Palenque anciently known as Lakamha, was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century. The Palenque ruins date from ca. 226 BC to ca. AD 799. After its decline, it was absorbed into the jungle of cedar and sapodilla trees, but has since been excavated and restored, it is located near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas, about 130 km south of Ciudad del Carmen, 150 meters above sea level. It averages a humid 26 °C with 2,160 millimeters of rain a year. Palenque is a medium-sized site, smaller than Tikal, Chichen Itza, or Copán, but it contains some of the finest architecture, roof comb and bas-relief carvings that the Mayas produced. Much of the history of Palenque has been reconstructed from reading the hieroglyphic inscriptions on the many monuments; the most famous ruler of Palenque was K'inich Janaab Pakal, or Pacal the Great, whose tomb has been found and excavated in the Temple of the Inscriptions. By 2005, the discovered area covered up to 2.5 km², but it is estimated that less than 10% of the total area of the city is explored, leaving more than a thousand structures still covered by jungle.
Palenque received 920,470 visitors in 2017. Mythological beings using a variety of emblem glyphs in their titles suggests a complex early history. For instance, Kʼukʼ Bahlam I, the supposed founder of the Palenque dynasty, is called a Toktan Ajaw in the text of the Temple of the Foliated Cross; the famous structures that we know today represent a rebuilding effort in response to the attacks by the city of Calakmul and its client states in 599 and 611. One of the main figures responsible for rebuilding Palenque and for a renaissance in the city's art and architecture is one of the best-known Maya Ajaw, Kʼinich Janaabʼ Pakal, who ruled from 615 to 683, he is known through his funerary monument dubbed the Temple of Inscriptions, after the lengthy text preserved in the temple's superstructure. At the time Alberto Ruz Lhuillier excavated Pakal's tomb, it was the richest and best preserved of any scientifically excavated burial known from the ancient Americas, it held this position until the discovery of the rich Moche burials at Sipan and the recent discoveries at Copan and Calakmul.
Beside the attention that K'inich Janaab' Pakal's tomb brought to Palenque, the city is significant for its extensive hieroglyphic corpus composed during the reigns of Janaab' Pakal, his son Kʼinich Kan Bahlam II, his grandson K'inich Akal Mo' Naab', for being the location where Heinrich Berlin and Linda Schele and Peter Mathews outlined the first dynastic list for any Maya city. The work of Tatiana Proskouriakoff as well as that of Berlin, Schele and others, initiated the intense historical investigations that characterized much of the scholarship on the ancient Maya from the 1960s to the present; the extensive iconography and textual corpus has allowed for study of Classic period Maya mythology and ritual practice. A list of possible and known Maya rulers of the city, with dates of their reigns: The first ajaw, or king, of B'aakal that we know of was K'uk Balam, who governed for four years starting in the year 431. After him, a king came to power, nicknamed "Casper" by archaeologists; the next two kings were Casper's sons.
Little was known about the first of these, B'utz Aj Sak Chiik, until 1994, when a tablet was found describing a ritual for the king. The first tablet mentioned his successor Ahkal Mo' Naab I as a teenage prince, therefore it is believed that there was a family relation between them. For unknown reasons, Akhal Mo' Naab I had great prestige, so the kings who succeeded him were proud to be his descendants; when Ahkal Mo' Naab I died in 524, there was an interregnum of four years, before the following king was crowned at Toktán in 529. K'an Joy Chitam I governed for 36 years, his sons Ahkal Mo' Naab II and K'an B'alam I were the first kings who used the title Kinich, which means "the great sun". This word was used by kings. B'alam was succeeded in 583 by Yohl Ik'nal, his daughter; the inscriptions found in Palenque document a battle that occurred under her government in which troops from Calakmul invaded and sacked Palenque, a military feat without known precedents. These events took place in 599. A second victory by Calakmul occurred some twelve years in 611, under the government of Aj Ne' Yohl Mat, son of Yohl Iknal.
In this occasion, the king of Calakmul entered Palenque in person, consolidating a significant military disaster, followed by an epoch of political disorder. Aj Ne' Yohl Mat was to die in 612. B'aakal began the Late Classic period in the throes of the disorder created by the defeats before Calakmul; the glyphic panels at the Temple of Inscriptions, which records the events at this time, relates that some fundamental annual religious ceremonies were not performed in 613, at this point states: "Lost is the divine lady, lost is the king." Mentions of the government at the time have not been found. It is believed that after the death of Aj Ne' Yohl Mat, Janaab Pakal called Pakal I, took power thanks to a political agreement. Janaab Pakal never was crowned, he was succeeded in 612 by his daughter, the queen Sak K'uk', who governed for only three years until her son was old enough to rule. It is considered that the dynasty was reestablished from on, so B'aakal retook the path of glo
Warhead is a 3D space combat simulator for Amiga and Atari ST platforms. It was created by British developer Glyn Williams in 1989; the game takes place during a war between the humans of Earth. The player fights for the Earth forces; the game is played as sequential missions. Completing a mission lets the player advance to the next mission, it is possible to save the game status after each mission, but not during a mission. Typical mission objectives include intelligence gathering and rescue missions, destroying enemies and protecting friendly forces; the player is sent for missions from a military base orbiting the Sun. The player must travel to different solar systems using a device that allows faster than light travel through quad-space, a form of hyperspace. Warhead spawned a spiritual sequel, XF5700 Mantis; the story takes place in a fight between the humans of Earth. The player has been enrolled as a fighter pilot for the Fist-of-Earth space force; the player is led to know. The player knows the following: The enemy are an insect-like species from the star system Sirius.
It is suspected that their present evolutionary form was achieved at the time there were Dinosaurs on Earth. It is theorised that insects on Earth and Sirius share a same ancestor; the Sirians operate as a group-minds of groups of tens or maybe hundreds of insects. As individuals the Sirians are not intelligent, but their intelligence comes from combining together in large groups, it is argued. The group-mind is based on radio communication, a natural property of the metallic parts in their bodies, it is speculated that spaceship manufacturing technology is new for the Sirians and that the first Sirian vessel was launched in 1897 from Sirius Five. The Earth was attacked in the year 2045 by the Sirian fleet; the invasion lead to a planetary winter and 3 thousand million casualties and in following years a third of the Earth population died as a consequence. The attack lead to the dissolution of national borders on Earth; the organisation called. The most important military base called; when the SolBase became operational it was moved to orbit the Sun to a position, thought to be a best place to defend the whole solar system.
Jared Michael Retkofsky is a former American football long snapper. He played college football at the football team of Texas Christian University and was signed by the Pittsburgh Steelers as an undrafted free agent in 2007. Retkofsky earned a Super Bowl ring with the Steelers in Super Bowl XLIII over the Arizona Cardinals, he was a member of the Seattle Seahawks, as well as the New York Sentinels and Hartford Colonials of the United Football League. In 2015, he played for the Central Texas Wolf Pack of the National Public Safety Football League; as a free agent during the 2008 regular season, Retkofsky worked as a furniture mover. He was re-signed by the Steelers on October 28 after long snapper Greg Warren was placed on season-ending injured reserve. Retkofsky served as the Steelers' long snapper through the rest of the regular season and playoffs as the Steelers won Super Bowl XLIII that year. Retkofsky was waived by the Steelers on April 30, after suffering a broken shoulder from a football-unrelated incident.
He played for the New York Sentinels of the United Football League. Following the completion of the inaugural UFL season, Retkofsky returned to working for a moving company before being signed again by the Steelers. Retkofsky re-signed with the Pittsburgh Steelers on December 21, 2009, replacing Greg Warren for the second straight season due to a torn ACL. Pittsburgh Steelers bio TCU Horned Frogs bio