Union Station (Los Angeles)
Los Angeles Union Station is the main railway station in Los Angeles and the largest railroad passenger terminal in the Western United States. It opened in May 1939 as the Los Angeles Union Passenger Terminal, replacing La Grande Station and Central Station. Approved in a controversial ballot measure in 1926 and built in the 1930s, it served to consolidate rail services from the Union Pacific, Santa Fe, Southern Pacific Railroads into one terminal station. Conceived on a grand scale, Union Station became known as the "Last of the Great Railway Stations" built in the United States; the structure combines Art Deco, Mission Revival, Streamline Moderne style. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. Today, the station is a major transportation hub for Southern California, serving 110,000 passengers a day, it is Amtrak's fifth-busiest station, by far the busiest in the Western United States and the tenth-busiest in the entire country. Four of Amtrak's long-distance trains originate and terminate here: the Coast Starlight to Seattle, the Southwest Chief and Texas Eagle to Chicago, the Sunset Limited to New Orleans.
The state-supported Amtrak California Pacific Surfliner regional trains run to San Diego and to Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo. The station is the hub of the Metrolink commuter trains, several Metro Rail subway and light rail lines serve it as well, with more in construction or planning; the Patsaouras Transit Plaza, on the east side of the station, serves dozens of bus lines operated by Metro and several other municipal carriers. In 1926, a measure was placed on the ballot giving Los Angeles voters the choice between the construction of a vast network of elevated railways or the construction of a much smaller Union Station to consolidate different railroad terminals; the election would take on racial connotations and become a defining moment in the development of Los Angeles. The proposed Union Station was located in the heart of. Reflecting the prejudice of the time, the anti-railroad Los Angeles Times, a lead opponent of elevated railways, argued in editorials that Union Station would not be built in the "midst of Chinatown" but rather would "forever do away with Chinatown and its environs."
The Times attacked the elevateds for blocking out the California sun and in general being antithetical to the ethos of Los Angeles. Two questions were put to vote in 1926. First, the voters approved Union Station instead of elevated railways by 61.3 to 38.7 percent margin. Second, the electorate voted in favor of the Los Angeles Plaza as the site of the new station but by a much smaller 51.1 to 48.9 percent margin. Due to the efforts of preservationist Christine Sterling and Los Angeles Times publisher Harry Chandler, Union Station would not replace the Plaza, but be built across the street in Chinatown, demolished for the project; the glamorous new $11 million station took over from La Grande Station which had suffered major damage in the 1933 Long Beach earthquake and Central Station, which had itself replaced the Arcade Depot in 1914. Passenger service was provided by the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway, Southern Pacific Railroad, Union Pacific Railroad, as well as the Pacific Electric Railway and Los Angeles Railway.
The famed Super Chief luxury train carried Hollywood stars and others to Chicago and thence the East Coast. Union Station saw heavy use during World War II, but saw declining patronage due to the growing popularity of air travel and automobiles. In 1948 the Santa Fe Railroad's Super Chief lost its brakes coming into the station, smashed through a steel bumper and concrete wall, stopped with one third of the front of the locomotive dangling over Aliso St. No one was killed or injured; the station was designated as a Los Angeles Historic–Cultural Monument No. 101 on August 2, 1972 and placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. The first commuter rail service to Union Station was the short-lived CalTrain that began operating on October 18, 1982 between Los Angeles and Oxnard; the service faced economic and political problems from the start and was suspended in March 1983. The next attempt at commuter rail came in 1990 with the launch of the Amtrak-operated Orange County Commuter.
The once-daily round-trip served stations between San Juan Capistrano. Metrolink commuter rail service began on October 26, 1992, with Union Station as the terminus for the San Bernardino Line, the Santa Clarita Line and the Ventura County Line. In January 1993, Metro's Red Line subway began service to the station, followed by Metrolink's Riverside Line in June; the Orange County Commuter train was discontinued on March 28, 1994 and replaced by Metrolink's Orange County Line. In May 2002, Metrolink added additional service to stations in Orange and Riverside counties with the opening of the Via Fullerton Line. Light Rail service arrived at Union Station on July 26, 2003 when Metro's Gold Line began operating to Pasadena from tracks 1 and 2; the line was expanded south over US 101 in November 2009 with the opening of the Gold Line Eastside Extension. In February 2011, the board of the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority approved the purchase of Union Station from Prologis and Catellus Development for $75 million.
The deal was closed on 14 April 2011. Since taking over ownership of the station, Metro has focused on increasing services for passengers at the station. One of the most noticeable changes is the addition of several retail and dining businesses to the concourse. Amtrak opened a
Dunns Creek State Park
Dunns Creek State Park is a Florida State Park, located 15 miles south of Palatka, on US 17. Native Americans used this site as evidenced by the widespread shell mounds. During the 1920s, a steamboat stop provided water to citrus loaded ships; the area was used as a post office for the towns of Pomona and Cisco. The 6,000-acre property was the site of turpentining, cattle ranching and farming operations within the last century. Located south of a sharp bend in the St. Johns River, the park was added to the state park system in October 2001. Dunns Creek at Florida State Parks Dunns Creek at State Parks Dunns Creek at Wildernet Dunns Creek State Park Unit Management Plan
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
Etoniah Creek State Forest
Etoniah Creek State Forest is in the U. S. state of Florida. The 8,679-acre forest is located in west of Palatka near Florahome; this area is the only known site for an endangered plant. List of Florida state forests List of Florida state parks Etoniah Creek State Forest: Florida Forest Service - FDACS
DeLand station is a train station in DeLand, United States. It is served by Amtrak, it is several miles west of downtown DeLand, at the location known as DeLand Junction. DeLand station was built in 1918, stood across from the former Volusia County Fairgrounds, it is scheduled to be served by the SunRail commuter rail service in the future. When the Jacksonville and Key West Railroad ran passenger service along the line, they ran local passenger service to Downtown DeLand; the DeLand Spur, which begins south of the DeLand Station, runs three miles east to Downtown DeLand and terminated at the College Arms Hotel. The track ran several blocks east of the hotel to provide freight service to local businesses and was graded all the way to Lake Helen, where it would have connected to the Atlantic and Western Railway, but track was never laid past Downtown DeLand; the station was acquired by Amtrak and restored in 1988, although a second track at the station fell into disuse and has not been maintained properly since.
Up until 2005, when it was truncated to New Orleans, the station served as a stop for the Sunset Limited. In 2006, the station was rededicated following a $424,000 restoration undertaken through a partnership between Volusia County, CSX Transportation. Work included installation of a new roof and platform canopy, remodeling of the bathrooms, painting of the building in appropriate colors. In 2007, the station received a Preservation Award from the Florida Trust for Historic Preservation. DeLand station is planned to be the northern terminus of the planned SunRail commuter rail system by 2017; this will lead to resumed maintenance of the neglected second track along with other upgrades to the station. The station will see the addition of a 184 space park and ride lot and a bus drop off area. Media related to DeLand at Wikimedia Commons DeLand, FL – Amtrak DeLand Amtrak Station and Downtown Spur DeLand SunRail Station Concept DeLand SunRail Station Redevelopment Plan Deland --Great American Stations
Ravine Gardens State Park
Ravine Gardens State Park is a 59-acre Florida State Park located in Palatka, Florida. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the park was constructed by the Works Progress Administration, with cypress buildings, rock gardens and fieldstone terraces. Near the park entrance is The Court of States and a 64-foot obelisk dedicated to Franklin D. Roosevelt. Activities include viewing the thousands of plants and shrubs, jogging and biking. Amenities include interpretive exhibits, picnic areas, hiking trails, a 1.8-mile paved perimeter loop road, a parcours trail. Visitors can rent a large covered pavilion and meeting rooms; the park is part of the annual Florida Azalea Festival the first weekend in March, when the nearly 100,000 plants that the WPA planted decades ago bloom. Florida state parks are sundown every day of the year. Ravine Gardens State Park at Florida State Parks Ravine State Gardens at Absolutely Florida Ravine State Gardens at Wildernet Putnam County listings at National Register of Historic Places