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Pakistan Army

The Pakistan Army is the principal land warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces. It came into its modern existence from the British Indian Army that ceased to exist following the partition of British India that resulted in the parliamentary act that established the independence of Pakistan from the United Kingdom on 14 August 1947. According to the estimation provided by the International Institute for Strategic Studies in 2017, the Pakistan Army has 550,000 active duty personnel, supported by the Army Reserve and the National Guard; this makes it the 6th largest army in world in terms of manpower. In Pakistan, the age of military enlistment is 16–23 years of age for voluntary military service; the primary objective and its constitutional mission is to ensure the national security and national unity of Pakistan by defending it against external aggression or threat of war, internal threat by maintaining peace and security within its land borders by requisitioning it by the federal government to cope with internal threats.

During the events of national calamities and emergency, it conducts humanitarian rescue operations at home as well as participating in the peacekeeping missions mandated by the United Nations, most notably playing a major role in rescuing the trapped U. S. soldiers in Somalia in 1993 and Bosnian War in 1992–95. The Pakistan Army, a major component of the Pakistani Military alongside Pakistan's Navy, Air Force, Marines, is a volunteer force, involved with four wars on its borders with neighboring India and several border skirmishes on its porous border with Afghanistan. Since the 1960s, the elements of the army has been deployed to act as military advisory in the Arab states during the events of Arab–Israeli wars, aided the UN-based coalition in the first Gulf War. Other notable military operations in the theater of War on Terror in the 21st century included: Zarb-e-Azb, Black Thunderstorm, Rah-e-Nijat. In violation of its constitutional mandate, it has overthrown elected governments overreaching its constitutional mandate protected by the Constitution to "act in aid of civilian federal government when called upon to do so", the army has been involved in enforcing martial law against the elected governments in claiming to restore law and order in the country by dismissing the legislative branch, the Parliament, four times in past decades, has wider commercial and political interests in the country, facing allegations of acting as state within a state.

The Pakistan Army has a regimental system but is operationally and geographically divided into command zones, with basic field of being the corps. The Constitution establishes the role of President of Pakistan to be the civilian Commander-in-Chief; the Pakistan Army is commanded by the Chief of Army Staff, by statute a four-star rank general, senior member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is appointed by the Prime Minister and confirmed by the President of Pakistan. The Pakistan Army is under the command of General Qamar Javed Bajwa appointed on 29 November 2016. Existence and its constitutional role is protected by the Constitution of Pakistan, where its role to serves as land-based uniform service branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces. In the Chapter 2: Armed Forces in the PartXII: Miscellaneous codified the mission and purpose of the army as alongside the other parts of the Armed Forces as such: The Constitution of Pakistan establishes the principal land warfare uniform branch in the Pakistan Armed Forces as its states: The Armed Forces shall, under the directions of the Federal Government, defend Pakistan against external aggression or threat of war, subject to law, act in aid of civil power when called upon to do so The Pakistan Army came into its modern birth from the division of the British Indian Army that ceased to exist as a result of the partition of India that resulted in the creation of Pakistan on 14 August 1947.

Before the partition took place, there were plans ahead of dividing the British Indian Army in different parts based on the religious and ethnic influence on the areas of India. On 30 June 1947, the War Department of the British administration in India began planning the dividing of the ~400,000 men strong British Indian Army, but that only begin few weeks before the partition of India that resulted in violent religious violence in India; the Armed Forces Reconstitution Committee under the chairmanship of British Field Marshal Sir Claude Auchinleck had devised the formula to divide the military assets between India and Pakistan with ratio of 2:1, respectively. Major division of the army was overseen by Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi, an Indian civil servant, influential in making sure that ~260,000 men would be transferred into forming the Indian Army whilst the remainder balance going to Pakistan after the independence act was enacted by the United Kingdom on the night of 14/15 August 1947.

Command and control at all levels of the new army was difficult, as Pakistan had received six armoured, eight artillery and eight infantry regiments compared to the twelve armoured, forty artillery and twenty-one infantry regiments that went to India. In total, the size of the new army was about ~150,000 men strong. To fill the vacancy in the command positions of the new army, around 13,500 military officers from the British Army had to be employed in the Pakistan Army, quiet in larger number, under the command of Lieutenant-General Frank Messervy, the first commander-in-chief of the Pakistan Army. Eminent fears of India's seizing the control over the state of Kashmir, the armed tribes and the irregular militia scouts

The Challenge: Battle of the Exes

The Challenge: Battle of the Exes is the 22nd season of the MTV reality game show, The Challenge. It takes place in the Dominican Republic and Iceland, with former cast members from MTV's The Real World, Road Rules, The Challenge competing. A launch special, "The Pre-Game," premiered on January 11, 2012, explaining the previous history of how the couples broke up; the season premiered on January 25, 2012, concluded on April 4, 2012, with the Reunion special. After a seven-year-long absence from The Challenge, Mike "The Miz" Mizanin returned to the reality show as the host of the Battle of the Exes' Season Finale and Reunion Special; this is the first edition of the Battle of the Exes series, with Battle of the Exes II following in 2015. Host: T. J. Lavin, BMX rider Each team participates in numerous challenges, which are followed by an elimination round — "The Dome." The winning team of each challenge earns the title of "Power Couple," as well as immunity from entering The Dome, while the last-place finisher is automatically sent to The Dome.

The "Power Couple" earns the right of choosing the team that will face the last-place finisher in The Dome. The team who wins the elimination round returns to the game and has a shot at a $300,000 prize, while the losing team is eliminated from the game. At the end of the season, three teams will compete in the final challenge; the first-place finisher wins $150,000, second-place wins $100,000 and third-place wins $40,000. Abram & Cara Maria: The two met on Cutthroat and began to show affection for each other throughout the entire season of The Challenge. After the show ended, the two continued to date, Abram provided moral support to Cara Maria over the phone during her stint on Rivals. However, the two separated after Abram was arrested following a disturbing and publicized brush with the law. Aneesa & Rachel: The two met on Battle of the Sexes and developed a relationship after the show, unknown to most viewers until this relationship was revealed during The Duel II, where tension occurred between Aneesa and Rachel's newest partner at the time, Jenn Grijalva.

CT & Diem: The two met on The Duel, where CT developed a crush on Diem, who, at the time, was dealing with the side-effects of her chemotherapy resulting from her battle with ovarian cancer. CT had helped Diem to feel confident with herself by the end of her time on The Challenge, the two began dating after; the two were still dating as of The Gauntlet III, but after the show, Diem decided she wanted to pursue a career and felt that a relationship would interfere. Diem broke up with CT prior to the reunion. In The Duel II, Diem indicated that she believed she would marry CT, but that she wanted to put her career first at that time. CT was removed from the show after engaging in an ugly brawl with Adam King relating to CT's and Diem's relationship. CT mentioned in the season premiere that Diem did not go to the wake after his brother died. Dunbar & Paula: The two had a relationship based upon fighting with each other, kissing and making up throughout The Island and The Duel II, it was revealed on The Duel II Reunion that the two did have sexual intercourse after leaving New Zealand.

After feeling betrayed by Dunbar before her elimination on Cutthroat, Paula felt as if she could no longer trust him, Dunbar stated that he was done with Paula. Dustin & Heather: The two were season sweethearts on their season of The Real World: Las Vegas and dated, until shocking revelations about Dustin's past tore their relationship apart, they got back together in an on-and-off relationship. Johnny & Camila: Camila had stated that she had a crush on Johnny and that she would marry him on Cutthroat, but nothing much was shown happening between the two of them. A possible fling was hinted at during the season's "The S#!% They Should've Shown" special, where Johnny and Camila were suspected of hooking up in the house bathroom and averting detection by having Camila leave through the room's window. Johnny was in a relationship at the time, in interviews for the special, he and Jenn Grijalva denied any fling between Johnny and Camila, however, RW: Cancun alumna Jonna Mannion hinted on Derrick Kosinski's Ultimate Challenge Radio podcast that a fling between the two did occur during Rivals.

Leroy & Naomi: The two were "friends with benefits" during their season of The Real World: Las Vegas, but only got together at night if neither had found someone else that day. During this time, Naomi had a medical scare where she believed she might either be pregnant or have contracted an STD, which stressed their casual relationship. Mark & Robin: The two met on Battle of the Sexes 2, where the two began a relationship that lasted after the season had ended. On The Inferno II, Robin and Tonya got into an argument over Mark. In the first episode of The Duel, Robin revealed that she was single, was no longer dating Mark. Nate & Priscilla: Due to Priscilla's underage status during her time on The Real World: San Diego, she was unable to enter the bars and clubs with her 21+ year-old roommates, one night, Nate stayed home with her, the two made out while alone in the house. Nothing more occurred after this instance, despite an attempt by an intoxicated Priscilla during a group trip to Cabo San Lucas.

Ty & Emily: The two connected and began a relationship on their original season of The Real World: DC, but during the season the relationship turned bad when Ty's behavior became too much for Emily to handle, she became wary of entering a serious relationship with him. Ty and Emily got into a tumultuous argument on Cutthroat. Tyrie & Jasmine: The two began a relationship in the first episode of Rivals, despite Jasmine having a boyfriend at the time. Vinny & Sarah: Th

Dominik Farnbacher

Dominik Farnbacher is a German sports car racing driver, an SRT factory driver, driving an SRT Viper GTS-R in the TUDOR United SportsCar Championship. After beginning his career in karting, Farnbacher competed in Formula BMW Junior in 2001, finishing 9th in the championship, he moved to sports car racing, participating in Porsche Carrera Cup Germany, at first for his father's team, Farnbacher Racing. In 2005, Farnbacher co-drove for Farnbacher Racing to win the GT class in the 24 Hours of Daytona. In 2006, Farnbacher drove in the Le Mans Series for Seikel Motorsport in the GT2 class, he made his debut in the American Le Mans Series, driving at the 12 Hours of Sebring and Petit Le Mans, participated in his first 24 Hours of Le Mans, finishing 2nd in class. Farnbacher raced in the full ALMS season in 2007, he ran in the Super GT series in Japan, taking two wins in the GT300 class at Motegi and Fuji. 2008 saw Farnbacher finish 2nd in the GT2 drivers' championship for Tafel. In 2009 Farnbacher switched to Team PTG.

He won the Okayama 1000 Kilometers. Farnbacher won the SP7 class of the 2010 24 Hours Nürburgring with co-drivers Allan Simonsen, Leh Keen, Marco Seefried. Farnbacher finished 2nd in GT2 at Le Mans with Simonsen and Keen, he spent 2011 in the ADAC GT Masters series in Germany. Late in 2012, Farnbacher began racing the SRT Viper. * Season still in progress Official website Dominik Farnbacher driver statistics at Racing-Reference Dominik Farnbacher career statistics at DriverDB.com