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Pago Pago

Pago Pago is the territorial capital of American Samoa. It is in Maoputasi County on the main island of Tutuila, it is home to one of the deepest natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered from wind and rough seas, strategically located. The harbor is one of the best protected in the South Pacific, which gives American Samoa a natural advantage with respect to landing fish for processing. Tourism, entertainment and tuna canning are its main industries. Pago Pago was the world's fourth largest tuna processor as of 1993, it was home to two of the largest tuna companies in the world: Chicken of the Sea and StarKist, which exported an estimated $445 million in canned tuna to the U. S. mainland. It is the number one port in the U. S. in terms of value of fish landed - about $200,000,000 annually. Pago Pago is the only modern urban center in American Samoa, it is the main port of American Samoa. Pago Pago is home to the territorial government, all the industry and most of the commerce in American Samoa.

The Greater Pago Pago Metropolitan Area encompasses several villages strung together along Pago Pago Harbor. One of the villages is itself named Pago Pago, in 2010 had a population of 3,656; the constituent villages are, in order: Utulei, Malaloa, Pago Pago and Atu'u. Fagatogo is the downtown area referred to as town and is home to the legislature, while the executive is located in Utulei. In Fagatogo is the Fono, Police Department, Port of Pago Pago, many shops and hotels; the Greater Pago Pago Area was home to 8,000 residents in 2000, 15,000 in 2010. Rainmaker Mountain is located in Pago Pago, gives the city the highest annual rainfall of any harbor in the world, it stands protectively over the eastern side of Pago Pago, making it one of the most sheltered deepwater anchorages in the Pacific Ocean. The strategic location of Pago Pago Bay played a direct role in the political separation of Western and Eastern Samoa; the initial reason for the U. S.’ interest in Tutuila was the desire to use Pago Pago Harbor as a coaling station.

The town is the southernmost U. S. capital, the only one located in the Southern Hemisphere. The letter “g” in Samoan sounds like "ng", it was called O le Maputasi in compliment to the Mauga, who lived at Gagamoe in Pago Pago and was the senior to all the other chiefs in the area. Pago Pago was first settled 4,000 years ago. Two missionaries were assigned to Tutuila Island in the 1830s: Reverend Murray and his wife to Pago Pago and Reverend Barnden to Leone, they hiked over the hill to the High Chief Mauga in Pago Pago. Mauga gave them support. Dunottar Castle moved to Pago Pago, becoming the second ship to enter Pago Pago Harbor; the missionaries chose to establish their headquarters at Leone. As early as 1839, American interest was generated for the Pago Pago area when Commander Charles Wilkes, head of the United States Exploring Expedition, surveyed Pago Pago Harbor and the island. Rumors of possible annexation by Britain or Germany were taken by the U. S. and the U. S. Secretary of State Hamilton Fish sent Colonel Albert Steinberger to negotiate with Samoan chiefs on behalf of American interests.

American interest in Pago Pago was a result of Tutuila's central position in one of the world's richest whaling grounds. In 1871, the local steamer business of W. H. Webb required coal and he sent Captain E. Wakeman to Samoa in order to evaluate the suitability of Pago Pago as a coaling station. Wakeman approved the harbor and alerted the U. S. Navy about Germany's intent to take over the area; the U. S. Navy responded a few months by dispatching Commander Richard Meade from Honolulu, Hawaii to assess Pago Pago's suitability as a naval station. Meade arrived in Pago Pago on USS Narragansett and made a treaty with the Mauga for the exclusive use of the harbor and a set of commercial regulations to govern the trading and shipping in Pago Pago, he purchased land for a new naval station. The chief of Pago Pago signed a treaty with the U. S. in 1872, giving the American government considerable influence on the island. It was acquired by the United States through a treaty in 1877. One year after the naval base was built at Pearl Harbor in 1887, the U.

S. government established a naval station in Pago Pago. It was used as a fueling station for both naval- and commercial ships; the U. S. Navy first established a coaling station in 1878, right outside Fagatogo; the United States Navy bought land east of Fagatogo and on Goat Island, an adjacent peninsula. Sufficient land was obtained in 1898 and the construction of United States Naval Station Tutuila was completed in 1902; the station commander doubled as American Samoa's Governor from 1899 to 1905, when the station commandant was designated Naval Governor of American Samoa. The Fono served as an advisory council to the governor. Despite being a part of the United States, Great Britain and Germany maintained a strong naval presence in the Samoan Islands. Twice between 1880–1900, the U. S. Navy came close to taking part in a shooting war while its only true interest was the establishment of a coaling station in Pago Pago; the U. S. purchased land around the harbor for the construction of the naval station.

It rented land on Fagatogo Beach for $10/month. Admiral Kimberly was ordered to Pago Pago while in Apia waiting for transportation home after the hurricane of 1889. In Pago Pago, he selected a site for the new coa

1995–96 Newcastle United F.C. season

During the 1995–96 football season, English club Newcastle United participated in the Premier League, finishing in second place. An explosive start to the season saw Newcastle storm to the top of the Premier League table. At Christmas 1995 they held a lead of 10 points, which stretched to 12 points in mid-January 1996. However, a run of five defeats from eight matches enabled Manchester United to catch up and overtake them in March, Newcastle finished four points behind Alex Ferguson's team. Sir John Hall's millions allowed Newcastle to invest in players from across the globe. With a total of some £16 million spent on the signings of Les Ferdinand, David Ginola, Warren Barton and Shaka Hislop before the start of the season, Kevin Keegan's team made a strong start. Colombian striker Faustino Asprilla and England midfielder David Batty were attracted to the north-east in February 1996 for a combined total of around £11 million. Newcastle led the league for all of the season from August until mid-March, by Christmas had established a 10-point lead over Manchester United.

Though they lost 2-0 at Old Trafford on 27 December, they still managed to extend this lead to 12 points on 20 January 1996, putting them in prime position for the title with 15 matches remaining. However, Manchester United – bolstered by the return of Eric Cantona from suspension – enjoyed a surge in form, while Newcastle dropped vital points away to West Ham and Manchester City. A 1-0 win for Alex Ferguson's team at St James' Park on 4 March ended Newcastle's 100% home record in the league and cut their lead to a single point, further away defeats at Arsenal and Blackburn Rovers allowed Manchester United to overtake them and establish a lead that would prove decisive. Ferguson's mind games added further heat to the title race and provoked an infamous rant from Keegan live on Sky Sports on 29 April 1996, following his team's 1-0 win at Leeds United. A 1-1 draw at Nottingham Forest three days left Newcastle needing to beat Tottenham Hotspur, Manchester United needing to lose against Middlesbrough, if the title was to return to Tyneside for the first time since 1927.

In the end, a 1-1 draw proved academic as Manchester United beat the Teessiders 3-0, thus winning by four points. Nonetheless, Newcastle's second place was their highest finish for decades – and a far cry from the position they had been in when Keegan had taken over four years earlier and third-tier football was looking inevitable. Not to be deterred in his quest to bring the title back to Tyneside, Keegan purchased Newcastle-born striker Alan Shearer from Blackburn Rovers for a world-record fee of £15 million. However, he would resign as manager in January 1997. Newcastle United's kit was manufactured by the company Adidas and sponsored by Tyneside-based brewery Newcastle Brown Ale. Starts + substitute appearances) FootballSquads – Newcastle United – 1995/96 Newcastle United Football Club – Fixtures 1995–96 Transfers – Senior / Reserve Arrivals & Departures The Great career – Profile Player Index – Season Details – 1995–96 – toon1892

1989 Cincinnati Bengals season

The 1989 Cincinnati Bengals season was their 20th in the National Football League and 22nd overall. The Bengals' 404 points scored were the fourth-most in the NFL in 1989. Four of their eight losses on the season were by a touchdown or less; the 1989 Bengals are the last NFL team to score 55 points or more twice in a single season: Week Eight against Tampa Bay and Week Fifteen against arch-rival Houston, both at home. Boomer Esiason QB, AFC Pro-Bowl Selection Rodney Holman TE, AFC Pro-Bowl Selection James Brooks RB, AFC Pro-Bowl Selection David Fulcher SS, AFC Pro-Bowl Selection Anthony Muñoz LT, AFC Pro-Bowl Selection Boomer Esiason, 5th straight 3,000-yard season James Brooks, 2nd 1,000-yard season Tim McGee, 1st 1,000-yard season 1989 Cincinnati Bengals at

The White Queen (novel)

The White Queen is a 2009 historical novel by Philippa Gregory, the first of her series The Cousins' War. It tells the story of queen consort of King Edward IV of England; the 2013 BBC One television series The White Queen is a 10-part adaptation of Gregory's novels The White Queen, The Red Queen and The Kingmaker's Daughter, features Rebecca Ferguson as Elizabeth Woodville. Gregory's 2011 novel The Lady of the Rivers is a prequel to The White Queen, narrated by Elizabeth's mother Jacquetta of Luxembourg. Young widow Lady Elizabeth Grey puts herself in the path of King Edward IV to seek his assistance in reclaiming her late husband's estate for her sons, but it is love at first sight for both of them, they marry in secret, which puts Edward and Elizabeth's entire family at odds with Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, who had helped place Edward on the throne expecting to control the young king. Masterminded by Elizabeth's mother Jacquetta, an experienced courtier allied with the ousted queen Margaret of Anjou and Elizabeth secure strategic marriages and positions for Elizabeth's siblings and other relatives to bolster Edward's power and alliances against Warwick.

Edward and Elizabeth have three daughters, Warwick rebels, attempting to put Edward's malleable younger brother George, Duke of Clarence on the throne instead. Edward foils their plan and reconciles with Warwick and George to consolidate his power, but not before Warwick executes Elizabeth's father, Richard Woodville, Earl Rivers and brother, John Woodville. Elizabeth vows revenge. Warwick marries his elder daughter Isabel to George and rebels again, luring Edward into an arranged uprising where he plans to kill Edward; the plot fails, Warwick and George flee to France. Isabel gives birth during the journey. Warwick marries his second daughter Anne to Edward of Lancaster and heir to the deposed king Henry VI, to secure Warwick's new alliance with Henry's exiled queen, Margaret of Anjou. Warwick invades England. Caught off guard, Edward is forced to flee to Flanders with Elizabeth's brother Anthony. Warwick arrests Jacquetta on charges of witchcraft, but she is soon released on the orders of her old friend Margaret.

Jacquetta joins a pregnant Elizabeth and her children in sanctuary in Westminster Abbey, where they are left unmolested by Warwick. Elizabeth gives birth to Edward's son named Edward. Returning to England, Edward is reunited with George and first defeats the forces of Warwick, killed, Margaret's army, her son Edward of Lancaster is killed on the battlefield, Edward murders the captive simpleton Henry VI to end the Lancastrian claim to the throne once and for all. England is at peace, their younger brother Richard marries the widowed Anne Neville, disapproves of Edward's choice to broker peace with France rather than fight for English holdings there. Isabel's death drives George over the edge, his plots and slanders against Edward and Elizabeth result in his conviction for treason. Despite the protestations of their mother Cecily, Edward has George executed. Edward dies himself, leaving his brother Richard as guardian to his surviving sons Edward and Richard despite Elizabeth's protestations. Richard seizes young Edward from the custody of Elizabeth's brother Anthony, from sanctuary Elizabeth relinquishes to Richard a page boy posing as her younger son, whom she sends to Flanders to be raised in secret under an assumed name.

Believing he has both of Edward's heirs under his control in the Tower of London, Richard has Edward and Elizabeth's marriage declared invalid, accedes the throne himself as Richard III. Meanwhile, Elizabeth plots with her brother in law and former ward, the Duke of Buckingham, Margaret Beaufort, the mother of the exiled Lancastrian claimant Henry Tudor, to overthrow Richard and free the young princes in the Tower, they betroth Tudor to Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth's eldest daughter, in part to seek the support of Yorkists for Tudor's cause. The young princes vanish and are presumed murdered, though Elizabeth has not forgiven Richard for his execution of her brother Anthony and her son Richard Grey, she suspects that Buckingham and Henry are more responsible for the disappearance of the boys as part of their own plotting to wrest the throne from Richard. Elizabeth leaves sanctuary and sends her older daughters to Richard's court as ladies-in-waiting to Queen Anne. Richard's and Anne's son Edward dies, followed by Anne herself.

In the meantime and the younger Elizabeth have fallen in love, but he fears losing the support of the northern lords loyal to Anne's family if he marries Elizabeth right away. Henry Tudor's forces arrive in England. Publishers Weekly wrote of the novel, "Gregory earned her international reputation evoking sex, violence and betrayal among the Tudors; the review adds that the author "is poignant depicting Elizabeth in her years" and that "she captures vividly the terrible inertia of war," but notes that the novel "may not be as fresh as earlier efforts." Maureen Waller of The Telegraph called the novel "entrancing" and its heroine "intriguing," adding that "Gregory is good at describing the bitchiness of the women in this tale of dynastic rivalry."The White Queen has been released in audiobook form in both abridged and unabridged versions. AudioFile magazine wrote of the novel, "Gregory has become wildly popular in the U. S. It's easy to see why in her latest heady mix of hi

Syrians in Saudi Arabia

As of September 2016, the number of Syrians in Saudi Arabia is estimated to be 500,000 and consists of temporary foreign workers. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees' representative for the Persian Gulf region, Syrian nationals are referred to as "Arab brothers and sisters in distress". Saudi Arabia does not consider Syrians as refugees, they are provided free access to education and healthcare, allowed to take up jobs. As of September 2015, the flow of refugees to the European Union has increased and there is a rise in criticism of some Muslim nations for accepting few refugees; the Syrian Civil War forced millions to flee their homes in search of safety. Saudi Arabia, as a rich country, was criticized for not offering land to Syrian refugees – it only offers resettlement for asylum-seekers whose families reside in Saudi Arabia; the CIA World Factbook estimated that as of 2013, foreign nationals living in Saudi Arabia made up about 21% of the population. Total number of Syrians in Saudi Arabia was 100,000 before the start of Syrian Civil War.

Saudi Arabia, like all the other Arab states of the Persian Gulf, is not a signatory to the 1951 United Nations Refugee Convention, which mandates member states to protect refugees within their country. However, according to a Saudi official, Saudi Arabia has issued residency permits to 100,000 Syrians. On the other hand, the BBC claims, "Most successful cases are Syrians in the Gulf states extending their stays, or those entering because they have family there," and, "No Syrians claiming asylum have been taken in by Saudi Arabia or other wealthy Gulf countries."Syrians in Saudi Arabia include migrants from Syria to Saudi Arabia and their descendants. The number of Syrians in Saudi Arabia was estimated to be at around 500,000 people in August 2015 and consisted of temporary foreign workers. Saudi foreign ministry officials claim that the nation has received nearly 2.5 million Syrians since 2011. However, the BBC reports that Saudi Arabia has let in 500,000 Syrian refugees since 2011, while Arab News reported that Saudi Arabia was home to 500,000 Syrians Saudi Arabia claims to have granted 100,000 Syrians residency.

An official from Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that Saudi Arabia "made it a point not to deal with them as'refugees'."Huffington post has criticized the international community for saying that Saudi Arabia has taken no refugees. The newspaper claimed that outlets in the US have exploited a technicality used by the UN to count Syrian refugees, that it is more plausible that 500,000 Syrian refugees are in Saudi Arabia. Ali Al-Tantawi, an Islamic scholar and a literary figure. Nadia Awni Sakati, a pediatrician who described three rare disorders in children Medhat Sheikh el-Ard, king Abdulaziz's doctor and a diplomat. Maarouf al-Dawalibi, a Syrian politician and twice the prime minister of Syria, he served as an adviser to several Saudi kings. Muhammad Ali Al-Sabuni, a notable Muslim scholar Muhammad Dhiyauddin Al-Sabuni known as the poet of Taibah Abdelrazaq Al Hussain Ahmad Deeb Jehad Al-Hussain Mahmoud Maowas Mohamad Hamwi Mohammed Estanbeli Mohannad Ibrahim Muhammad Surur Omar Al Soma Raja Rafe Wael Ayan Yahya Hawwa Saudi Arabia–Syria relations Syrian diaspora Refugees of the Syrian Civil War


Vedan is a 1993 Tamil crime film directed by Suresh Krissna. The film features R. Sarathkumar and Kushboo in the lead roles, with Charan Raj, Sarath Babu, Easwari Rao and Radha Ravi playing supporting roles; the film, produced by Selvi Thyagarajan and G. Saravanan, had musical score by Deva and was released on 6 May 1993; the film follows Inspector Vijay as he joins the gang of a notorious criminal, Bhoopathi under the identity of Ranjith with the sole intention of infiltrating it only to fall in love with Bhoopathi's sister Uma and witness the brutal slaughter of his superior officer Ganesh who gave him the task. How Vijay completes the mission though Bhoopathi has begun to suspect his identity forms the crux of the story; the film was dubbed and released in Telugu as Vyas IPS. The film starts with a politician being murdered by the henchman of the local don Boopathy; the police commissioner Ganesh appoints the Scotland Yard trainee Vijay to arrest Boopathy. Vijay infiltrates Boopathy's gang under the name Ranjith Kumar as an ex-jailbird.

Vijay arranges to kidnap Boopathy's sister Priya and he rescues her. Boopathy starts to like him and Vijay becomes his right hand. In the meantime and the bubbly girl Usha fall in love with each other. Thereafter, Ganesh gets killed and Vijay has to dismantle Boopathy's gang on its own. In addition to this, Boopathy begins to suspect Vijay to be a mole. What transpires next forms the rest of the story; the film score and the soundtrack were composed by film composer Deva. The soundtrack, released in 1993, features 6 tracks with lyrics written by Vairamuthu; the Indian Express called it "lot of no content.