and Rockbridge counties, at the dividing line between the two forests, include parts of both forests. Thirdly, note that the state of Kentucky has little area, with its two counties bringing up the tail end of Jefferson National Forest. Ranger offices are the Forest Service's public service offices. Maps and other information about the forests can be obtained at these locations; these offices are open Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. The Supervisor's Office in Roanoke is not located in the forest and is an administrative location. District offices are listed from north to south.
Counties are in Virginia. There are 139,461 acres of federally designated wilderness areas in the two forests under the United States National Wilderness Preservation System. All are except as indicated; the largest of these is the Mountain Lake Wilderness, at 16,511 acres. There are 17 wildernesses in Jefferson National Forest, second only to Tongass National Forest, which has 19; the first camp of the Civilian Conservation Corps NF-1, Camp Roosevelt, was established in the George Washington National Forest near Luray, Virginia. It is now the site of the Camp Roosevelt Recreation Area. Great North Mountain Massanutten Mountain Shenandoah Mountain Monongahela National Forest—adjoining forest in West Virginia George Washington and Jefferson National Forests U. S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Collection at James Madison University's Special Collections