The Palau de la Música Catalana is a concert hall in Barcelona, Spain. Designed in the Catalan modernista style by the architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner, it was built between 1905 and 1908 for the Orfeó Català, a choral society founded in 1891, a leading force in the Catalan cultural movement that came to be known as the Renaixença, it was inaugurated February 9, 1908. The project was financed by the society, but important financial contributions were made by Barcelona's wealthy industrialists and bourgeoisie; the Palau won the architect an award from the Barcelona City Council in 1909, given to the best building built during the previous year. Between 1982 and 1989, the building underwent extensive restoration and extension under the direction of architects Oscar Tusquets and Carles Díaz. In 1997, the Palau de la Música Catalana was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with Hospital de Sant Pau. Today, more than half a million people a year attend musical performances in the Palau that range from symphonic and chamber music to jazz and Cançó.
The Palau is located in the corner of a cramped street, Carrer Palau de la Música, Carrer de Sant Pere Mes Alt, in the section of old Barcelona known as Casc Antic. Most of the other prominent modernista buildings, those designed by Antoni Gaudí, for example, are located in the chic 19th-century extension of the city known as the Eixample; the design of the Palau is typical of Catalan modernism in that curves predominate over straight lines, dynamic shapes are preferred over static forms, rich decoration that emphasizes floral and other organic motifs is used extensively. In contrast to many other buildings built in the modernisme style, however, it must be said that the design of the Palau is eminently rational, it pays strict attention to function and makes full use of the most up-to-date materials and technologies available at the beginning of the 20th century. As Benton has pointed out, "To eyes unaccustomed to the architecture of Barcelona, the impression of a riot of ornament lacking any logic or control seems overwhelming.
And yet the building follows the exhortations of the rationalists. The structure, in brick and iron, is expressed." Its walls are the first example of curtain wall structures. The wealthy citizens of Barcelona, who were becoming more sympathetic to the Renaixença at the time the Palau was built, asked its architect for building materials and techniques that symbolized the Catalan character. In response, he commissioned and gave great creative freedom to a variety of local artisans and craftsmen to produce the fabulous ornamentation and decorative structural elements for which the Palau is famous; the rich decoration of the façade of the Palau, which incorporates elements from many sources, including traditional Spanish and Arabic architecture, is married with the building's structure. The exposed red brick and iron, the mosaics, the stained glass, the glazed tiles were chosen and situated to give a feeling of openness and transparency. Miguel Blay's massive sculptural group symbolizing Catalan music on the corner of the building does not impede the view into or out from the interior.
As Carandell and co-authors have pointed out, in the Palau "the house as a defense and protected inner space has ceased to exist." Two colonnades enjoy a commanding position on the second-level balcony of the main façade. Each column is covered uniquely with multicolored glazed tile pieces in floral designs and is capped with a candelabrum that at night blazes with light. Above the columns are large busts of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig van Beethoven on the main façade and Richard Wagner on the side; the top of the main façade is graced by a large allegoric mosaic by Lluís Bru that represents the members of the Orfeó Català, but it is impossible to see it from the narrow street below. Guests entered the Palau from the street through two arches supported by thick pillars that opened into the vestibule; the former ticket windows, which are located in the center pillar, are beautiful concentric arches adorned with floral mosaics of various materials created by Lluís Bru.
The ceiling of the vestibule is decorated with glazed ceramic moldings that are arranged in the shape of stars. From the vestibule, on the left and right, grand marble staircases ascend from between crowned lamps on columns to bring visitors to the second floor; the balustrades of the staircases marble, are supported by unusual transparent yellow glass balusters. The underside of the staircases is covered with tiles that form gleaming canopies on either side of the vestibule. Today, guests enter the Palau through the foyer, created in the renovations of Tusquets and Díaz from what were the headquarters of the Orfeó Català; the large space of the foyer is more soberly decorated than the rest of the Palau, but the wide exposed brick arches with their marvelous glazed green and yellow ceramic flowers recapitulate the ornamentation of the rest of building. The foyer features a large counter where tapas and beverages can be served to concert-goers or visitors who are touring the building; the bar is situated between massive pillars of brick and is illuminated from behind by expansive stained-glass panes that are suspended above it.
Robert Alan Tewksbury is a retired Major League Baseball pitcher and current Mental Skills Coordinator for the Chicago Cubs. He played professionally for the New York Yankees, Chicago Cubs, St. Louis Cardinals, Texas Rangers, San Diego Padres and the Minnesota Twins. Bob Tewksbury has the lowest ratio of base on balls per innings pitched for any starting pitcher to pitch in the major leagues since the 1920s, the lowest ratio for any pitcher to pitch since the 1800s except for Deacon Phillippe, Babe Adams, Dan Quisenberry, Addie Joss. Tewksbury was born in Concord, New Hampshire and attended Merrimack Valley High School in Penacook, New Hampshire, he played college baseball at Saint Leo University. In 1979 and 1980, he played collegiate summer baseball with the Wareham Gatemen of the Cape Cod Baseball League. Tewksbury's talent was discovered by Andy Michael in Concord. Michael contacted the New York Yankees and Tewksbury was drafted by them out of Saint Leo University in the 19th round of the 1981 Major League Baseball draft.
He played for the Yankees for two years, was sent to the Chicago Cubs. As a free agent in 1988, he signed with the St. Louis Cardinals, where he would stay until 1994. Again a free agent, he went to the Texas Rangers for a year. In 1996, he signed with the San Diego Padres for one more year. In December 1996, he signed with the Minnesota Twins and played for two years with the team, but shoulder problems ended his baseball career after that. Due to the shoulder and arm problems he faced over the course of his playing career, Tewksbury became known as an excellent control pitcher, his best year was 1992, in which he went 16-5 on the season and had a 2.16 ERA in 233 innings pitched. He was third in the Cy Young Award voting that year, his injury problems marred his success from that point forward, with his best post-Cardinals year being in San Diego, where he helped the Padres capture the NL West division title. In 1992 Tewksbury walked only 20 batters in 233 innings, the best ratio in the major leagues in over half a century.
The next season Tewksbury came close to ending the season with more wins than bases on balls allowed, an elusive feat only accomplished 4 times by 3 different starting pitchers in MLB history. He had 17 wins with only 18 walks allowed late in the season but gave up a walk apiece in his last two starts and did not achieve a win in either game, ending the season with 17 wins on 20 walks. In 1997, the ever-crafty Tewksbury threw an Eephus pitch, joining an elite few who have thrown the "junkiest pitch in baseball." He threw it to power-hitter Mark McGwire in an interleague play game at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome and McGwire grounded out on the pitch – twice. Tewksbury's son, has been quoted as calling this pitch "The Dominator."During and after his baseball career, he became well known for his philanthropy. He has done a lot of work for the Boys and Girls Club of America, as well as hospital visits for sick children. After retiring, Tewksbury worked as a player development consultant for the Boston Red Sox and appeared as a commentator for Red Sox coverage on the New England Sports Network He earned his bachelor of science degree in physical education at St. Leo University in 2000 and earned his master's degree in psychology at Boston University in 2004.
Tewksbury has been a sports psychology coach since 2004. He is an Adjunct Professor of Sport Exercise at NHTI, Concord's Community College. Tewksbury still lives in New Hampshire. Tewksbury played himself in the movie The Scout. Tewksbury was inducted into the Saint Leo Sports Hall of Fame in 1998. List of St. Louis Cardinals team records List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference ON BASEBALL.
Ronald Edmund Dupree, Jr. is an American former professional basketball player who played six seasons in the National Basketball Association. He played numerous seasons in the NBA Development League, spent time in Europe and Argentina. After developing Ben Simmons at LSU as the director of student development, serving as an assistant coach at the University of Nevada Reno, Dupree was hired to be a scout for the Milwaukee Bucks. Dupree played at Louisiana State University under Coach John Brady, he averaged 4.9 points and 3.3 rebounds in 12.7 minutes per game in the Tigers' 2000 Sweet Sixteen season. He was named All-SEC Second Team in his sophomore and senior seasons. During his sophomore season he led the SEC in scoring at 17.3 points per game and was second in rebounding with 8.8 per game. In each of his last three years he ranked second in the SEC in rebounding with averages of 8.8, 8.5, 8.3. He never finished lower than seventh in the league in scoring in his final three seasons, he finished his LSU career as the school's eighth-most-prolific sixth-best rebounder.
Dupree signed during the 2003 -- 04 season with the Chicago Bulls. After his rookie season, he signed a contract with the Detroit Pistons, but was infrequently used by coach Larry Brown. Dupree was traded to the Minnesota Timberwolves prior to the 2005–06 season for a second-round draft pick, he re-signed with the Pistons on July 17, 2006. On December 14, 2007, he was waived so the Pistons could make room for other players obtained in a trade with the Charlotte Bobcats, he was signed to a ten-day contract by the Seattle SuperSonics on April 3, 2008, becoming the last player to sign with the Sonics. Dupree started the 2008–2009 season with the Tulsa 66ers of the NBA Developmental League. Halfway through the season he was traded to the Utah Flash, helped take that team to the D-League finals. Dupree was invited to training camp with the Utah Jazz for preparation to the 2009–2010 season. However, he did not make their final roster, he signed a non-guaranteed contract with the Toronto Raptors on September 16, 2010.
Dupree was released from the Toronto Raptors roster on October 19, 2010. He was re-signed by Toronto on December 26, 2010, but waived again on January 5, 2011, he signed with the Argentine team Regatas Corrientes in January 2012. He signed with the Italian team Andrea Costa Imola Basket in February 2012. In September 2012, he joined the Memphis Grizzlies, but he did not make the team's regular season roster. On January 4, 2013, Dupree was acquired by the Los Angeles D-Fenders. On February 25, 2013, Dupree was traded to the Reno Bighorns. On August 8, 2013, he signed a two-year deal with Hapoel Jerusalem. On September 10, 2014, he announced his retirement and became a student assistant on the LSU men's basketball staff. Career statistics and player information from Basketball-Reference.com LSU Tigers bio