The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Paradise is an unincorporated town and census-designated place in Clark County, United States, adjacent to the city of Las Vegas. The population was 223,167 at the 2010 census, making it the most populous unincorporated community in Nevada; as an unincorporated town, it is governed by the Clark County Commission with input from the Paradise Town Advisory Board. Paradise was formed on December 8, 1950. Paradise contains the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Paradise contains most tourist attractions excluding downtown. Despite this, the name Paradise remains unknown because all of the ZIP Codes serving Paradise are assigned the default place name "Las Vegas"; the southern part of the Las Vegas Valley was referred to as Paradise Valley as early as 1910, owing to a high water table that made the land fertile for farming. County commissioners established a Paradise school district in 1914. In 1950, mayor Ernie Cragin of Las Vegas, looking to fund an ambitious building agenda and pay down the city's rising debt, sought to expand the city's tax base by annexing the Las Vegas Strip, unincorporated territory.
A group of casino executives, led by Gus Greenbaum of the Flamingo, lobbied the county commissioners for town status, which would prevent the city from annexing the land without the commission's approval. The commission voted to create the unincorporated town of Paradise on December 8, 1950; the town encompassed a strip one mile wide and four miles long, from the southern city limits of Las Vegas to just south of the Flamingo. The town board consisted of five casino managers, chaired by Greenbaum. A month after its establishment, the town was expanded to include the residential areas of Paradise Valley, giving it a total area of 54 square miles. Paradise was split into two parts, Paradise Town A and Paradise Town B. In 1953, Town A was renamed as Winchester, Town B became known as Paradise. In 1975, Nevada enacted a law. Before it could take effect, the bill was struck down as unconstitutional by the Nevada Supreme Court. According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place of Paradise has a total area of 46.7 square miles, all of it land.
At the census of 2010, there were 223,167 people residing in Paradise. The racial makeup was 59.8% White, 8.9% African American, 0.8% Native American, 9.5% Asian, 1.0% Pacific Islander, 5.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino races made up 31.2% of the population, 46.3% of the population was non-Hispanic White. As of the census of 2000, there were 186,070 people, 77,209 households, 43,314 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 3,947.3 people per square mile. There were 85,398 housing units at an average density of 1,811.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 72.51% White, 6.59% African American, 0.77% Native American, 6.52% Asian, 0.59% Pacific Islander, 8.37% from other races, 4.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.47% of the population. There were 77,209 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.9% were non-families.
31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,376, the median income for a family was $46,578. Males had a median income of $31,412 versus $25,898 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $21,258. 11.8% of the population and 8.1% of families were below the poverty line. 15.3% of those under the age of 18 and 7.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. At about 225,000 people, if Paradise were to be an incorporated city it would be the fourth or fifth largest city in the state, after Las Vegas and North Las Vegas.
Akhob by James Turrell The Art of Richard MacDonald Bellagio Gallery of Fine Art Bliss Dance Chihuly Art Gallery Las Vegas Little Theater Las Vegas Philharmonic Orchestra Martin Lawrence Galleries Nevada Ballet Theatre P3 Art Studio National Atomic Testing Museum Liberace Museum Marjorie Barrick Museum of Art T-Mobile Arena MSG Sphere Las Vegas The Clark County School District serves Paradise as well as all of Clark County. The township is home to the University of Las Vegas. Paradise is home to Las Vegas's first major league sports team, the Vegas Golden Knights of the National Hockey League, which began play in the 2017–18 season at T-Mobile Arena; the number of professional sports teams will grow to two in 2020 when the soon-to-be-constructed Las Vegas Stadium will feature the relocated Raiders of the National Football League, along with the UNLV Rebels football program. The Las Vegas Aces of the WNBA started playing at Mandalay Bay Events Center in 2018. Since 2004, the Las Vegas Summer League, organized by the National Basketball Association, is played in the Thomas & Mack Center and in the Cox Pavilion.
Las Vegas Monorail Paradise Town Advisory
Flamingo Road (Las Vegas)
State Route 592 is a 8.487-mile east–west highway section line arterial in the Las Vegas Valley. The highway exists in two separate sections on Flamingo Road; the road is named after the Flamingo Hotel, located on the Las Vegas Boulevard near where it intersects with Flamingo Road. The first portion of SR 592 begins at Rainbow Boulevard and extends easterly to Interstate 15; the second section resumes at Paradise Road and continues east, skirting the northern edge of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas campus before reaching its terminus at Boulder Highway. Flamingo Road was called Monson Road, only existed east of Las Vegas Boulevard, with a nearby street, Dunes Road connecting Las Vegas Boulevard with Interstate 15. In the early 1980s, the Nevada Department of Transportation rebuilt the Dunes interchange at I-15, constructed a six-lane Flamingo Road west to Rainbow Boulevard; the segment between I-15 and Las Vegas Boulevard remained named Dunes-Flamingo Road until 1995. The portion of SR 592 between I-15 and Paradise Road was decommissioned by 2008.
The route is a candidate to be decommissioned with control given to Clark County. The entire route is in Clark County. Palms Casino Resort Gold Coast Hotel and Casino Bellagio Caesars Palace Bally's Las Vegas Bill's Gamblin' Hall and Saloon Desert Springs Hospital RTC Transit Route 202 functions on this road. Nevada portal U. S. Roads portal
Britney Jean Spears is an American singer, songwriter and actress. Born in McComb and raised in Kentwood, she appeared in stage productions and television series, before signing with Jive Records in 1997. Spears's first two studio albums... Baby One More Time and Oops!... I were global successes and made her the best-selling teenage artist of all-time. Referred to as the "Princess of Pop", Spears was regarded as a pop icon and credited with influencing the revival of teen pop during the late 1990s and early 2000s. Spears adopted more mature and provocative themes for her next two studio albums, Britney and In the Zone, made her feature film debut in a starring role in Crossroads. Following a series of publicized personal struggles and erratic public behavior, Spears's career was interrupted, before the release of her fifth studio album Blackout, critically referred to as her best work, her erratic behavior and hospitalizations led Spears to be placed on a still ongoing conservatorship. She returned to the top of record charts with her sixth and seventh studio albums and Femme Fatale, respectively.
In 2012, Forbes reported that Spears was the highest paid female musician of the year, with earnings of $58 million, having last topped the list in 2002. During the promotion of her eighth and ninth studio albums, Britney Jean and Glory, Spears embarked on a four-year concert residency, Britney: Piece of Me, at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas, which became one of the highest-grossing residencies of all-time. In 2019, Spears announced an indefinite career hiatus due to her father's unstable health. Spears scored six number one albums on the Billboard 200, making her the third best performing female artist on the chart. Five of Spears's singles have reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100: "... Baby One More Time", "Womanizer", "3", "Hold It Against Me" and "S&M". Other singles, "Oops!... I Did It Again" and "Toxic", topped Canadian charts. With "3" in 2009 and "Hold It Against Me" in 2011, she became the second artist after Mariah Carey in the Hot 100's history to debut at number one with two or more songs.
Spears has earned numerous awards and accolades, including a Grammy Award, seven Guinness World Records, six MTV Video Music Awards, including the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award, seven Billboard Music Awards, including the Millennium Award, the inaugural Radio Disney Icon Award, a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, becoming the youngest recording artist to receive the honor, at age 21. Billboard ranked her as the eighth biggest artist of the 2000s decade. One of the world's best-selling music artists, Spears has sold over 150 million records worldwide and more than 70 million records in United States, including 36.9 million digital singles and 33.6 million digital albums. In the United States, Spears remains the fourth best-selling female album artist of the Nielsen SoundScan era, as well as the best-selling female albums artist of the 2000s. In 2004, she launched a perfume brand with Elizabeth Arden, Inc. from which sales exceeded US$1.5 billion, as of 2012. The singer serves as one of the few artists in history to have a number one single and studio album in the US during each of the three decades of their career—1990s, 2000s, 2010s.
Spears has topped the list of most searched celebrities seven times in 12 years, a record since the inception of the internet. Spears was born in McComb, the second child of Lynne Irene Bridges and James Parnell Spears, her maternal grandmother, Lillian Portell, was English, one of Spears's maternal great-great-grandfathers was Maltese. Her siblings are Jamie Lynn. Britney was born in the Bible Belt, where conservative evangelical Protestantism is a strong religious influence. Spears was baptized into the Southern Baptist Convention, but in life studied Kabbalist teachings, she sang in a Baptist church choir as a child. At age three, she started attending dance lessons in her hometown of Kentwood and was selected to perform as a solo artist at the annual recital. Spears made her local stage debut at age five, singing "What Child Is This?" at her kindergarten graduation. During her childhood, she attended gymnastics and voice lessons, won many state-level competitions and children's talent shows.
She said about her ambition as a child, "I was in my own world, I found out what I'm supposed to do at an early age". At age eight and her mother Lynne traveled to Atlanta, Georgia to audition for the 1990s revival of The Mickey Mouse Club. Casting director Matt Casella rejected her as too young, but introduced her to Nancy Carson, a New York City talent agent. Carson was impressed with Spears's singing and suggested enrolling her at the Professional Performing Arts School. Spears was hired for her first professional role as the understudy for the lead role of Tina Denmark in the Off-Broadway musical Ruthless!. She appeared as a contestant on the popular television show Star Search and was cast in a number of commercials. In December 1992, she was cast in The Mickey Mouse Club alongside Christina Aguilera, Justin Timberlake, Ryan Gosling, Keri Russell. After the show was canceled in 1996, she returned to Mississippi and enrolled at McComb's Parklane Academy. Although she made friends with most of her classmates, she compared the school to "the opening scene in Clueless with all the cliques.
I was so bored. I was the point guard on the basketball team. I had my boyfriend, I went to homecoming and Christmas formal, but I wanted more."In
Indy Racing League, LLC, doing business as IndyCar, is an American-based auto racing sanctioning body for Indy car racing and other disciplines of open wheel car racing. The organization sanctions four racing series: the premier IndyCar Series with its centerpiece the Indianapolis 500, developmental series Indy Lights, the Pro Mazda Championship and the U. S. F2000 National Championship, which are all a part of The Road To Indy. IndyCar is recognized as a member organization of the FIA through ACCUS; the sanctioning body was formed in 1994 under the name Indy Racing League, began competition in 1996. The trademark name INDYCAR was adopted on January 1, 2011; the sport of open-wheel car racing itself historically referred to as Championship Car racing or Indy racing, traces its roots to as early as 1905. It is the fourth major sanctioning body to govern the sport of Indy car racing, following AAA, USAC, Champ Car. IndyCar is owned by Hulman & Company, which owns the Indianapolis Motor Speedway complex and the Clabber Girl brand.
The League's premier series debuted in 1996 under the name Indy Racing League. The series adopted the name Indy Racing League IndyCar Series in 2003. With Verizon as corporate sponsor from 2014 through 2018, the series has been known as the Verizon IndyCar Series. On January 15, 2019, it was announced that NTT Corporation would become the title sponsor and the series will become the NTT IndyCar Series; the series raced on oval tracks, as the series was founded in response to the increasing prominence of road and street courses on the CART schedule. In 2005, the series abandoned its unofficial ovals-only stance, added three road–street course events. By 2009, the series had a 50/50 split of ovals and road/street courses. Presently, the series runs one-third of its schedule on ovals and the rest on road and street circuits. Indy Lights is the development series for the IndyCar series; the Indy Lights concept traces its roots back the USAC Mini Indy Series of the late 1970, the CART ARS/Indy Lights series that began in 1986.
The current Indy Lights series debuted in 2002 under the name Infiniti Pro Series. After the 2008 open wheel unification, the Indy Lights name returned; the Indy Lights run as support races to IndyCar Series races, but has run stand-alone races, or as a support race of other events. The series is now promoted by Andersen Promotions; the Pro Mazda Championship presented by Goodyear is an open-wheel racecar driver development series in North America. Competitors use spec Formula Mazda race cars built by Star Race Cars; the original series, using first-generation tube-frame cars started in the early 1990s, with the current, high-tech, carbon-fiber car released in 2004. The series has included road courses, street courses, ovals; the series' primary sponsors are Mazda and Cooper Tire and the cars, while purpose built for the track with carbon fiber monocoques, are powered by 250 horsepower Mazda'Renesis' rotary engines. The series' stated goal is "to develop new race driving talent." In 2010, the series became a part of The Road to Indy.
In 2013 the series' promotion was taken over by Andersen Promotions. USF2000 is a series the organisation started sanctioning in 2010. Started in 1991 and folded in 2006, it was restarted in 2010 as part of the "Road to Indy" ladder series promoted by Andersen Promotions; the series utilizes tube frame Formula Ford chassis fitted with larger Mazda MZR four cylinder engines and wings and slicks and was based on the Formula Continental rules formula. The term "Indy Car" began as a nickname for the cars that competed in USAC's "Championship" division of open-wheel auto racing in the United States, deriving from the sport's most popular competition, the Indianapolis 500; the division's link with Indianapolis soon resulted in the term supplanting the official descriptor, "champ car," in common use and promotions. The term continued to be used by USAC's replacement as the dominant governing body for open-wheel racing, Championship Auto Racing Teams, which called its main series the "CART PPG Indy Car World Series" despite the body not sanctioning the 500.
In 1992, during an attempt by CART to broaden their board membership, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway registered the camel case trademark IndyCar with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and licensed it to CART as their new tradename. In 1996, Indianapolis Motor Speedway President Tony George launched a new national championship racing series, the USAC sanctioned Indy Racing League; this resulted in a legal battle over the IndyCar trademark: In March 1996, CART filed a lawsuit against the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in an effort to protect their license to the IndyCar mark after the Indianapolis Motor Speedway had attempted to terminate it. A settlement was reached in which CART agreed to give up the use of the IndyCar mark following the 1996 season and the IRL agreeing not to use the name before the end of the 2002 season. CART returned to branding as CART for 1997, resurrected the term "champ car" to describe their vehicles. Following a six-year hiatus, the Indy Racing League announced it would rename their premier series the IndyCar Series for the 2003 racing season.
Post-unification, a heavy emphasis has been placed on deemphasizing the legal entity name and its initials and replacing it with the IndyCar name. This became official on January 1, 2011, as Indy Racing League LLC adopted as its trade name INDYCAR (but not its legal bus
Michelin Guides are a series of guide books published by the French tyre company Michelin for more than a century. The term refers to the annually published Michelin Red Guide, the oldest European hotel and restaurant reference guide, which awards up to three Michelin stars for excellence to a select few establishments; the acquisition or loss of a star can have dramatic effects on the success of a restaurant. Michelin publishes a series of general guides to cities and countries, the Green Guides. In 1900, there were fewer than 3,000 cars on the roads of France. To increase the demand for cars and, car tires, car tire manufacturers and brothers Édouard and André Michelin published a guide for French motorists in 1900, the Michelin Guide. Nearly 35,000 copies of this first, free edition of the guide were distributed. Four years in 1904, the brothers published a guide to Belgium similar to the Michelin Guide. Michelin subsequently introduced guides for Tunisia. In 1909, an English-language version of the guide to France was published.
During World War I, publication of the guide was suspended. After the war, revised editions of the guide continued to be given away until 1920, it is said that André Michelin, whilst visiting a tire merchant, noticed copies of the guide being used to prop up a workbench. Based on the principle that "man only respects what he pays for", Michelin decided to charge a price for the guide, about 750 francs or $2.15 in 1922. They made several changes, notably listing restaurants by specific categories, adding hotel listings, removing advertisements in the guide. Recognizing the growing popularity of the restaurant section of the guide, the brothers recruited a team of inspectors to visit and review restaurants, who were always anonymous. Following the usage of the Murray's and Baedeker guides, the guide began to award stars for fine dining establishments in 1926. There was only a single star awarded. In 1931, the hierarchy of zero, one and three stars was introduced. In 1936, the criteria for the starred rankings were published:: "A good restaurant in its category": "Excellent cooking, worth a detour": "Exceptional cuisine, worth a special journey".
In 1931 the cover of the guide was changed from blue to red, has remained so in all subsequent editions. During World War II, publication was again suspended, but in 1944, at the request of the Allied Forces, the 1939 guide to France was specially reprinted for military use. Publication of the annual guide resumed on 16 May 1945, a week after VE Day. In the early post-war years the lingering effects of wartime shortages led Michelin to impose an upper limit of two stars; the first Michelin Guide to Italy was published in 1956. It awarded no stars in the first edition. In 1974, the first guide to Britain since 1931 was published. Twenty-five stars were awarded. In 2005, Michelin published its first American guide, covering 500 restaurants in the five boroughs of New York City and 50 hotels in Manhattan. In 2007, a Tokyo Michelin Guide was launched. In the same year, the guide introduced Étoile. In 2008, a Hong Kong and Macau volume was added; as of 2013, the guide is published in 14 editions covering 23 countries.
In 2008, the German restaurateur Juliane Caspar was appointed editor-in-chief of the French edition of the guide. She had been responsible for the Michelin guides to Germany and Austria, she became first non-French national to occupy the French position. The German newspaper Die Welt commented on the appointment, "In view of the fact German cuisine is regarded as a lethal weapon in most parts of France, this decision is like Mercedes announcing that its new director of product development is a Martian." Red Guides have listed many more restaurants than rival guides, relying on an extensive system of symbols to describe each one in as little as two lines. Reviews of starred restaurants include two to three culinary specialties. Short summaries were added in 2002/2003 to enhance descriptions of many establishments; these summaries are written in the language of the country for which the guide is published but the symbols are the same throughout all editions. Michelin reviewers are anonymous. Many of the company's top executives have never met an inspector.
The inspectors write reports that are distilled, in annual "stars meetings" at the guide's various national offices, into the r
Waking Up in Vegas
"Waking Up in Vegas" is a song by American singer Katy Perry, taken as the fourth and final single from her second studio album, One of the Boys. Perry wrote the song with Desmond Child and Andreas Carlsson, co-produced it with Greg Wells, credited for playing all the instruments on the song, it was released to US radio stations on April 21, 2009. "Waking Up in Vegas" is a pop rock track about an underage couple getting drunk and blowing their money in Las Vegas, paying homage to the phrase "What happens in Vegas, stays in Vegas". The song reached the top 10 in over eight countries, including the United States, where it peaked at number nine on the Billboard Hot 100 and became Perry's third top ten single, it peaked in the top 10 in other countries including Canada, New Zealand, Ireland and others. The music video was directed by Joseph Kahn and it features Perry and actor Joel David Moore in Vegas partying and gambling. Perry performed the track during her Hello Katy California Dreams Tour; the song is a playable track in the 2015 video game Guitar Hero Live.
According to A&R Chris Anokute, "Waking Up in Vegas" played a significant role in initiating Perry's pivotal move to Capitol Records. Having been recorded while still under contract with Columbia Records for an album, shelved, Anokute heard the track on a three-song demo and tried to convince his employers at Capitol to sign Perry, claiming it was a number-one single and its singer a star talent. In an interview with HitQuarters, one of the songwriters of the song, Andreas Carlsson, claimed that he worked together with Perry and Desmond Child to write "Waking Up in Vegas". Carlsson remarked that they "really wanted to tell the story that described that moment when everybody's checking out on Vegas after they've had their fun, and Katy is the perfect artist to tell such a story – she has humour, she knows how to deliver it." Carlsson said that two of the first aspects of the song to be composed were the main guitar riff – which he had pre-prepared – and the phrase "put your money where your mouth is," which they were keen to use and which for a time was used as the song's title.
In an interview for Pop Eater, Perry revealed the inspiration behind the track: What inspired it this boy I was dating at the time. I was 21. We went to Vegas on a whim and we decided to get fake married. We took all the pictures with the minister, with the fake cake, in the fake chapel and got a fake marriage certificate. We went and bought a wedding dress and a suit at a thrift store, scanned the pictures and the certificate to my family members, my manager at the time freaked the s--- out of them, it was the most hilarious, stupid prank I've pulled. I still have the certificate. "Waking Up in Vegas" was picked as the album's fourth and final single, with a radio edit version of the song being released on April 7, 2009, as well as being sent to US radio stations on April 21, 2009. On the single's artwork, Perry is seen with two dice behind her, giving more emphasis to the song's lyrical content of being in Vegas. "Waking Up in Vegas" was produced by Perry and Greg Wells, responsible for all instruments of the track, as well as for recording the track at the Rocket Carousel Studio, in Los Angeles, California.
According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com, by Alfred Music Publishing, the song is written in the key of F major, moves at a tempo of 126 beats per minute. Perry's vocals span from the low note of A3 to the high note of C5. Musically, the song has been described as a power pop rock song. Lyrically, according to Plugged In, "Waking Up in Vegas" talks about an underage couple get drunk and blow their money before'waking Up in Vegas'." Perry added that the song is not about apologizing, " a song about getting into trouble with your best friend or your boyfriend or your girlfriend – or whoever you're with – and not having any'I'm sorry for what I did'." Following the disappointing chart position of her previous single "Thinking Of You", "Waking Up In Vegas" saw Perry return to the top ten as it peaked at number nine on the Billboard Hot 100 becoming her third top-ten single. Waking Up In Vegas debuted on the UK Singles Chart at number 107 following her performance on Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway, peaked at number 19 on the UK Singles Chart.
"Waking Up in Vegas" went on to become Perry's second number one hit on Mainstream Top 40, matching the airplay success of "Hot n Cold". In Canada, the song peaked at number five. On the Irish Singles Chart it peaked at number eight; the song's success was considered a rebound for Perry after "Thinking of You" failed to ignite the charts. The single helped One of the Boys return to the top 50 of the Billboard 200 albums chart. "Waking Up in Vegas" was the 33rd most purchased song on iTunes in the US during 2009. As of January 2015, the song has sold 2.3 million copies in the U. S; the song peaked at number nine in New Zealand and is certified Gold. Billboard gave the song a positive review stating it's Perry's "most radio-friendly song yet." Digital Spy gave "Waking Up in Vegas" 3/5 stars, calling the song "a giddy pop-rock romp featuring an ace sing-along chorus." The music video was directed by Joseph Kahn, was shot in Las Vegas, Nevada, on March 26, 2009. It was released on April 28, 2009 on the Australian, UK, U.
S. iTunes Store. The video begins with Perry holding hands with her love interest, played by Joel David Moore, they are in a laundromat. It is the morning after the night before, setting the theme of the song's lyric, "That's what you get for waking up in Vegas". Moore