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Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded

Pamela. Considered the first true English novel, it serves as Richardson's version of conduct literature about marriage. Pamela tells the story of a fifteen year-old maidservant named Pamela Andrews, whose employer, Mr. B, a wealthy landowner, makes unwanted and inappropriate advances towards her after the death of his mother. Pamela strives to reconcile her strong religious training with her desire for the approval of her employer in a series of letters and in the novel, journal entries all addressed to her impoverished parents. After various unsuccessful attempts at seduction, a series of sexual assaults, an extended period of kidnapping, the rakish Mr. B reforms and makes Pamela a sincere proposal of marriage. In the novel's second part Pamela marries Mr. B and tries to acclimatize to her new position in upper-class society; the full title, Pamela. A best-seller of its time, Pamela was read but was criticized for its perceived licentiousness and disregard for class barriers. Two years after the publication of Pamela.

He revisited the theme of the rake in his Clarissa, sought to create a "male Pamela" in Sir Charles Grandison. Since Ian Watt discussed it in The Rise of the Novel: Studies in Defoe and Fielding in 1957, literary critics and historians have agreed that Pamela played a critical role in the development of the novel in English. Pamela Andrews is a pious, innocent fifteen-year-old who works as Lady B's maidservant in Bedfordshire; the novel starts after Lady B has died, when her son, the squire Mr. B, begins to pay Pamela more attention, first giving her his mother's clothes trying to seduce her in the Summer House; when he wants to pay her to keep his failed attempt at seduction a secret, she refuses and tells Mrs. Jervis, the housekeeper, her best friend at the house. Undaunted, he pops out and tries to kiss her as she undresses for bed. Pamela debates returning to her impoverished parents to preserve her innocence, but remains undecided. Mr. B claims that he plans to marry her to Mr. Williams, his chaplain in Lincolnshire, gives money to her parents in case she will let him take advantage of her.

She refuses and decides to go back to her parents, but Mr. B intercepts her letters to her parents and tells them that she is having a love affair with a poor clergyman and that he will send her to a safe place to preserve her honor. Pamela is driven to Lincolnshire Estate and begins a journal, hoping it will be sent to her parents one day; the Lincolnshire Estate housekeeper, Mrs. Jewkes, is no Mrs. Jervis, she is a rude, "odious", "unwomanly" woman, devoted to Mr. B. Mrs. Jewkes constrains Pamela to be her bedfellow. Mr. B promises that he won't approach her without her leave, in fact stays away from Lincolnshire for a long time. Pamela meets Mr. Williams and they agree to communicate by putting letters under a sunflower in the garden. Mrs. Jewkes continues to maltreat Pamela beating her after she calls her a "Jezebel". Mr. Williams asks the village gentry for help. Sir Simon argues that no one will hurt her, no family name will be tarnished since Pamela belongs to the poor Andrews family. Mr. Williams proposes marriage to her to escape Mr. B's wickedness.

Mr. Williams is beaten by robbers. Pamela wants to escape when Mrs. Jewkes is away, but is terrified by two nearby cows that she thinks are bulls. Mr. Williams accidentally reveals his correspondence with Pamela to Mrs. Jewkes, he has plots to marry Pamela to one of his servants. Desperate, Pamela thinks of making them believe she has drowned in the pond, she tries unsuccessfully to climb a wall, when she is injured, she gives up. Mr. B sends Pamela a list of articles that would rule their partnership. With Mrs. Jewkes' complicity, Mr. B gets into bed with Pamela disguised as the housemaid Nan, when Pamela falls into a fit and seems to die, he seems to repent and is kinder in his seduction attempts, she implores him to stop altogether. In the garden he implicitly says he can't marry her because of the social gap. A gypsy fortuneteller approaches Pamela and passes her a bit of paper warning her against a sham-marriage. Pamela has hidden a parcel of letters under a rosebush, she still begs him to let her return to her parents.

He lets her go. She feels strangely sad. On her way home he sends her a letter wishing her a good life; when she receives a second note asking her to come back because he is ill, she accepts. Pamela and Mr. B talk of their future as husband and wife and she agrees with everything, she explains. This is the end of her trials: she is more submissive to him and owes him everything now as a wife. Mr. Williams is released. Neighbours come to all admire Pamela. Pamela's father comes to take her away but he is reassured when he sees Pamela happy, she marries Mr. B in the chapel, but when Mr. B has gone to see a sick man, his sister Lady Davers comes to threaten Pamela and considers her n

NowThis News

NowThis News is a progressive, social media-focused, youth-oriented news organization started in 2012. NowThis News was founded by Huffington Post co-founder and former chairman Kenneth Lerer and former Huffington Post CEO Eric Hippeau; the company was started in September 2012. NowThis focused on social media platforms such as Facebook, having announced in 2015 that it would not have a homepage. By 2018, it had backed down from this position. On December 8, 2015, NowThis News raised $16.2m in Series D funding. By this time, the company has said that 68% of its audience were millennials between the ages of 18–34, it was announced. On March 17, 2017, NowThis News took over the YouTube channel Seeker Daily as a campaign to launch the network on YouTube; as of April 1, 2017, the channel had stopped posting videos to the channel. On September 8, 2017, NowThis rebranded the channel as NowThis World, following the same format as Seeker Daily and bringing back some former hosts. On May 4, 2017, NowThis News relaunched the YouTube channel SourceFed Nerd as NowThis Nerd, having acquired and subsequently terminated it previously.

On July 3, 2017, NowThis Nerd released a video confirming that they are reverting the channel back to SourceFedNerd and deleting the content they had made since the change. As such, SourceFed Nerd now lives as an archive of the original content and NowThis Nerd has become its own separate channel. Former Channel 4 News head of digital Jon Laurence joined as Deputy Editor in January 2018. In 2015, Politifact found that NowThis News was the propagator of a false conspiracy theory which claimed that CNN deleted a poll of Facebook users which found that most participants thought that Bernie Sanders beat Hillary Clinton in the first Democratic Presidential Debate. NowThis News created a video titled; the claim was rated as "Pants on Fire" false by Politifact. During the 2016 presidential campaign, NowThis News claimed that Donald Trump lied about Bill Clinton signing the North American Free Trade Agreement using videos posted on Facebook and YouTube, but Politifact found that NowThis News's claims were false, Bill Clinton did in fact sign the final version of the North American Free Trade Agreement like Trump had stated.

Official site NowThis Nerd NowThis World

Croll Building

The Croll Building, in Alameda, was the site of Croll's Gardens and Hotel, famous as training quarters for some of the greatest fighters in boxing history from 1883 to 1914. James J. Corbett, Bob Fitzsimmons, Jim Jefferies, Jack Johnson, many other champions all stayed and trained here. Today this building is home to 1400 Grill; the stained glass, elaborate etched windows, carved wooden bar remain as they were when Neptune Beach was a popular attraction. The second floor of the building is a residential hotel, with the third floor of the building being office space; the building is registered as California Historical Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is located at the corner of Central Avenue. A large "Croll's" neon sign marks the location

The Cuckoo Clock

The Cuckoo Clock is a British children's fantasy novel by Mary Louisa Molesworth, published in 1877 by Macmillan. It was published under the pen name Ennis Graham and reissued in 1882 as by Mrs. Molesworth, the name by which she is known. Both of those editions and many ones were illustrated by Walter Crane. An edition illustrated by Maria L. Kirk was published in 1914. A small child and a cuckoo from a cuckoo clock become unlikely friends. At night the clock transports her to magical places, her writing style is known to be plain in context, it has been criticized for this. But the plain text was most used so that the work was more accessible to children. Nothing she writes is too complicated for the readers, there is an air of conversation in the text. Throughout the novel Griselda struggles with her new place of residence, she finds that what she needs most is friendship. She finds these friends first in the Cuckoo her maids, she finds a real friend in Master Phil, it is realized at the end that throughout the novel her aunts have been showing her examples of real love all along.

This particular use of magic is through an enchanted object. The plot is furthered with the assumption that the object has no bounds of possibility. Children readers are led to use their imagination to see all of the images the writer has concocted. Throughout the story Griselda struggles to finish her lessons during the day; the Cuckoo helps her to learn that with hard work there is a reward. He rewards her when she has improved in her lessons; the second half of the 19th century is called the Golden age of children’s literature, because of the publication of so many notable stories that appear in modern times. The fantasy novel for children was becoming popular at this time; the Moral Didactic tale continued with the popularity of the fantasy story. Overlapping; the character of Griselda, has many interesting qualities. She is seen as a real child, unhappy when she does not get her way; the Cuckoo urges. Learning the proper way to act is a major theme in many British children's books. Many books written in that age were meant for the betterment of the children reading them.

In the back of a copy of Mrs. Molesworth's The Tapestry Room there is a short review for The Cuckoo Clock: "A beautiful little story... It will be read with delight by every child into whose hands it is placed... Ennis Graham deserves all that praise that has been, is, will be, bestowed on The Cuckoo Clock. Children's stories are plentiful, but one like this not to be met with every day." –Pall Mall Gazette" "The Theory of Narrative Voice". Retrieved 2014-10-24. "Griselda's big adventures | Books | The Guardian". Retrieved 2014-10-24. "The Cuckoo Clock | Rarest Kind of Best". Retrieved 2014-10-24. "Project MUSE - Mrs. Molesworth: Victorian Visionary". Retrieved 2014-10-24. "Inis Magazine - Review - Mrs. Molesworth". Retrieved 2014-10-24

Otto Ege

Otto F. Ege was a teacher, lecturer and well-known book-breaker, he worked for many years at the Cleveland Institute of Art where he served as Chair of the Department of Teacher Training, instructor of Lettering and Typography, Dean. He was employed by the School of Library Science at Case Western Reserve University as a lecturer on the History of the Book, instructor of History and Art of the Book. Otto Ege's greatest fame, came as a result of his book-breaking. Over a period of decades in the early 20th century, Ege systematically removed the pages of some 50 illuminated medieval manuscripts, divided them into 40 unique compilation boxes referred to as "Otto Ege Portfolios"; these portfolios were in turn distributed world wide. Although strong profits were made from each sale, Ege defended his actions by stating, "Surely to allow a thousand people'to have and to hold' an original manuscript leaf, to get a thrill and understanding that comes only from actual and frequent contact with these art heritages, is justification enough for the scattering of fragments."Over the last several years, Prof. Peter Stoicheff of the University of Saskatchewan has been working to locate all existing Ege Portfolios, to foster co-operation from their respective owners in creating an "Ege Medieval Manuscript Database" with the ultimate goal being the digital reconstruction of the complete books.

Ege's personal collection, including 50 unbroken manuscript books, was in 2015 acquired by the Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Digital fragmentology reconstruction of manuscripts Otto F. Ege: Fifty Original Leaves from Medieval Manuscripts Digital Collection created at Stony Brook University Libraries. Stony Brook University Libraries Special Collections and University Archives owns No. 19 of the 40 unique sets created by Ege. Book of Hours – Reconstructed Quire/Book A reconstruction of a Book of Hours dismantled in part by Otto Ege in the 1940s and used as no. 30 in his "Fifty Original Leaves of Medieval Manuscripts" portfolios. The individual leaves were catalogued in the fall of 2017 by students in Lisa Fagin Davis' course at the Simmons School of Library and Information Science, "The Medieval Manuscript from Charlemagne to Gutenberg." Otto F. Ege Collection The Ege Manuscript Leaf Portfolios. David Bindle, 50 Medieval Manuscript Leaves the Otto Ege Collection at the University of Saskatchewan Library.

Complete book on line with images of all 50 manuscripts

Richard Ashley (musician)

Richard Godfrey Ashley was an English musician, a son of John Ashley. Ashley was the fourth son of John Ashley, a conductor and bassoonist who became the father of a notable family of musicians, his wife, Mary, he was born on 8 September 1774, in the parish of St George Hanover Square and baptised in the parish church on 10 September. At 9 years old, Ashley was performing, participating in Westminster Abbey's 1784 Handel Commemoration and performing at the Pantheon in May and June of the same year; as of Joseph Doane's Musical Directory, at age 20, Ashley was living at his father's house. At this time, he was employed as a drummer for the Royal Opera House's oratorios, where he worked alongside his family; the Royal Society of Musicians made him one of the musicians to play at the annual St Paul's Cathedral benefit concert, an honour reserved for members of the Society. His father proposed him as a member the following year, a proposal, ratified in 1796, certifying Ashley as a qualified organist, violinist and player of kettledrums.

He continued to play at this concert from 1795 to 1805, gaining the right to send a deputy in his place in 1806. At several dates in the 1810s, he served on the Society's Court of Assistants. Ashley enjoyed what one Biographical Dictionary called "a long orchestral and solo concert career". From 1798, he performed under his father's influence, he performed under his elder brother, John, at the Royal Opera House's oratorios. As of his father's death in 1805, Ashley was in "a better situation than either of his brothers were placed in", according to the will. In 1817, he was part of the King's Theatre Band. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, "throughout his life he was in demand at major festivals". On 8 October 1800, Ashley became a freeman of the Worshipful Company of Musicians, and, on 7 July 1802, entered the Company's livery. At age 42, on 1 April 1816, Ashley married the "spinster", Elizabeth Palmer, at St George Hanover Square, he died on 11 October 1836 at his home of Park Place, having signed his will the previous day.

His obituary was published the year's volume of the Gentleman's Magazine. Elizabeth survived her husband, receiving a widow's allowance of £2 12s 6d by 1837; that year, the Society donated £5 for the treatment of Elizabeth's epilepsy, Elizabeth was dead by 9 January 1839, when £8 was spent on the funeral of "the widow of the late Richard Ashley"