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Palazzo Malta

Palazzo Malta named as the Magistral Palace, known as Palazzo di Malta or Palazzo dell'Ordine di Malta, is the more important of the two headquarters of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, a Roman Catholic lay religious order and a sovereign subject of international law. It is located in Via dei Condotti, 68 in Rome, Italy, a few minutes' walk from the Spanish Steps, has been granted extraterritoriality by the Italian Government; the Palace is a property of the Order of Malta since 1630. On 12 June 1798, the French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte was seen over the horizon of the island of Malta, Malta had been the base of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem called the Order of Malta; the Order had been given the island by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1530. Napoleon left the island with a handpicked administration. Following a Maltese uprising, the British Lord Nelson was asked and took over Malta on 5 September 1800. Malta was made a British colony on 30 March 1814 by the Treaty of Paris.

Thus, the Order of Malta was left without any territory, it was disbanded. It was restored, however, in 1834, under the new name "Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta", or the "Sovereign Military Order of Malta". New headquarters were set up at Palazzo Malta. In 1869, the Palazzo Malta, the other headquarters of the Order, Villa Malta, were granted extraterritoriality. Today they are recognised by 107 countries as the independent headquarters of a sovereign entity, with mutual diplomatic relations established; the building now called Palazzo Malta was purchased in the 16th century by the Maltese-born Italian archeologist Antonio Bosio, whose uncle was the representative of the Order of St. John to the Holy See; when Bosio died in 1629, he left the building to the Order, it subsequently became the home of the Order's ambassador to the Holy See. When Carlo Aldobrandini became ambassador, he enlarged the building to its present size. In the 1720s, Grand Master António Manoel de Vilhena entrusted Carlo Gimach with the restoration and additional decoration of the palace.

This information is retrieved with the letters exchanged by the Grandmaster and the ambassador for the Order in Rome, Giambattista Spinola. Renovations included the addition of a grand fountain in the courtyard; the building remained an embassy until the entire Order moved its headquarters there in 1834. The building was extensively renovated between 1889 and 1894, but most of the original characteristics were retained. From 2008, March 11, until 2017, January 28, Fra' Matthew Festing, the 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, lived in the building; the majority of governmental and administrative duties are carried out there also. The building is made of ashlar blocks, it is crowned with a corbelled cornice. Palazzo Malta on the Order of Malta official website Palazzo Malta on Youtube

Query Rewriting

Query Rewriting is a automatic transformation that takes a set of database tables, views and/or queries indices gathered data and query statistics, other metadata, yields a set of different queries, which produce the same results but execute with better performance. Query rewriting can be based on an extension thereof; the equivalence rules of relational algebra are exploited, in other words, different query structures and orderings can be mathematically proven to yield the same result. For example, filtering on fields A and B, or cross joining R and S can be done in any order, but there can be a performance difference. Multiple operations may be combined, operation orders may be altered; the result of query rewriting may not be at the same abstraction level or API as the original set of queries. For example, the input queries may be in relational algebra or SQL, the rewritten queries may be closer to the physical representation of the data, e.g. array operations. Query rewriting can involve materialization of views and other subqueries.

The query rewriting transformation can be aided by creating indices from which the optimizer can choose, mandating the use of specific indices, creating materialized and/or denormalized views, or helping a database system gather statistics on the data and query use, as the optimality depends on patterns in data and typical query usage. Query rewriting may be optimizer based; some sources discuss query rewriting as a distinct step prior to optimization, operating at the level of the user accessible algebra API. There are other unrelated concepts named for example, query rewriting by search engines

1932 United States presidential election in Washington (state)

The 1932 United States presidential election in Oregon took place on November 8, 1932, as part of the 1932 United States presidential election. Washington State voters chose eight representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Outside a few Presidential and gubernatorial elections, Washington was a one-party Republican state during the “System of 1896”, where the only competition was via Republican primaries. Apart from Woodrow Wilson’s two elections, during the first of which the GOP was divided, no Democrat after William Jennings Bryan in 1900 carried a single county in the state until Al Smith won German Catholic Ferry County in 1928. However, since the 1928 election when Washington state had been won by more than 36 percentage points, the United States had fallen into the Great Depression, severe in the rural western parts of the nation; the New Deal was popular in the Pacific States, as a result Roosevelt was assured of carrying the state.

Washington state was won by Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt, running with Speaker John Nance Garner, with 57.46 percent of the popular vote, against incumbent President Herbert Hoover, running with Vice President Charles Curtis, with 33.94 percent of the popular vote. Roosevelt flipped every county won by his rival Hoover in 1928, becoming the first Democrat to sweep every county in Washington state – a feat he would repeat in 1936 but which has never been emulated since, he was the first-ever Democratic victor in the southwestern logging counties of Klickitat and Pacific, in inland Benton County and Chelan County