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Palm Desert, California

Palm Desert is a city in Riverside County, United States, in the Coachella Valley 14 miles east of Palm Springs, 121 miles northeast of San Diego and 122 miles east of Los Angeles. The population was 48,445 at the 2010 census, up from 41,155 at the 2000 census; the city was one of the state's fastest growing in the 1980s and 1990s, beginning with 11,801 residents in 1980, doubling to 23,650 in 1990, 35,000 in 1995, nearly double its 1990 population by 2000. A major center of growth in the Coachella Valley, Palm Desert is a popular retreat for "snowbirds" from colder climates, who swell its population by an estimated 31,000 each winter. In the past couple of years Palm Desert has seen more residents become "full-timers" from the coasts and urban centers of California, who have come for both affordable and high-valued home prices; the area was first known as the Old MacDonald Ranch, but the name changed to Palm Village in the 1920s when date palms were planted. Local historians said the main residents of pre-1950 Palm Desert were Cahuilla Indian farmers of the now extinct San Cayetano tribe, but a few members of the Montoya family of Cahuilla/Spanish descent were prominent leaders in civic life.

The first residential development occurred in 1943 in connection with an Army maintenance camp in the area. That site was developed into "El Paseo", an upscale shopping district not unlike Rodeo Drive. In 1948, the Palm Desert Corporation began to develop real estate, in 1951 the area was given its present name. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.0 square miles, of which, 26.8 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. The elevation is 224 feet above sea level. Elevations vary from the lower northern half once covered in sand dunes to the upper slope southern cove all the way to the ridgeline at 1,000 feet. Palm Desert is located in the north-western extension of the Sonoran Desert. Sun City Palm Desert, California lies on the northern side of Interstate 10 from Palm Desert itself, but is unincorporated and not part of the City of Palm Desert; the climate of the Coachella Valley is influenced by the surrounding geography. High mountain ranges on three sides and a south-sloping valley floor all contribute to its year-round warm climate, with the warmest winters in the western United States.

Palm Desert has a subtropical desert climate: Its average annual high temperature is 89 °F and average annual low is 62 °F, but summer highs above 108 °F are common and sometimes exceed 120 °F, while summer night lows stay above 82 °F. Winters are warm with daytime highs between 73–84 °F. Under 5 inches of annual precipitation are average, with over 348 days of sunshine per year; the mean annual temperature at 75.8 °F makes Palm Desert one of the warmest places in the United States. The hottest temperature recorded in Palm Desert was 125 °F on July 6, 1905; the surrounding mountains create a thermal belt in the southern foothills of Palm Desert, leading to a micro-climate with warmer night-time temperatures during the winter months. The University of California maintains weather stations located in this thermal belt as part of their ecological project in the Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center; the 2010 United States Census reported that Palm Desert had a population of 48,445. The population density was 1,793.3 people per square mile.

The racial makeup of Palm Desert was 39,957 White, 875 African American, 249 Native American, 1,647 Asian, 55 Pacific Islander, 4,427 from other races, 1,235 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,038 persons; the Census reported that 48,137 people lived in households, 98 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 210 were institutionalized. There were 23,117 households, out of which 4,253 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,253 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,177 had a female householder with no husband present, 811 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,227 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 373 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,948 households were made up of individuals and 4,370 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08. There were 13,241 families; the population was spread out with 7,534 people under the age of 18, 3,333 people aged 18 to 24, 8,731 people aged 25 to 44, 12,924 people aged 45 to 64, 15,923 people who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 53.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males. There were 37,073 housing units at an average density of 1,372.4 per square mile, of which 15,171 were owner-occupied, 7,946 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.0%. 30,667 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 17,470 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, Palm Desert had a median household income of $53,456, with 9.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. Accordin

Patrick Gwynne

Patrick Gwynne was a British modernist architect with Welsh roots, best known for designing and building The Homewood, which he left to the National Trust in 2003. Gwynne was born in Portchester, Hampshire in 1913 to mother, Ruby, they had a daughter, "Babs". He attended Harrow School where he first connected with modernist architecture on a school sketching excursion near Amersham in Buckinghamshire, where he saw Amyas Connell's "High and Over", the first modern movement house in Britain, his father planned for him to be an accountant but since Gwynne wanted to be an architect, secured articles for him with Ernest Coleridge, a former assistant to Sir Edwin Lutyens. On completion, Gwynne met founder of the Modern Architecture Research Group. Gwynne re-designed a Victorian house in Notting Hill Gate to include a private theatre and foyer in an advanced modernist manner; the theatre still exists as part of the Estonian House. Gwynne worked for Coates while designing a new house for his parents; this was the European-influenced dwelling he named "The Homewood", built in 1938 on another part of an 8-acre estate, to replace the rambling Victorian house in Esher, Surrey.

The family used profits from the sale of their families Welsh estate “Mynachty” – located in Aberaeron. (This is an early nineteenth century planned town in Wales by his ancestor Colonel Alban Thomas Jones Gwynne. The sale paid for the new building which cost an immense sum for those days. Coates advised on technical matters and Denys Lasdun, another assistant to Coates, designed the elliptical terrace pool. Gwynne and Denys Lasdun became friends while working at Wells Coates's office. Gwynne claimed to have contributed a crucial design move that unlocked the rest of the Lasdun's design for the Royal College of Physicians building, placing it end-on to Regent's Park. Lasdun returned the compliment by designing The Homewood's pool; as an architect, Gwynne specialised in houses. His designs have a collective resemblance in their ingenious adaptation to site and prospect, their logical but dramatic internal planning, their willingness to use curved forms on plan. Gwynne grew a reputation for restaurant design.

For his private houses, Gwynne developed a close-knit set of clients that included his builder, Leslie Bilsby, for whom he designed three houses, his quantity surveyor, Kenneth Monk. These houses mark the height of 1960s life style, many designed as a series of connecting rooms that could be thrown together for parties, with built-in dressers and drinks cabinets. Televisions and gramophones were cleverly concealed, in one house were hinged within the wall to serve different rooms. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Gwynne designed a number of houses in Hampstead and Blackheath in London, in Surrey and Dorset, many of which have been Grade II listed. Building The Homewood when he was just 24, Gwynne acknowledged his sources as Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's Tugendhat House. Despite his enthusiasm for flat surfaces, man-made materials and rigorous lack of ornament, Gwynne produced a remarkably mature design at a young age, designing all the built-in furniture, light fittings and innovations such as ensuites and window mechanisms.

The main accommodation is raised on pilotis to accommodate parking for the family's many cars. There is one large living room; the five bedrooms are in a separate wing and the servants' quarters had room for four servants. His parents had "one good year" in the house, but died early in the Second World War, while Gwynne was serving in the Royal Air Force constructing airfields. War broke out. Commander Gwynne resumed his naval duties, Patrick joined the RAF and his sister, went to the Wrens. Patrick's mother Ruby let the house, but died along with her husband in 1942. After the war, Patrick returned along with his sister, who soon left, his long-term companion, pianist Harry Rand, had an adjoining bedroom, identical to Gwynne's, with a single bed and washbasin concealed behind sliding panels. He carried on a successful architectural business from the house that he was to live in for about 60 years. In 1946 he restored the house for himself, his parents' bedroom was added to his office space. Murals by Peter Thompson and Stephan Knapp, furniture to Gwynne's own design, were added over the years.

He continually modified the house over time so that it represents design from the 1930s and 1950s to the 1970s. The building was his home, his office and living portfolio. It's the only other substantial prewar modernist house with continuity of occupation and contents. In the late 1960s, Gwynne's quantity surveyor, Ken Monk, asked him to design a summer house in West Sussex on a strip of land overlooking the Channel; this house was Vista Point, completed in 1970, designed to take full advantage of the site. Gwynne designed Vista Point to overlook the garden; the house has few side windows. Bingham writes: “The house is planned with an hourglass shape, narrowing to a'waistline' for the staircase core; the roof echoes the undulating walls. Gwynne chose building materials, many of them man-made, to withstand the sea-front climate.”He did not complete any major buildings after the end of the 1970s, working more as an advisor on restorations and extensions. Grovewood was a house designed by Gwynne situated on Virginia Water, Surrey.

It was designed for a chemical engineer and his family and ha

Adam Bouska

Adam Bouska is an American fashion photographer who runs a photography studio based out of West Hollywood, California. Known for pictures of male models in particular, he is considered a rising'superstar photographer' in the gay community. Bouska is most recognized for co-creation of the internationally recognized NOH8 Campaign. Bouska has worked with familiar faces such as Miley Cyrus, Ricky Martin, Liza Minnelli, Barry Manilow, George Takei, Pauley Perrette, Lisa Ling. Most Bouska helped create book covers for Jane Lynch, Jenny McCarthy, Jenni Pulos and Meghan McCain. No stranger to activism, Bouska's photography has aided a variety of charitable causes including a fund-raising calendar for AIDS Project Los Angeles in 2008, a national ad campaign with Nia Vardalos for HelpUsAdopt.org in 2011, an edgy calendar featuring men and their cats to promote adoptions for FoundAnimals.org in 2012, and'Lights Out', a marriage equality ad campaign for ECOYA in 2013. In addition to his published work, Bouska has made appearances on TV shows including: Running Russell Simmons, Giuliana & Bill, Keeping up with the Kardashians, The Real Housewives of Orange County, The Millionaire Matchmaker, Million Dollar Listing, The World According to Paris, Hollywood Exes, MelB: It's a Scary World, Dog the Bounty Hunter.

Bouska is gay. He lives in California. Bouska was recognized as the community's leading photographer at the West Hollywood awards in 2007 & 2010, selected as one of The Advocate's'40 Under 40' in 2010, featured as one of Out magazine's'OUT100' in 2011 and a Shorty Award winner for Photography in 2012. In November 2008, in response to the narrow approval in California of Proposition 8, which banned same-sex marriage and his partner, Jeff Parshley, founded the NOH8 Campaign to promote the overturn of this ban. While beginning at a grassroots level, by April 2009 the campaign had seen support from such celebrities as Leslie Jordan, Shanna Moakler, RichGirl; the campaign has now gained the support of other notables, including Johnny Depp, Liza Minnelli, Miley Cyrus, Annie Lennox, Kathy Griffin, Denise Richards, Jane Lynch, Mark Hoppus, Lisa Edelstein, Rose McGowan, Erin Cahill and Steve-O. America's Next Top Model, Cycle 7 Official website and blog Official photography website Adam Bouska on IMDb Adam Bouska at Model Mayhem NOH8 interview on CNN

Isleworth Ait

Isleworth Ait known as Isleworth Eyot, is a between 3.5-hectare and 9.370-acre teardrop-shaped island in the River Thames in England. The long ait is on the Tideway facing the towpath alongside Kew Gardens; these places are in the London Boroughs of Richmond upon Thames. The island faces a number of commercial buildings. Isleworth Ait is covered by densely packed trees, provides a sanctuary for a variety of wildlife, it floods but is home to more than 57 species of bird life, including the tree-creeper and heron. Two rare species of air-breathing land gastropods live on the island, the two-lipped door snail Balea biplicata and the German hairy snail Pseudotrichia rubiginosa, as well as several rare species of beetles; this variety of unusual wildlife makes the island one of the London Wildlife Trust's most remarkable reserves. It is a Local Nature Reserve and part of The River Thames and tidal tributaries Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation. Isleworth Ait was once a centre for the production of osier - a willow which used to be harvested on the island to weave baskets to carry fruit and vegetables grown in Middlesex to the markets in London.

Much of the island has resulted from five pre-19th century neighbouring islands, overall covering a broader area and reduced by river erosion intensified by passing boat traffic. The River Crane flows into the Thames to the south of the land and the Duke of Northumberland's River facing the other. Thames Water owns the island, which houses much of the treated outfall from the Mogden Sewage Treatment Works covering the outer West London areas benefitting from separate surface water drainage, which keeps untreated discharges to a moderate level compared to the combined sewers constituting many of the former subterrean rivers of London. Excess discharges from all these outfalls are to be collected by a 2010s-built tunnel The Metropolitan Water Board bought the ait from the Duke of Northumberland in the 1930s. Islands in the River Thames Isleworth Ait volunteers

William Martin Beauchamp

William Martin Beauchamp was an American ethnologist and Episcopal clergyman. He published several works on the ethnology of the Haudenosaunee in New York. Beauchamp was born in Orange County, New York, he received his education at Skaneateles Academy until 1845. He graduated from the DeLancey Divinity School, received Doctor of Sacred Theology in 1886 for Hobart College, he married Sarah Carter of Ravenna, Ohio in November, 1857, resided in Syracuse, New York His sister, Mary Elizabeth Beauchamp, was an educator and author. From 1865 to 1900, Beauchamp was rector of Grace Episcopal Church in Baldwinsville, N. Y. From 1884 to 1912 he was examining chaplain for the diocese of New York. 1884-1910 was archaeologist of New York State Museum. In addition, he made valuable archæological contributions from his independent research concerning the Iroquois Indians. In 1889 the United States Bureau of Ethnology commissioned him to survey the Iroquois territory in New York and Canada, to prepare a map indicating the location of all the known Indian sites in that region.

An enlargement of this map was published in Beauchamp's Aboriginal Occupation of New York. His other works are: The Iroquois Trail Indian Names in New York Shells of Onondaga County History of the New York Iroquois, now Commonly Called the Six Nations Aboriginal Use of Wood in New York Aboriginal Place Names of New York Past and Present of Syracuse and Onondaga County Iroquois Folk Lore, Gathered From the Six Nations of New York American Folklore Society Onondaga Historical Association A. A. A. S; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.. New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead. Works by or about William Martin Beauchamp at Internet Archive "William Martin Beauchamp", Minnesota State University-Mankato eMuseum

Spencer County, Indiana

Spencer County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,952; the county seat is Rockport. Spencer County was formed in 1818 from parts of Perry County, it was named for Captain Spier Spencer, killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He was the namesake for Spencer, the county seat of Owen County. Abraham Lincoln lived in Spencer County between the ages of seven and twenty-one; the area his family settled in was in Perry County. His family moved to Illinois in 1830; the Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial is located at the site of the Lincoln family farm. In addition, the graves of his mother Nancy Lincoln and sister Sarah Lincoln Grigsby are located in Spencer County. On December 16, 1900, two African-American men, Bud Rowlands and Jim Henderson, were lynched by the county courthouse in Rockport after being arrested as suspects in the brutal robbery and killing of a white barber at 2 am the night before. A mob estimated at 1,500 broke open the jail and took them out, hanging them from a tree by the courthouse, shooting their bodies numerous times.

John Rolla was accused by Rowlands as a suspect and lynched. This was the second-highest number of lynchings in the state, though it pales in comparison to lynchings in Southern states; the current Spencer County courthouse was built in 1921. It is the fifth courthouse to serve the county. County attractions include the town of Santa Claus, Holiday World & Splashin' Safari, Santa's Candy Castle. Saint Meinrad Archabbey is located at the northeastern corner of Spencer County. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 401.43 square miles, of which 396.74 square miles is land and 4.68 square miles is water. ZIP Codes are in parentheses. Chrisney Dale Gentryville Grandview Richland Rockport Santa Claus St. Meinrad Dubois County, Indiana Daviess County, Kentucky Perry County, Indiana Hancock County, Kentucky Warrick County, Indiana Interstate 64 U. S. Route 231 Indiana State Road 62 Indiana State Road 66 Indiana State Road 68 Indiana State Road 70 Indiana State Road 161 Indiana State Road 162 Indiana State Road 245 Indiana State Road 545 Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial In recent years, average temperatures in Rockport have ranged from a low of 24 °F in January to a high of 91 °F in July, although a record low of −23 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F was recorded in June 1944.

Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.01 inches in October to 4.78 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners; the commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners the most senior, serves as president; the commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association; the judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk; each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. Spencer County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Larry Bucshon; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,952 people, 8,082 households, 5,907 families residing in the county. The population density was 52.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,872 housing units at an average density of 22.4 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 47.0% were German, 16.4% were Irish, 12.6% were English, 11.1% were American. Of the 8,082 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.9% were non-families, 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 41.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $61,365. Males had a median income of $44,526 versus $30,466 for females; the per capita income for the county w