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Pupa solidula

Pupa solidula, common name the solid pupa, is a species of small sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Acteonidae.. The size of the shell varies between 40 mm; the thick shell is ovate and cylindrical. It shows impressed, transverse striae, traversed by oblong, brown spots, intermixed with other reddish spots upon the whorls. A narrow, white band, surrounds towards the lowest woirl; the conical spire is pointed. The oblong aperture is narrowed, a little compressed towards its upper third, dilated at its lower part. Two folds upon the columella,are separated by quite a deep, semicircular groove, the larger, two-lobed; this marine species occurs in the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundem Classes, Genera, cum Characteribus, Synonymis, Locis. Tom.1 Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae: Laurentii Salvii 824 pp.. Willan, R. C. 2005. The molluscan fauna from the emergent reefs of the northernmost Sahul Shelf, Timor Sea — Ashmore and Hibernia Reefs.

Pp. 51–81 in Russell, B. C. et al.. Understanding the Cultural and Natural Heritage values and Management Challenges of the Ashmore Region; the Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Suppl. 1: 248 pp. Poppe G. Philippine marine mollusks volume 3. 665 pp. pls 708-1014. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. "Pupa solidula solidula". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019

Kota Rani

Kota Rani, was the last ruler of the Hindu Lohara dynasty in Kashmir. She was regent during the minority of her son, ruled as monarch until 1339, she was deposed by Shah Mir. Kota Rani was the daughter of Ramachandra, the commander-in-chief of Suhadeva, the king of Lohara dynasty in Kashmir. Ramachandra had appointed a Ladakhi. Rinchan became ambitious, he sent a force in the fort in the guise of merchants. Ramachandra was killed and his family was taken prisoner. To earn local support, Rinchan appointed Rawanchandra, the son of Ramachandra, as administrator of Lar and Ladakh, married his sister Kota Rani, he employed Shah Mir as a trusted courtier, who had entered Kashmir earlier and had been given an appointment in the government. Rinchan adopted the name of Sultan Sadruddin, he died as a result of an assassination after ruling for three years. Kota Rani was first appointed as a regent for Rinchan's young son, she was persuaded to marry Udayanadeva by the elders. Udayanadeva died in 1338. Kota Rani had two sons.

Rinchan's son was under the charge of Shah Mir and Udayanadeva's son was taught by Bhatta Bhikshana. Kota Rani became the ruler in her own right, appointed Bhatta Bhikshana as her prime minister. Shah Mir pretended to be sick, when Bhatta Bhikshana visited him, Shah Mir jumped out of his bed and killed him. According to the historian Jonaraja, she committed suicide and offered her intestines to him as a wedding gift, it is not known. She was intelligent and a great thinker, she saved the city of Srinagar from frequent floods by getting a canal constructed, named after her and called "Kute Kol". This canal gets water from Jhelum River at the entry point of city and again merges with Jhelum river beyond the city limits. Rakesh Kaul's historical novel The Last Queen of Kashmir is based on Kota Rani's legend. Rajatarangini Sayyid Dynasty Shah Mir Rinchan Hasan, Kashmir under the Sultans, Aakar Books, ISBN 978-81-87879-49-7