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Chief Illiniwek

Chief Illiniwek was the mascot of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, associated with the University's intercollegiate athletic programs, from October 30, 1926 to February 21, 2007. Chief Illiniwek was portrayed by a student to represent the Illiniwek, the state's namesake, although the regalia worn was from the Sioux; the student portraying Chief Illiniwek performed during halftime of Illinois football and basketball games, as well as during women's volleyball matches. For more than two decades, Chief Illiniwek has been the center of a controversy between fans and alumni who view "the Chief" as part of UIUC tradition. In 2005, Chief Illiniwek was one of 19 mascots cited as "hostile or abusive" by the NCAA in a policy that banned schools from full participation in postseason activities as long as they continued to use such mascots; the University of Illinois retired Chief Illiniwek in 2007, with his last official performance on February 21, 2007. However, the controversy has continued because UIUC has not selected a replacement, while an unofficial "Chief" continues to appear at games and other events.

A non-binding resolution to make "Alma Otter" the official mascot was placed on the spring 2019 student election ballot, but failed to receive a majority, although some see the vote as a sign of progress. However, following the 2019 release of the Chancellor's report on the Commission on Native Imagery: Healing and Reconciliation, both sides of the debate remain divided. Chief Illiniwek and the Chief Illiniwek logo—a stylized front view of an American Indian face and headdress—are trademarks of the University of Illinois. Licensed use of the logo by the university has been restrictive as a result of the ongoing controversy. Chief Illiniwek is not based on an actual American Indian chief, nor did a historical figure with this name exist. Since he performed many of the functions of other schools' mascots, Chief Illiniwek is referred to as the university's mascot in media reporting and academic sources regarding the controversy. Chief Illiniwek predates the use of mascots by most sports teams, adding strength to the claim that the portrayal was never a mascot at all.

In the final years he did not perform at road games, since other Big Ten universities refused to allow the character to perform at their home games, citing him as offensive. During sporting events, Chief Illiniwek was portrayed by a student selected via audition and wearing imitation Lakota clothing; the portrayal included a dance that the originated from the first three portrayers' experience in the Boy Scouts of America, as taught by Ralph Hubbard, who had traveled in Europe and America staging "Indian pageants". This dance corresponded to the music and lyrics of the "Three in One" performed by the university band, an arrangement of three original songs entitled "The March of the Illini", "Hail to the Orange", "Pride of the Illini"; the origin of Chief Illiniwek dates to 1926, when Ray Dvorak, assistant director of bands at the University of Illinois, conceived the idea of having a Native American war dance performed during halftime of Illinois football games. The first performance occurred on October 30, 1926 at Memorial Stadium during the halftime of a game against the University of Pennsylvania.

At the conclusion of his performance, Illinwek was met at midfield by a drum major dressed as the University of Pennsylvania's Quaker mascot, offered a peace pipe, walked off the field arm in arm. Student Lester Leutwiler, an Eagle Scout, created the original costume and performed the dance based upon his experience as a Boy Scout; the expression Illiniwek was first used in conjunction with the University of Illinois football team by football coach Bob Zuppke, referring to the Illinois Confederation of Native Americans who had inhabited much of present-day Illinois. Another student, A. Webber Borchers, was the only Chief to ride on horseback around the field and solidified the Chief tradition, continuing the performances and soliciting contributions for a permanent costume in 1930. Since the costume has been replaced several times, most in 1982; the current costume was sold to the University marching band by Frank Fools Crow, chief of the Oglala Sioux, after being sewn by his wife. He visited the campus in 1982 to present the regalia during halftime of a football game at the request of then-Assistant Director of Bands and Director of Athletic Bands Gary Smith.

The costume contained real eagle feathers, but because eagle feathers are sacred to Native Americans, because they came from a species protected by the Lacey Act of 1900, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, the Migratory Bird Act, at that time the Endangered Species Act, the feathers in the headdresses worn by the Chief were replaced with dyed turkey feathers after requests from the family of Chief Fools Crow. A total of 36 different students performed the role of the Chief. All but one have been men: one woman, Idelle Brooks, served in 1943 due to the shortage of male students during World War II. No student portraying Chief Illiniwek was of American Indian heritage during the 82 year span, although Brooks, a journalism major who had grown up on the Osage Reservation in Fairfax, was described as an "honorary princess of the Osage Indian tribe". Brooks weighed 90 pounds and her C

Fresh Sounds from Middle America (vol 1)

Fresh Sounds From Middle America was the first in a series of compilations featuring bands from the Midwest region of America. Volume 1 was a split compilation cassette-only release featuring 22 tracks from 4 bands and is sometimes referred to as "the Buffalo tape" because of the Buffalo imprint on the cover of the tape. A "tape release party" concert was held on December 12, 1981, featuring all four bands, at Off The Wall Hall in Lawrence, KS; the "Fresh Sounds" series was organized by Bill Rich, of Talk Talk magazine, as a way to promote regional bands nationally. Snippets of the review from "Capitol Punishment": "While listening to this tape over a period of several weeks, all I can say is why are these bands so talented?" "Get Smart! Start things off with a group of songs much crisper and more alive than their recent "Words Move" EP. "Mortal Micronots are nothing to get thrilled about". "The Yardapes are happy and fun but not frivolous". "The Embarrassment are quite the best band in America".

Snippets of the review from "The Offense": "Sub Pop's not the only fanzine with a tape comp. Talk Talk, never one to be beaten to the punch, takes charge here with what I assume are the area's four sharpest bands." "Get Smart! Plays their darkest and coolest music to date. Call them my favorite bunch east of the Cal and west of Chi." "Mortal Micronotz are still in high school... let's hope they don't just get older and think they have to play a lot faster. Right now it's slow, soft-spoken voice." "The Yardapes take after'Human Sexual Response' by adopting the multi-front man stance and playing unpalatable music." Fresh Sounds From Middle America Fresh Sounds Discography

Hanover, Brighton

Hanover is an area within the city of Brighton and Hove, United Kingdom. It is part of the electoral ward of Elm Grove; the population of this ward at the 2011 census was 16,006. The exact boundaries of the neighbourhood of Hanover are thought of as the area running up the hill to the east of the Level, towards Queen's Park Road, bounded on the north by Elm Grove and on the south by Sussex Street; the local government ward of Hanover & Elm Grove includes some of the streets to the north of Elm Grove, the streets north of Down Terrace. Many streets in Hanover are characterised by brightly coloured houses. Physically, Hanover is principally a steep hill, lined with streets of packed Victorian cottages, its population includes many commuters, public servants and numerous students – due in part to the University of Brighton Halls of Residence by the site of the former Phoenix Brewery. The Hanover Community Association represents the local community and runs a active community centre on Southover Street and a Beer festival in September/October.

The successful "Hanover Day" is now run by a separate "Hanover Day Association". Until 2006 Hanover Day took place each August but the 2007 day was on 8 July and there was no celebration in 2008 due to various problems; the 2009 Hanover Day took place on 5 July 2009, in the area around Lincoln Street and Washington Street. The theme was "The Hanging Gardens of Hanover". Hanover is home to an unusually large cat population and was featured in the BBC programme Cat Watch 2014: The 21st Century house cat, a three-part series that looked at how cats are adapting to a domestic life by the side of people; this led rise to the active community group Cats of Hanover. "From Hilly Laine to Hanover" - book on the local history Hanover Community Association Introduction at "My Brighton and Hove" Local newspaper's guide to Hanover

Uruguayans in Spain

Uruguayans in Spain are people born in Uruguay who emigrated to Spain. As of 2011, there were over 40,000 Uruguayans living in Spain. Two centuries ago, Uruguay used to be part of the Spanish Empire. Since attaining independence, Uruguay has always considered Spain as the Madre Patria, cultivated intense cultural and economical links between both countries. During the last decades of the 20th century and first years of the 21st, there have been thousands of Uruguayans travelling to live and work in Spain, many of them thanks to their Spanish passports. During the civic-military dictatorship of Uruguay, some expatriates spent their exile years in Spain. There are as well a number of Spanish-born people of Uruguayan descent. Current data put the figure of Uruguayans in Spain at 80,000. Expatriate Uruguayans have their own associations in Spain, notably the Uruguayan Center of Madrid and several Consultative Councils. Official information consider. PastMario Benedetti and writer Elio García-Austt, neuroscientist Eduardo Galeano, writer Juan Carlos Onetti, writer Alfredo Zitarrosa, singer-songwriterPresentJorge Drexler, musician Narciso Ibáñez Serrador, theater director and screenwriter Jordi César López Delgado, footballer Diego Meijide, footballer Cristina Peri Rossi and translator Carmen Posadas, writer Emigration from Uruguay Spain–Uruguay relations Spanish Uruguayan Uruguayan Players in La Liga


Ascential plc EMAP, is a British business-to-business media business specialising in exhibitions & festivals and information services. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index. Richard Winfrey purchased the Spalding Guardian in 1887 and purchased the Lynn News and the Peterborough Advertiser, he became a Liberal politician and campaigner for agricultural rights and the papers were used to promote his political views in and around Spalding, Boston and Peterborough. During World War II Winfrey's newspaper interests began to be passed over to his son, Richard Pattinson Winfrey. In 1947, under the direction of'Pat' Winfrey, the family's newspaper titles were consolidated to form the East Midland Allied Press: this was achieved by the merger of the Northamptonshire Printing and Publishing Co. the Peterborough Advertiser Co. the West Norfolk and King's Lynn Newspaper Co. and commercial printing sections at Rushden, King's Lynn and Bury St Edmunds. The magazine division was founded on a hunch when the company's printing presses lay dormant between printing issues of the local papers.

The staff gambled that a weekly angling publication would be a hit - and in 1953 Angling Times was born. This was soon joined by another weekly heavyweight when EMAP bought Motor Cycle News from its founder in 1956 for a hundred pounds. EMAP grew in the late 1970s under the guidance of the successful partnership of Sir Robin Miller and David Arculus. In 1996 EMAP agreed to sell its 65 newspaper titles, including the 300-year-old Stamford Mercury, to Johnston Press for £111 million. Scottish Radio Holdings was acquired by EMAP on 21 June 2005. In 2006, EMAP sold its French division to Italy's Arnoldo Mondadori Editore. On 27 July 2007, EMAP announced that it was undertaking a review of the structure of the group in response to receiving a number of unsolicited proposals to purchase parts of the company. On 12 September 2007, EMAP announced that it had completed the disposal of its Australian consumer magazine division, Emap Australia for £38m to ACP Magazines. On 29 January 2008, EMAP completed the sale of its radio and consumer media businesses to German company Bauer for £1.14bn.

The remainder of the company was taken over by Eden Bidco Ltd, a company incorporated for the purpose of the acquisition by its owners, the private equity investment group Apax and the Guardian Media Group in late March/early April 2008. In March 2012, the company announced that it would be renamed Top Right Group, that its magazines and data businesses would be separated into three standalone companies; the EMAP name would continue to be used for the magazines operation, which at the time accounted for around 18 percent of the group's turnover. The database business was renamed 4C Group, the events unit was renamed I2i Events Group. In October 2015 the company announced that the EMAP brand would be scrapped as all its titles move to digital-only format. In December 2015 Top Right Group rebranded as Ascential; the company was the subject of an £800m initial public offering in February 2016. Ascential operates four informational service categories focused on businesses in the digital economy; the four areas are product design, marketing and built environment and policy.

Ascential Official website EMAP website