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Pan American-Grace Airways

Pan American-Grace Airways known as Panagra, dubbed "The World's Friendliest Airline" was an airline formed as a joint venture between Pan American World Airways and Grace Shipping Company. On September 13, 1928, a small single-engine Fairchild airliner flew from Lima, Peru, to Talara, which marked not only the beginning of Pan American Grace Airways but the inauguration of scheduled air transportation along the West Coast of South America. From this short flight in 1928 to nonstop flights from New York to South America with Douglas DC-8 Intercontinental Jets in 1966, Panagra became the standard bearer for transportation between the US Mainland East Coast and the West Coast of South America for 39 years; the "World's Friendliest Airline" merged with Braniff International Airways in 1967, the combined carrier became the largest US airline serving South America. In June 1928, Pan American Airways Corporation known as Aviation Corporation of the Americas, was formed for the primary purpose of obtaining the necessary capital to enable its operating subsidiary, Pan American, to bid for various foreign airmail contracts to Latin America.

These contracts were soon to be announced by the US Postmaster General pursuant to the Foreign Air Mail Act of 1928 and it was Pan American's belief that it would be conducts operations under any contracts that might be awarded. Pan American was correct and during May and July 1928, the new company had three foreign airmail contracts bestowed for service to Latin America. Pan American was awarded the contract for Foreign Air Mail Route No. 5 for service between Miami and Panama in the Canal Zone. Interestingly, Pan American had strategically decided that if it received FAM 5 it would ask for extension services beyond the Canal Zone to and along the Western Coast of South America; the New York-based airline had promulgated operating rights into Colombia, Panama and Peru, had purchase sufficient aircraft to operate the route system. Aviation Corporation of America's operating subsidiary, Pan American World Airways, operated only twelve aircraft with 100 employees, while AVCO's entire capitalization was only US$3,775,000, at the end of 1928.

The developments of 1928 introduced the auspices for the formation of a new company formed under the laws of Delaware. Pan American entered into an agreement with W. R. Grace and Company to operate airline operations into Peru, outlined in two letters of intent dated August 31, 1928, September 7, 1928. Under this agreement both companies subscribed to US$25000 of new capital stock in the new Panagra company, which would jointly study the possibility of operating air carrier and mail services between the Canal Zone and Valparaiso, Chile. If AVCO were to determine that it would be beneficial to bid on a mail contract for this type of service W. R. Grace's initial contribution would be treated as stock in the new company giving W. R. Grace the option to obtain interest in the new venture not to exceed 50 percent of its capitalization; the agreement stated that Pan American would have full responsibility for the operation of the air carrier services, while W. R. Grace operations in cities along the proposed new route would act as agents for the new company, incorporated as Peruvian Airways Corporation.

In September 1928, both companies contributed US$25,000 in capital to Peruvian Airways, forming a 50/50 partnership. On January 31, 1929, the US Postmaster General issued need for a contract for Foreign Air Mail Route No. 9, which would extend from Panama extending down the West Coast of South America to Santiago, with an option for the Postmaster General to offer extension services from Santiago across the lower belt of the Andes Mountains to Buenos Aires and beyond to Montevideo, Uruguay. On February 21, 1929, Pan American World Airways and W. R. Grace and Company announced the formation of Pan American Grace Airways, Inc. to bid on the new air mail contract. The new company bid on the contract and both partners subscribed US$500,000 each to the capitalization of the new Pan American Grace company, which included the original amounts subscribed to the original operating entity, Peruvian Airways Corporation. Pan American and W. R. Grace's new operating entity, Peruvian Airways Corporation, purchased its first aircraft on August 1, 1928.

The new airliner, a Fairchild P-1 monoplane, featured a cabin for four passengers and was powered by a Wright Whirlwind engine with an output of 220 horsepower. Five weeks on September 13, 1928, the new Fairchild P-1 inaugurated the first scheduled commercial flight along the West Coast of South America, with a nonstop flight from Lima, Peru, to Talara, carrying both passengers and mail; the little Fairchild carried just a few letters and a full load of four passengers on the inaugural flight, which departed from a race track in Lima. Upon arrival in Talara, the legend-making airliner landed at an "airport" in Talara, a soccer field. In spite of these drawbacks, Pan American Grace Airways first flight had been completed without incident. Armed with a new Foreign Air Mail Act of March 2, 1929, which modified the 1928 Act by allowing the US Postmaster General to pay air carriers for transportation from foreign countries to the United States in addition to the outbound direction and the Postmaster General could further amend Foreign Air Mail contracts issued via the Act of 1928 with the same new provisions.

On the same date, the Postmaster General awarded Pan American Grace with Foreign Air Mail Contract No. 9. It was an interesting fact that several other carriers had bid on the new Route 9 and several had bid lower than Panagra. However, the Postmaster General noted that it was his discretion as to what ca

Pacific View Memorial Park

Pacific View Memorial Park is a cemetery located in Corona del Mar, California. It first opened in 1958, is known as the final resting place of Academy Award winning actor John Wayne and basketball player Kobe Bryant. Les Baxter and composer Bijan, fashion designer Kobe Bryant, basketball player Edmund Burns, actor Jeanne Cagney, actress William Cagney, actor Jeanne Carmen and model Jan Crouch, television evangelist Paul Crouch, television evangelist Dorothy Dare, actress Kevin DuBrow, singer Don Durant and singer Margaret Early, actress John Eldredge, actor Jack Faulkner, football coach Dave Freeman, author John Gallaudet, actor John Gordy, football player Mitch Halpern, boxing referee Jeff Hanneman, musician Cedrick Hardman, football player Bobby Hatfield, singer Rudolf Ising, animator Dick Lane and sportscaster Marion Mack and screenwriter Ray Malavasi, football coach Paul Mantz, pilot Freddy Martin and saxophonist Barbara McLean, film editor Lee Patrick, actress Gene Polito, cinematographer Mary Lee Robb, actress James Roosevelt, politician Roy Rowland, film director Ruben Salazar and civil rights activist Rich Saul, football player Ralph C.

Smedley, toastmaster June Storey, actress Frank Tallman, pilot Kam Tong, actor John Wayne, actor Robert D. Webb, film director Niles Welch, actor Bob Wian, businessman George Yardley, basketball player Lila Zali, dancer

Dark Horse: The Incredible True Story of Dream Alliance

Dark Horse: The Incredible True Story of Dream Alliance is a 2015 documentary directed by Louise Osmond. In a small valley town in South Wales, a barmaid decides to breed a racehorse she names Dream Alliance, she and her husband buy a broodmare and she asks other villagers to join in the effort with funding and advice. The horse goes on to win the Welsh Grand National. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 96%, based on 77 reviews, an average rating of 7.5/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Dark Horse offers a crowd-pleasing look at an incredible — and inspirational — real-life story that will thrill equine enthusiasts and novices alike." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 75 out of 100, based on 29 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". In The Observer, Jonathan Romney found the film to be "a good-humoured, no-frills story" adding that it has "the classic feelgood arc, but it’s very political, revealing the snobbery directed not just at the owners but the horse itself".

It won the Audience Award in the World Cinema Documentary Competition at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival. Official website Dark Horse: The Incredible True Story of Dream Alliance on IMDb