The Pahlavi dynasty was the last ruling house of the Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution. The dynasty was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, a former brigadier-general of the Persian Cossack Brigade, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdicate by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran, he was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. The Pahlavis came to power after Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last Qajar ruler of Iran, proved unable to stop British and Soviet encroachment on Iranian sovereignty, had his position weakened by a military coup, was removed from power by the parliament while in France; the Iranian parliament, known as the Majlis, convening as a Constituent Assembly on 12 December 1925, deposed the young Ahmad Shah Qajar, declared Reza Khan the new King of Imperial State of Persia. In 1935, Reza Shah asked foreign delegates to use the endonym Iran in formal correspondence and the official name the Imperial State of Iran was adopted.
Following the coup d'état in 1953 supported by United Kingdom and the United States, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's rule became more autocratic and was aligned with the Western Bloc during the Cold War. Faced with growing public discontent and popular rebellion throughout 1978 and after declaring surrender and resigning, the second Pahlavi went into exile with his family in January 1979, sparking a series of events that led to the end of the state and the beginning of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 11 February 1979; the Pahlavi dynasty was an Iranian royal dynasty of Mazandarani ethnicity. The Pahlavi dynasty originated in Mazandaran province. In 1878 Reza Shah Pahlavi was born at the village of Alasht, located in Savadkuh County, Māzandarān Province, his parents were Major Abbas Ali Khan from Pahlavan tribe of Alasht, Noushafarin Ayromlou. His mother was a Muslim immigrant from Georgia, whose family had emigrated to mainland Persia after Persia was forced to cede all of its territories in the Caucasus following the Russo-Persian Wars several decades prior to Reza Shah's birth.
His father was commissioned in the 7th Savadkuh Regiment, served in the Anglo-Persian War in 1856. In 1925, Reza Khan, a former Brigadier-General of the Persian Cossack Brigade, deposed the Qajar dynasty and declared himself king, adopting the dynastic name of Pahlavi, which recalls the Middle Persian language of the Sasanian Empire. By the mid-1930s, Rezā Shāh's strong secular rule caused dissatisfaction among some groups the clergy, who opposed his reforms, but the middle and upper-middle class of Iran liked what Rezā Shāh did. In 1935, Rezā Shāh issued a decree asking foreign delegates to use the term Iran in formal correspondence, in accordance with the fact that "Persia" was a term used by Western peoples for the country called "Iran" in Persian, his successor, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, announced in 1959 that both Persia and Iran were acceptable and could be used interchangeably. Reza Shah tried to avoid involvement with the Soviet Union. Though many of his development projects required foreign technical expertise, he avoided awarding contracts to British and Soviet companies because of dissatisfaction during the Qajar Dynasty between Persia, the UK, the Soviets.
Although the UK, through its ownership of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, controlled all of Iran's oil resources, Rezā Shāh preferred to obtain technical assistance from Germany, France and other European countries. This created problems for Iran after 1939, when Germany and Britain became enemies in World War II. Reza Shah proclaimed Iran as a neutral country, but Britain insisted that German engineers and technicians in Iran were spies with missions to sabotage British oil facilities in southwestern Iran. Britain demanded that Iran expel all German citizens, but Rezā Shāh refused, claiming this would adversely affect his development projects. On 13 September 1943 the Allies reassured the Iranians that all foreign troops would leave by 2 March 1946. At the time, the Tudeh Party of Iran, a communist party, influential and had parliamentary representation, was becoming militant in the North; this promoted actions from the side of the government, including attempts of the Iranian armed forces to restore order in the Northern provinces.
While the Tudeh headquarters in Tehran were occupied and the Isfahan branch crushed, the Soviet troops present in the Northern parts of the country prevented the Iranian forces from entering. Thus, by November 1945 Azerbaijan had become an autonomous state helped by the Tudeh party; this puppet government of the Soviet Union only lasted until November 1946. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi replaced his father on the throne on 16 September 1941, he wanted to continue the reform policies of his father, but a contest for control of the government soon erupted between him and an older professional politician, the nationalistic Mohammad Mosaddegh. In 1951, the Majlis named Mohammad Mossadegh as new prime minister by a vote of 79–12, who shortly after nationalized the British-owned oil industry. Mossadegh was opposed by the Shah who feared a resulting oil embargo imposed by the West would leave Iran in economic ruin; the Shah fled Iran but returned when the United Kingdom and the United States staged a coup against Mossadegh in August 1953.
Mossadegh was arrested by pro-Shah army forces. Major plans to build Iran's infrastructure were undertaken, a new middle class began flourishing and in less than two decades Iran became the indisputable major econo
Herve Yamguen is a Cameroonian painter and sculptor. Autodidact, he launched himself in painting, sculpture and he discovered a passion for the writing which enables him to wonder about its daily live, he works on plays. He grew in Douala where he lives and works in one of the most popular districts of the city, New Bell, it is this environment which nourishes the imaginary of Hervé whose plastic work turns around the face, the body and the place of it in the world. Herve Yamguen was born into a family with rooted traditions, who refused to accept his choice to become an artist. From childhood, he was attracted by the way, he realizes that lets one wonder about the human being. He started painting at the age of 17 and embraces the profession of artist by the late 1980s, after refusing to enter the monastery. After that his family encouraged him to continue on his path of artist. Self-taught, he learned by reading about art history, which led him to develop his singular vision of art. Subsequently, he received a year of training at École des Arts Décoratifs in France.
He has done many production residencies in Cameroon and abroad. Hervé Yamguen is known for his writing about the visual arts, he has made a few forays into photography, performance and has done stage designs for the theater. The themes present in his work are the questioning of the human-plant-animal and bird. Through these themes, he invites one to look at life with wonder. Yamguen is inspired by the work of several writers and artists who work on wonder and imagination: Matisse, Henri Michaud, the surrealist poets; the artist wants to invite the public to reflect on his humanity. According to him, the reception of his work is not enthusiastic: either it is too risqué or inaccessible. Hervé Yamguen is one of the members of the Cercle Kapsiki; as a member of the cercle, it took part in Scénographies Urbaines, in January 2003, a project born from the meeting of Cameroonian artists. The idea consists of a residence of artists from all over the world located in the popular district of New Bellin Douala: the project aimed at leading artists to express themselves and exchange with the inhabitants of the district of Douala whose reputation was not the best.
The stereotypes had to be broken to create new words. The communication had to be reinvented, it is during the workshop in the district New Bell that the Kapsiki circle and the collective Skurk invited other artists from Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Lebanon, to share with the district’s population details of their lives. He exposed in 2003 a work at the Mam gallery within the framework of the project Pièce Unique, initiated by the French Cultural centre of Douala, he published a long poem Le temps de la saison verte, in 1998. A new book is published by the French Cultural centre of Douala. Inducted as a notable in the village of his father, he reconnects with the codes of the rituals and customs, while maintaining his posture of contemporary artist, his work has been shown in various countries around the world. In France and Germany and in Côte d'Ivoire and Senegal. Beside his work as a creative, Yamguen has served other functions in the art world, he taught fine arts at the secondary level.
He was the artistic director of the three editions of the Marché des Arts Plastiques de Bali. Le Temps de la saison verte, Les Solitaires intempestifs, 1998 La Nuit cristalline, livre objet, 12 copies, poetry, 2000 Entre brune et cratère, livre objet, 10 copies with sérigraphies, poetry, 2000 Le déluge en soi n'est jamais trop loin, drawings, CCF Blaise Cendrars, March 2005 Sous les airs du Wouri, Pas de quartier- Brigade d'intervention poétique, édition du CCF Blaise Cendrars, 2006 Respiration in "Interdit de laver sa mobylette", collaborative work, illustrations by Hervé Yamguen, éditions Opoto, 2007 Hervé Yameguen in carnet de la création, éditions de l’œil, 2011 Les oiseaux, dessins et sculptures, doual’art, 2015 List of public art in Douala Nijami, S. "L’oiseau-counteur" Hervé Yamguen. Fondation Donwahi Art contemporain. Schemell, A.: Visual Arts in Cameroon– A Genealogy of Non-formal Training 1976-2014, Langaa Research &Publishing Common Initiative, p. 137 Manga, L.. Cameroon une vision contemporaine IV.
Le Bureau de la Banque Mondial. Africultures, Hervé Yamguen. Langaa Research &Publishing Common Initiative, p. 137 Lessing, E. B.: Urban Safety and Security. FrancoAngeli, p. 73. Les Franco phonies en Limousin: Hervé Yamguen. IAM – Intense Art Magazine.. Hervé Yamguen, un esprit libre in IAM#01 CAMEROUN | CAMEROON, p. 062. Pensa, Iolanda 2017. Public Art in Africa. Art et transformations urbaines Urban Transformations in Douala. Genève: Metis Presses. ISBN 978-2-94-0563-16-6 Hervé Yamguen drawing Hervé Yamguen on Artfacts Hervé Yamguen on AtWork
Strathleven House is an early 18th-century country house in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland. It is located in the Vale of Leven, around 3 kilometres north of Dumbarton. Built in 1700, it is the work of the architect James Smith, has been described as "the earliest surviving example of the classic Palladian country house in Scotland". Strathleven House, its 18th-century dovecote, are protected as category A listed buildings, The Strathleven estate known as Kirkmichael, was owned in the 14th century by the Fleming family, passing to the Semples of Fulwood in the 17th century. In 1677 it was bought by the royalist William Cochrane, 1st Earl of Dundonald, who settled the estates of Strathleven and neighbouring Kilmaronock on his grandson William; this William married a daughter of James Graham, 2nd Marquess of Montrose, sat in the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of Great Britain following the union of 1707. A tower house may have existed on the estate at this time, but in 1700 William built the present house which he named Levenside.
His initials and coat of arms are inscribed on the stonework of the building. The architect is unrecorded, it has been suggested that William Adam, Sir William Bruce, or Alexander McGill may have been responsible. However, on stylistic grounds James Smith is considered the most designer; the design of Strathleven has been compared to his houses at Newhailes near Edinburgh and Raith House in Kirkcaldy. The dovecote which stands nearby is considered to be contemporary with the house. After William Cochrane's death in 1717 the house was sold to Archibald Campbell of Stonefield, a kinsman of the Duke of Argyll. In 1830 it was sold again, to Glasgow merchant James Ewing, who shortly after served as Lord Provost of Glasgow and Member of Parliament for Glasgow, he changed the name of the estate to Strathleven, enlarged the estate by the purchase of Dumbarton Muir from Dumbarton Town Council in 1841. He made minor alterations to the house, as well as more significant additions to the grounds, including new stables.
His widow lived in the house until 1900. In 1947 Strathleven was compulsorily purchased by the Board of Trade; the area had been earmarked for redevelopment as a major industrial estate. By 1956, 2,700 people were employed at Strathleven Industrial Estate. Strathleven House deteriorated over subsequent decades, in 1979 the interiors, including panelling and balustrades, were removed to storage to protect them from dry rot. In 1985 the Scottish Historic Buildings Trust was established in response to the need to save Strathleven House; the Trust succeeded in purchasing the house the following year, repairs to stabilise the building and replace the roof were carried out between 1993 and 1996. A conservation plan was drawn up in 1997 for the full restoration of the house, completed in 2000. Since the property has been leased by the Trust as serviced office accommodation and conference facilities; the 19th-century portico was re-erected as a folly at East Lothian. The category B-listed coach house and stables, which are in the ownership of Scottish Enterprise, successors to the Board of Trade, remain in a derelict condition and are included on the Buildings at Risk Register for Scotland.
The Bruce Tree, an ancient oak reputedly planted by Robert the Bruce stood in the grounds of Strathleven House. It was felled by an arson attack in May 2004. Media related to Strathleven House at Wikimedia Commons Strathleven House, Scottish Historic Buildings Trust
Greenstone is an amalgamated town in the Canadian province of Ontario with a population of 4,636 according to the 2016 Canadian Census. It stretches along Highway 11 from Lake Nipigon to Longlac and covers 2,767.19 km2. The town was formed in 2001, as part of a wave of community amalgamations under the Progressive Conservative government of Ontario, it combined the former Townships of Beardmore and Nakina, the Towns of Geraldton and Longlac with large unincorporated portions of Unorganized Thunder Bay District. It is the administrative office of the band government for the Animbiigoo Zaagi'igan Anishinaabek First Nation. Greenstone includes the communities of Beardmore, Geraldton, Longlac, Macdiarmid and Orient Bay; the municipal administrative offices are located in Geraldton. Nakina and Caramat are exclaved from the rest of the municipality's territory. T. L. Taunton, of the Geological Survey of Canada, noted gold in quartz fragments around Little Long Lac in 1917. Tony Oklend found ore in a boulder during World War I.
However, it wouldn't be until 1931 that Bill "Hard Rock" Smith and Stan Watson would stake 18 claims along 3 veins. Tom Johnson and Robert Wells filed claims based on gold appearing in Magnet Lake quartz outcrop and the presence of bismuthinite; the Bankfield Gold Mine developed from these claims. In 1932, Johnson and Oklend staked 12 claims at Little Long Lac. Fred MacLeod and Arthur Cockshutt filed 15 claims near Smith's. Nakina was first established in 1923 as a station and railway yard on the National Transcontinental Railway, between the divisional points of Grant and Armstrong. Nakina was at Mile 15.9 of the NTR's Grant Sub-Division. Following the completion in 1924 of the Longlac-Nakina Cut-Off by the Canadian National Railway, connecting the rails of the Canadian Northern Railway at Longlac and the NTR, Nakina became the new divisional point, the buildings from the town of Grant were moved to the new Nakina town site. ]] In the 1930s the Beardmore Relics, Viking Age artifacts were found near Beardmore.
Proposed to be evidence of Vikings in Ontario. The relics were proven to have been a hoax. Through a series of witnesses as well as the son of the person who had found them, the relics were found to have been planted in Beardmore and not, as was suggested, found there. By 1934, a gold rush absorbed the area from Long Lac to Nipigon, a belt 100 km long and 40 km wide; the village of Hard Rock was established in 1934, Longlac and Geraldton soon followed. Though a 1936 fire threatened the mines, development was able to continue; as an important railway service stop from 1923 until 1986, the town had a railway round-house as well as a watering and fueling capability. During World War II, there was a radar base on the edge of the town, intended to watch for a potential attack on the strategically important Soo Locks at Sault Ste. Marie. Research into the radar site in the Library and Archives Canada indicates that it was a United States Army Air Forces operation, pre-dating the Pinetree Line radar bases that were erected to focus on the Cold War threat.
The Nakina base was removed shortly after the war. The settlement of Geraldton is a compound of the surname of financiers of a nearby gold mine near Kenogamisis Lake in 1931; the Geraldton-Beardmore Gold Camp, in the heart of the Canadian Shield, hosts numerous mineralized zones which continue to be explored for potential development. Eight gold mines operated here between 1936 and 1970. Tom Powers and Phil Silams staked what became the Northern Empire Mine near Beardmore, which produced a total of 149,493 ounces of gold; the Little Long Lac Mine produced 605,449 ounces of gold, besides producing scheelite. J. M. Wood and W. T. Brown developed the Sturgeon River Gold Mine. James and Russell Cryderman found and Karl Springer incorporated what became known as the Leitch Gold Mine, which produced 861,982 ounces of gold from 0.92 grade ore. The Bankfield Gold Mines produced 66,416 ounces by 1942. Tomball Mines, started by Tom and Bill Johnson, produced 69,416 ounces; the Magnet Mine produced 152,089 ounces.
The Hard Rock Mine produced 269,081 ounces. In the 1970s pulp and paper operations near the town resulted in growth in the town's population to its peak of 1,200. However, at this point, cost controls in the railway industry meant that service and maintenance could be consolidated at points much more distant from one another than had been common in the first half of the 20th century; as a result, the value of Nakina as a railway service community was diminished, to the point where the railway was no longer a substantial employer in the town. In the 1970s, a radio station was launched in Longlac as CHAP on the AM dial; the town remains focused on tourism, diminished pulp and paper operations and support of other more northern communities. Mining and minerals industries are seen as a source of further growth, though the Canadian Shield geology of the area makes extraction of minerals like gold an expensive operation; as of 2009, a proposed ore transport point around Nakina, as part of the Ring of Fire development, may shift the emphasis of local industry from logging back to mining.
In 2010 the Ring of Fire development, proposed James Bay rail link and placement of processing plants remains of great economic interest for the region. Development is slated to move over the next three to five years in an over 1.5 billion
Alcon Entertainment, LLC is an American film production company, founded in 1997 by film producers Broderick Johnson and Andrew Kosove. Since its establishment, Alcon Entertainment has developed and financed films that are distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures, following a ten-year motion picture production agreement. Alcon Entertainment was established in January 1997, founded by film producers Broderick Johnson and Andrew Kosove, who are the co-CEOs of the company; the company is headquartered on Santa Monica Boulevard in California. Both Johnson and Kosove presented FedEx founder and chairman Frederick W. Smith with a proposal suggesting that an independent film company, backed by a capitalized individual or company, aligned with a major studio for an exclusive distribution arrangement would reap profits on copyrighted assets over a set period of time. Alcon's first major feature film was the 1999 comedy Found. In March 2000, following the success of its second film My Dog Skip, Alcon entered into an exclusive, long-term worldwide distribution agreement with Warner Bros.
The agreement had Warner Bros. in charge of worldwide distribution of a minimum of 10 films produced and financed by Alcon over the next five years. The agreement allowed Warner Bros. to co-finance certain pictures with Alcon. Alcon and Warner Bros. signed a new agreement in February 2006, continuing their eight-year relationship, under which Warner Bros. would continue to distribute feature films developed and financed by Alcon. WB and Alcon extended the deal in 2015 which ended in 2019; the Expanse Pete the Cat Untitled Clearwater Marine Aquarium TV Series Blade Runner: Black Lotus In 2014, Alcon partnered with Sleeping Giant Media to form ASG Music Group. ASG is record label. In 2017, ASG released the Blade Runner 2049 soundtrack, produced by Grammy nominated producer Michael Hodges, Kayla Morrison and Ashley Culp, with Epic Records; the Album reached #1 on the Billboard Soundtrack Sales Charts. Official website Alcon Entertainment on IMDb
Scott Spencer Storch is an American record producer and songwriter. He started off as a keyboardist for the group the Roots. Storch was born on New York, he was raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His mother, Joyce Yolanda Storch, was a singer signed to Philadelphia's Cameo-Parkway Records under the stage name Joyce Carol, is of Lithuanian Jewish heritage, his father, Phil Storch, was a court reporter. His uncle, Jeremy Storch, was a founder of soul-rock band the Vagrants and wrote songs recorded by Dave Mason and Eddie Money. Storch's parents divorced in 1983. Storch attended elementary school in middle school in Davie, Florida. In the middle of his freshman year, he left South Florida to join his father in the Philadelphia area, attended high school in Bensalem, Pennsylvania. After dropping out of high school in the ninth grade, Storch was expelled from home at the age of 16. By age 18, he was living with his father in New Jersey; some publications have written that Storch was born in Canada, but in 2010 the Miami New Times wrote a denial under the title "Scott Storch is not Canadian."
Storch began his professional music career in 1991, when he became one of the first members of the hip hop group the Roots as a keyboard player. He was involved in the following two albums released by the Roots: Organix and Do You Want More?!!!??! and had involvement in Illadelph Halflife. Storch, had a distaste towards touring and preferred creating in the studio and decided upon becoming a music producer in his own right. Storch's first two commercial hits were from the production on the track "You Got Me" by the Roots ft. Erykah Badu and Eve and his collaboration with Dr. Dre for the song "Still D. R. E." Including the characteristic piano. Storch's most successful solo production hit was "Lean Back", a 2004 single by Terror Squad, he was one of the top producers in the business, having worked on hits by 50 Cent, The Game, T. I. Chris Brown, Christina Aguilera, Beyoncé, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Lil' Kim and many others." Storch was awarded ASCAP's Songwriter of the Year award in 2006. He produces hip hop music through Storch Music Company.
He had his own music production company called Tuff Jew Productions LLC, published by Reservoir Media Management. Since filing for bankruptcy in 2015, he decided to lay off drugs. Since he has worked with DJ Khaled, The Game, Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, Crim Dela Crim, more. By 2006, Storch was worth more than $70 million but picked up a cocaine addiction the prior year. In August 2006, he "took a month off" and vacationed in California. Friend and manager Derek Jackson said, "It was just a wonderful year, but I think it was defined by the magic month of August, he ran into the Hollywood class – and when he went to Hollywood, all things changed." He withdrew from producing and focused on partying with friends at his $10 million mansion in Palm Island, Florida. He purchased a private jet, a 117-foot yacht, nearly 20 luxury cars, about half of which he estimated he purchased while high on cocaine. Storch squandered $30 million in less than six months, was in dire financial straits by January 2007. In 2008, Storch hit legal trouble after falling behind on both his child-support payments and his property taxes.
In early 2009, he was arrested for grand theft auto for failing to return a Bentley he had leased three years prior. In April 2009, Storch checked into an intensive inpatient rehab program in Hollywood and filed for bankruptcy that May. In February 2012, Storch was arrested in Las Vegas, Nevada for possession of cocaine and was released on bail. On June 24, 2015, Storch filed for bankruptcy