Palatine Hill

The Palatine Hill, the centremost of the Seven Hills of Rome, is one of the most ancient parts of the city and has been called "the first nucleus of the Roman Empire." It stands 40 metres above the Roman Forum, looking down upon it on one side, upon the Circus Maximus on the other. From the time of Augustus Imperial palaces were built here. Prior to extensions to the Palace of Tiberius and the construction of the Domus Augustana by Domitian, 81-96 AD, the hill was occupied by the houses of the rich; the perimeter measures 2,182 metres and the area is 255,801 square metres, with a circumference of 1,740 metres while the Regionary Catalogues of the fourth century give a perimeter of 11,510 feet or 3,402 meters (equals 131 acres. The name of the hill is the etymological origin of the word palace and its cognates in other languages; the term palace, from Old French palais or paleis, stems from the proper name of Palatine Hill. The Palatine Hill is the etymological origin of "palatine", a 16th century English adjective that signified something pertaining to the Caesar's palace, or someone, invested with the king's authority.

Its use shifted to a reference to the German Palatinate. The office of the German count palatine had its origins in the comes palatinus, an earlier office in Merovingian and Carolingian times. Another modern English word "paladin", came into usage to refer to any distinguished knight under Charlemagne in late renditions of the Matter of France. According to Livy the Palatine hill got its name from the Arcadian settlement of Pallantium. More it is derived from the noun palātum "palate". According to Roman mythology, the Palatine Hill was the location of the cave, known as the Lupercal, where Romulus and Remus were found by the she-wolf Lupa that kept them alive. Another legend occurring on the Palatine is Hercules' defeat of Cacus after the monster had stolen some cattle. Hercules struck Cacus with his characteristic club so hard that it formed a cleft on the southeast corner of the hill, where a staircase bearing the name of Cacus was constructed. Rome has its origins on the Palatine. Excavations show that people have lived in the area since the 10th century BC.

Excavations performed on the hill in 1907 and again in 1948 unearthed a collection of huts believed to have been used for funerary purposes between the 9th and 7th century BC approximating the time period when the city of Rome was founded. According to Livy, after the immigration of the Sabines and the Albans to Rome, the original Romans lived on the Palatine; the Palatne Hill was the site of the ancient festival of the Lupercalia. Many affluent Romans of the Republican period had their residences there. From the start of the Empire Augustus built his palace there and the hill became the exclusive domain of emperors. Augustus built a temple to Apollo here; the great fire of 64 AD destroyed Nero's palace, but he replaced it by 69 AD with the larger Domus Aurea over, built Domitian's Palace Lieutenant Maurice Baring, RFC, on a mission from the Western Front to Italy in August 1915 to buy a Caproni aeroplane with an Isotta-Fraschini engine, found himself in Rome with time on his hands. "The next morning I went to the Palatine.

While I was there, basking in the gorgeous colours and the blazing sunshine, a small boy drove by standing up in a large cart drawn by two mules. I was smoking. Catching sight of me, he leapt from his cart, lit a cigarette at mine, drove on in silence with a lordly swagger, like a Prince." The Palatine Hill is an archaeological site open to the paying public. The Palace of Domitian which dominates the site and looks out over the Circus Maximus was rebuilt during the reign of Domitian over earlier buildings of Nero. Emperors those of the Severan Dynasty, made significant additions to the buildings; the House of Livia, the wife of Augustus, is conventionally attributed to her based only on the generic name on a clay pipe and circumstantial factors such as proximity to the House of Augustus. The building is located near the Temple of Magna Mater at the western end of the hill, on a lower terrace from the temple, it is notable for its beautiful frescoes. The House of Tiberius was built by Tiberius, but Tiberius spent much of his time in his palaces in Campania and Capri.

It was incorporated into Nero's Domus Transitoria. Part of it is remains in the current Farnese Gardens. During Augustus' reign, an area of the Palatine Hill was roped off for a sort of archaeological expedition, which found fragments of Bronze Age pots and tools, he declared this site the "original town of Rome." Modern archaeology has identified evidence of Bronze Age settlement in the area which predates Rome's founding. There is a museum on the Palatine in which artifacts dating from before the official foundation of the City are displayed; the museum contains Roman statuary. An altar to an unknown deity, once thought to be Aius Locutius, was discovered here in 1820. In July 2006, archaeologists announced the discovery of the Palatine House, which they believe to be the birthplace of Rome's first Emperor, Augustus. Head archaeologi

Jabrill Peppers

Jabrill Ahmad Peppers is an American football strong safety for the New York Giants of the National Football League. He played college football at Michigan, was drafted by the Cleveland Browns in the first round of the 2017 NFL Draft. A standout athlete early in high school, he was named the Air Force National Sophomore of the Year in 2011. Sports Illustrated named Peppers one of their "Future Game Changers," a group of 14 young athletes who are considered to be the brightest talents of their respective sports. Peppers was named the Thompson-Randle El Freshman of the Year, Freshman All-American, a Second-Team All-American in 2015. Peppers was named the Big Ten Defensive Player of the Year, Linebacker of the Year, Return Specialist of the Year, an All-American in 2016. A native of East Orange, New Jersey, Peppers attended Don Bosco Preparatory High School in Ramsey, New Jersey, he started as a cornerback in his freshman year, before taking over as a running back as a sophomore. With Peppers, Don Bosco won consecutive New Jersey state championships in 2010 and 2011, was the top-ranked team in the nation by USA Today in 2011.

He played for legendary coach Andrew Slome Peppers left Don Bosco to attend Paramus Catholic High School in Paramus, New Jersey, where he helped lead the Paladins to another state championship over Bergen Catholic in 2012. Peppers was named Player of the Year by MSG Varsity after his junior season with Paramus Catholic. In his senior year, another successful season saw Peppers lead Paramus Catholic to another state title, defeating St. Peter's Prep. Making Peppers a state championship winner in all four years of his high school career. Peppers was selected to participate in the 2013–14 Under Armour All-America Game; as a talented track athlete, Peppers set the New Jersey Non-Public Class A outdoor 100-meter dash record with a time of 10.77 seconds. He has a personal-best of 10.51 seconds in the 100 meters. In his senior year at Paramus Catholic, he won both the 100 and 200-meter dashes in New Jersey's 2013 Meet of Champions, becoming only the second person to do so, after Fabian Santiago of Oakcrest High School the year before.

The recruiting network identified Peppers as one of the five-star recruits in the Class of 2014, with ESPN ranking him as the #1 prospect in the 2014 class. On May 26, 2013, Peppers announced his verbal commitment to the Michigan Wolverines in a live telecast on ESPN, he was regarded as the head of Michigan's 2014 recruiting class. ESPN ranked him as the second-best recruit in the class of 2014, behind only running back Leonard Fournette; as a true freshman at Michigan, Peppers appeared in three games, making one start under then-head coach Brady Hoke. In his first career start against Appalachian State, he recorded two tackles and returned one punt for six yards. However, he sustained an injury in the game and was redshirted for the remainder of his freshman season. In the 2015 season, Peppers had a new head coach in Jim Harbaugh. Following the 2015 season, Peppers was named the Big Ten Thompson-Randle El Freshman of the Year, named to the All-Big Ten defensive first-team, by both the coaches and media, the All-Big Ten special teams second-team by coaches.

He was named a Second-Team All-American by CBS Sports and Sports Illustrated. He was named to the Freshman All-America Team by Football Writers Association of America, he was a finalist for the Paul Hornung Award. In 12 games, Peppers played a combined 986 snaps this season, with 50 coming on offense, 765 on defense, 171 on special teams. On defense, he registered 45 total tackles, 5.5 tackles-for-loss, 10 pass breakups. On special teams, he returned all 17 punts on the season for 194 yards, an average of 11.4 yards per return. Peppers has returned eight kickoffs for 223 yards, an average of 27.9 yards per return, on a unit that ranked second in the FBS with 28.41 yards per kick return. On offense, he added eight catches for 79 yards with 18 rushes for two touchdowns. Peppers has gained 568 all-purpose yards on the season, an average of 47.3 yards per game, ranking fifth on the team. Following an outstanding performance on September 17, 2016, against Colorado, Peppers was named the Walter Camp FBS Player of the Week, Co-Big Ten Defensive Player of the Week, Special Teams Player of the Week.

He became the first conference player to be named both Defensive and Special Teams Player of the Week in the same week since the special teams honor was added in 1994. Peppers recorded a career-best nine tackles, including 3.5 tackles-for-loss. In addition, he recorded 204 yards of total offense, including his first career punt return for a touchdown. Following the 2016 season, Peppers was named the Nagurski-Woodson Defensive Player of the Year, Butkus-Fitzgerald Linebacker of the Year, Rodgers-White Return Specialist of the Year, a Unanimous All-American, he became the first player in Big Ten history to collect three individual honors since the conference expanded its individual award recognition program in 2011. Peppers was named to the All-Big Ten defensive first-team, All-Big Ten special teams first-team by both the coaches and media. Peppers helped lead a unit, he contributed a career-best 72 tackles, 16 tackles-for-loss, four sacks, one interception, one forced fumble. He contributed in special teams, posting 21 punt returns for 310 yards and one touchdown and had 10 kickoff returns for 260 yards.

He contributed on the offensive side of the ball, rushing 27 times for 167 yards and three touchdowns while catching two passes. He was awarded the Paul Hornung Award, honoring the nation's most versatile college football player, the Lott Troph

List of cricket grounds in South Africa

This is a list of cricket grounds in South Africa. The list includes all grounds that have been used for Test, One Day International, Twenty20 International, first-class, List A and Twenty20 cricket matches. Grounds that have hosted men's international cricket games are listed in bold. First used and last used refer to the season in which the ground hosted its last game. If only one game was played at the ground, only the first used date is given. Team refers to the List of Test cricket grounds – Full international list List of stadiums in South Africa Grounds in South Africa – CricketArchive South Africa Grounds – ESPN Cricinfo HowSTAT! Grounds List