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Palilula, Belgrade

Palilula is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. It has the largest area of all municipalities of Belgrade; the core of Palilula is close to the center of the city, but the municipality includes sparsely populated land left of the Danube. Palilula is located east of Terazije in downtown Belgrade. Like most of Belgrade's neighborhoods it has no firm boundaries and is bordered by the Ruzveltova street and the municipality and neighborhood of Zvezdara on the east, the neighborhood of Hadžipopovac in its own municipality on the north, the neighborhood and municipality of Stari Grad and Jevremovac on the northwest, the Tašmajdan and Bulevar kralja Aleksandra on the south, bordering the municipality of Vračar. Six local communities, sub-municipal administrative units, which make up the neighborhood of Palilula had a population of 36,216 in 1981, 35,579 in 1991, 34,559 in 2002 and 26,942 in 2011. Palilula in the narrowest sense had a population of 12,638 in 1981, 12,178 in 1991, 11,590 in 2002 and 9,817 in 2011.

First houses in the area were built in the 16th century. In the direction from today's Tašmajdan and Cvijićeva street there were gardens, pastures but mills and summer houses of the wealthier citizens of Belgrade; the neighborhood originated in the first half of the 18th century, when the Habsburg Monarchy occupied northern Serbia 1717–1739. The settlement, built as an outer suburb of Belgrade, was named Karlstadt and was known for agriculture and skilled crafts and was considered as the most beautiful part of Belgrade at that time. In the early 19th century, it became overwhelmingly populated by the Serbs and was described as "the village one quarter of the hour walk" away from Belgrade. At the time, the village was made of small huts and hovels and populated by the inhabitants from eastern Serbia. In 1840, villagers of Palilula rejected the regulatory plan of Belgrade, on the basis that projected new streets would be too wide, even tried to split from the municipality of Belgrade because of the city government's low funding for the village.

However, in the late 19th century Palilula became part of the continuously built-up area of Belgrade. The neighborhood was residential, with commercial facilities closer to the center of Belgrade; when Belgrade was divided into six quarters in 1860, Palilula was one of them. By the census of 1883 it became the most populous one in Belgrade with 7,318 inhabitants, that number grew to 10,563 in 1890. In 1930, a large, wooden stadium was built in the neighborhood. A work of Momir Korunović, it was constructed in only two months for the slet, a massive gymnastic festival held as part of the Sokol movement, it had a capacity of 45,000 spectators. In terms of architecture, it was noted for its ornamented doors, which Korunović embellished with the elements carved in the Serbian national style. After the slet was finished, the construction was dismantled and re-used as a mobile construction for other festivities. On the location of the stadium, the building of the University of Belgrade's Mechanical Engineering Faculty is situated today.

A section of Palilula is dedicated to the hajduk Starina Novak. Features bearing his name include the street, a local community, an elementary school founded in 1922 and a park. Area occupied by the park today, bounded by the streets of Starine Novaka, Cvijićeva and Dalmatinska, was named Starina Novak Square until 1954. In October 2017 city administration announced that a monument to Starina Novak will be erected in the park. Area bounded by the streets of Stanoja Glavaša, Starine Novaka and Kneza Danila was, for the most part, occupied by the complex of the IKL factory. Before World War II, it was the first aircraft factory in Yugoslavia. After the war new Communist authorities nationalized the company, while the factory complex in Palilula was transformed into the IKL in 1948; the complex was demolished and in 2015 construction of the residential and commercial neighborhood of "Central Garden" began. Apart from the commercial and business sections, it will have 400 apartments. In November 2017 a construction of the 16-storey "Business Garden Tower" was announced, with the deadline of 18 months.

In September 2019 it was announced that the area of the former open air shopping mall, stretching between the Kraljice Marije and Knez Danilova streets, will be adapted into the Raša Popov Park. It is named after the children's author Raša Popov, who lived in one of the neighboring buildings until his death in 2017, his bust will be placed in the park, which in total covers 2,800 m2. Citizen disproved the original design of "concrete park", asking for more green areas, so city changed the project; the park will be finished in the spring of 2020. The name Palilula comes from the expression pali lulu. One anecdote goes back to times when Belgrade and Serbia were occupied by the Ottoman Empire and Palilula was the area where most crops were, so Turkish rulers banned smoking due to a few instances of accidentally setting crops on fire. In the late summer and early autumn when all the crops had been harvested, the smoking ban was lifted and locals announced this by calling neighbours, letting them know that pipes might be lit.

Another explanation comes from the time of Prince Miloš Obrenović's rule. The area of Palilula is the north of Be

1896–97 Southern Football League

The 1896–97 season was the third in the history of the Southern League. Southampton St. Mary's won the Division One championship. Millwall Athletic applied for election to Football League. However, they were not elected. Division One featured seven teams from previous season and five new clubs: two promoted from Division Two and three newly elected members. Teams promoted from Division Two: Wolverston L&NWR - champions, winners of testing matches Sheppey United - runners-up, winners of testing matchesNewly promoted teams: Northfleet - Kent League champions Gravesend United - Kent League members Tottenham Hotspur Division Two featured five teams from previous season and eight new clubs, all of which were newly elected. Newly promoted teams: Dartford - Kent League members RETB Chatham - Kent League members 1st Coldstream Guards Freemantle Southall Warmley West Herts Wycombe Wanderers At the end of the season, test matches were held between the bottom three clubs in Division One and the top three clubs in Division Two.

Third-placed Freemantle were the only Division Two club to win, but withdrew from the league at the end of season, meaning their defeated opponents Northfleet remained in Division One. Only one Southern League club, Millwall Athletic, applied for election to Division Two of the Football League. However, they were not elected. Southern League First Division Tables at RSSSF Southern League Second Division Tables at RSSSF

Yvan Rajoarimanana

Yvan Rajoarimanana Avotriniaina is a Malagasy footballer who plays CNaPS Sport. Rajoarimanana started his football career with Ajesaia, he played one year with Ajessaia in the Ligue one before joined to JS Saint-Pierroise. Rajoarimanana played two years in the Réunion Premier League, before returned to Madagascar and signed with CNaPS Sport Itasy, he was from 2008 to 2011 member of the Madagascar national football team and played twelve games for them. Scores and results list Madagascar's goal tally first. Ajesaia THB Champions League: Champion: 2007 Super Coupe de Madagascar: 2007 JS Saint-Pierroise Réunion Premier League: 2008,2015CNaPS Sport THB Champions League: 2013 Coupe de Madagascar: 2011AS Saint-Michel Elgeco Plus Coupe de Madagascar: 2014 COSAFA CUP U20: COSAFA U-20 Challenge Cup 2005

Sapporo Community Dome

Sapporo Community Dome known for its nickname "Tsudome", is a multi-purpose hall located in Higashi-ku, Hokkaidō, Japan. Owned by Sapporo city, the dome is run by the Sapporo Health Sports Foundation; the dome is 132.4 m in diameter, 43 m in height, has an area of 17,865 m². The dome is located on the outskirts of central Sapporo city, is near Sakaemachi Station, on the Tōhō Line of the Sapporo Municipal Subway; the dome has a park golf course, tennis court, parking lot. Along with a number of sporting events including marathons and football competitions, the dome holds other events such as the Golden Market, the biggest flea market in Sapporo and is held annually at the dome. 2009 marked the 60th anniversary of the Sapporo Snow Festival, in this year the second venue of the festival was moved from the Sapporo Satoland site to the Tsudome site. This transference of the sites was done to reduce the parking lot costs by restricting a large number of cars visiting from the site and to help alleviate traffic congestion.

Although the parking lot has a capacity of 306 cars, the Tsudome site did not allow parking for cars and asked visitors to use public transportation to reach the Tsudome site during the Festival this year. Higashi-ku, Sapporo Sapporo Dome Sapporo Satoland Sapporo Snow Festival The Sapporo Community Dome "Tsudome"

Earnest Hooton

Earnest Albert Hooton was an American physical anthropologist known for his work on racial classification and his popular writings such as the book Up From The Ape. Hooton sat on the Committee on the Negro, a group that "focused on the anatomy of blacks and reflected the racism of the time." Earnest Albert Hooton was born in Clemansville, the third child and only son of an English-born Methodist minister married to a Canadian-born woman of Scotch-Irish ancestry. He was educated at Lawrence University in Wisconsin. After earning his BA there in 1907, he won a Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford University, which he deferred in order to continue his studies in the United States, he pursued graduate studies in Classics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where he received an MA in 1908 and a Ph. D. in 1911 on "The Pre-Hellenistic Stage of the Evolution of the Literary Art at Rome", continued on to England. He was awarded a Rhodes scholarship, electing to study at Oxford. There he assisted in the excavation of Viking boat burials.

Studying with R. R. Marett, he received a diploma in 1912 and with Marett’s strong support he secured a teaching position at Harvard for next four decades. During this time, he was Curator of Somatology at the nearby Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. With the beginning of the First World War, he was disqualified from military service due to the nearsightedness, but nonetheless he volunteered for training at the Civilian Military Training Center at Plattsburgh, New York, became a passable rifleman at 100 yards, he helped revise recruitment standards because too large number of American immigrants were too short to qualify for service at the time. During the 1930s, between the two World Wars, his data collections helped U. S. Army make better-fitting military equipment, such as uniforms, tank helmets, gas masks, aircraft seats, long before Le Gros Clark coined ergonomics for civilian use. After the World War II, he surveyed commuters in Boston’s North Station to help make more comfortable train seats, as described in his book A Survey of Seating.

He was one of the founding members of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, serving as president from 1936 to 1938 and associate editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology from 1928 to 1942, working with Hrdlička. Hooton was an advanced primatologist for his time. If the great Latin playwright Terence said, "Homo sum: humani nihil a me alienum puto", Hooton and correcting him, used to say: "Primas sum: primatum nihil a me alienum puto". Hooton was a public figure well known for popular volumes with titles like Up From the Ape, Apes and Morons, Young Man, You are Normal, he was a gifted cartoonist and wit, like his contemporaries Ogden Nash and James Thurber, he published occasional poems and drawings that were collected and published. After reaching the official retirement age, he was invited to teach courses that had decreased in enrollment and died unexpectedly of a vascular accident while teaching, he was survived by his wife Mary Camp Hooton, whom he married in 1913, by two sons, one daughter, two grandchildren.

Hooton used comparative anatomy to divide humanity up into races — in Hooton's case, this involved describing the morphological characteristics of different "primary races" and the various "subtypes". In 1926, the American Association of Physical Anthropology and the National Research Council organized a Committee on the Negro, which focused on the anatomy of blacks. Among those appointed to the Committee on the Negro were Aleš Hrdlička, Earnest Hooton and eugenist Charles Davenport. In 1927, the committee endorsed a comparison of African babies with young apes. Ten years the group published findings in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology to "prove that the negro race is phylogenetically a closer approach to primitive man than the white race." Hooton played a key part in establishing the racial stereotypes about black athleticism and black criminality of his day in terms of an anthropological framework. Hooton was one of the first to attempt to develop mathematically rigorous criteria for race typology.

At the same time, Hooton maintained that no scientific basis existed correlating mentality with racial variation. "... Each racial type runs the gamut from idiots and criminals to statesmen. No type produces a majority of individuals from either end of the scale. While there may be specific racial abilities and disabilities, these have not yet been demonstrated. There are no racial monopolies either of human virtues or of vices." While advocating eugenic sterilizations of those deemed "insane and criminalistic", he emphasized there was no justification to correlate such "degeneracy", as he termed it, with race. Anthropologist Pat Shipman presents Hooton's work as representing a transition in anthropology away from its 19th-century stereotypes about race and its fixation over cranial measurements. In that context, she writes, Hooton maintained an "oversimplistic mode of thinking about human types and variability" while at the same time he moved to eliminate unfounded racial biases and pseudoscience.

His remarks in a 1936 conference dealing with immigration, for example, included a ten-point summary of the current scientific consensus about race which, in retrospect, parallel the points raised ten years in UNESCO's landmark The Race Question. In 1943, Hooton had an article entitled "Breed War Strain Out of Germans" published in the New York newspaper PM. In the article he proposed four measures with an o


Cedronella is a genus of flowering plants in the tribe Mentheae of the family Lamiaceae, comprising a single species, Cedronella canariensis, native to the Canary Islands, the Azores, Madeira. It is naturalized in various places. Common names include Canary Islands-balm, Canary balm, Balm-of-Gilead, it is a perennial herbaceous plant growing to 1-1.5 m tall. The distinctive feature of these plants is the compound leaves consisting of 3 leaflets, unusual in the Lamiaceae, which have simple leaves; the leafy stems terminate in dense, short spikes of flowers with tubular 2-lipped white or pink flowers. The genus name is a diminutive of Cedrus, though the only connection between this herb and the large conifers of Cedrus is a vaguely similar resinous scent of the foliage. Grown outdoors in mild climates, these perennials need protection in a sunny position in the herb garden and moist, well-drained soil. In cool climates they can be grown in a sunny conservatory. Water in the growing season. Propagate from seed or from cuttings.

David Bramwell and Zoë Bramwell. Wild Flowers of the Canary Islands. Editorial Rueda, España. 2001. ISBN 84-7207-129-4 J. R. Press and M. J. Short. Flora of Madeira. Natural History Museum, UK. 1994. ISBN 0-11-310017-5 Genera of Lamiaceae tribe Mentheae on