The Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille is a municipal museum dedicated to fine arts, modern art, antiquities. It is one of the largest art museums in France, it was one of the first museums built in France, established under the instructions of Napoleon I at the beginning of the 19th century as part of the popularisation of art. Jean-Antoine Chaptal's decree of 1801 selected fifteen French cities to receive the works seized from churches and from the European territories occupied by the armies of Revolutionary France; the painters Louis Joseph Watteau and François Watteau, known as the "Watteau of Lille", were involved in the museum's beginnings - Louis Joseph Watteau made in 1795 the first inventory of the paintings confiscated during the Revolution, whilst his son François was deputy curator of the museum from 1808 to 1823. The museum opened in 1809 and was housed in a church confiscated from the Récollets before being transferred to the city's town hall. In 1866, the "musée Wicar", formed from the collection of Jean-Baptiste Wicar, was merged into the Palais des Beaux-Arts.
Construction of the Palais's current Belle Époque-style building began in 1885 under the direction of Géry Legrand, mayor of Lille, it was completed in 1892. The architects chosen to design the new building were Edouard Bérard and Fernand Etienne-Charles Delmas from Paris; the building is located on the place de la République, in the center of the city, facing the préfecture of Lille. It was renovated during the 1990s and reopened in 1997. At the start of the 1990s, the building's poor state and the moving of Vauban's relief models of fortified towns to Lille forced the town to renovate the building. Work began in 1991, under the architects Jean-Marc Ibos and Myrto Vitart, was completed in 1997; this allowed the creation of a new 700 m2 basement room for temporary exhibitions, as well as departments for the relief models and for 19th-century sculpture. Overall the museum covers 22000 m2 and held 72430 pieces as of 2015, one of the largest provincial collections of fine art; the collection includes works by Raphael, Van Dyck, Jordaens, Goya, El Greco, Corot, Toulouse-Lautrec, Rubens, Rodin and Jean-Baptiste Chardin.
Ascension of the Elect, Dirk Bouts, oil on wood Fall of the Damned, Dirk Bouts, oil on wood Portrait of man, skull in a niche, Barthel Bruyn, oil on wood Three donors with Saint John the Baptist, Barthel Bruyn the Younger, oil on wood The Virgin and the Sleeping Jesus, Joos van Cleve, oil on wood The Virgin nursing the Infant Jesus, Joos van Cleve, oil on wood Christ blessing the Virgin, Jacob Cornelisz van Amsterdam, oil on wood The Virgin, the Infant Jesus and saint Cecilia, Domenico Panetti Trinity, triptych of Marchiennes, Jean Bellegambe, oil on wood Triptych of the mystic bath, Jehan Bellegambe, oil on wood Feast of Herod, marble Vanity, Jan Sanders van Hemessen, oil on wood Virgin and Child surrounded by angels, Master of the foliage in embroidery, oil on wood Portraits of Louis de Quarre and Barbe de Cruysinck as donors.
Joe Beam is an inspirational speaker and best-selling author. He founded Family Dynamics Institute in 1994 and served as its president until he founded Love Path International in 2008, he has appeared on television and radio programs including The Today Show, The Weekend Today Show, ABC's Good Morning America, Focus on the Family, the Montel Williams Show, the Mike and Juliet Show. Beam has been featured in articles by magazines such as Better Homes and Gardens, he hosted Give and Take—a national radio show in which he provided advice on relationships ranging from romance to parenting. The show went off the air in September 2008 due to production negotiations. Beam earned his bachelor's degree in theology from Southern Christian University, he did graduate studies in clinical psychology at the University of Evansville and earned a PHD in health science at the University of Sydney. He has authored magazine articles, corporate training programs, several books including the national bestseller Seeing the Unseen, Forgiven Forever, Becoming One: Emotionally and Sexually.
Joe and his wife Alice collaborated with Nancy Stinnett to write Fantastic Families. He is invited to universities and community groups to speak about marriage and family relationships from a Christian perspective. Beam served as minister at Western Hills Church of Christ in Nashville, TN until leaving in 2014. Sexual activity in marriage is allowed by God if: It doesn't involve other people It doesn't involve animals It does not cause harm to one anotherBeam states that: Oral sex is not a sin. Usage of vibrators or other instruments is not a sin; these statements came from viewers and listener reviews, were answered by Joe Beam. 1998 Seeing the Unseen 1998 Forgiven Forever: The Full Force of God's Tender Mercy 1999 Becoming One: Emotionally and Sexually 1999 Families: Seven Steps to Building a Strong Family 2002 Seeing the Unseen: Preparing Yourself for Spiritual Warfare 2003 Getting Past Guilt: Embracing God's Forgiveness 2006 The Real Heaven: It's Not What You Think 2009 Your Love Path 2010 The True Heaven: Not What You Thought, Better Than You Expected
The Tibetan Kyi Apso known as the Apso Do-Kyi or the Tibetan Collie, is a rare Tibetan breed of livestock guardian dog. In Tibet, the Pashmina of this breed is saved and used to weave small carpets. In Tibetan, "kyi" means dog and "apso" is short for "ara" meaning moustache and "sog-sog" meaning hairy, it qualifies in common parlance as a type of "do-khyi", meaning a dog, tied. In Europe, this breed is referred to as the Tibetan Collie, a misnomer, because it is not a collie; these large, playful dogs are recognized by their long, full coats curled tails and "bearded" faces. This breed weighs just under 100 lbs. In comparison to the Tibetan Mastiff, the Kyi Apso has a bearded, shaggy muzzle and longer hair overall but its bone is not as hefty. Most Kyi Apsos appear lighter and more athletic than a Tibetan Mastiff, lack the huge, sagging lips or dewlaps, facial wrinkles, or a lot of haw. Considered a primitive breed, it retains the hardiness which would be required for it to survive in Tibet and the high-altitude Himalayan range.
Instinctive behaviors including canine pack behavior contributed to the survival of the breed in harsh environments. It is one of the few primitive dog breeds that retains a single estrus per year instead of two at much lower altitudes and in much more temperate climates than its native climate; this characteristic is found in wild canids such as the wolf and other wild animals. The dogs go through a period of restlessness associated with the traditional yak migrations in Tibet; this creates a tendency for these dogs to want to roam periodically. Its double coat is long, subject to climate, found in a wide variety of colors, including solid black and tan, various shades of "red" and bluish-gray with white markings, it lacks the unpleasant "big-dog" smell that affects many large breeds. The coat, whatever color, should shed dirt and odors. Although the dogs shed somewhat throughout the year, there is one great "molt" in late winter or early spring and sometimes another, lesser molt in the late summer or early fall.
Of the few dogs that have made it to the West, the temperament can best be described as relaxed and peaceful, but are very assertive in defense of their territory. They seem to be less serious than the Tibetan Mastiff, approaching life with a bit more whimsy and humor, they can turn deadly serious if the situation warrants it. As a flock guardian dog in Tibet and in the West, it uses all the usual livestock guardian tactics to warn away predators and avoid direct confrontations; the earliest mention of this dog breed comes from writings in the 19th and early 20th centuries about dogs from Central Asia and the Himalayan countries. It is related to the Tibetan Mastiff. Captain George Augustus Graham, best known among dog fanciers as the founder of the Irish Wolfhound Club of Great Britain, imported a dog called a "Tibetan wolf dog"; this dog is best described as a Kyi Apso. The 13th Dalai Lama is noted to have owned a dog of this type. Few Tibetan Kyi Apsos have reached North America or Europe. Among the first to North America were imported in the late 1970s, or earlier, but none of those dogs seem to have left any progeny.
The breed used to be well-represented and cared for by the now-defunct Tibetan Kyi Apso Club, established in 1995, but it collapsed in 1999 and registered no litters after 2000. Dog of Osu Lhasa Apso Tibetan Mastiff Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan terrier