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Palencia

Palencia is a city of Spain located in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is most populated municipality of the province of Palencia. Located in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, in the northern half of the Inner Plateau, the city lies on the left-bank of the Carrión river. At the regional level, Palencia forms part of an economic axis together with the cities of Valladolid and Burgos; as of 2017, the municipality has a population of 78,892. Palencia lies in the north of the central Spanish plateau, the Meseta Central, in the middle of the Carrión river valley, near the river's confluence with the Pisuerga, which flows through the town and creating four small islands, Dos Aguas and Sotillo being the largest. Palencia is located 190 km north of Madrid, some 40 km north of Valladolid, capital of Castile and León. Two hills surround the city in its north-east area. On the closest stands the 30-metre high statue of Christ known as the Cristo del Otero, the fourth-tallest statue of Christ in the world.

Palencia has a substantial forest of 1,438 hectares 6 km away on a plateau above the city, known locally as the "Monte el Viejo". This park is a popular amusement area for the locals; the Canal de Castilla runs close to the city. Palencia's municipality includes the village of Paredes de Monte, 14 km away; the region of Palencia has a Continental Mediterranean climate with cool winters, due to altitude and isolation from maritime influences, chilly winds, including some days of snow in the winter and minimum temperatures below 0 °C. Fogs are frequent because of the Carrion river. Summer tends to be warm with temperatures that surpass 30 °C in July and that can reach 38 °C. Due to Palencia's altitude, nightly temperatures tend to be cooler, leading to a lower average in the summer months. Precipitation levels are moderated. Summer and winter are the driest seasons, with most rainfall occurring in the spring. Light rains are frequent in winter, with infrequent rain and heavy thunderstorms in the summer.

Snow is an infrequent occurrence, with only a few days of snowfall each year in December and February, snowfall can occur in November or March. The fortified Celtiberian settlement is mentioned as Pallantia by Strabo and Ptolemy, a version of an Indo-European root pala, it was the chief town of the Vaccaei. The city was starved into submission by the Romans in the 2nd century BC and incorporated into the province of Hispania Tarraconensis, in the jurisdiction of Colonia Clunia Sulpicia. Though the little Roman garrison city was an active mint, it was insignificant compared to the Roman villas of Late Antiquity in the surrounding territory. Archeologists have uncovered the remains of Roman villas at La Olmeda and at the "Quintanilla de la Cueza", where the fragments of mosaic floors are spectacularly refined. According to the 5th-century Galician chronicler Idatius, the city of Palencia was all but destroyed in the Visigothic wars against the Suevi: the date falls in the reign of Theodoric II, whose power centre still lay far to the east, in Aquitania.

When the Visigoths conquered the territory, they retained the Roman rural villa system in establishing the Campos Góticos. The Catholic bishopric of Palencia was founded in the 3rd century or earlier, assuming that its bishop was among those assembled in the 3rd century to depose Basilides, bishop of Astorga; the Priscillianists which originated in Egypt but came to Spain was declared a heresy by the emperor Gratian. It was mix of Gnostic/Montanist teachings. Priscillian was ordained priest and consecrated bishop of Avila. The'heresy' was strongest in northwestern Spain; the declaration of it as a heresy was a political move by the Catholic usurper emperor Maximus to curry favor with the Catholic emperors Valentinian II and Theodosius I. After the establishment of effective Visigothic power Catholics disputed the bishopric of Palencia with the Arian Visigoths. Maurila, an Arian bishop established in Palencia by Leovigild, followed King Reccared's conversion to Catholicism, in 589 he assisted at the Third Council of Toledo.

Bishop Conantius, the biographer of Saint Ildephonsus, assisted at synods and councils in Toledo and composed music and a book of prayers from the Psalms. When the Moors arrived in the early 8th century, resistance was fragmented among bishops in control of the small walled towns and the territorial magnates in their fortified villas. A concerted resistance seems to have been ineffective, the fragmented system crumbled villa by villa. Palencia was insignificant: Moorish writers only once cite the border city in the division of the provinces previous to the Umayyad dynasty; the diocese of Palencia was but a name— a "titular see"— until Froila, Count of Villafruela, succeeded in retaking the area of the see in 921, but the true restorer of Christian power was Sancho III of Navarre. The first prelate of the restored see is said to have been Bernardo, whom Sancho gave feudal command over the city and its lands, with the various castles and the few abbeys. Bernardo was born in France or Navarre, devoted himself to the reconstruction of the original cathedral built over the crypt of the local Saint Antolín, the patron saint of Palencia, venerated here alone, with his Ferias, a moveable feast in September.

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God's Plan (album)

God's Plan is the third mixtape by G-Unit. The remix of Missy Elliott's song "Work It", from her album Under Construction, which features 50 Cent, is included in the mixtape; the track "Niggas" featuring 2 verses from The Notorious B. I. G. from his posthumous album, Born Again, on the song of the same name was featured on the soundtrack of the film Bad Boys II in 2003. After recording the mixtape, 50 Cent released his commercial debut album Get Rich or Die Tryin' in 2003; the World's verse was used in the remix to Cry Me a River by Justin Timberlake. It was named the 9th best mixtape by XXL magazine. Lists of the personnel it is confirmed on AllMusic. 50 Cent — Primary Artist Governor — Primary Artist G-Unit — Primary Artist Missy — Primary Artist God's Plan at AllMusic

Ayvansaray

Ayvansaray is a neighborhood in Istanbul, Turkey. It is part of part of the walled city, it lies between the southern shore of the Golden Horn, the Blachernae section of the Walls, the neighborhoods of Balat and Edirnekapı. It corresponds to the old quarter of Blachernae; the name Ayvansaray is from Persian ایوان‌سرای and means "Veranda Palace". This name hearkens back to the Palace of Alexios I Komnenos, part of the complex of Blachernae. Ayvansaray has a number of historic monuments, like the Palace of the Porphyrogenitus, the mosque of Atik Mustafa Pasha, the Ayazma enclosed in the small church of St. Mary of Blachernae, it is a picturesque quarter. Janin, Raymond. Constantinople Byzantine. Paris: Institut Français d'Etudes Byzantines. Images of the former Galata Bridge now between Ayvansaray and Sütlüce